The Cure are an English rock band formed in Crawley in 1976. The group has experienced continuous line-up changes over its lifespan, with vocalist, guitarist and principal songwriter Robert Smith being the only constant member. The band's debut album was Three Imaginary Boys (1979) and this, along with several early singles, placed the band in the post-punk and new wave movements that had sprung up in the wake of the punk rock revolution in the United Kingdom. During the early 1980s the band's increasingly dark and tormented music, as well as Smith's stage look, was a staple of the emerging style of music known as gothic rock.
Following the release of the album Pornography in 1982, the band's future was uncertain. Smith was keen to move past the gloomy reputation his band had acquired, introducing a greater pop sensibility into the band's music. Songs such as "Let's Go to Bed" (1982), "Just Like Heaven" (1987), "Lovesong" (1989) and "Friday I'm in Love" (1992) aided the band in receiving commercial popularity. The band have released 13 studio albums, two EPs and over 30 singles to date.
- 1 History
- 2 Musical style
- 3 Music videos
- 4 Legacy
- 5 Awards and nominations
- 6 Discography
- 7 Concert tours
- 8 Band members
- 9 References
- 10 Sources
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
1973–1979: Formation and early years
The founding members of the Cure were school friends at Notre Dame Middle School in Crawley, West Sussex, whose first public performance was at an end-of-year show in April 1973 as members of a one-off school band called Obelisk. That band consisted of Robert Smith on piano, Michael "Mick" Dempsey on guitar, Laurence "Lol" Tolhurst on percussion, Marc Ceccagno on lead guitar and Alan Hill on bass guitar. In January 1976 while at St Wilfrid's Comprehensive School Ceccagno formed a 5-piece rock band with Smith on guitar and Dempsey on bass, along with two other school friends. They called themselves Malice and rehearsed David Bowie, Jimi Hendrix and Alex Harvey songs in a local church hall. By late April 1976, Ceccagno and the other two school friends had left, and Tolhurst (drums), Martin Creasy (vocals), and Porl Thompson (guitar) had joined the band. This lineup played all three of Malice's only documented live shows during December 1976. In January 1977, following Martin Creasy's departure, and increasingly influenced by the emergence of punk rock, Malice's remaining members became known as Easy Cure after a song written by Tolhurst.
After winning a talent competition, Easy Cure signed a recording contract with German record label Ariola-Hansa on 18 May 1977. In September 1977, Peter O'Toole left the group to live on a kibbutz in Israel. Both Malice and Easy Cure auditioned several vocalists that month before Smith assumed the role. The new fourpiece of Dempsey, Smith, Thompson, and Tolhurst recorded their first studio demo sessions as Easy Cure for Hansa at SAV Studios in London between October and November 1977. None were ever released.
The band continued to perform regularly around Crawley (including The Rocket, St Edward's, and Queen's Square in particular) throughout 1977 and 1978. On 19 February 1978 they were joined at The Rocket for the first time by a support band from Horley called Lockjaw, featuring bassist Simon Gallup. Hansa was dissatisfied with the group's demos and did not wish to release "Killing an Arab". The label suggested that the band attempt cover versions instead. They refused, and by March 1978 Easy Cure's contract with the label had been dissolved. Smith later recalled, "We were very young. They just thought they could turn us into a teen group. They actually wanted us to do cover versions and we always refused."
On 22 April 1978, Easy Cure played their last gig at the Montefiore Institute Hall (in the Three Bridges neighbourhood of Crawley) before guitarist Porl Thompson was dropped from the lineup because his lead guitar style was at odds with Smith's growing preference for minimalist songwriting; the remaining trio were soon renamed "The Cure" by Smith. Later that month, the band recorded their first sessions as a trio at Chestnut Studios in Sussex, which were distributed as a demo tape to a dozen major record labels. The demo found its way to Polydor Records scout Chris Parry, who signed the Cure to his newly formed Fiction label—distributed by Polydor—in September 1978. The Cure released their debut single "Killing an Arab" in December 1978 on the Small Wonder label as a stopgap until Fiction finalised distribution arrangements with Polydor. "Killing an Arab" garnered both acclaim and controversy: while the single's provocative title led to accusations of racism, the song is actually based on French existentialist Albert Camus's novel The Stranger. The band placed a sticker label that denied the racist connotations on the single's 1979 reissue on Fiction. An early NME article on the band wrote that the Cure "are like a breath of fresh suburban air on the capital's smog-ridden pub-and-club circuit", and noted, "With a John Peel session and more extensive London gigging on their immediate agenda, it remains to be seen whether the Cure can retain their refreshing joie de vivre."
The Cure released their debut album Three Imaginary Boys in May 1979. Because of the band's inexperience in the studio, Parry and engineer Mike Hedges took control of the recording. The band, particularly Smith, were unhappy with the album; in a 1987 interview, he admitted, "a lot of it was very superficial – I didn't even like it at the time. There were criticisms made that it was very lightweight, and I thought they were justified. Even when we'd made it, I wanted to do something that I thought had more substance to it". The band's second single, "Boys Don't Cry", was released in June. The Cure then embarked as the support band for Siouxsie and the Banshees' Join Hands promotional tour of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales between August and October. The tour saw Smith pull double duty each night by performing with the Cure and as the guitarist with the Banshees when John McKay quit the group in Aberdeen. That musical experience had a strong impact on him: "On stage that first night with the Banshees, I was blown away by how powerful I felt playing that kind of music. It was so different to what we were doing with the Cure. Before that, I'd wanted us to be like the Buzzcocks or Elvis Costello; the punk Beatles. Being a Banshee really changed my attitude to what I was doing."
