The Crow (1994 film)

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The Crow
Crow ver2.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byAlex Proyas
Written by
Based onThe Crow
by James O'Barr
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyDariusz Wolski
Edited by
Music byGraeme Revell
Production
company
Distributed byMiramax Films
Release date
  • May 13, 1994 (1994-05-13)
Running time
102 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$23 million[1]
Box office$94 million[2]

The Crow is a 1994 American superhero film directed by Alex Proyas, written by David J. Schow and John Shirley. It stars Brandon Lee in his final film appearance as Eric Draven, a murdered musician who is resurrected to avenge his death and that of his fiancée. The film is based on James O'Barr's comic of the same name.

Production on The Crow was struck by tragedy when Lee was fatally wounded during filming. As Lee had finished most of his scenes before his death, the film was completed through script rewrites, a stunt double, and digital effects.[3] The Crow is dedicated to Lee and his fiancée, Eliza Hutton. After Lee's death, Paramount Pictures opted out of distributing the film and the rights were picked up by Miramax who oversaw The Crow's completion.

The Crow received positive reviews from critics, who praised its tone, visuals, Dariusz Wolski's cinematography, the production design, and Lee's performance.[4] It also grossed $94 million worldwide, on a $23 million budget, and has gained a strong cult following. The film's success led to a media franchise that includes three sequels and a television series. The sequels, which mostly featured different characters and none of the original cast members, were unable to match the success of the first film.

Plot[edit]

On Devil's Night in Detroit, police Sergeant Albrecht surveys a crime-scene. A young woman named Shelly Webster has been raped and gravely wounded. Her fiancé, rock musician Eric Draven, was killed in the attack, having been shot and thrown from the window of their loft apartment. As he leaves for the hospital with Shelly, Albrecht meets a young girl, Sarah, who Shelly and Eric looked after. Albrecht comforts Sarah when she realizes that Shelly is going to die from her injuries.

One year later, Sarah visits Shelly and Eric's graves before meeting with Albrecht, who now helps takes care of her. A crow lands on Eric's gravestone and taps on it, resurrecting him. Upon returning to his now-derelict apartment, Eric experiences flashbacks of his murder, when a gang (T-Bird, Tin Tin, Funboy and Skank) broke in and attacked he and Shelly due to them protesting forced evictions at their apartment building. Eric also discovers that any wounds he receives heal immediately. Guided by the crow, with whom he shares a telepathic connection, Eric sets out to avenge his and Shelly's murders.

The crow helps Eric locate Tin Tin, who Eric stabs to death. Eric next travels to the pawn shop where Tin Tin had pawned Shelly's engagement ring, forcing the owner, Gideon, to return it. He blows up the shop, but spares Gideon so that he can warn the others. Eric then tracks down Funboy, who is having sex with Sarah's estranged drug addict mother, Darla. Eric kills him (making him overdose on his own morphine stash) and confronts Darla, making her realize that Sarah needs her. In the meantime Top Dollar, the crime boss who controls the street gangs in the city, and his lover/half-sister Myca have become aware of Eric's actions; they kill Gideon after he reports his attack to them.

Eric visits Albrecht, explaining who he is. Albrecht tells him that he watched Shelly suffer for thirty hours before dying. Eric touches Albrecht and feels the pain Shelly felt. Upon leaving Albrecht's apartment, Eric saves Sarah from getting run over by a car, and gives her a clue to his identity before disappearing.

Eric kidnaps T-Bird and kills him in an explosion. The next morning, Sarah and her mother begin repairing their strained relationship, and Sarah visits Eric at his apartment. Grange, Top Dollar's right-hand man, finds Eric's grave is empty. Top Dollar holds a meeting with his associates where they discuss new plans for their Devil's Night criminal activities. Eric arrives looking for Skank and a gunfight erupts; Skank is killed during the melee. Top Dollar, Myca and Grange escape and Myca hypothesizes that by killing the crow, Eric will no longer be immortal.

Eric, believing his vengeance is over, gives Sarah Shelly's engagement ring. As Sarah walks home, Grange abducts her and takes her to an abandoned church where Top Dollar and Myca are waiting. Through the crow, Eric realizes what has happened and goes to rescue her. Grange shoots and wounds the crow, sapping Eric of his immortality. Myca grabs the wounded crow, intending to take its mystical power. Albrecht arrives and assists Eric, shooting and killing Grange before being wounded by Myca. The crow escapes Myca's grip and claws her eyes out, making her fall to her death down the Church's bell tower. Eric confronts Top Dollar on the roof. Top Dollar admits ultimate responsibility for Eric and Shelly's deaths, having ordered their murder as part of a scheme to take over their apartment building for his criminal activities. Eric grabs Top Dollar, transferring the thirty hours of pain he absorbed from Albrecht; the sensation causes Top Dollar to fall from the roof, and he is impaled on a gargoyle, killing him.

