The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from The Citadel (military college))
Jump to: navigation, search
The Citadel
The Military College of South Carolina
Established 1842
Type Public university
Senior military college
Endowment $244 million[1]
President LtGen John W. Rosa, Jr., USAF, Ret.
Provost BGen Connie L. Book, SCM
Commandant Capt. Eugene F. Paluso, USN ret.
Academic staff
Students 3,592[1]
Undergraduates 2,250 cadets
513 non-cadets (veterans, active duty military, part time civilians)
Postgraduates 829
Location Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.
32°47′50″N 79°57′40″W / 32.79722°N 79.96111°W / 32.79722; -79.96111Coordinates: 32°47′50″N 79°57′40″W / 32.79722°N 79.96111°W / 32.79722; -79.96111
Campus Urban, 300 acres (121 ha)
Colors Citadel blue and White[2]
Athletics NCAA Division ISouthern Conference
Nickname Bulldogs
Mascot Spike
Live Mascots: General 2 & Boo X
Affiliations AASCU

The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, commonly referred to simply as The Citadel, is a state-supported, comprehensive college located in Charleston, South Carolina, United States. Established in 1842, it is one of six Senior Military Colleges in the United States. It has 17 academic departments divided into five schools offering 19 majors and 36 minors. The core day military program consists of military cadets pursuing bachelor's degrees who are required to live on campus for four years; The Citadel also offers evening graduate programs, non-cadet undergraduate programs, and online master's degree programs.[3] The Citadel is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.[4] The Citadel offers its graduates two rings, one for cadets and one for non-cadets. Upon graduation, Citadel graduates are awarded one of three different diplomas, depending on which degree program they were pursuing.

College overview[edit]

The Citadel military program combines academics, physical challenges and military discipline. The South Carolina Corps of Cadets is one of the largest uniformed student bodies in the United States and all members of the corps of cadets are required to participate in ROTC; The Citadel is one of only 2 American colleges requiring all undergraduates (except veterans and active duty military) to be a member of the corps of cadets and enroll in ROTC. The academic program is divided into five schools – Engineering, Science and Mathematics, Humanities and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Education; Bachelor's degrees are offered in 19 major programs of study and 36 minors. Graduate degrees are offered in 2 educational specialist courses, 19 master's degrees and 7 graduate certificates; a 2+2 evening program allows those with associate degrees from community colleges to pursue undergraduate bachelor's degrees in 4 subjects. Online master's degrees are offered in Engineering Management and Leadership. 94% of the faculty hold doctoral degrees and the majority are full-time professors; the ratio of cadets to faculty is 13–1 and the average class size is 20.[5]

The Citadel enrolls 2,250 in its undergraduate Corps of Cadets and 1,350 civilian students pursuing undergraduate and graduate degrees; women comprise 8% of the Corps and minorities 15%. Approximately half of The Citadel's cadet enrollment is from the state of South Carolina, cadets come from 45 states and 15 foreign countries.[6] South Carolina residents receive a discount in tuition, as is common at state-sponsored schools. The Citadel receives 8% of its operating budget from the state.[7]

In 2015 the schools ROTC program commissioned 158 officers, more than any other Senior Military College and ranking only behind the service academies.

All students, both cadets and civilian students, are eligible to compete on The Citadel's athletic teams. While all programs make use of the Citadel campus and professors, only cadets live on campus.[8][9] The veterans program, reinstated in the fall of 2007, allows veterans to attend classes with cadets and complete their degrees if certain criteria are met.[10] Enlisted members from the Marine Corps and Navy also attend cadet classes as part of a program to commission highly qualified NCOs.[11]

The mission of The Citadel is:

To educate and develop our students to become principled leaders in all walks of life by instilling the core values of The Citadel in a disciplined and intellectually challenging environment. A unique feature of this environment for the South Carolina Corps of Cadets is the sense of camaraderie produced through teamwork and service to others while following a military lifestyle.[12]