The Cure's third single, "Jumping Someone Else's Train", was released in early October 1979. Soon afterwards, Dempsey was dropped from the band because of his cold reception to material Smith had written for the upcoming album. Dempsey joined the Associates, while Simon Gallup (bass) and Matthieu Hartley (keyboards) from the Magspies joined the Cure. The Associates toured as support band for the Cure and the Passions on the Future Pastimes Tour of England between November and December—all three bands were on the Fiction Records roster—with the new Cure line-up already performing a number of new songs for the projected second album. Meanwhile, a spin-off band comprising Smith, Tolhurst, Dempsey, Gallup, Hartley, and Thompson, with backing vocals from assorted family and friends and lead vocals provided by their local postman Frankie Bell, released a 7-inch single in December under the name of Cult Hero.
1980–1982: Early gothic phase
Due to the band's lack of creative control on the first album, Smith exerted a greater influence on the recording of the Cure's second album Seventeen Seconds, which he co-produced with Mike Hedges. The album was released in 1980 and reached number 20 on the UK charts. A single from the album, "A Forest", became the band's first UK hit single, reaching number 31 on the singles chart. The album was a departure from the Cure's sound up to that point, with Hedges describing it as "morose, atmospheric, very different to Three Imaginary Boys." In its review of Seventeen Seconds the NME said, "For a group as young as the Cure, it seems amazing that they have covered so much territory in such a brief time." At the same time, Smith was pressed concerning the concept of an alleged "anti-image". Smith told the press he was fed up with the anti-image association that some considered to be "elaborately disguising their plainness", stating, "We had to get away from that anti-image thing, which we didn't even create in the first place. And it seemed like we were trying to be more obscure. We just didn't like the standard rock thing. The whole thing really got out of hand." That same year Three Imaginary Boys was repackaged for the American market as Boys Don't Cry, with new artwork and a modified track list. The Cure set out on their first world tour to promote both releases. At the end of the tour, Matthieu Hartley left the band. Hartley said, "I realised that the group was heading towards suicidal, sombre music—the sort of thing that didn't interest me at all."
The band reconvened with Hedges to produce their third album, Faith (1981), which furthered the dour mood present on Seventeen Seconds. The album peaked at number 14 on the UK charts. Included with cassette copies of Faith was an instrumental soundtrack for Carnage Visors, an animated film shown in place of an opening act for the band's 1981 Picture Tour. In late 1981 the Cure released the non-album single "Charlotte Sometimes". By this point, the sombre mood of the music had a profound effect on the attitude of the band. The band would refuse requests for older songs in concert, and sometimes Smith would be so absorbed by the persona he projected onstage he would leave at the end in tears.
In 1982 the Cure recorded and released Pornography, the third and final album of an "oppressively dispirited" trio that cemented the Cure's stature as purveyors of the emerging gothic rock genre. Smith has said that during the recording of Pornography he was "undergoing a lot of mental stress. But it had nothing to do with the group, it just had to do with what I was like, my age and things. I think I got to my worst round about Pornography. Looking back and getting other people's opinions of what went on, I was a pretty monstrous sort of person at that time". Gallup described the album by saying, "Nihilism took over [...] We sang 'It doesn't matter if we all die' and that is exactly what we thought at the time." Parry was concerned that the album did not have a hit song for radio play and instructed Smith and producer Phil Thornalley to polish the track "The Hanging Garden" for release as a single. Despite the concerns about the album's uncommercial sound, Pornography became the band's first UK Top 10 album, charting at number eight. The release of Pornography was followed by the Fourteen Explicit Moments tour, where the band finally dropped the anti-image angle and first adopted their signature look of big, towering hair and smeared lipstick on their faces. The tour also saw a series of incidents that prompted Simon Gallup to leave the Cure at the tour's conclusion. Gallup and Smith did not talk to each other for eighteen months following his departure. Smith rejoined Siouxsie and the Banshees as their lead guitarist in November 1982. He subsequently became a full-time member of the band and recorded the album Hyæna with them, but left the group two weeks before its June 1984 release to concentrate on The Cure.
1983–1988: Commercial success
With Gallup's departure from the Cure and Smith's work with Siouxsie and the Banshees, rumours spread that the Cure had broken up. In December 1982, Smith remarked to Melody Maker, "Do the Cure really exist any more? I've been pondering that question myself [...] it has got to a point where I don't fancy working in that format again." He added, "Whatever happens, it won't be me, Laurence and Simon together any more. I know that."
Parry was concerned at the state of his label's top band, and became convinced that the solution was for the Cure to reinvent its musical style. Parry managed to convince Smith and Tolhurst of the idea; Parry said, "It appealed to Robert because he wanted to destroy the Cure anyway." With Tolhurst now playing keyboards instead of drums, the duo released the single "Let's Go to Bed" in late 1982. While Smith wrote the single as a throwaway, "stupid" pop song to the press, it became a minor hit in the UK, reaching number 44 on the singles chart, but entered the Top 20 in Australia and New Zealand. It was followed in 1983 by two more successful songs: the synthesiser-based "The Walk" (number 12), and "The Love Cats", which became the band's first British Top 10 hit, reaching number seven. These singles and their B-sides were compiled on the Japanese Whispers compilation, which was released in December 1983.
