The Cry of the Owl
|Genre||Psychological thriller, novel|
|Publisher||Harper & Row|
The Cry of the Owl is a psychological thriller novel by Patricia Highsmith, the eighth of her 22 novels. It was first published in the US in 1962 by Harper & Row and in the UK by Heinemann the following year. It explores, in the phrase of critic Brigid Brophy, "the psychology of the self-selected victim".
Highsmith wrote The Cry of the Owl between April 1961 and February 1962. She considered it to be one of her weaker efforts, calling its principal character "rather square ... a polite sitting duck for more evil characters, and a passive bore".
Highsmith drew on her own experience as a stalker, when obsessed years before with a woman she had waited on in a New York City store, events she adapted when writing The Price of Salt (1952). The setting was much like the area in which she was living in New Hope, Pennsylvania.
The book's title refers to Jenny's belief that foreboding incidents precede events in her life, which are determined by fate. She considers the owl a harbinger of death. As a man appeared before her younger brother's death years ago, so Robert's appearance foretells a death.
Highsmith ended her relationship with Marijane Meaker about the time she started work on this novel in April 1961. Meaker told an interviewer that Highsmith modeled the character of Nickie after her as an act of "retaliation".
The novel is dedicated only to "D.W.", an apparent reference to Dasiy Winston, Highsmith's former lover and neighbor in New Hope.
Following a painful divorce from his wife Nickie, Robert Forester leaves New York and moves to a Langley, Pennsylvania, a small town, where he develops an obsession for 23-year-old Jenny Thierolf. He spies on her through her kitchen window, enjoying "the girl's placid temperament, her obvious affection for her rather ramshackle house, her contentment with her life". He is surprised when she invites him into her house after spotting him one night. Each seems to represent something more for the other than it appears, to embody a larger emotional force than a mere personality. Robert explains to his therapist: "'I have the definite feeling if everybody in the world didn't keep watching to see what everybody else did, we'd all go berserk. Left on their own, people wouldn't know how to live.'"
Jenny sees their chance meeting as an act of fate and breaks off her engagement to hot-tempered Greg Wyncoop, who is resentful and begins spying on the pair to learn more about Robert so as to find a way to get even with him. Greg picks up information from Robert's former wife as well and she encourages him to find a way to punish her ex-husband. During the next weeks, Jenny pursues Robert, contacting him at his home and at his job at Langley Aeronautics. Robert is offered a promotion at work that requires him to relocate to another city, and he hopes this will put an end to Jenny's advances, which are making him increasingly uneasy.
One night, Greg starts a fight with Robert that ends when Robert knocks Greg unconscious and leaves him on a river bank. When Greg is reported missing, the police suspect Robert has murdered him, though Robert in fact was the victim of Greg's attack and had last seen Greg alive. The police have their suspicions about Robert confirmed when Robert's former wife Nickie tells them that Robert once threatened her with a weapon. After a newspaper publishes an article about the case, Robert's promotion is withdrawn. A badly decomposed body is found in the river and the police suspect it is Greg's, but the identification proves difficult. Jenny quickly decides that Robert has murdered her former fiancé, that Robert's appearance presages death and commits suicide.
Nickie's new husband Ralph Jurgen informs Robert that Greg is alive, that Greg and Nickie have staged Greg's disappearance in order to frame Robert. Greg takes a shot at Robert and accidentally wounds a bystander. The police arrest Greg but release him. In a final confrontation between Robert, Greg and Nickie, Greg tries to knife Robert and accidentally kills Nickie. Robert is again the object of the police investigation.
In the New York Times, Thomas Lask wrote that "Miss Highsmith starts in low gear and the first fourth of the book marks time as she goes through some preliminary passes. Her characters are only puppets. But once it starts rolling the tale accelerates rapidly, dangers and suspense pile up and the reader goes along very willingly to the conclusion. And a gory one it is, too."
In 1967, British writer and critic Brigid Brophy stated that, of the novels written in the last twenty years, five or six stood out, including Highsmith's The Cry of the Owl and Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita.
Film, TV or theatrical adaptations
German director Wim Wenders sought to buy the rights for a screen adaption in the 1970s, but finding the rights unavailable chose to make Highsmith's Ripley's Game into the film Der Amerikanische Freund.
- Brigid Brophy, Don't Never Forget (Holt Rinehard & Winston, 1967),[page needed]
- Andrew Wilson: Beautiful Shadow – A Life of Patricia Highsmith, Bloomsbury, 2003,[page needed]
- Schenkar, Joan (2009). The Talented Miss Highsmith: The Secret Life and Serious Art of Patricia Highsmith. St. Martin's Press. p. 274. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- de Bertodano, Helena (June 16, 2003). "A passion that turned to poison". The Telegraph. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
- Schenkar, Joan (2009). The Talented Miss Highsmith: The Secret Life and Serious Art of Patricia Highsmith. St. Martin's Press. p. 425. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- Lask, Thomas (August 17, 1962). "Books of the Times". New York Times. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- Canby, Vincent (October 16, 1991). "The Cry of the Owl (1987)". New York Times. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- "Fernsehen Sonntag, 13. 12.". Der Spiegel (in German). July 12, 1987. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- "The Cry of the Owl (2009)". New York Times. Retrieved December 7, 2015.