The Claws of Axos
|057 – The Claws of Axos|
|Doctor Who serial|
The Doctor is held prisoner by Axon Claws.
|Script editor||Terrance Dicks|
|Incidental music composer||Dudley Simpson|
|Length||4 episodes, 25 minutes each|
|Originally broadcast||13 March – 3 April 1971|
The Axons land on Earth, desperately in need of fuel. They propose to exchange the miracle substance they call Axonite for some much needed energy. Axonite is a "thinking" molecule that can replicate any substance... or so they claim. As it turns out, the ship is a single organism called Axos whose purpose is to feed itself by draining all energy through the Axonite (which is just a part of itself), including the energy of every life form on Earth. The deception about the Axonite's beneficial properties was to facilitate the distribution of Axonite across the globe.
Meanwhile, the Master, who was captured by Axos and used his knowledge of Earth as a bargaining chip for his life and freedom, escapes Axos and makes his way to the Doctor's TARDIS — his own having been seized by Axos. He plans to repair it to escape from Earth.
Axos itself becomes interested in the Doctor's knowledge of time travel. It now plans to broaden its feeding base by travelling through time as well as space. The Doctor, realising this, plans to trick Axos into linking up its drive unit to his TARDIS so that he can send Axos into a perpetual time loop. After tricking the Master into completing the repairs on his TARDIS, the Doctor does just that. This results in every part of Axos dematerialising from Earth, including the Axon automatons and the Axonite.
At the end, with the Master having escaped in his own TARDIS during the confusion aboard Axos, the Doctor returns to Earth, but not of his own volition. The Time Lords have programmed the TARDIS to always return to Earth, making the Doctor, as he notes, "some kind of a galactic yo-yo!".
The Tenth Doctor lists the Axons among his encounters with the Master as the Master dies in his arms during the TV episode "Last of the Time Lords". The Feast of Axos, a Big Finish audio play with the Sixth Doctor, tells the subsequent story of astronauts visiting Axos, still imprisoned in the time loop. The Axons reappear in the Eleventh Doctor Doctor Who Magazine comic strip "The Golden Ones", beginning in issue #425. In this story they are behind a brain-enhancing drink and associated anime show in Tokyo. The drink transforms children into Axons by "increasing the links between neurons in the brain" - in other words, the axons. An Axon is seen imprisoned in The Department's Alien Prison in Liberation, the second episode of Series 1 of the unaffiliated spin-off K-9.
In late 1969, script editor Terrance Dicks contacted new writing duo Bob Baker and Dave Martin after reading a draft script they had sent around the BBC for another production, A Man's Life. After offering the duo a seven-part story in November 1969 for Doctor Who's eighth season, Baker and Martin submitted some various storylines they had. Despite the storylines not being suitable for a serial, Dicks commissioned an opening episode from them on 1 December, but as part of a six-parter, rather than a seven-parter.
The original storyline for the serial was set in central London, with Battersea Power Station taking the place of Nuton Power Complex. However, the serial would have been too expensive to make on the budget available, and Dicks promptly told the writing pair to scale down the story. After going back to the storyline stage, they decided to set the story just outside London, and excluded the large action scenes set in space and around major landmarks in London.
Working titles for this story included Doctor Who and the Gift, The Friendly Invasion, The Axons, and The Vampire from Space. The last title was used through the production of the first two episodes, and was only changed by the time filming began on the third. The DVD release contains unused footage and cuts from the story that are packaged with the original title sequence – naming the story as The Vampire from Space. The serial was envisaged to be a six-parter, but the concept of the storyline changed as development progressed.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012)|
During the location shooting of the scenes with the tramp, an overnight snow storm necessitated the creation of a line of dialogue in the programme to explain that the variations of weather from shot to shot in these scenes (filmed on various days but supposedly taking place within minutes of each other) are "freak weather conditions" as a result of Axos' arrival.