In 1984, the Cure released The Top, a generally psychedelic album on which Smith played most of the instruments except the drums (played by Andy Anderson) and the saxophone (played by returnee Porl Thompson). The album was a Top 10 hit in the UK, and was their first studio album to break the Billboard 200 in the US, reaching number 180. Melody Maker praised the album as "psychedelia that can't be dated", while pondering, "I've yet to meet anyone who can tell me why the Cure are having hits now of all times." The Cure then embarked on their worldwide Top Tour with Thompson, Anderson and producer-turned-bassist Phil Thornalley on board. Released in late 1984, the Cure's first live album, Concert consisted of performances from this tour. Near the tour's end, Anderson was fired for destroying a hotel room and was replaced by Boris Williams. Thornalley also left because of the stress of touring. However, the bassist slot was not vacant long, for a Cure roadie named Gary Biddles had brokered a reunion between Smith and former bassist Simon Gallup, who had been playing in the band Fools Dance. Soon after reconciling, Smith asked Gallup to rejoin the band. Smith was ecstatic about Gallup's return and declared to Melody Maker, "It's a group again."
In 1985, the new line-up of Smith, Tolhurst, Gallup, Thompson and Williams released The Head on the Door, an album that managed to bind together the optimistic and pessimistic aspects of the band's music between which they had previously shifted. The Head on the Door reached number seven in the UK and was the band's first entry into American Top 75 at number 59, a success partly due to the international impact of the LP's two singles, "In Between Days" and "Close to Me". Following the album and world tour, the band released the singles compilation Standing on a Beach in three formats (each with a different track listing and a specific name) in 1986. This compilation made the US Top 50, and saw the re-issue of three previous singles: "Boys Don't Cry" (in a new form), "Let's Go to Bed" and, later, "Charlotte Sometimes". This release was accompanied by a VHS and LaserDisc called Staring at the Sea, which featured videos for each track on the compilation. The Cure toured to support the compilation and released a live concert VHS of the show, filmed in the south of France called The Cure in Orange. During this time, the Cure became a very popular band in Europe (particularly in France, Germany and the Benelux countries) and increasingly popular in the US.
In 1987, the Cure released the musically eclectic double LP Kiss Me, Kiss Me, Kiss Me, which reached number six in the UK, the Top 10 in several countries and was the band's first entry into the US Top 40 at number 35 (where it was certified platinum), reflecting the band's rising mainstream popularity. The album's third single, "Just Like Heaven", was the band's most successful single to date in the US, being their first to enter the Billboard Top 40. The album produced three other singles. After the album's release, the band embarked on a successful tour. During the European leg of the tour, Lol Tolhurst's alcohol consumption was interfering with his ability to perform, so the Psychedelic Furs keyboardist Roger O'Donnell was frequently called upon to stand in for him.
1989–1993: Disintegration and worldwide stardom
In 1989, the Cure released the album Disintegration, which was critically praised and became their highest charting album to date, entering at number three in the UK and featuring three Top 30 singles in the UK and Germany: "Lullaby", "Lovesong" and "Pictures of You". Disintegration also reached number twelve on the US charts. The first single stateside, "Fascination Street", reached number one on the American Modern Rock chart, but was quickly overshadowed when its third US single, "Lovesong", reached number two on the American pop charts (the only Cure single to reach the US Top 10). By 1992, Disintegration had sold over three million copies worldwide.
During the Disintegration sessions, the band gave Smith an ultimatum that either Tolhurst would have to leave the band or they would. In February 1989, Tolhurst's exit was made official and announced to the press; this resulted in Roger O'Donnell becoming a full-fledged member of the band and left Smith as the Cure's only remaining founding member. Smith attributed Tolhurst's dismissal to an inability to exert himself and issues with alcohol, concluding, "He was out of step with everything. It had just become detrimental to everything we'd do." Because Tolhurst was still on the payroll during the recording of Disintegration, he is credited in the album's liner notes as playing "other instrument" (sic) and is listed as a co-writer of every song; however, it has since been revealed that while Tolhurst had contributed to the song "Homesick", his contributions to the rest of the album were minimal due to his alcoholism. The Cure then embarked on a successful tour which saw the band playing stadiums in the US. On 6 September 1989, the Cure performed "Just Like Heaven" at the 1989 MTV Video Music Awards at the Universal Amphitheatre in Los Angeles.
In May 1990, Roger O'Donnell quit and was replaced with the band's guitar technician, Perry Bamonte. That November, the Cure released a collection of remixes called Mixed Up. The one new song on the collection, "Never Enough", was released as a single. In 1991, the Cure were awarded the Brit Award for Best British Group. That same year, Tolhurst filed a lawsuit against Smith and Fiction Records in 1991 over royalties payments and claimed that he and Smith jointly owned the name "the Cure"; the verdict was handed out in September 1994 in favour of Smith. In respite from the lawsuit, the band returned to the studio to record their next album. Wish (1992) reached number one in the UK and number two in the US and yielded the international hits "High" and "Friday I'm in Love". The album was also nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album in 1993. In the fall of 1993, the band released two live albums, Show and Paris, featuring recordings from concerts on their world Wish tour.
Between the release of Wish and the start of sessions for the Cure's next studio album, the band's line-up shifted again. Thompson left the band once more during 1993 to play with Robert Plant and Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin, and Bamonte took over as lead guitarist. Boris Williams also left the band, and was replaced by Jason Cooper (formerly of My Life Story).