The Citadel presidents
Captain William F. Graham, USA 1843–1844
Major Richard W. Colcock, USA 1844–1852
Major Francis W. Capers, CSA 1852–1859
Major Peter F. Stevens, SCM 1859–1861
Major James B. White, SCM 1861–1865
Colonel John P. Thomas, CSA 1882–1885
BrigGen George D. Johnston, CSA 1885–1890
Colonel Asbury Coward, CSA 1890–1908
Colonel Oliver J. Bond, SCM 1908–1931
General Charles P. Summerall, USA 1931–1953
Colonel Louis S. LeTellier, SCM 1953–1954 (Interim)
General Mark W. Clark, USA 1954–1965
General Hugh P. Harris, USA 1965–1970
MajGen James A. Duckett, SCM '32 1970–1974
LtGen George M. Seignious, USA '42 1974–1979
MajGen Wallace Anderson, SCM 1979 (Interim)
VADM James B. Stockdale, USN 1979–1980
MajGen James Grimsley, Jr., USA '42 1980–1989
LtGen Cladius E. Watts, USAF '58 1989–1996
BrigGen Roger C. Poole, USAR '59 1996–1997 (Interim)
MajGen John S. Grinalds, USMC 1997–2005
BrigGen Roger C. Poole, USAR '59 2005–2006 (Interim)
LtGen John W. Rosa, Jr., USAF '73 2006–present

The origins of The Citadel began in the early 1800s with the establishment of state arsenals in Charleston, South Carolina and Columbia, South Carolina. These arsenals would come to be military schools comprising the South Carolina Military Academy. Playing a key role in South Carolina's efforts during the Civil War, the college gained a reputation for military discipline and rigor. After the Civil War, only the Charleston location reopened, known as The Citadel Academy. Renamed in 1910 as The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, the school's academic reputation grew, even as larger colleges within the state and region competed for resources and students. After moving to a new campus near Hampton Park in 1922, the college has grown substantially, integrating minorities in the 1960s and women in the 1990s, and producing many military officers, business, and political leaders throughout its history.


In addition to the centerpiece Corps of Cadets residential day military program, The Citadel offers several degree options to non-cadets, including but not limited to targeting active duty military, veterans, as well as civilians in both classroom and online settings.


In 2015 for the fifth consecutive year, U.S. News & World Report ranked The Citadel highest among public institutions in the "Regional Universities – South" category and third out of all 94 universities (public and private) in the same category,[13] defined as those institutions offering "a full range of undergrad programs and some master's programs". In 2015 U.S. News & World Report also ranked The Citadel as the third best value among institutions in the "Regional Universities – South" category. In 2005 Newsweek named The Citadel as one of America's "hottest colleges".[14]

U.S. News & World Report also ranked The Citadel's School of Engineering 17th among all undergraduate engineering programs in the United States in 2012 and ranked the civil engineering program eighth in undergraduate engineering specialty programs.[15][16]

In 2010, The Citadel ranked first nationally in graduation rate for public colleges with matriculents having a median SAT of 1100 and currently ranks 25th out of all US public colleges in 4 year graduation rate.[17] As of 2012, the four-year graduation rate is 63% compared to a national average of 30%;[18] the six-year rate is 72%.[19] Additionally, the class of 2012 had an average SAT score of 1102, which was the second-highest average SAT score in school history.[20]

Colleges and schools[edit]

During the 2002–03 academic year, The Citadel reorganized its existing Departments into five schools, each headed by a Dean. The schools comprise Business; Education; Engineering; Science and Mathematics; and Humanities and Social Sciences.[21] On November 11, 2014, The Citadel named its School of Education for the Zucker Family, after Anita Zucker made a $4 million donation to the school for its education programs.[22] The Citadel School of Engineering, which claims to be the fifth oldest such program in the nation, added 13 additional degree and certificate programs in 2015, including Master's Degrees in Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical Engineering.[23][24]

The Citadel Graduate College[edit]

The Citadel's evening graduate program serves the Lowcountry by offering regionally and professionally accredited bachelor's, master's and specialist degrees scheduled around the student's profession, family and lifestyle. CGC offers 19 graduate programs with concentrations in education, psychology, computer science and business.[note 1] The Masters of Business Administration program is nationally accredited, CGC also offers undergraduate evening programs in business and engineering.

Leadership training[edit]


All cadets are required to undergo four years of ROTC training in one of the four branches of the armed services, but they are not required to enter military service after graduation.

United States Coast Guard Direct Commission Selected School[edit]

The Citadel is a designated Direct Commission Selected School (DCSS). Cadets who fulfill the requirements under this program are eligible for direct commissions as Officers in the United States Coast Guard.[25]

United States Coast Guard Auxiliary University Program[edit]

In addition to their required ROTC course, cadets interested in pursuing a career with the United States Coast Guard can join The Citadel's Coast Guard Auxiliary Unit Program (AUP). Originally established as The Citadel Coast Guard Society in 2007 and officially designated as Coast Guard Auxiliary Flotilla 12-8a Citadel Detachment in 2008, The Citadel's Auxiliary Unit Program is one of the first Coast Guard Auxiliary University Programs in the nation. The purpose of the unit is to orient and educate cadets on service options within the United States Coast Guard, to include Direct Commissions, Officer Candidate School (OCS), active duty and reserve enlistments, and continued service with the auxiliary.[26][27][28]

