The Cruel Sea (band)
The Cruel Sea
|Origin||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|Genres||Indie rock, surf rock, blues, funk|
|Years active||1987–2003, 2008, 2010|
|Labels||Red Eye, Polydor, A&M|
|Past members||Jim Elliott|
The Cruel Sea are an Australian indie rock band from Sydney, New South Wales formed in late 1987. Originally an instrumental-only band, they became more popular when fronted by vocalist Tex Perkins (Beasts of Bourbon and solo) in addition to Jim Elliott on drums, Ken Gormly on bass guitar, Dan Rumour on guitar and James Cruickshank on guitar and keyboards. Their albums include The Honeymoon Is Over (1993), Three Legged Dog (1995) and Over Easy (1998). Some of their best-known songs are "Better Get a Lawyer", "Takin' All Day", "The Honeymoon Is Over" and "Reckless Eyeballin'" – an instrumental track from their debut album Down Below that became the theme of Australian TV police drama, Blue Heelers. The band has won eight ARIA Music Awards including five in 1994 for work associated with The Honeymoon Is Over.
Formation and early years
Danny Rumour (aka Daniel John Atkins) was a member of punk rock bands Blackrunner, Urban Guerrillas, Friction, Ugly Mirrors and Bedhogs in Sydney from the mid-1970s to 1980. In 1980 he formed Sekret Sekret which played a "sprightly brand of punky power pop with psychedelic overtones". Sekret Sekret would often play at Sydney pub, The Grand Hotel, with Rumour assembling an ad hoc line-up of musicians using instruments housed at the venue. With lead vocalist David Virgin (ex-Ugly Mirrors) and Peter Mullany (ex-Johnny Dole & The Scabs), they released four independent singles by 1984. When they broke up in 1987, the line-up included Rumour, Virgin, James Elliot on drums and Ken Gormly on bass guitar.
After Sekret Sekret disbanded, The Cruel Sea was formed in late 1987 by Elliot on drums and Rumour on guitar. They enlisted Dee Corben on bass guitar and his brother, Gerard "Ged" Corben (also in Lime Spiders), on guitar. The name was from a 1964 surf instrumental, "Cruel Sea", by United States group The Ventures (a cover of The Dakotas' 1963 single, which was in turn inspired by the novel and film of the same name). Early gigs in 1988 were played at the Harold Park Hotel, behind a pool table where space was so tight that the guitarists had to move out of the way when pool players took a shot. The original line-up played about 20 shows and parties, then Dee Corben left, he was replaced by former Sekret Sekret bandmate, Gormly. Barry Turnbull (ex-John Kennedy's Love Gone Wrong, The Widdershins) briefly substituted for Gormly on bass guitar. James Cruickshank (The Widdershins) joined on keyboards and guitars.
Early albums: Down Below and This Is Not the Way Home
In 1989, The Cruel Sea invited vocalist Tex Perkins, their lighting technician and member of Beasts of Bourbon, to join them on-stage. Perkins had written lyrics for some of their instrumentals. The band was signed by Red Eye Records and released a 12" extended play (EP), Down Below, in September. It contained nine tracks and was produced by Phil Punch (The Mexican Spitfires) and The Cruel Sea. It was followed by an eleven-track album of the same name, Down Below in December 1990; both releases featured Perkins on vocals. "Reckless Eyeballin'" – an instrumental track on the album – later became the theme song of Australian TV police drama, Blue Heelers (1994–2006). Although Perkins was also performing with Beasts of Bourbon, The Cruel Sea built a following on the inner-city pub rock circuit with "atmospheric music [that] evoked the feel of wide open spaces". During 1990, Ged Corben left to focus on his work with Lime Spiders.