The sessions for the new album began in 1994 with only Smith and Bamonte present; the pair were later joined by Gallup (who was recovering from physical problems) and keyboardist Roger O'Donnell, who had been asked to rejoin the band at the end of 1994. Cooper also participated in the recording of the album.
Wild Mood Swings, finally released in 1996, was poorly received compared with previous albums and marked the end of the band's commercial peak. Early in 1996, the Cure played festivals in South America, followed by a world tour in support of the album. In 1997 the band released Galore, a compilation album containing all of the Cure's singles released between 1987 and 1997, as well as the new single "Wrong Number", which featured longtime David Bowie guitarist Reeves Gabrels.
1999–present: Later career
With only one album left in their record contract and with commercial response to Wild Mood Swings and the Galore compilation lacklustre, Smith once again considered that the end of the Cure might be near and thus wanted to make an album that reflected the more serious side of the band. The Grammy-nominated album Bloodflowers was released in 2000 after being delayed since 1998. According to Smith, the album was the third of a trilogy along with Pornography and Disintegration. The band also embarked on the nine-month Dream Tour, attended by over one million people worldwide. In 2001, the Cure left Fiction and released their Greatest Hits album and DVD, which featured the music videos for a number of classic Cure songs.
In 2003, the Cure signed with Geffen Records. In 2004, they released a new four-disc boxed set on Fiction Records titled Join the Dots: B-Sides & Rarities, 1978–2001 (The Fiction Years). The album peaked at number 106 on the Billboard 200 albums chart. The band released their twelfth album, The Cure, on Geffen in 2004. It made a top ten debut on both sides of the Atlantic in July 2004. To promote the album, the band headlined the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival that May. From 24 July to 29 August, the Cure headlined the Curiosa concert tour of North America. While attendances were lower than expected, Curiosa was still one of the more successful American summer festivals of 2004. The same year the band was honoured with an MTV Icon award in a television special presented by Marilyn Manson.
In May 2005, Roger O'Donnell and Perry Bamonte were fired from the band. O'Donnell claims Smith informed him he was reducing the band to a three-piece. Previously O'Donnell said he had only found out about the band's upcoming tour dates via a fan site and added, "It was sad to find out after nearly twenty years the way I did, but then I should have expected no less or more." The remaining members of the band—Smith, Gallup and Cooper—made several appearances as a trio before it was announced in June that Porl Thompson would be returning for the band's 2005 Festival summer shows and their set at Live 8 in Paris in July.
The Cure began writing and recording material for their thirteenth album in 2006. The Cure announced a last-minute postponement of their autumn 2007 North American 4Tour in August to continue working on the album, rescheduling the dates for spring 2008. The group released four singles and an EP—"The Only One", "Freakshow", "Sleep When I'm Dead", "The Perfect Boy" and Hypnagogic States respectively—on or near to the 13th of each month, in the months leading up to the album's release. Released in October 2008, 4:13 Dream was a commercial failure in the UK compared to their previous album releases, only staying in the charts two weeks and not peaking higher than number 33. In February 2009, the Cure received the 2009 Shockwaves NME Award for Godlike Genius.
On 11 September 2011, Roger O'Donnell announced on his Facebook page that he had officially rejoined the band. The band announced seven more Reflections shows, one in London, three in New York City and three in Los Angeles. On 27 September, the Cure was announced as a nominee for 2012 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
In NME's cover article for March 2012, the Cure announced that they would be headlining a series of summer music festivals across Europe, including the Leeds/Reading Festival. On 1 May, following months of speculation, Porl Thompson, now going by the name of Pearl, confirmed via the Chain of Flowers blog that he would no longer be playing with the Cure. On 26 May, the Cure embarked on a 19-date summer festival tour of Europe, commencing at the Pinkpop Festival, joined by former the Cure/COGASM collaborator Reeves Gabrels on guitar. On the same day, it was announced that Gabrels would be standing in for the tour, but at that point was not a fully-fledged member of the band. Several weeks into the tour, the band invited Gabrels to become a member and he accepted.
The Cure paid tribute to Paul McCartney on the album titled The Art of McCartney, which was released on 18 November 2014. The Cure covered the Beatles' song "Hello, Goodbye" which featured guest vocals and keyboards from Paul's son, James McCartney. A video of the band and James performing the song was released on 9 September 2014 filmed at Brighton Electric Studio in Brighton. Robert Smith also covered McCartney's "C Moon" on the album's bonus disc. In the summer of 2015, the Disintegration track "Plainsong" was featured in a humorous moment in the movie Ant-Man, but did not appear on the movie's soundtrack.
In December 2017, it was announced that the Cure would perform a 40th anniversary concert at Hyde Park in London on 7 July 2018 as part of the British Summer Time concert series. In 2018, Smith was the curator for the Meltdown Festival, which was held from 15 June to 24 June at London's Southbank Centre; the festival was Meltdown's 25th year running. The special show at "Robert Smith's Meltdown" by the five members of the Cure (Smith, Cooper, Gabrels, Gallup, O'Donnell) was billed as CURÆTION-25. For Record Store Day 2018, the Cure released a remastered, deluxe edition of Mixed Up, along with a sequel titled Torn Down featuring 16 new remixes all created by Robert Smith.