Krause Center for Leadership and Ethics[edit]

Established with a gift from L. William Krause '64, the Krause Center for Leadership and Ethics offers symposiums, classes and training seminars to help instill the principles of leadership, ethics, morals and service. A minor in leadership studies is also sponsored through this program. Training is conducted each year for freshmen and sophomores on honor and ethics. Leadership classes are also given to cadets in the senior chain of command. The institute also sponsors programs that offer cadets an opportunity to perform community service and instill a sense of commitment to one's fellow man.[29]

Cadet Officer Leadership School[edit]

Selected members of Air Force JROTC units from the Southeastern United States cadets are eligible to spend a week at The Citadel for officer training for their home JROTC units. A routine day attending Cadet Officer Leadership School (COLS) begins with waking up to Reveille for morning PT, the remainder of the day is uniform wear and inspection, two classes and constant regulation drill. On the day of graduation from the school, cadets participate in a "pass in review" ceremony where awards and decorations are given to certain cadets who have gone above the normal standards. A PT ribbon and a Leadership School ribbon are given to all cadets who graduate from COLS back at their home unit.

Corps of Cadets Student life[edit]

Undergraduate students desiring to join the South Carolina Corps of Cadets must meet physical fitness and SAT/ACT testing standards for acceptance.[30] On occasion, waivers to height/weight standards can be granted upon successful completion of the physical training test. On most days, cadets have both morning and afternoon physical (fitness) training, called "PT", military instruction on leadership, weapons, drill, and discipline, in addition to their regular college classes.

Most weekdays start with a formal muster and inspection of all personnel and their rooms. Cadets then march to structured military meals. After a day spent in classes, sports, intramurals and other activities, the day usually ends with an evening muster formation and mandatory evening study period during which there is enforced quiet time and all cadets are required to be in the barracks, library or academic buildings. Cadets are restricted to campus during the week but are allowed general leave on weekends and have limited but gradually escalating privileges for weekend and overnight passes.

Because The Citadel corps of cadets program emphasizes corps unity and discipline, cadets may not be married and must live on campus in the barracks with their assigned company. The Citadel emphasizes an extremely strict disciplinary and physical fitness indoctrination for fourth-class cadets, who are called knobs because of the shaved heads of the males,[31]:93 which they must maintain until the end of their first year when they are then recognized as upperclassmen.

Cadets who accumulate too many demerits or breach regulations can be punished by serving confinements or tours. A tour is one hour spent marching in the barracks with a rifle at shoulder arms and is normally performed when a cadet would otherwise be permitted to leave campus. A confinement is one hour spent in a cadet's room when they would normally be permitted to leave campus.

Citadel Cadet Class Ring. The non-cadet ring is not shown

First class cadets, those in their senior year, receive their class rings at a special ring presentation ceremony, which was previously held in the college's chapel, but which now takes place in the school's field house. The Citadel ring is 10 karat gold with no gem stone. The design is common to all cadets/non-cadets and the design does not change with each class with the exception of the class year. Students not enrolled in the corps of cadets may receive a ring which is the same size, and similar design but does not say "Military College."[31]:188–20[32]

One of the core values of The Citadel is a strictly enforced Honor Code that mandates that all cadets and students not lie, cheat, steal or tolerate those who do. A cadet run Honor Court investigates all alleged violations and conducts trials, expulsion is the usual penalty when found guilty.

Included in The Citadel Graduate College are active duty Marine Corps and Navy enlisted personnel attending The Citadel under the Seaman To Admiral program (STA-21) and the Marine Enlisted Commissioning Education Program (MECEP), which originated at The Citadel in 1973.[33]

Core values[edit]

In its vision statement the Citadel Board of Visitors identifies the following as the school's "core values:"[34]