A common myth about this story is that the colour-separation overlay (CSO) backgrounds were accidentally omitted in some of the car interior scenes, leaving the blue screen behind the characters. In reality, the blue is supposed to represent the sky. The differing shades of blue compared to the location exterior footage is the result of the shots' separate origins. This is contradicted by Paul Vanezis in an interview, in which he states "I wouldn't put a background in and I'll tell you why they didn't put a background in there - it wasn't lit properly. There wasn't enough blue in it to key it, or yellow or green or whatever it was. It was shot wrong. It shouldn't have been shot in the studio and it shouldn't have been shot on xchrome. These days with modern technology you could easily key it... easily, but it wouldn't look right."
For reasons unexplained, the opening titles for this serial use the Second Doctor's version of the Doctor Who theme music as opposed to the Third Doctor's, as do The Mind of Evil and Terror of the Autons. After this serial however, the theme reverts to the Jon Pertwee standard.
The story includes interior scenes inside the TARDIS for the first time in the Pertwee (and colour) era of the show. The configuration of the TARDIS set-up is unique for this adventure. The TARDIS monitor appears to be a circular screen embedded in one of the 'roundels' in the console room wall, rather than the traditional rectangular screen (this feature is seen again once, a year later, on the unique set built for The Time Monster). The doors of the console room do not open directly into the exterior as in all other adventures; instead they open into a corridor that features the 'roundel' motif. When the TARDIS interior reappears, in the next production (Colony in Space), both these features have been eliminated.
Bernard Holley had been last seen in The Tomb of the Cybermen. He reprised his role of Axos in the 2011 audio play The Feast of Axos. Peter Bathurst had previously played Hensell in The Power of the Daleks. Tim Pigott-Smith would later play Marco in The Masque of Mandragora. John Hicks who played the Axon Boy, also played one of the Quarks in The Dominators
Broadcast and reception
|Episode||Broadcast date||Run time||Viewers
|"Episode One"||13 March 1971||23:51||7.3||PAL 2" colour videotape|
|"Episode Two"||20 March 1971||24:00||8.0||PAL D3 colour restoration|
|"Episode Three"||27 March 1971||24:05||6.4||PAL D3 colour restoration|
|"Episode Four"||3 April 1971||25:16||7.8||PAL 2" colour videotape|
David J Howe and Stephen James Walker, in their 1998 book Doctor Who: The Television Companion, described The Claws of Axos as "a story that manages to combine an effective alien menace with some excellent location work to present a seamless tale of invasion by stealth". Despite noting that some aspects were unoriginal, they felt that the story was overall "highly imaginative and inventive", with the Axons well-realised in production. In 2009, Mark Braxton of Radio Times praised the action, production values, and Delgado's Master, though he noted that there were some "lapses of judgement and quality", and that he was not a fan of Dudley Simpson's electronic score. The A.V. Club reviewer Christopher Bahn wrote that the serial was "entertaining and far from terrible" and the Axons worked in terms of "conceptual horror", but the story suffered from "the badly mishandled subplot about Chinn" and Filer was a "superfluous" character who would have been better if a character who was already established was used in his place. DVD Talk's John Sinnott gave the serial four out of five stars, highlighting the "tight" four-part structure and the rapport between Pertwee and Delgado. He noted that the choice to make the villains "more subtle and devious" was a good departure and the Axons looked "great". Russell Lewin of SFX gave The Claws of Axos three out of five stars, describing the script as "choppy" and with production that struggled to realise its ideas. However, he noted that it would have looked modern when first broadcast and the last episode went in "some interesting directions". In 2010, the magazine named the comedic tramp stumbling upon the Axons as one of the silliest moments in Doctor Who's history.
The Lovely Invasion, an episode of the BBC Radio 4 series Nebulous, parodies this story: the world falls in love with the Lovely, a naked alien trio offering to "Lovelify" the Earth until they are nuked by Professor Nebulous (who had unfortunately just learned after setting the bomb, too late to disarm it, that the Lovely really were seeking nothing more than Earth's friendship).
|Cover artist||Chris Achilleos|
|Series||Doctor Who book:
|21 April 1977|
A novelisation of this serial, written by Terrance Dicks, was published by Target Books in April 1977. The novel restored material deleted from the TV version, including a "meet-cute" for Jo and Bill Filer and a suggestion that the Doctor may be attempting to steal Axonite to repair the TARDIS. Pigbin Josh's distinctive dialogue is gone.