In February 2019, it was announced that the Cure would embark on a 23-date tour from June through August, consisting mostly of festival performances along with four dates in Sydney, Australia. The final Sydney show on 30 May was live-streamed. In a 30 March 2019 interview with Rolling Stone, Smith commented on the band's next album, saying, "For the first time in 20 years, we went into a studio—we actually went into the studio where they (Queen) did 'Bohemian Rhapsody'. The songs are like 10 minutes, 12 minutes long. We recorded 19 songs. So I have no idea what to do now... We'll finish it before we start in the summer, and it'll be mixed through the summer. And then so release date, I don't know, October? Halloween! Come on!" In an interview published on July 5 in NME, he noted that the band would be re-recording 3 or 4 songs in August 2019 but that, "I feel intent on it being a 2019 release and would be extremely bitter if it isn’t."
The Cure are often identified with the gothic rock genre, and are viewed as one of the form's definitive bands. However, the band has routinely rejected classification, particularly as a gothic rock band. Robert Smith said in 2006, "It's so pitiful when 'goth' is still tagged onto the name the Cure", and added, "We're not categorisable. I suppose we were post-punk when we came out, but in total it's impossible [...] I just play Cure music, whatever that is." Smith has also expressed his distaste for gothic rock, describing it as "incredibly dull and monotonous. A dirge, really." While typically viewed as producers of dark and gloomy music, the Cure have also yielded a number of upbeat songs and been part of the new wave movement. Spin has said "the Cure have always been an either/or sort of band: either [...] Robert Smith is wallowing in gothic sadness or he's licking sticky-sweet cotton-candy pop off his lipstick-stained fingers."
The Cure's primary musical traits have been listed as "dominant, melodic bass lines; whiny, strangulated vocals; and a lyric obsession with existential, almost literary despair." Most Cure songs start with Smith and Gallup writing the drum parts and bass lines. Both record demos at home and then bring them into the studio for fine-tuning. Smith said in 1992, "I think when people talk about the 'Cure sound', they mean songs based on six-string bass, acoustic guitar and my voice, plus the string sound from the Solina." On top of this foundation is laid "towering layers of guitars and synthesisers". Keyboards have been a component of the band's sound since Seventeen Seconds, and their importance increased with the instrument's extensive use on Disintegration.
The band's early music videos have been described as "dreadful affairs" and have been maligned for their poor quality, particularly by the band itself. Lol Tolhurst said, "Those videos were unmitigated disasters; we weren't actors and our personalities weren't coming across." The video for "Let's Go to Bed" was their first collaboration with Tim Pope. The director added a playful element to the band's videos; the director insisted in a 1987 Spin interview, "I think that side of them was always there, but was never brought out."
Pope would go on to direct the majority of the Cure's videos, which became synonymous with the band, and expanded their audience during the 1980s. Pope explained the appeal of working with the Cure by saying, "the Cure is the ultimate band for a filmmaker to work with because Robert Smith really understands the camera. His songs are so cinematic. I mean on one level there's this stupidity and humour, right, but beneath that there are all [Smith's] psychological obsessions and claustrophobia."
The Cure were one of the first alternative bands to have chart and commercial success in an era before alternative rock had broken into the mainstream. In 1992, NME declared the Cure had, during the 1980s, become "a goth hit machine (19 to date), an international phenomenon and, yet, the most successful alternative band that ever shuffled disconsolately about the earth". As a leading figure of gothic rock, NME made Smith the cover artist in their 2004 edition, Originals: Goth.
Interpol lead singer Paul Banks was quoted as saying, "the Cure is the band that all of us in Interpol can say influenced us. When I was younger I listened to them a lot. Carlos as well. Actually, he took a straight influence from this band on the way he played the bass and the keys. To me, Robert Smith is also one of these examples: you can't be Robert Smith if you're not Robert Smith. It's one of the bands with the deepest influence on Interpol, because we all like them. They're legendary." The Cure were also a formative influence on the Smashing Pumpkins. Frontman Billy Corgan has named the Cure as a primary influence,' and drummer Mike Byrne described himself as a "huge Cure fan."
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame chose the Cure for induction in its Class of 2019. Although the Cure had been eligible for the Hall of Fame since 2004, they were only nominated once previously, in 2012. The formal induction ceremony was held 29 Mar 2019 at the Barclays Centre in Brooklyn, New York. The members named by the Rock Hall for induction as part of the band are Perry Bamonte, Jason Cooper, Michael Dempsey, Reeves Gabrels, Simon Gallup, Roger O'Donnell, Robert Smith, Porl Thompson, Lol Tolhurst and Boris Williams. Gabrels was initially not included in the induction, but was added in February 2019. At the Hall of Fame ceremony on 29 March 2019, the Cure were inducted by Trent Reznor and performed "Shake Dog Shake", "A Forest", "Lovesong", "Just Like Heaven" and "Boys Don't Cry".
Awards and nominations
The Cure have been given at least six awards, including two Brit Awards (Best British video for "Lullaby" in 1990, and Best British group in 1991), and a Viewer's Choice (Europe) MTV Video Music Award for "Friday I'm In Love" in 1992. Robert Smith was given an Ivor Novello Award for International Achievement in 2001.
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|1990||"Lullaby"||British Video of the Year||Won|
|1991||"Close to Me"||Nominated|
|The Cure||British Group||Won|
|"Friday I'm in Love"||British Video of the Year||Nominated|
The Grammy Awards are awarded annually by The Recording Academy of the United States for outstanding achievements in the music industry. Often considered the highest music honour, the awards were established in 1958.
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|1993||Wish||Best Alternative Music Album||Nominated|
The Ivor Novello Awards are awarded for songwriting and composing. The awards, named after the Cardiff born entertainer Ivor Novello, are presented annually in London by the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors (BASCA).