  • Honor: First and foremost honor includes adherence to the Honor Code of The Citadel. Both civilian students and cadets pledge to adhere to an honor code at The Citadel.[35] Students "will not lie, cheat or steal, nor tolerate those who do". The commitment to honor extends beyond the gates of The Citadel and is a lifelong obligation to moral and ethical behavior. In addition, honor includes integrity; "doing the right thing when no one is watching". Finally, honorable behavior includes exercising the moral courage to "do the right thing when everyone is watching". The Honor Code is the foundation of our academic enterprise.
  • Duty: First and foremost duty means to accept and accomplish the responsibilities assigned to me. At The Citadel, my primary duty is to perform academically and then to perform as a member of the Corps of Cadets and the campus community. I accept the consequences associated with my performance and actions. Once I have held myself accountable for my actions, then I will hold others accountable for their actions. Finally, duty means that others can depend on me to complete my assignments and to assist them with their assignments. Duty is also a call to serve others before self.
  • Respect: First and foremost respect means to treat other people with dignity and worth – the way you want others to treat you. Respect for others eliminates any form of prejudice, discrimination, or harassment (including but not limited to rank, position, age, race, color, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, national origin, religion, physical attributes, etc.). In addition, respect for others means to respect the positions of those in authority which include faculty, staff, administrators, active duty personnel and the leadership of the Corps of Cadets. Finally, respect includes a healthy respect for one's self.

The Regimental Band and Pipes[edit]

Established in 1909, the Regimental Band is one of the twenty-one companies that comprise the current Corps and is a prominent feature at every formal parade. Prospective members must pass an audition. None of the band's members are music majors as The Citadel does not offer such a major, yet the band and pipes enjoy an international reputation. The Band and Pipes made their inaugural appearance at the Edinburgh Military Tattoo in 1991 and were the only group from the United States to perform that year. Selected again by the Director of the Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo in Scotland to represent the United States at the 2010 Silver Jubilee Tattoo, The Citadel Regimental Band and Pipes performed their own seven-minute segment of the Jubilee program in August, 2010 as well as performing as part of the massed pipes and massed bands. Selected for a third time to represented the United States at the 2015 Tattoo, the Regimental Band performed the opening fanfare for the Tattoo's theme "East meets West" as well as the massed bands finale. Combined with the Citadel pipe band, their own seven-minute segment of the show featured musical numbers reflecting a wide variety of uniquely American music.[36]

In the summer of 2013 the Band and Pipes performed as the United States representative at the week-long Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo in Halifax, Canada.[37][38] The Citadel Pipe Band, established by General Mark W. Clark in 1955, is one of the few college bagpipe bands in the country[39] and it performs at the weekly parade at The Citadel as well as at numerous other public events. The Citadel Regimental Band participated in the Presidential Inaugural parade in 1953, and again combined with the pipe band in the 1961 and 1985 Presidential Inaugural parades.

The Summerall Guards performing the Citadel Series.

Summerall Guards[edit]

Main article: The Summerall Guards

The Summerall Guards is a silent drill team consisting of 61 cadets chosen each spring from the junior class. Founded in 1932, the team performs a routine called The Citadel Series that has changed very little from its inception and has never been written down. The Guards have performed at numerous high profile events around the U.S. including three presidential inaugurations, the National Cherry Blossom Festival, Mardi Gras in New Orleans and at several NFL games.[40]

The Honors Program[edit]

An Honors Program is available for cadets with exceptional academic standing and includes a core curriculum of honors courses conducted by the most highly rated faculty members, small seminars and classes are conducted in a discussion type forum that encourages intellectual advancement. The program also assists the most highly qualified cadets in applying for scholarships, grants and merit based internships; since 1992 The Citadel has produced 14 Fulbright Scholars and 3 Truman Scholars.[41]

Each year cadets participate in study abroad programs in numerous foreign countries, an internship program in Washington, DC allows cadets an opportunity to work at various government agencies and in the offices of congressmen and senators. Summer internship programs are available in many cities with major U.S. corporations.[42]


Main article: The Citadel Bulldogs
Athletic logo – "Spike" the Bulldog

The Citadel competes in NCAA Division I and has been a member of the Southern Conference since 1936; the school mascot is the Bulldog. Men's intercollegiate sports are football, basketball, baseball, wrestling, cross country, indoor and outdoor track, rifle, tennis and golf; women sports are volleyball, soccer, cross country, indoor and outdoor track, rifle and golf. Numerous club sports include lacrosse, rugby, pistol, sailing, crew, ice hockey and triathlon.

The Citadel Bulldogs baseball team has won 20 Southern Conference regular season and tournament championships, most recently in 2010; 41 players have been selected in the MLB draft[43] The 1990 team won the Atlantic Regional, earning the school its first trip to the College World Series (CWS) and finishing the season ranked sixth in the final Collegiate Baseball poll with a record of 46–14; they also became the first military school to play in the CWS. Numerous alumni have played in the major leagues in recent years, Head Coach Fred Jordan '79 is the school's winningest with more than 760 victories as of the 2015 season.

