The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Japan

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The Tokyo Japan Temple

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) (Japanese: 末日聖徒イエス・キリスト教会) was established in Japan in 1901[1] when the first LDS Church missionaries arrived on August 12, 1901. Among them was Heber J. Grant, at the time a member of the Quorum of the Twelve, the 7th President of the Church.[2] Accompanying Grant was Horace S. Ensign, Louis A. Kelsch and Alma O. Taylor. The first baptism was on March 8, 1902, when Grant baptized Hajime Nakazawa, a former Kannushi (Shinto priest).

Membership[edit]

As of April 2013, the LDS Church reported 126,407 members, 29 stakes, 13 districts, 164 wards, 117 branches, 7 mission, and 2 temples in Japan.

History[edit]

In 1901, Heber J. Grant established the first LDS Church mission in Asia, headquartered in Tokyo.[2] This was the first mission established in Asia.[1][3]:168 However, on August 7, 1924, Grant, then president of the church, closed the mission to await a more "favorable time".[1][4] All missionaries then left for the United States. Fujiya Nara, a Japanese convert, was appointed presiding elder by the First Presidency over the small group of Japanese members that remained. Nara published a newsletter, "Shuro" (Palm) and held meetings with the remaining members.

On February 24, 1937 the Japanese-Central Pacific Mission, a mission aimed at teaching primarily Japanese people in Hawaii, was opened, headquarters in Honolulu, Hawaii, with Hilton A. Robertson as president. However, it was not until March 6, 1948, that then mission president Edward L. Clissold was given permission to return to Japan to do missionary work.

Clissold had been part of the United States military occupation forces in Japan after World War II. While there he ran an advertisement seeking out members of the LDS Church who had been baptized prior to the missionaries leaving in 1924. He was able to find some, including Fujiya Nara, and reestablish the Church there.[5] Prior to this from 1943 to 1944 Clissold had been acting president of the Central Pacific Mission, a mission in Hawaii that was aimed at teaching primarily Japanese people. The first five missionaries arrived in Japan on June 26, 1948.

On April 26, 1964, the first meetinghouse in Asia, the Tokyo North Branch, was dedicated by Gordon B. Hinckley, then a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.[1][6] The Tokyo Stake was the first stake of the church in Asia, organized on March 15, 1970.[1] Within the same week the church opened a display at Expo '70 in Osaka, featuring a new version of Man's Search for Happiness, created specially for this event.[7] BYU's Young Ambassadors, also performed at the expo.[8] The first LDS temple in Asia was the Tokyo Temple, dedicated in 1980.[1] In 1965 Adney Y. Komatsu was called as a mission president, the first of Japanese ancestry, and in 1975 he became the first general authority of Japanese (and Asian) ancestry.[1] Yoshihiko Kikuchi was the first native Japanese general authority, called in 1977.[1]

Missions[edit]

As of March 15, 2011, there were over 630 missionaries serving in the church's six missions in Japan.[9]

Slang[edit]

Missionaries in Japan often use a specific type of slang called senkyoshigo[11] when communicating with each other. This "mission language" has been used nearly universally in the missions of Japan. It is distinct from but combines aspects of the English and Japanese languages.[12] Some words and expressions are mission- or language-specific, while others are common with non-Japanese missions, such as calling the halfway point of a mission the "hump" or hump day,[13] or describing a missionary who is excited about returning home as "trunky" as he has already packed his trunk.[12]

Temples[edit]

On October 27, 1980, the Tokyo Japan Temple (formerly the Tokyo Temple) (東京神殿 Tōkyō Shinden?) was dedicated. This was the first temple in Asia and the first in a non-Christian country, for the LDS Church. President Spencer W. Kimball described it as "the most significant and important event in the history of Asia."