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|1993||"Friday I'm In Love"||Best Contemporary Song||Nominated|
|2001||Robert Smith||International Achievement||Won|
The Juno Awards are presented annually to Canadian musical artists and bands to acknowledge their artistic and technical achievements in all aspects of music. New members of the Canadian Music Hall of Fame are also inducted as part of the awards ceremonies.
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2005||"The End of the World"||Best Video||Nominated|
The Los Premios MTV Latinoamérica is the Latin American version of the MTV Video Music Awards. It was established in 2002 to celebrate the top music videos of the year in Latin America and the world.
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2007||The Cure||Influencia Award||Won|
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2005||The Cure||Best Foreign Rock Artist||Nominated|
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2004||"The End of the World"||Best Video||Nominated|
|2008||The Cure||Best Live Act||Nominated|
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|1989||"Fascination Street"||Best Post-Modern Video||Nominated|
|1992||"Friday I'm In Love"||Viewer's Choice (Europe)||Won|
The MVPA Awards are annually presented by a Los Angeles-based music trade organization to honor the year's best music videos.
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2005||"The End of the World"||Best Alternative Video||Nominated|
|Best Art Direction||Nominated|
Music Television Awards
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|"The End of the World"||Best Video||Nominated|
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2009||The Cure||Godlike Genius Award||Won|
|4:13 Dream||Best Album Artwork||Nominated|
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|1985||Themselves||Which Artist is Most Likely to Successfully Headline Arenas for the First Time in 1985?||Nominated|
|1986||Next Major Arena Headliner||Nominated|
|1988||The Kissing Tour||Small Tour of the Year||Nominated|
|1990||The Prayer Tour||Most Creative Stage Production||Nominated|
|Themselves||Surprise Hot Ticket of the Year||Nominated|
|1997||The Swing Tour||Most Creative Stage Production||Nominated|
The Q Awards are the United Kingdom's annual music awards run by the music magazine Q to honour musical excellence. Winners are voted by readers of Q online, with others decided by a judging panel.
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2003||The Cure||Q Inspiration Award||Won|
|2011||Q's Greatest Act of the Last 25 Years||Nominated|
- Three Imaginary Boys (1979)
- Seventeen Seconds (1980)
- Faith (1981)
- Pornography (1982)
- The Top (1984)
- The Head on the Door (1985)
- Kiss Me, Kiss Me, Kiss Me (1987)
- Disintegration (1989)
- Wish (1992)
- Wild Mood Swings (1996)
- Bloodflowers (2000)
- The Cure (2004)
- 4:13 Dream (2008)
- The Three Imaginary Boys Tour (1979)
- The Join Hands Tour (1979)
- The Future Pastimes Tour (1979)
- The Picture Tour (1981)
- The Eight Appearances Tour (1981)
- The Fourteen Explicit Moments Tour (1982)
- The Pornography Tour (1982)
- 1983 Tour (1983)
- The Top Tour (1984)
- 1985 Tour (1985)
- The Head Tour (1985)
- 1986 Tour (1986)
- The Beach Party Tour (1986)
- 1987 Tour (1987)
- The Kissing Tour (1987)
- The Prayer Tour (1989)
- The Pleasure Trips Tour (1990)
- The Cure on MTV Unplugged (1991)
- The Warm-Up Tour (1992)
- The Wish Tour (1992)
- The Swing Tour (1996)
- The Dream Tour (2000)
- Curiosa (2004)
- 4Tour (2008)
- The Cure: 'Reflections' (2011)
- The Summer Cure Tour (2012)
- Latam Tour (2013)
- The Great Circle Tour (2013)
- The Cure Tour 2016 (2016)
- Robert Smith – lead vocals, guitars, six-string bass guitar, keyboards, harmonica, recorder (1976–present)
- Simon Gallup – bass guitar, six-string bass guitar, keyboards (1979–1982, 1985–present)
- Roger O'Donnell – keyboards (1987–1990, 1995–2005, 2011–present)
- Jason Cooper – drums (1995–present)
- Reeves Gabrels – guitars, six-string bass guitar (2012–present)
- "CLASS OF 2019 INDUCTEES". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- Greg Metzer (21 May 2008). Rock Band Name Origins. McFarland. p. 60.
- Jeff Apter (5 November 2009). Never Enough: The Story of The Cure. Omnibus Press. p. 26.
- Ten Imaginary Years, by L. Barbarian, Steve Sutherland and Robert Smith (1988) Zomba Books ISBN 0-946391-87-4
- The Cure, A History in Spiral Scratch Magazine by Rachel Doran, April 1992
- Barbarian, Sutherland, Smith (1988)
- Apter 2006, p. 36.
- Apter, Jeff (2006). Never Enough: The Story of The Cure. Omnibus Press. ISBN 1-84449-827-1.
- Apter 2006, p. 46.
- A History of The Cure in Melody Maker Magazine by Steve Sutherland (1990)
- Frost, Deborah (1 October 1987). "Taking The Cure with Robert". Creem.
- Anomolie Magazine between 1990 and 1992 featured an extensively researched and compiled list of known concert dates by Malice, Easy Cure and The Cure, compiled by Dominique Sureaud, Thierry Michaux, Dimitri Ramage. The same dates (and others) have since been archived online . See also Barbarian, Sutherland, Smith (1988) and The Cure: A Visual Documentary, by Dave Thompson and Jo-Ann Greene (1988) Omnibus Press ISBN 0-7119-1387-0
- Sutherland (1990) and Barbarian, Sutherland, Smith (1988)
- Anomolie, Sureaud, Michaux, Ramage (1990-'92)
- Sutherland (1990)
- Apter 2006, pp. 56–57.