A single, "I Feel" was released in September 1991 ahead of their second album, This Is Not the Way Home issued in October. It was produced by Tony Cohen (The Birthday Party, Beasts of Bourbon) and The Cruel Sea. The album provided a range of music "from funky Louisiana swamp blues to sweet soul". Vocals by Perkins were compared with Captain Beefheart, John Lee Hooker and Tony Joe White. "4" followed in March 1992 with "This Is Not the Way Home" released as a single in August. After the album's release, the band toured Europe in support of Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds. In March 1993 they released, "Black Stick" as a single, which peaked at No. 25 on the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) Singles Chart. This Is Not the Way Home received a nomination for 'Best Group' at the ARIA Music Awards of 1993.
Mainstream success: The Honeymoon Is Over and Three Legged Dog
In early 1993, The Cruel Sea had Perkins on-board full-time with his commitment to Beasts of Bourbon on hold. The Cruel Sea's third album, The Honeymoon Is Over was produced by the band, Cohen and Mick Harvey (Robert Forster, Anita Lane) of Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds. Released in May, it peaked at No. 4 on the ARIA Albums Chart, and sold over 140,000 copies. The title song, "The Honeymoon Is Over" reached the Top 50 in August. It was followed by a cover of White's 1969 song, "Woman with Soul", which peaked at No. 64. Perkins also performed as a member in the country-blues trio, Tex, Don and Charlie and released Sad But True (1993).
At the ARIA Music Awards of 1994, The Cruel Sea won 'Single of the Year' and 'Song of the Year' for "The Honeymoon is Over", 'Album of the Year' and 'Best Group' for The Honeymoon is Over and received three further nominations including 'Best Cover Art' by Kristyna Higgins and Jay Manby. At an after-party, a drunken guest attacked Higgins, a professional photographer, and a fracas ensued with Perkins defending his partner. Also that night, two of their ARIA trophies were stolen. Late in 1994, the group toured Europe, again supporting Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds. They followed with a headlining tour across Europe and to Canada.
The next album, Three Legged Dog, was produced by Cohen, the group and Paul McKercher (Clouds). It was released in April 1995 and peaked at No. 1. The Cruel Sea toured Canada, United States and Europe, followed by a support slot for The Rolling Stones on the Australian leg of their Voodoo Lounge Tour. Top 50 singles from Three Legged Dog were "Better Get a Lawyer" (November 1994), "Just a Man" (March 1995) and "Anybody But You" (July). The album won an ARIA in 1995 for 'Best Group' and two nominations, 'Album of the Year', and 'Best Cover Art' for Higgins and Jim Paton.
The Cruel Sea's next album, Rock'n Roll Duds, was a compilation of b-sides and studio outtakes, released in November 1995. The group had a two-year hiatus in releases, Perkins issued his first solo album, Far Be it from Me (1996) and contributed to Beasts of Bourbon's Gone (1997). The Cruel Sea returned to their instrumental roots and embarked on a series of gigs without Perkins including the Big Day Out tour.
In February 1998, with Perkins returned, the group released a single, "Hard Times" ahead of its album Over Easy in August. The album was produced by Daniel Denholm (Frente!, Boom Crash Opera), Phil McKellar (Grinspoon, Frenzal Rhomb), the band and McKercher. It peaked at No. 13 and was followed by their Takin All Day national tour through most of 1998. The band's first greatest hits album, The Most appeared in November 1999 and reached the Top 50. After the success of his first album, Perkins released his second solo album Dark Horses (2000).
In August 2001, ABC-TV broadcast the series, Long Way to the Top. Perkins featured on "Episode 6: Gathering of the Tribes 1984–2000" where he discussed his non-mainstream work with both Beasts of Bourbon and The Cruel Sea, which were "Providing the poor forgotten 5% with something – who like the really fucked up weird shit". In September their next album, Where There's Smoke, produced by Magoo (Regurgitator, Midnight Oil) and the band, appeared and reached the Top 30. It was followed by another compilation, We Don't Work, We Play Music in October 2002 with "Groovy Situation" issued as a single.