The original 625 line PAL videotapes of episodes two and three were wiped/destroyed, although some scenes from episode two were found to have survived on an unedited studio-recording block. In 1982 525 line NTSC copies were returned from Canada.
In May 1992, the story was released on VHS. On 25 April 2005, the story was released on Region 2 DVD, followed by a Region 1 release on 8 November 2005. For remastering purposes the NTSC material was converted back to PAL using Reverse Standards Conversion. In episode two, PAL footage from the studio recording was inserted wherever possible, although this does result in some noticeable shifts in picture sharpness between scenes. As of 15 October 2008, this serial has been included for sale on iTunes. This serial was also released as part of the Doctor Who DVD Files in Issue 97 on 19 September 2012.
On 22 October 2012 a Special Edition DVD was released featuring much improved picture restoration (especially of episodes 2 and 3). The quality of the NTSC material was improved by combining the colour from the Reverse Standards Conversion with geometrically-corrected picture information from the remastered black and white film recordings, and then applying VidFIRE to restore the smooth 'video look'. The Special Edition adds various new 'extras', including the complete, unedited version of the surviving studio recording.
- "Evelyn and Brewster return!". Big Finish Productions. 23 September 2010. Archived from the original on 25 September 2010. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Production Subtitles", The Claws of Axos DVD release, 25 April 2005
- Pixley, Andrew, "In Production, Season 7: Instant Karma," pp. 13-14, "In Production, Season 8: Something Old, Something New," pp. 23-24, & "The Claws of Axos Archive Update," p. 29, Doctor Who Magazine Special Edition, #2 [The Complete Third Doctor], 5 September 2002, Panini Comics.
- Kent Film Office. "Kent Film Office The Claws of Axos Film Focus".
- Briggs, Nick, "The Nick of Time," Doctor Who Magazine, #227, 5 July 1995, Marvel Comics UK Ltd., p. 40 (interview with Nicholas Courtney)
- "The Claws of Axos". BBC. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- Restoration commentary, part 2 on the Shockeye's Griller website. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- "The Fourth Dimension: The Claws of Axos". BBC. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Shaun Lyon; et al. (2007-03-31). "The Claws of Axos". Outpost Gallifrey. Archived from the original on 2008-05-17. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- "The Claws of Axos". Doctor Who Reference Guide. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- Sullivan, Shannon (2005-11-11). "The Claws of Axos". A Brief History of Time Travel. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- Howe, David J & Walker, Stephen James (1998). Doctor Who: The Television Companion (1st ed.). London: BBC Books. ISBN 978-0-563-40588-7.
- Braxton, Mark (28 October 2009). "Doctor Who: The Claws of Axos". Radio Times. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Bahn, Christopher (27 May 2012). "The Claws of Axos". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Sinnott, John (4 December 2012). "Doctor Who: The Claws of Axos". DVD Talk. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Lewin, Russell (19 October 2012). "Doctor Who: The Claws Of Axos – Special Edition Review". SFX. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- O'Brian, Steve (November 2010). "Doctor Who's 25 Silliest Moments". SFX. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- "Doctor Who: The Claws Of Axos". Play.com. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "The Claws of Axos - DVD". http://restoration-team.co.uk/. Retrieved 28 October 2012. External link in
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- The Claws of Axos at BBC Online
- The Claws of Axos at Doctor Who: A Brief History of Time (Travel)
- The Claws of Axos at the Doctor Who Reference Guide
- The Restoration of The Claws of Axos
- The Claws of Axos reviews at Outpost Gallifrey
- The Claws of Axos reviews at The Doctor Who Ratings Guide
- Doctor Who and the Claws of Axos reviews at The Doctor Who Ratings Guide
- On Target — Doctor Who and the Claws of Axos