Sarah accompanies Albrecht to the hospital. Eric stumbles to the graveyard, where he is reunited with Shelly's spirit and returns to the afterlife, his revenge now complete.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Brandon Lee's death[edit]

On March 31, 1993, at EUE Screen Gems Studios in Wilmington, North Carolina, Lee was filming a scene where his character, Eric, is shot after witnessing the beating and rape of his fiancée. Actor Michael Massee's character Funboy fires a .44 Magnum Smith & Wesson Model 629 revolver at Lee as he walks into the room.[5] A scene filmed two weeks before Lee's had called for the same gun to be shown in close-up. Revolvers often use dummy cartridges fitted with bullets, but no powder or primer, during close-ups as they look more realistic than blank rounds which have no bullet. Instead of purchasing commercial dummy cartridges, the film's prop crew, hampered by time and money constraints, created their own by pulling the bullets from live rounds, dumping the powder charge but not the primer, then reinserting the bullets. Witnesses reported that two weeks before Lee's death they saw an unsupervised actor pulling the trigger on the gun while it was loaded with the powderless but primed round. Having not removed the primer, the primer could detonate with enough energy to launch a bullet and lodge it in the barrel.[6][7]

In the fatal scene, which called for the revolver to be actually fired at Lee from a distance of 12–15 feet, the dummy cartridges were exchanged for blank rounds, which feature a live powder charge and primer, but no bullet, thus allowing the gun to be fired without the risk of an actual projectile. As the production company had sent the firearms specialist home early, responsibility for the guns was given to a prop assistant who was unaware of the rule for inspecting all firearms before and after any handling. Therefore, the barrel was not checked for obstructions when the time came to load it with the blank rounds.[6][7] Since the bullet from the dummy round was already trapped in the barrel, this caused the .44 Magnum bullet to be fired out of the barrel with virtually the same force as if the gun had been loaded with a live round, and it struck Lee in the abdomen, mortally wounding him.[8][9]

After Lee's death, the producers were faced with the decision of whether or not to continue with the film. Lee had completed most of his scenes for the film and was scheduled to shoot for only three more days.[1] The rest of the cast and crew, except for Ernie Hudson, whose brother-in-law had just died, stayed in Wilmington. Paramount Pictures, which was initially interested in distributing The Crow theatrically (originally a direct-to-video feature), opted out of involvement due to delays in filming and some controversy over the violent content being inappropriate given Lee's death. However, Miramax picked it up with the intention of releasing it in theatres and injected a further $8 million to complete the production, taking its budget to approximately $23 million.[1] The cast and crew then took a break for script rewrites of the flashback scenes that had yet to be completed.[6] The script was rewritten by Walon Green, Terry Hayes, René Balcer, and Michael S. Chernuchin, adding narration and new scenes.[10][11] Lee's stunt double Chad Stahelski was used as a stand-in and CGI was used to digitally superimpose Lee's face onto the head of the double. The beginning of the movie, which had not been finished, was rewritten, and the apartment scene remade using computer graphics from an earlier scene of Lee.[12]

A character from the original comic book called Skull Cowboy was originally planned to be part of the adaptation and even had scenes filmed. He acted as a guide for Eric Draven between the worlds of the dead and the living. He was set to be played by Michael Berryman, but the role was cut from the film due to Lee's death.[13]

O'Barr later remarked that losing Lee was like losing his fiancée all over again, and he regretted ever writing the comic in the first place.[14]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

The Crow was a sleeper hit at the box office. The film opened at number one in the United States in 1,573 theaters with $11,774,332 and averaging $7,485 per theater.[15] Some industry sources believed that Miramax overstated the weekend gross by as much as $1 million.[16] The film ultimately grossed $50,693,129 in the United States and Canada, and $43 million internationally, for a worldwide total of $93.7 million against its budget of $23 million.[17][2] It ranked at number 24 for all films released in the US in 1994, the 24th highest-grossing film worldwide for 1994 and number 10 for R-rated films released that year.[18][2]

Overseas in Europe, the film grossed £1,245,403 in the United Kingdom (where it was 18-rated),[19] and sold 4,604,115 tickets in France, Germany, Italy and Spain.[20][21] In Seoul, South Korea, it sold 83,126 tickets.[22]