Individual members concentrated on side or solo projects. In early 2005, Perkins returned to Tex Don and Charlie and released All is Forgiven in March. Guitarist and main composer, Rumour began touring and recording with his own roots-style instrumental band, the Dan Rumour Band, and Elliot joined on drums by mid-2006. In August, Perkins declared on ABC2's Dig radio program that The Cruel Sea were no more. Dan Rumour Band appeared on the Australian surf music project Delightful Rain released October, and a documentary film of the same name on Australian television in December. Rumour's first solo album was released in October 2007 as by Dan Rumour and The Drift.
In spite of his earlier statement, The Cruel Sea with Perkins toured Melbourne and Sydney in 2008 before their Blues & Roots Festival performances. They also toured Australia in 2010. The full band joined Bernard Fanning as support for his Day On The Green tour of Australia in October to November 2013.
Guitarist and keyboardist James Cruickshank died on 8 October 2015 after a long battle with bowel cancer.
- Jim Elliott – drums (1987–2003, 2008, 2010)
- Dan Rumour – guitar, clavinet (1987–2003, 2008, 2010)
- Gerard Corben – guitar (1987–1990)
- Dee Corben – bass guitar (1987–1988)
- James Cruickshank – keyboards, guitar, backing vocals (1988–2003, 2008, 2010) [Died 2015]
- Ken Gormly – bass guitar (1988–1990, 1990–2003, 2008, 2010)
- Tex Perkins – vocals, harmonica, guitar (1989–2003, 2008, 2010)
- Barry Turnbull – bass guitar (1990)
|Title||Album details||Peak chart positions||Certifications|
|This Is Not the Way Home||
|The Honeymoon is Over||
|Three Legged Dog||
|Where There's Smoke||
|Title||Album details||Peak chart positions||Certifications|
|Rock'n Roll Duds - Best of the B-Sides||40|
|The Most (The Best of The Cruel Sea)||
|We Don't Work, We Play Music||
|Title||Year||Peak chart positions||Certifications||Album|
|"I Feel"||1991||175||This Is Not The Way Home|
|"4" (titled 4x4)||1992||83|
|"This Is Not The Way Home"||130|
|"Black Stick"||1993||25||The Honeymoon Is Over|
|"The Honeymoon Is Over"||41|
|"Woman with Soul"||64|
|"Better Get a Lawyer"||29||Three Legged Dog|
|"Just a Man"||1995||39|
|"Anybody But You"||49|
|"Too Fast for Me"||107|
|"Hard Times"||1998||115||Over Easy|
|"Takin' All Day"||132|
|"A Simple Goodbye"||2001||[A]||Where There's Smoke|
|"Groovy Situation"||2002||[B]||We Don't Work, We Play Music|
- "A Simple Goodbye" was released as radio promotional single which was ineligible to chart in 2001.
- "Groovy Situation" was released as radio promotional single which was ineligible to chart in 2002.
Awards and nominations
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|1993||This Is Not the Way Home||Best Group||Nominated|
|1994||"The Honeymoon Is Over"||Song of the Year||Won|
|Single of the Year||Won|
|"Black Stick"||Song the Year||Nominated|
|The Honeymoon Is Over||Album of the Year||Won|
|Best Alternative Release||Nominated|
|Best Cover Art||Nominated|
|Producer of the Year||Won|
|1995||Three Legged Dog||Best Group||Won|
|Album of the Year||Nominated|
|Highest Selling Album||Nominated|
|The Cruel Sea, Kristyna Higgins, Jim Paton – Three Legged Dog||Best Cover Art||Nominated|
|Tony Cohen, Paul McKercher – Three Legged Dog||Engineer of the Year||Won|
|Tony Cohen – Three Legged Dog||Producer of the Year||Won|
|1996||"Too Fast for Me"||Best Video||Nominated|
|1998||"Takin' All Day"||Best Video||Nominated|
|"Hard Times" – Daniel Denholm, Phil McKellar||Producer of the Year||Nominated|
|1999||"You'll Do"||Best Video||Nominated|
The Australian Entertainment Mo Awards (commonly known informally as the Mo Awards), were annual Australian entertainment industry awards. They recognise achievements in live entertainment in Australia from 1975 to 2016. The Cruel Sea won one award in that time.