- Apter 2006, p. 62.
- Apter 2006, p. 68.
- Hull, Robot A. (January 1982). "The Cure: ...Happily Ever After". Creem.
- Thrills, Adrian (16 December 1978). "Ain't No Blues for the Summertime Cure". NME.
- Apter 2006, p. 84.
- Sweeting, Adam (July 1987). "The Cure – Curiouser and Curiouser". Spin.
- Apter 2006, pp. 105.
- Paytress, Mark (2003). Siouxsie & the Banshees: The Authorised Biography. Sanctuary Publishing. p. 96.
- Apter 2006, p. 106.
- Apter 2006, p. 112.
- Apter 2006, pp. 100–101.
- Apter 2006, p. 114.
- Roberts, David, ed. (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). HIT Entertainment. p. 130. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Apter 2006, p. 117.
- Kent, Nick (26 April 1980). "Why Science Can't Find Cure for Vagueness". NME.
- Gosse, Van (21 April 1980). "The Cure Play It Pure". The Village Voice.
- Morley, Paul (12 July 1980). "Days of Wine and Poses". NME.
- Apter 2006, p. 126.
- Apter 2006, p. 132.
- Apter 2006, p. 136.
- Apter 2006, p. 141.
- Reynolds, Simon (2005). Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. Faber and Faber. p. 358. ISBN 0-14-303672-6.
- Apter 2006, p. 161.
- Apter 2006, pp. 158–59.
- Apter 2006, pp. 166–67.
- Apter 2006, p. 171.
- "Siouxsie And The Banshees: "We were losing our minds"". Uncut. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- Savage, Jon (26 July 2019). "Siouxsie and the Banshees: Our 1986 Interview". Spin. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- Sutherland, Steve (18 December 1982). "The Incurables". Melody Maker.
- Apter 2006, p. 174.
- Apter 2006, p. 176.
- "The Love Cats - The Cure". Official Charts Company. 29 October 1983. Retrieved 27 August 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- True, Chris. "Japanese Whispers - The Cure | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- "The Cure – Chart History | Billboard". Billboard. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Sutherland, Steve (5 May 1984). "Topsy-Turvy [The Top – review]". Melody Maker.
- Apter 2006, p. 205.
- Apter 2006, p. 207.
- Apter 2006, p. 208.
- Sutherland, Steve (17 August 1985). "A Suitable Case for Treatment". Melody Maker.
- Apter 2006, pp. 209–10.
- Apter 2006, pp. 12–13.
- "dutchcharts.nl – The Cure – Kiss Me Kiss Me Kiss Me". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "RIAA – Gold & Platinum Searchable Database – June 25, 2013". RIAA. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Apter 2006, p. 229.
- "Die ganze musik im internet: Charts, neuersheinungen, Tickets, Genres, genresuche, genrelexion, kunstler-sache, musik-suche, track-suche, ticket-suche – Musicline.de". Musicline.de. Archived from the original on 2 April 2009. Retrieved 26 June 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Collins, Andrew (18 April 1992). "The Mansion Family". NME.
- Apter 2006, p. 238.
- Apter 2006, p. 240.
- Brown, James (8 April 1989). "Ten Years in Lipstick and Powder". NME.
- "Lol Tolhurst - Interview". www.pennyblackmusic.co.uk.
- Crampton, Luke (1999). Rock Stars Encyclopedia. p. 268.
- "Article: Slowly but Surely, Hip Hop Is Gaining a South. The Orlando Sentinel | AccessMyLibrary – Promoting Library Advocacy". AccessMyLibrary. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Apter 2006, p. 255.
- "The Cure Grammy nominations". GRAMMY.com. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- Raggett, Ned. "Show - The Cure | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Paris - The Cure | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- Apter 2006, p. 270.
- "The Cure". Hip Online. 13 January 2008. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
- Apter 2006, p. 275.
- Apter 2006, pp. 281, 284.
- Apter 2006, p. 284.
- Hodgkinson, Will (30 May 2003). "Home Entertainment: Robert Smith | Music | The Guardian". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Apter 2006, p. 295.
- Weber, Tim (20 September 2004). "BBC News | Entertainment | The Cure Take the Icon Test". BBC News. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "Update: Two Members Exit The Cure | Billboard". Billboard. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "The Cure Announce Return | The Cure | News | MTV UK". MTV. 13 May 2008. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Lindsay, Cam (24 August 2007). "The Cure Postpone Fall Tour • News • Exclaim.ca". Exclaim.ca. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "Shockwaves NME Awards 2009: The Winners | News | nme.com". NME. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "The Cure to Perform First Three Albums Live at Royal Albert Hall – Ticket Details | News | nme.com". NME. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "The Cure, Guns n' Roses and Red Hot Chili Peppers Shortlisted for Rock and Roll Hall of Fame | News | nme.com". NME. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "The Cure's Robert Smith: "We're Coming Full Circle by Headlining Reading and Leeds" | News | nme.com". NME. 16 March 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "Chain of Flowers: Robert Interview in the New NME". Blogspot. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "A Note from Porl". Chain of Flowers. Missing or empty
- "Video: The Cure Debuts Guitarist Reeves Gabrels, Digs Out Rarities at Pinkpop Festival – Slicing Up Eyeballs // 80s Alternative Music, College Rock, Indie". Slicing Up Eyeballs. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "Chain of Flowers: The Cure at Pinkpop 2012". Chain of Flowers. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "Chain of Flowers: Reeves Gabrels Joins The Cure for the Summer". Chain of Flowers. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Mahoney, Lesley (26 June 2012). "Alumni Profile: Reeves Gabrels | Berklee College of Music". Berklee College of Music. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- on YouTube
- "Watch The Cure Cover the Beatles' 'Hello, Goodbye'". Rolling Stone.