The football team has won three Southern Conference Championships and appeared in the Football Championship Subdivision playoffs four times; the 1960 team defeated Tennessee Tech 27–0 in the Tangerine Bowl.[44] The 1992 squad went 11–2 and finished the regular season ranked #1 in the I-AA poll.[45] As of 2010 the football program had a graduation success rate of 90% compared to the Division I average of 65% [46] Several alumni have played in the NFL including current wide receiver Andre Roberts of the Washington Redskins and cornerback Cortez Allen of the Pittsburgh Steelers. Fullback Nehemiah Broughton '05 also recently played with the Washington Redskins, Arizona Cardinals and New York Giants; fullback Travis Jervey '95 was an All-Pro and member of the 1996 Super Bowl Champion Green Bay Packers, kicker Greg Davis '87 had a 12-year career with several teams including Arizona and the Atlanta Falcons. ESPN color commentator Paul Maguire '60 was a tight end and punter for three AFL champions with the Buffalo Bills and former St. Louis/Phoenix Cardinals running back Lyvonia "Stump" Mitchell '81 has been a head coach at two Division I colleges and served as an NFL assistant for Seattle, Washington and Arizona.

The wrestling team has sent 68 members to the NCAA Tournament and produced 4 All-Americans, with 3 in the past 2 seasons; Rob Hjerling was named the 2014 Southern Conference Coach of the Year.

Completed in 2005, the Inouye Marksmanship Center is utilized by cadets, law enforcement and the South Carolina National Guard. The rifle team has won four national championships;[47] Cadet Stephen Bowden was the 2013 National Individual Pistol Champion[48]

In 2010 The Citadel had a graduation success rate for athletes of 87%; this compares to the national Division I average of 70%.


Checkerboard Quadrangle of Padgett Thomas Barracks

The Citadel sits on a 300-acre (120 ha) tract of land on the Ashley River just to the northwest of downtown Charleston. There are 27 buildings grouped around a 10-acre (4.0 ha) grass parade ground. The buildings around the parade ground include ten classroom buildings, an administration building, five barracks, mess hall, a student activities building, chapel, library, a yacht club, a marksmanship center, a field house, faculty housing area and various support facilities including a laundry, cadet store, tailor shop and power plant. The campus is bounded on the west by the Ashley River, to the north by the Wagener Terrace neighborhood, to the east by Hampton Park and the Hampton Park Terrace neighborhood, and to the South by the Westside Neighborhood. Just off the main campus are the football stadium, baseball stadium, and alumni center. Additionally, there is a large beach house facility located near the north end of the Isle of Palms.[49]

Summerall Chapel faces the Parade Grounds.

Summerall Chapel[edit]

The Summerall Chapel, designed by C.R. MacDonald, was started in September 7, 1936 and dedicated on Palm Sunday, April 10, 1938. The first services, however, were held in the chapel on September 19, 1937.[50] The chapel was named in honor of Citadel president Gen. Charles Pelot Summerall.[51] Inside, there is a set of thirty stained glass windows designed by H.G. Wilbert depicting the life of Jesus Christ which were executed by the Pittsburgh Stained Glass Studios in the 13th century Gothic style.[52] A $1 million repair program was developed for the chapel in 1985.[53]

The Daniel Library[edit]

Originally named "The Memorial Library and Museum" and opened in 1960, it was renamed in 1972, "The Daniel Library" in honor of Charles E. Daniel, '18 and Robert Hugh Daniel, '29, both lifelong benefactors of the college. Major renovations were completed in the fall of 2010. It houses over 200,000 volumes of material as well as electronic access to thousands of journals. The third floor of the building houses the campus archives and museum.[54][55] The Prioleau Room on the first floor houses special collections and is considered by many as one of the best places on campus to study with its dark wood paneling and fireplace. The Daniel Library website has information for locating items in the catalog,[56] the Lowcountry Digital Library,[57] and The Citadel's own Digital Collections.[58]

The Howie Carillon

Campus Landmarks[edit]

Howie Bell Tower and Carillon[edit]

Standing next to Summerall Chapel and built in 1954, this structure honors one of the schools most revered alumni, US Army Major Thomas D. Howie, Class of 1929, who served as Commander of 3rd Battalion, 116th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division in the Normandy Campaign during World War II and was immortalized as "The Major of St Lo". Killed in action during the liberation of St. Lo, France, he was so respected that his flag draped body was carried on the hood of a jeep at the head of the column of troops so he could be accorded the honor of being the first American to enter the city. A photo of his body placed in the rubble of the St. Croix Cathedral came to symbolize the courage and sacrifice of US forces in the European Theater. Containing 59 bronze bells cast at the Royal Bergen Foundry in the Netherlands, the tower carillon is one of the largest in the Western Hemisphere.[59]

