The Clearing House Payments Company

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The Clearing House Payments Company L.L.C. (PayCo) is a U.S.-based limited liability company formed by Clearing House Association. PayCo is a private sector, payment system infrastructure that operates an electronic check clearing and settlement system (SVPCO), a clearing house, and a wholesale funds transfer system (CHIPS).[1]


Clearing House Association and The Clearing House Payments Company LLC conduct business under the name The Clearing House. The Clearing House is the oldest banking association and payments company in the United States.

The Clearing House governance model includes a supervisory board and two managing boards, one for the Payments Company and one for the Association. The businesses and affairs of PayCo and the Association are managed by the Supervisory Board. The managing boards of PayCo and the Association have responsibility for the oversight of their respective businesses and financial performance and for the establishment of their agendas. [2]

Member banks[edit]

Payments Company shared board seat[edit]

PayCo services[edit]

Clearing House Interbank Payments System[edit]

The Clearing House Interbank Payments System (CHIPS) is a bank owned automated funds-transfer system for domestic and international high value payment transactions in U.S. dollars. It is a real-time final settlement payment system that continuously matches, off-sets and settles payments among international and domestic banks.[3]

CHIPS provides real-time, immediate and final settlement of payment messages continuously throughout the day similar to Fedwire. During the business day, system participants can send their payments to CHIPS. Funds are released by available funds on hand (no overdrafts are permitted) or through offsetting. A “balance release algorithm” continuously searches the queue of unreleased payments and uses this patented off-setting algorithm to match and release payments.

CHIPS’ ability to perform real-time bilateral and multi-lateral off-setting means that very large payments can be released earlier in the day, and that participants realize greater liquidity efficiency savings than those possible in pure RTGS systems. With real-time off-setting, the system continuously offsets payments between two or more CHIPS participants. A payment is considered final and irrevocable at the instant CHIPS releases it. [4]

Since CHIPS’ inception The Clearing House management has implemented a number of credit, systemic and liquidity risk reduction measures to better manage individual participant risk, eliminate daylight overdraft exposure, and virtually eliminate systemic risk.[5]

Electronic Payments Network[edit]

Electronic Payments Network (EPN) is an automated clearing house, i.e. a computerized, batch-processing funds-transfer system that processes domestic consumer and commercial financial transactions among depository institutions. Rather than sending each payment separately, ACH transactions are accumulated and sorted by destination for transmission during a predetermined time period.[6]

The Automated Clearing Exchange System (ACES) is the core computerized system for EPN processing of payments between account holders at depository financial institutions. EPN serves approximately 450 processing customers. EPN participants include Depository Financial Institutions (DFI) throughout the United States and its territories as part of a nationwide network for domestic commercial banks, thrifts, credit unions and agencies of foreign institutions.[7]


SVPCO is The Clearing House's line of business that operates CHECCS, which is a computerized settlement system that streamlines the check clearing, collection and return process, and enables the secure exchange of digital check images between financial institutions. SVPCO also operates Online Adjustments and Online Settlement. The SVPCO products provide a complete settlement and reconcilement solution for financial institutions. SVPCO Image Payments Network is an SVPCO product that allows participants to use a single connection to directly exchange check images with all SVPCO image exchange participants. SVPCO Image exchange participants may also send images to financial institutions that are not members of SVPCO through links with the Fed, correspondent banks and third-party processors.

SVPCO Online Adjustments provides a secure online database to automate cash letter adjustments. The online adjustments system integrates with a range of case management solutions. The cash letter adjustments eliminate paper forms and attachments. Adjustments data is automatically input into case management systems and can be matched with open systems to minimize the possibility of fraudulent adjustments.

SVPCO Online Settlement is integrated with the SVPCO Image Payments Network and provides automated settlement for cash letter activity. It also works in tandem with SVPCO Online Adjustments, which allows institutions to reconcile adjustments the same day by eliminating the need for paper forms and attachments.

Check exchanges[edit]

The New York Clearing House Association was organized at the Bank Officers meeting on October 4, 1853. There were fifty-seven banks in New York City in 1853. Fifty-two became members of the Association. The first check exchanges at The Clearing House were held on October 11, 1853. The Clearing House does not exchange physical checks any longer. The original check exchanges have evolved into a new computerized check settlement system operated by SVPCO called the Clearing House Electronic Check Clearing System (CHECCS).[8]


  1. ^ Bernanke, Ben (April 14, 2011). Clearinghouses, Financial Stability and Financial Reform (Speech). Financial Markets Conference.
  2. ^ Horwitz, Jeff (May 19, 2011), "The Renovation of The Clearing House", American Banker, New York, NY, archived from the original on October 2, 2011
  3. ^ The Clearing House Interbank Payments System (CHIPS) A Recognition of Its 20th Anniversary (PDF), retrieved September 20, 2011
  4. ^ Fedwire and National Settlement, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, retrieved September 20, 2011
  5. ^ Risk-Reduction and Enhanced Efficiency in Large-Value Payments Systems: A private Sector response (PDF)
  6. ^ Automated Clearing House (ACH), Federal Reserve Bank of New York, retrieved September 25, 2011
  7. ^ "Intro to the ACH Network". NACHA.
  8. ^ Gorton, G; Mullineaux, D (1987), "The Joint Production of Confidence: Endogenous Regulation and Nineteenth Century Commercial-Bank Clearinghouses" (PDF), Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 19 (4): 457, doi:10.2307/1992614, JSTOR 1992614

External links[edit]