The Tokyo Temple was followed by the Fukuoka Japan Temple (福岡神殿 Fukuoka Shinden?), dedicated on June 11, 2000 and the Sapporo Japan Temple (札幌神殿 Sapporo Shinden?), under construction as of 22 October 22, 2011

Tokyo Japan Temple.jpg

18. Tokyo Japan edit

Location:
Announcement:
Dedication:
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 Size:
Style:

Tokyo, Japan
9 August 1975
27 October 1980 by Spencer W. Kimball
35°39′10.21680″N 139°43′28.34039″E / 35.6528380000°N 139.7245389972°E / 35.6528380000; 139.7245389972 (Tokyo Japan Temple)
52,590 sq ft (4,886 m2) and 178 ft (54 m) high on a 0.46 acre (0.2 ha) site
Modern, one spire - designed by Emil B. Fetzer

Fukuoka Japan Temple by tylermhawkins.jpeg

88. Fukuoka Japan edit

Location:
Announcement:
Dedication:
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 Size:
Style:

Fukuoka, Japan
7 May 1998
11 June 2000 by Gordon B. Hinckley
33°34′21.42479″N 130°23′30.13440″E / 33.5726179972°N 130.3917040000°E / 33.5726179972; 130.3917040000 (Fukuoka Japan Temple)
10,700 sq ft (990 m2) and 71 ft (22 m) high on a 0.5 acre (0.2 ha) site
Classic modern, single-spire design - designed by Kanji Moriya and Church A&E Services

Sapporo Japan Temple.jpg

153. Sapporo Japan (Under Construction) edit

Location:
Announcement:
Groundbreaking:
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 Size:
 Notes:

Sapporo, Japan
3 October 2009
22 October 2011 by Gary E. Stevenson
43°1′28.7076″N 141°26′41.082″E / 43.024641000°N 141.44474500°E / 43.024641000; 141.44474500 (Sapporo Japan Temple)
TBD on a 9.8 acre (4 ha) site
Announced by Thomas S. Monson in General Conference, 3 October 2009.[14][15] Ground was broken on 22 October 2011 by Gary E. Stevenson. Michael T. Ringwood and Koichi Aoyagi of the Seventy were also present.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Country information: Japan", Church News Online Almanac, LDS Church News, January 29, 2010, retrieved 2014-10-15 
  2. ^ a b Grant, Heber J. (2002). "The Life and Ministry of Heber J. Grant". Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Heber J. Grant. LDS Church. LCCN 2004268057. OCLC 54500103. 
  3. ^ Hinckley, Gordon B. (March 1964), "The Church in the Orient", Improvement Era 67 (3): 166–193 
  4. ^ Britsch, R. Lanier (Winter 1975), "The Closing of the Early Japan Mission", BYU Studies 15 (2): 171–190 
  5. ^ Yukiko, Konno (April 1993). "Fujiya Nara: Twice a Pioneer". Ensign. 
  6. ^ "Upsurge reported in new chapels in Orient", LDS Church News, April 18, 1964: 12, retrieved 2014-10-15 
  7. ^ "LDS Display Draws Throngs at Expo '70", Deseret News, March 16, 1970: B1, B2 
  8. ^ "BYU Entertainers Leave for Expo '70 In Japan", Deseret News, March 16, 1970: B5 
  9. ^ Taylor, Scott (March 15, 2011). "LDS Church in Japan: Moving missionaries, making donations". Deseret News (Salt Lake City, Utah). Retrieved 2014-10-15. 
  10. ^ "New mission presidents by area for 2013", LDS Church News, March 5, 2013, retrieved 2014-10-05 
  11. ^ This literally translates as: senkyoshi → missionary; go → language (Smout 1988).
  12. ^ a b Smout, Kary D. (Summer 1988). "Senkyoshigo: A Missionary English of Japan". American Speech 63 (2): 137–149. doi:10.2307/454418. JSTOR 454418. 
  13. ^ Skousen, Paul B. (2005). Brother Paul's Mormon Bathroom Reader. Cedar Fort. p. 359. ISBN 1-55517-895-2. OCLC 62676136. 
  14. ^ "President Thomas S. Monson: 'Welcome to Conference'", Deseret News, October 3, 2009, retrieved 2012-11-06 .
  15. ^ Talor, Scott (October 4, 2009), "Brigham City among five new locales for LDS temples", Deseret News, retrieved 2012-11-06 .
  16. ^ "Groundbreaking Held For Sapporo Japan Temple", MormonNewsroom.org (News Release) (LDS Church), October 22, 2011, retrieved 2014-10-15 .
  17. ^ LDSFilms.com "Yuki Saito". LDS Films. Retrieved July 25, 2006. 
  18. ^ Hi I'm まつもとゆきひろ (Matsumoto "Matz" Yukihiro). I am a computer programmer. I designed a programming language called ‘Ruby.’ I am a Mormon. http://www.mormon.org/matz (Japanese)

Further reading[edit]

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