- "The Cure's Plainsong featured in a scene in the Marvel movie Ant-Man". Post-Punk in Film.
- O'Connor, Roisin (12 December 2017). "The Cure to headline BST Hyde Park festival in 2018". The Independent. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
- "The Cure Setlist at Meltdown Festival 2018". setlist.fm.
- "This is the full list of Record Store Day 2018 releases". NME. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
- "The Cure Announces 'Disintegration' 30th Anniversary Shows". iheart.com. 19 February 2019. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- "The Cure's Robert Smith on Rock Hall Induction and 'F-cking Great' New Album". Rolling Stone. 30 March 2019. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- Reilly, Nick (5 July 2019). "The Cure's Robert Smith is "intent" on releasing their next album before the end of 2019". NME. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
- Doran, John (27 October 2008). "The Cure: Selecting the Best for One Side of a C90". The Quietus. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- Mason, Stewart. "Pornography – The Cure : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic". AllMusic. AllRovi. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- McNulty, Bernadette (24 March 2008). "The Cure: Godfather of Goth Relishes His Power – Telegraph". The Telegraph. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "Music News – The Latest Music News and Gossip from Yahoo! Music UK & Ireland". Yahoo!. 6 December 2006. Archived from the original on 12 February 2008. Retrieved 26 June 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Sandall, Robert (May 1989). "The Cure: Caught in the Act". Q.
- "CBC.ca Arts - The Cure cancels North American tour". Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Greenwald, Andy (July 2005). "The Cure – The Head on the Door". Spin.
- Blackwell, Mark; Greer, Jim (June 1992). "Taking The Cure". Spin.
- Gore, Joe (September 1992). "The Cure: Confessions of a Pop Mastermind". Guitar Player.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "The Cure – Music Biography, Credits and Discography : AllMusic". AllMusic. AllRovi. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- Apter 2006, p. 241.
- Apter 2006, pp. 177–78.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Staring at the Sea: The Images – : Release Information, Reviews and Credits : AllMusic". AllMusic. AllRovi. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- "NME Originals: Goth". NME. 2004. Archived from the original on 26 January 2008. Retrieved 5 August 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "[Paul Banks interview]". Blitz Magazine. October 2010.
- "Rolling Stone Interview, 1994". Retrieved 8 June 2007.
- "Musicfest NW: Q&A with Beaverton local Mike Byrne, Smashing Pumpkins drummer".
- "The Cure, Janet Jackson, Radiohead Among Rock & Roll Hall Of Fame Inductees For 2019". Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "Rock & Roll Hall of Fame - 2019 Inductees". www.rockhall.com. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
- "The Rock Hall Inducts Another Member of The Cure". www.futurerocklegends.com. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
- Kreps, Daniel; Grow, Kory (30 March 2019). "The Cure Run Through Classics in Exhilarating Rock Hall Induction Set". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- "About BPI". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 24 February 2009.
- O'Neill, Thomas (1999). The Grammys: The Ultimate Unofficial Guide to Music's Highest Honor. Perigee Trade.
- "About The Ivors". Ivor Novello Awards. Archived from the original on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Submit to The JUNO Award". Juno Award. Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- "Será Guadalajara sede de la entrega de Premios MTV Latinoamérica 2008" (in Spanish). La Crónica Diaria. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
- "¿Qué son las lunas?" (in Spanish). Lunas del Auditorio. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
- "Photos: MTV EMA Most Memorable Moments". Capital FM. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- Pareles, Jon (8 September 2008). "At the MTV Video Music Awards, a Big Draw, a Punch Line and, Now, a Winner". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 January 2009.
- Lipshutz, Jason (19 February 2015). "5 Seconds of Summer Celebrates Winning 'Worst Band' Award". Billboard. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- "Pollstar Concert Industry Awards Winners Archives – Index". Pollstar. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- Paine, Andre (6 October 2008). "Coldplay Win At Q Awards". Billboard. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Barbarian, L.; Sutherland, Steve; Smith, Robert (1988). Ten Imaginary Years. Zomba Books. ISBN 0-946391-87-4.
- Thompson, Dave; Greene, Jo-Ann (1988). The Cure: A Visual Documentary. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-1387-0.
- Hopkins, S.; Smith, Robert; Foo, T. (1989). The Cure: Songwords 1978–1989. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-1951-8.
- Nuzzolo, Massimiliano (April 2004). The latest album by The Cure (L'ultimo disco dei Cure). Sironi Publishing. ISBN 88-518-0027-8.
- Thompson, Dave (October 2005). In Between Days: An Armchair Guide to The Cure. Helter Skelter Publishing. ISBN 1-905139-00-4.
- Carman, Richard (2005). Robert Smith: "The Cure" and Wishful Thinking. Independent Music Press (UK). ISBN 978-0-9549704-1-3.
- Bétrisey, Jean-Christophe; Fargier, David (2007). One Hundred Songs: The Dark Side of the Mood.
- Jeremy Wulc: My Dream Comes True: Carnet de route avec The Cure. 2009.
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