Critical response[edit]

The Crow has an approval rating of 84% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 61 reviews and an average rating of 7.1/10. The critical consensus states: "Filled with style and dark, lurid energy, The Crow is an action-packed visual feast that also has a soul in the performance of the late Brandon Lee."[4] The film also has a score of 71 out of 100 on Metacritic based on 14 critics, indicating "Generally favorable reviews".[23]

Reviewers praised the action and visual style.[24][25] Rolling Stone called it a "dazzling fever dream of a movie"; Caryn James, writing for The New York Times, called it "a genre film of a high order, stylish and smooth"; and Roger Ebert called it "a stunning work of visual style".[25][26][27] The Los Angeles Times praised the film also.[28][29]

Lee's death was alleged to have a melancholic effect on viewers; Desson Howe of The Washington Post wrote that Lee "haunts every frame" and James Berardinelli called the film "a case of 'art imitating death', and that specter will always hang over The Crow".[24][25][30] Both Berardinelli and Howe called it an appropriate epitaph to Lee, and Ebert stated that not only was this Lee's best film, but it was better than any of his father's.[24][25][30] Critics generally thought that this would have been a breakthrough film for Lee, although Berardinelli disagreed.[25][30][31] The changes made to the film after Lee's death were noted by reviewers, most of whom saw them as an improvement. Howe said that it had been transformed into something compelling.[24] Berardinelli, although terming it a genre film, said that it had become more mainstream because of the changes.[30]

The film was widely compared to other films, particularly Tim Burton's Batman movies and Ridley Scott's Blade Runner.[30][31] Critics described The Crow as a darker film than the others;[30] Ebert called it a grungier and more forbidding story than those of Batman and Blade Runner, and Todd McCarthy of Variety wrote that the generic inner city of Detroit portrayed in The Crow "makes Gotham City look like the Emerald City".[31]

While the plot and characterization were found to be lacking,[24][30][31] these faults were considered to be overcome by the action and visual style.[25][30] The cinematography by Dariusz Wolski and the production design by Alex McDowell were also praised. The cityscape designed by McDowell and the production team was described by McCarthy as rendered imaginatively.[31] The film's comic book origins were noted, and Ebert called it the best version of a comic book universe he had seen.[25] McCarthy agreed, calling it "one of the most effective live-actioners ever derived from a comic strip".[31] Critics felt that the soundtrack complemented this visual style, calling it blistering, edgy and boisterous.[24][26][31] Graeme Revell was praised for his "moody" score;[31] Howe said that it "drapes the story in a postmodern pall."[24]

Negative reviews of the film were generally similar in theme to the positive ones but said that the interesting and "OK" special effects did not make up for the "superficial" plot, "badly-written" screenplay and "one-dimensional" characters.[32][33]

The Crow is mentioned in Empire's 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time; it ranked at number 468.[34] It has since become a cult film.[35]

In popular culture[edit]

Professional wrestler Sting drew inspiration from the movie for his "Crow" character.

In the South Park episode "Hell on Earth 2006", Satan throws a birthday party for himself in Los Angeles on Halloween night, and decides to dress up as the Crow. He insists that none of the other partygoers choose the same outfit.

Metalcore band Ice Nine Kills created a song based on The Crow called "A Grave Mistake", which is featured on their 2018 album The Silver Scream.

The character Dwight Schrute from the U.S. The Office says his all-time favorite movie is The Crow in season 2 episode 4 "The Fire".

In the Halloween episode of the adult animated series The Venture Bros. entitled "A Very Venture Halloween", the character Dermott Fictel (voiced by Doc Hammer) dresses up as the Crow and makes a reference to Brandon Lee's death.

Accolades[edit]

Year-end lists[edit]

Awards[edit]

Award nominations for The Crow
Award Category Recipient Result
MTV Movie Award[42] Best Movie of the Year Nominated
MTV Movie Award[42] Best Actor Brandon Lee (posthumous) Nominated
MTV Movie Award[42] Best Song Stone Temple Pilots
For the song "Big Empty"
Won

Soundtracks[edit]

The original soundtrack album for The Crow features songs from the film, and was a chart-topping album. It included work by The Cure (their song, "Burn", became the film's main theme), The Jesus and Mary Chain, Rage Against the Machine and Helmet, among many others. In Peter Hook's memoir Substance: Inside New Order, Hook relates that New Order were approached to provide the soundtrack for the film, with a cover of "Love Will Tear Us Apart", their hit as Joy Division, citing parallels between Eric's resurrection and New Order's formation after the suicide of Joy Division frontman Ian Curtis. However, New Order frontman Bernard Sumner declined, stating that they were too busy with their album Republic to commit to another project. James O'Barr, creator of the original comic book series, was a big fan of Joy Division and had named the characters Sergeant Albrecht and Captain Hook after bandmates Sumner (who was also known as Bernard Albrecht early in his career) and Hook.