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result (wins only)|
|1994||The Cruel Sea||Rock Performer of the Year||Won|
- McFarlane, Ian (1999). "Whammo Homepage". Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-072-1. Archived from the original on 5 April 2004. Retrieved 8 November 2010. Note: Archived [on-line] copy has limited functionality.
- Spencer, Chris; Zbig Nowara; Paul McHenry (2002) . The Who's Who of Australian Rock. Noble Park, Vic: Five Mile Press. ISBN 1-86503-891-1. Note: [on-line] version established at White Room Electronic Publishing Pty Ltd in 2007 and was expanded from the 2002 edition. As from September 2010, [on-line] version appears to have an Internal Service Error.
- ""Sly Din" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 13 November 2010.
- Holmgren, Magnus. "The Cruel Sea". Australian Rock Database. Magnus Holmgren. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- McFarlane, 'The Cruel Sea' entry. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- Nimmervoll, Ed. "The Cruel Sea". Howlspace. White Room Electronic Publishing Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 21 February 2001. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "New Release Summary – Product Available from: 14/03/93 (from The ARIA Report Issue No. 162)". Imgur.com (original document published by ARIA). Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- Australian (ARIA) peaks:
- Top 50 peaks: "australian-charts.com > Discography The Cruel Sea". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Top 100 peaks from January 1990 to December 2010: Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010 (pdf ed.). Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing. p. 70.
- All peaks and ARIA certifications to 17 January 2020: "The Cruel Sea ARIA chart history, received 17 January 2020". ARIA. Retrieved 18 January 2020 – via Imgur.com. N.B. The High Point number in the NAT column represents the release's peak on the national chart.
- "ARIA Awards 2010 : History: Winners by Artist: Cruel Sea The". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved 8 November 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "About Jay Manby | Jay Manby Visual Artist".
- "Winners by Year 1994". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
- "ARIA Awards 2010 : History: Winners by Year: 1995 9th Annual ARIA Awards". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
- "ABC Online – Long Way to the Top". Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). 22 November 2002. Archived from the original on 24 November 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
- "Episode6: Gathering of the Tribes 1984–2000". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 October 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
- "The Cruel Sea announce Australian tour dates". Music News. Access All Areas (AAA Entertainment Pty Ltd). 24 December 2009. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
- Pepper, Dalle (22 September 2010). "The Cruel Sea at The Astor". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
- "The Cruel Sea guitarist James Cruickshank dies". ABC News. 9 October 2015.
- The ARIA Report. Vol. 47. ARIA. 2 December 1990. p. 20.
- The ARIA Report. Vol. 92. ARIA. 27 October 1991. p. 20.
- The ARIA Report. Vol. 173. ARIA. 30 May 1993. p. 21.
- "ARIA Charts - Accreditations - 2001 Albums". ARIA. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
- "ARIA Awards 2010 : History: Winners by Year: 1993 7th Annual ARIA Awards". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- Baker, Glenn A. (16 April 1994). "New Artists, Indie Labels Dominate Australian Music Awards". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. p. 51. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- Blair, Dale (August 2017). "Life in a Padded Cell: A Biography of Tony Cohen, Australian Sound Engineer" (PDF). Dale Blair. p. 167. Retrieved 17 November 2020. Note: this source states that Cohen's 1995 ARIA Artisan Awards were both for the Cruel Sea's album, Three Legged Dog. He shared Engineer of the Year with Paul McKercher for the same work.
- "ARIA Awards 2010 : History: Winners by Year: 1996 10th Annual ARIA Awards". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
- "ARIA Awards – History: Winners by Year 1998: 12th Annual ARIA Awards". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
- "ARIA Awards – History: Winners by Year 1999: 13th Annual ARIA Awards". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
- "MO Award Winners". Mo Awards. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
- Who's who of Australian rock / compiled by Chris Spencer, Zbig Nowara & Paul McHenry. catalogue. National Library of Australia. 2002. ISBN 9781865038919. Retrieved 8 November 2010.