Seraph Monument[edit]

Located next to Mark Clark Hall at the northeast corner of Summerall Field, this uniquely shaped monument contains artifacts from the British submarine HMS Seraph which carried then Major General Mark Clark to a secret landing in Algeria prior to the Allied landings in the North African Campaign of World War II in order to negotiate a surrender of the Vichy French forces; the vessel was also involved in "Operation Mincemeat", perhaps the most famous clandestine operation of the conflict which succeeded in convincing the Germans that the allies intended to invade Sardinia not Sicily. The memorial honors Anglo-American friendship and cooperation during World War II and is the only shore location in the United States authorized to fly the Royal Navy Ensign.[60][61][62]

General Mark Clark Gravesite[edit]

Lying between Mark Clark Hall and Summerall Chapel is the burial plot of US Army General Mark Wayne Clark who served as Citadel President from 1954 to 1965 and President Emeritus until his death in 1984. One of the most famous and senior U.S. military commanders of World War II Clark served as General Dwight Eisenhower's deputy during the "Operation Torch" landings in North Africa then commanded the 5th Army in the Italian campaign liberating Rome in June, 1944. He later served as Commanding General of the 15th Army Group and in 1952 was appointed by President Truman as Supreme Commander of UN forces in Korea.[63]

The Citadel Ring Statue[edit]

Located at the southeast corner of the parade ground near Lesesne Gate, the main entrance to campus, is a giant replica of The Citadel ring, recognized as the most important and treasured symbol of a graduate. It was a gift to The Citadel Alumni Association from Palmetto Balfour, the current supplier of the official Citadel class rings.[64]

Monuments to the armed forces[edit]

On the parade ground are monuments dedicated to each of the military services and honoring the contributions of Citadel alumni to the military. They include a Marine landing craft (LVT-H-6); an Army Sherman Tank (M4A3) and an Army Missile (Corporal); an Air Force fighter jet (F-4C Phantom II); an AH-1 "Cobra" helicopter gunship and an anchor from the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Coral Sea. A United States Coast Guard Bell serves as a monument to Citadel graduates who have lost their lives upon the sea.[60]


The Citadel has produced a wealth of distinguished alumni in many different career fields; well known alumni include longtime U.S. Senator Ernest "Fritz" Hollings, best selling novelist Pat Conroy, football commentator Paul Maguire, Space Shuttle astronaut Colonel Randy Bresnik, Washington Redskins wide receiver Andre Roberts, and the longest serving Commander of the U.S. Navy Blue Angels, Captain Greg McWherter.[65] Notable alumni include 6 governors, 3 U.S. senators, 12 congressmen, the presidents of 46 colleges and universities, the Director of the U.S. Olympic Committee and many professional athletes.[66]

Approximately 40% of graduates are commissioned as military officers in the active or reserve components with another 10% going directly to graduate programs; alumni currently serve in all five military services. Over the years, 283 Citadel alumni have reached the top ranks in the military by becoming flag officers (Generals, Admirals or Commodore), ten have served as a state Adjutant General.[67] Seven alumni have served as pilots with the two U.S. military flight demonstration units, the Thunderbirds and Blue Angels; graduates have served as commanders of both squadrons.[68][69] Alumni also serve in the military services of foreign countries including 5 four star generals from Thailand and the head of Jordan's Security Forces.[66]

Citadel alumni were killed in action during the Mexican–American War (6), Civil War (67), World War I (15), World War II (280), Korean War (32), Vietnam War (68), Lebanon (1), Grenada (1), the Gulf War (1), and the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan (18).[70]

Fictional depictions[edit]

In film[edit]

  • In the film For the Boys (1991), Bette Midler's son graduates as Regimental Commander of the Corps of Cadets.[71] His commencement speech is filmed in front of 2nd Battalion Barracks.
  • Major Ben Marco, Denzel Washington's character in the movie The Manchurian Candidate (2004), was a graduate of The Citadel.
  • Several scenes of the movie Dear John (2010) were filmed at The Citadel.[72]

In literature[edit]