Several groups contributed covers. Nine Inch Nails rendered Joy Division's "Dead Souls", Rollins Band covered Suicide's "Ghost Rider" and Pantera performed Poison Idea's "The Badge". The song "Big Empty" was not the Stone Temple Pilots' original choice for the soundtrack; they first recorded a version of "Only Dying", which they had recorded earlier as Mighty Joe Young in demo form, but it was replaced following Lee's death.[43]

The bands Medicine and My Life with the Thrill Kill Kult make cameo appearances in the film on stage in the nightclub below Top Dollar's headquarters.

The score consists of original, mostly orchestral music, with some electronic and guitar elements, written for the film by Graeme Revell.

Sequels[edit]

In 1996, a sequel was released, called The Crow: City of Angels. In this film, Vincent Pérez plays Ashe Corven, who, along with his son Danny, is killed by criminals. Ashe is resurrected as a new Crow. The character of Sarah Mohr (Mia Kirshner) reappears in this film and assists Ashe.[44] The film also features Iggy Pop, who, according to the booklet insert for the film's soundtrack, was the producer's first choice for Funboy in the first Crow movie, but he was unable to commit due to his recording schedule. The band Deftones can be seen playing live in a festival scene and they contributed the song "Teething" to the soundtrack. The film received mostly negative reviews. The film was followed by a television series and two direct-to-video sequels, each with a different person as The Crow.

The Crow: Stairway to Heaven was a 1998 Canadian television series created by Bryce Zabel and starring Mark Dacascos in the lead role as Eric Draven, originally played by Brandon Lee.

The third film, The Crow: Salvation, was released in 2000. Directed by Bharat Nalluri, it stars Eric Mabius, Kirsten Dunst, Fred Ward, Jodi Lyn O'Keefe and William Atherton. It is loosely based on Poppy Z. Brite's novel The Lazarus Heart. After its distributor cancelled the intended theatrical release due to The Crow: City of Angels' negative critical reception, The Crow: Salvation was released directly to video with mixed reviews.

The fourth film, The Crow: Wicked Prayer, was released in 2005. Directed by Lance Mungia, it stars Edward Furlong, David Boreanaz, Tara Reid, Tito Ortiz, Dennis Hopper, Emmanuelle Chriqui and Danny Trejo. It was inspired by Norman Partridge's novel of the same title. It had a one-week theatrical première on June 3, 2005, at AMC Pacific Place Theatre in Seattle, Washington, before being released to video on July 19, 2005. Like the other sequels, it had a poor critical reception, and it was considered the worst of the four films.

The Crow: 2037 was a planned sequel written and scheduled to be directed by Rob Zombie in the late 1990s;[45] however, it was never made.[46][47]

Remake[edit]

On April 1, 2022, a new attempt at a remake was announced by The Hollywood Reporter, with Bill Skarsgård set to star as Draven, Rupert Sanders directing, and Edward R. Pressman and Malcolm Gray co-producing.[48] Days later, the site also reported that FKA Twigs had been cast as Draven's fiancée.[49] In July 2022, production on the remake was reportedly underway in Prague, Czech Republic.[50] By August 26, 2022, Danny Huston was cast in an undisclosed role.[51] On September 16, 2022, the film wrapped production.[52][53]

Home video[edit]