  • A thinly veiled depiction of The Citadel provides the background for Calder Willingham's novel End as a Man (1947) and the film adaptation, The Strange One (1957).
  • Pat Conroy's 1980 novel The Lords of Discipline was based on Conroy's experience as a cadet at The Citadel during the 1960s and on his research of other military schools. This book is a fictitious account of the first African American cadet at The Citadel and the class struggle that ensued to both keep and reject the cadet. The novel outraged many of his fellow graduates of The Citadel, who felt that the book was a thinly veiled portrayal of campus life that was highly unflattering. The rift was not healed until 2000, when Conroy was awarded an honorary degree and asked to deliver the commencement address the following year. That year Conroy spearheaded fundraising to renovate the banquet hall in The Citadel Alumni Association building. The Lords of Discipline was made into a movie of the same name starring David Keith and Robert Prosky in 1983. My Losing Season (2002, ISBN 0-553-38190-3) is a factual account of Conroy's senior season as a guard on the 1966–67 Citadel basketball team and includes many recollections of his time as both a cadet and athlete at the school.
  • Through Their Eyes: What really happened in the world's toughest plebe system ... at least to these guys. (ASIN B00N340XAW, ISBN 978-1-312-49190-8), a narrative by George Steffner (Citadel Class of 1979), details the intricacies of the plebe, or knob, year at The Citadel. The book's tagline reads: "When General Mark W. Clark became president of The Citadel he determined to make the military college's plebe year the toughest in the world. This is an account of how thorough a job he did and a description of the lives of some of the cadets who endured what he created." Said by graduates to be the most accurate narrative of the school's freshman experience.

In music[edit]

  • Portions of Dave Matthews Band's music video, "American Baby" (from their 2005 studio album, Stand Up), were filmed at The Citadel.[73]

In television[edit]

  • The Citadel was used as the location for shooting a 1974 episode of the TV show Columbo called "By Dawn's Early Light", guest starring Patrick McGoohan.
  • An episode of the TV show "Road Rules" was filmed at The Citadel in 2002
  • In Army Wives season 7 episode 8, after listening to an address by LTG Michael Holden (Brian McNamara), Cadet Jordan Young (Kaley Ronayne) enlists his assistance in helping her explain to her mother, Air Force Colonel Katherine "Kat" Young (Brooke Shields), Jordan's decision to forgo a commission in the Air Force and pursue her passion to fly attack helicopters as an Army officer. Filming took place in Daniel Library, Bond Hall, and Summerall Field and included about seventy cadet extras. In episode 9, Cadet Young attends a memorial garden dedication in dress uniform with her mother. Cadet Young informs LTG Holden that she has officially declared for the Army, and her mother adds it was with her blessing.
  • In Chapter 8 of House of Cards, Congressman and House Majority Whip Frank Underwood (Kevin Spacey) visits "The Sentinel", his alma mater, to be honored with a memorial library. The Sentinel is made to strongly resemble The Citadel. It is even depicted to have been established in 1841, one year before The Citadel was established. Charles McDougall confirmed in the director's commentary for the episode that The Sentinel was based on The Citadel and the name was changed because they couldn't get permission to use The Citadel's name or logo in the show. The Sentinel scenes were filmed at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore.


  1. ^ In 2007 The Citadel changed its graduate program's name from the College of Graduate and Professional Studies (CGPS) to The Citadel Graduate College (CGC).