The Crow was first released on VHS and LaserDisc multiple times between 1994 and 1998 in addition to the widescreen DVD on February 3, 1998. The two-disc DVD was released on March 20, 2001 as part of the Miramax/Dimension Collector's Series.[54] On October 18, 2011, The Crow was released on Blu-ray through Lionsgate Pictures who also re-released the DVD format on August 17, 2012.[55] In Japan, the movie was remastered in 4K for a special edition in 2016, although the film's final resolution was capped at 1080p; as of January 2023, a 4K release (digital or physical) has yet to be announced.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ascher-Walsh, Rebecca (May 13, 1994), "How the Crow Flew", Entertainment Weekly, Time Inc., archived from the original on June 6, 2011, retrieved March 12, 2011
  2. ^ a b c "Worldwide rentals beat domestic take". Variety. February 13, 1995. p. 28.
  3. ^ Robey, Tim (October 27, 2016). "Brandon Lee, Michael Massee and the 'curse' of The Crow". telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "The Crow". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved May 2, 2022. Edit this at Wikidata
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  7. ^ a b Brown, Dave, "Filming with Firearms", Film Courage, archived from the original on August 8, 2014, retrieved August 15, 2014
  8. ^ Pristin, Terry (August 11, 1993). "Brandon Lee's Mother Claims Negligence Caused His Death : Movies: Linda Lee Cadwell sues 14 entities regarding the actor's 'agonizing pain, suffering and untimely death' last March on the North Carolina set of 'The Crow'". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 4, 2010.
  9. ^ Harris, Mark (April 16, 1993). "The brief life and unnecessary death of Brandon Lee". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
  10. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (January 24, 2012). "UPDATE: F. Javier Gutierrez To Helm Jesse Wigutow-Scripted 'The Crow' Remake". Deadline. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
  11. ^ "As 'The Crow' flies". www.ew.com. October 22, 1993. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  12. ^ Friedman, David R. (1996). "The Mysterious Legacy of Brandon Leen". Todays Chiropr. 25: 34–38.
  13. ^ Cotter, Padraig (June 21, 2019). "The Crow Movie: The Deleted Skull Cowboy Explained". Screenrant. Screen Rant. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
  14. ^ Lauren Milici (April 14, 2022). "Why The Crow deserves a comeback". gamesradar. Retrieved May 4, 2022.
  15. ^ Fox, David J. (May 16, 1994), "'The Crow' Takes Off at Box Office", Los Angeles Times, retrieved March 12, 2011
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  22. ^ "영화정보". KOFIC. Korean Film Council. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
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  27. ^ James, Caryn (May 11, 1994), "Eerie Links Between Living and Dead", The New York Times, retrieved March 12, 2011
  28. ^ Rainer, Peter (May 11, 1994), "Movie Review: 'The Crow' Flies With Grim Glee", Los Angeles Times, retrieved March 12, 2011
  29. ^ Welkos, Robert W. (May 11, 1994), "Movie Review: Life After Death: A Hit in the Offing?", Los Angeles Times, retrieved March 12, 2011
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h Berardinelli, James (1994), "Review: the Crow", ReelViews, retrieved March 12, 2011
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  36. ^ Davis, Sandi (January 1, 1995). "Oklahoman Movie Critics Rank Their Favorites for the Year "Forrest Gump" The Very Best, Sandi Declares". The Oklahoman. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
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  39. ^ Pickle, Betsy (December 30, 1994). "Searching for the Top 10... Whenever They May Be". Knoxville News-Sentinel. p. 3.
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  43. ^ "Below Empty — Frequently Asked Questions", StoneTemplePilots.net, archived from the original on June 29, 2007, retrieved March 12, 2011
  44. ^ The Crow: City of Angels at IMDb
  45. ^ "Zombie Will Write/Direct Next "Crow" Flick". MTV. February 11, 1997. Retrieved November 24, 2012.
  46. ^ "The Crow: 2037 A New World of Gods and Monster | Scripts On The Net". Roteiro de Cinema. September 22, 2008. Retrieved November 24, 2012.
  47. ^ Anders, Charlie Jane (August 10, 2012). "100 Wonderful and Terrible Movies That Never Existed". Gizmodo. Retrieved November 24, 2012.
  48. ^ "Bill Skarsgard to Star in 'The Crow' Reboot, Rupert Sanders Directing (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. April 1, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  49. ^ "FKA Twigs Joins Bill Skarsgard in 'The Crow' Reboot". The Hollywood Reporter. April 4, 2022. Retrieved April 4, 2022.
  50. ^ "'The Crow', starring Bill Skarsgård and FKA Twigs, now filming in Prague". The Prague Reporter. July 13, 2022. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  51. ^ Taylor, Drew (August 26, 2022). "Danny Huston Joins Bill Skarsgård in 'The Crow' Reimagining". TheWrap. Retrieved August 26, 2022.
  52. ^ "'The Crow' reboot, starring Bill Skarsgård as Eric Draven, wraps production in Prague". The Prague Reporter. September 16, 2022. Retrieved October 5, 2022.
  53. ^ Burlingame, Russ (September 30, 2022). "The Crow Reboot Reportedly Wraps Production". ComicBook. Retrieved October 5, 2022.
  54. ^ Nichols, Peter M. (September 9, 1994). "Home Video". The New York Times. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
  55. ^ "The Crow - High-Def Digest". Bluray.highdefdigest.com. Retrieved January 16, 2012.

External links[edit]