  1. ^ a b "The Citadel". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved November 4, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Brand Toolbox: Colors - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 2015-11-26. 
  3. ^ Klein, Kara. "Fully Online: Master of Science in Leadership - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "Institution Details: The Citadel". Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  5. ^ info
  6. ^ "General Information and Quick Facts about The Citadel - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ Quick Facts[dead link] from the Citadel web site.
  9. ^ CPGS Overview[dead link]
  10. ^ "Citadel reinstates veterans program" (Press release). The Citadel Office of External Affairs. May 24, 2007. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  11. ^,
  12. ^ "The Citadel's Mission Statement". The Citadel. Retrieved August 15, 2012. 
  13. ^ [2][dead link]
  14. ^ "Newsweek picks The Citadel as one of "America's Hottest Colleges"". WISTV. Aug 17, 2005. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  15. ^ "2013 Best Colleges – The Citadel". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  16. ^ "For two years running, The Citadel named top public college in the South - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  17. ^ "The Citadel Comparison". College Results Online. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  18. ^ Oman, Eric. "At a Glance - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  19. ^ Allen Grove. "The Citadel Admissions". Education. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  20. ^ "Class of 2012 breaks 32-year-old record - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  21. ^ "Citadel reorganizes departments into schools". The Citadel. November 21, 2002. Retrieved March 22, 2015. 
  22. ^ Jennifer Berry Hawes (November 11, 2014). "Anita Zucker donates $4 million to The Citadel's education school". Post and Courier (Charleston, SC). Retrieved October 15, 2015. 
  23. ^ "Citadel School of Engineering to announce expansion". The Citadel. October 30, 2015. Retrieved October 30, 2015. 
  24. ^ Paul Bowers (November 7, 2015). "The Citadel adds 13 new graduate degrees and certificates in engineering". Post and Courier (Charleston, SC). Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  25. ^ "Coast Guard Officer Programs". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  26. ^ "Google Sites". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  27. ^ [3][dead link]
  28. ^ "U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary University Programs (AUP)". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  29. ^ Klein, Kara. "Krause Center for Leadership & Ethics - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  30. ^ Admissions policy The Citadel website.
  31. ^ a b Macaulay, Alexander (2011). Marching in Step: Masculinity, Citizenship, and The Citadel in Post-World War II America. University of Georgia Press. ISBN 978-0-8203-3821-7. 
  32. ^ The Ring[dead link]
  33. ^ Klein, Kara. "The Citadel Marine Contingent - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  34. ^ "Core Values". The Citadel. Retrieved August 16, 2012. 
  35. ^ "The Honor Code - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 2015-11-26. 
  36. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  37. ^ "Regimental Band and Pipes invited to another international tattoo - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  38. ^ Holmes, Aniesa (January 3, 2010). "Warming up the pipes". Jacksonville Daily News. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  39. ^ For a partial list of college pipe bands, see Fraser, Alistair B. "Pipe Bands Associated with Educational Institutions". Retrieved August 19, 2012. 
  40. ^ Bruce, Allison L. (December 14, 2004). "Summerall Guards selected to march at Bush's inauguration". Charleston Post and Courier. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  41. ^ [4][dead link]
  42. ^,,
  43. ^ [5][dead link]
  44. ^ [6][dead link]
  45. ^ Clark, Brendan (March 15, 2012). "Two former coaches coming back to The Citadel". WCBD-TV. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Citadel releases statement regarding arrest of former cadet". WCBD-TV. March 5, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  47. ^ Hartsell, Jeff (February 8, 2012). "Citadel rifle team targets perfection at $3.2m shooting range". Charleston Post and Courier. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  48. ^
  49. ^ [7][dead link]
  50. ^ "The Citadel Chapel". News & Courier (Charleston, South Carolina). December 24, 1963. p. 6. Retrieved April 24, 2014. 
  51. ^ "Chapel Is Named for Summerall". News & Courier (Charleston, South Carolina). August 1, 1937. p. 9-A. Retrieved April 24, 2014. 
  52. ^ "Cadets' Summerall Chapel Joins Old And New Beauty". News & Courier (Charleston, South Carolina). February 26, 1962. p. 9-A. Retrieved April 24, 2014. 
  53. ^ Nelson, Laura (November 13, 1985). "Citadel Officials Want To Upgrade Chapel". News & Courier (Charleston, South Carolina). p. B1. Retrieved April 24, 2014. 
  54. ^ "The Citadel Archives: A Guide to Collections". The Citadel. 2013-03-27. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  55. ^ "Private funds pave way for Daniel Library's major transformation - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  56. ^ "Daniel Library Catalog publisher=The Citadel". Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  57. ^ "The Citadel Collections on the Lowcountry Digital Library". Lowcountry Digital Library. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  58. ^ "Digital Collections @ The Citadel". The Citadel. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  59. ^ "The Major Thomas Dry Howie Carillon peals again". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  60. ^ a b Oman, Eric. "Campus Monuments and Memorials - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  61. ^ [8][dead link]
  62. ^ "H.M.S. Seraph". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  63. ^ "Mark Wayne Clark (1896 - 1984) - Find A Grave Memorial". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  64. ^ "The Citadel Ring Statue - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  65. ^ [9][dead link]
  66. ^ a b "Distinguished and Notable Citadel Alumni" at
  67. ^ "Alumni Achievement". Citadel Alumni Association. 2010-05-12. 
  68. ^ "Blue Angels: Unit Officers, Their Roles & Responsibilities". U.S. Navy. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  69. ^ "Air Force Commander Killed". Charleston News and Courier. September 9, 1981. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  70. ^ Klein, Kara. "Class of '07 grad killed in action - The Citadel - Charleston, SC". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  71. ^ Devine, Jeremy M. (1995). Vietnam at 24 frames a second: a critical and thematic analysis of over 400 films about the Vietnam war. McFarland. pp. 351–52. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  72. ^ "Winter 2009 News from the South Carolina Film Commission". Savannah Daily News. January 23, 2009. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  73. ^ "Citadel scenes filmed for Dave Matthews video". Augusta Chronicle. Associated Press. April 19, 2005. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 

External links[edit]