|Birth name||Tracy Lynn Curry|
|Also known as||Doc-T, The Diggy Diggy Doc|
June 10, 1968 |
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
|Origin||Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Genres||Hip-hop, gangsta rap, G-funk, West Coast hip hop|
|Occupation(s)||Rapper, songwriter, vocalist|
|Labels||Ruthless, Atco, Atlantic, Death Row, Giant, Warner Bros., Silverback|
|Associated acts||Fila Fresh Crew, Eazy-E, N.W.A., Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg|
Tracy Lynn Curry (born June 10, 1968), better known by his stage name The D.O.C., is an American rapper from Dallas, Texas. In addition to a solo career, he was a member of the hip hop group Fila Fresh Crew, and a creative force behind the gangsta rap group N.W.A, where he co-wrote many of their releases. He has also worked with Dr. Dre, who is one of the founders of N.W.A and produced two of his solo albums. D.O.C. also appeared on a skit called "The $20 Sack Pyramid" on Dr. Dre's 1992 album The Chronic.
After Fila Fresh Crew split up in 1988, The D.O.C. went on to pursue a successful solo career. In 1989, he released his debut album, No One Can Do It Better, which reached number-one on the US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart for two weeks and spawned two number one hits on the Hot Rap Songs chart: "It's Funky Enough" and "The D.O.C. & The Doctor". The album went platinum five years after its release. In late 1989, months after the release of No One Can Do It Better, The D.O.C. almost died when a car accident resulted in the crushing of his larynx, permanently changing his voice. Since his recovery, he has released two more albums, Helter Skelter in 1996 and Deuce in 2003, both released 7 years apart. Since 2006, The D.O.C. has been working on new material for his fourth album Voices through Hot Vessels.
Early career and No One Can Do It Better (1986–1989)
Curry began his career as a member of Fila Fresh Crew, a hip hop group that was originally based in Dallas, Texas. While in the group, The D.O.C was known as Doc-T. The group had four tracks featured on the compilation album N.W.A. and the Posse, which was released in 1987 and featured various other artists. The same four tracks would later appear on the group's album Tuffest Man Alive, released in 1988. The group disbanded shortly after its release, however.
After leaving the Fila Fresh Crew, Doc-T moved to Los Angeles, and changed his stage name to The D.O.C., which stands for his hometown neighborhood of Dallas Oak Cliff. He was signed to Ruthless Records and contributed lyrics and vocals to N.W.A.'s debut album, Straight Outta Compton, Eazy-E's debut, Eazy-Duz-It and co-wrote "Keep Watchin'" from Michel'le's self-titled debut album (all three produced by Dr. Dre). In 1989, The D.O.C. released his Dr. Dre-produced debut album, No One Can Do It Better. The album was very well received by critics, and sold very well, peaking at number 20 on the Billboard 200, eventually going platinum. Allmusic gives the album a five-star rating and describes it as "an early landmark of West Coast Rap" as well as "an undeniable masterpiece".
Accident and aftermath (1989–2006)
In November 1989, five months after the release of No One Can Do It Better, The D.O.C was involved in a near-fatal car accident. Driving home from a party, he fell asleep at the wheel and his car veered off the freeway. Curry, who was not wearing a seat belt, was thrown out the rear window, slamming face first into a tree. His injuries required 2 hours of plastic surgery, and he spent 2½ weeks in the hospital. He couldn't speak for about a month, and he was left with a different, raspier voice.
The D.O.C. continued to write for the group and contributed lyrics to their final album Niggaz4Life and their 1990 EP 100 Miles and Runnin', where he co-wrote all the songs except for "Just Don't Bite It" and "Kamurshol". Dr. Dre also used his talents as one of the writers for his debut solo album The Chronic, on Death Row Records contributing to the tracks "Lil' Ghetto Boy", "A Nigga Witta Gun", and "Bitches Ain't Shit". He also appeared on the skit track "The $20 Sack Pyramid". He is referenced by name in "Nuthin' but a G Thang", and appears in the song's video as well. The liner notes to The Chronic say, "I want to give a special shout out to The D.O.C. for talking me into doin' this album." His name is mentioned by Snoop Dogg in the intro of the album. ("Peace to da D.O.C., still makin' it funky enough").
In addition to The Chronic, The D.O.C. worked on Snoop Dogg's debut album Doggystyle, and added some vocals on the song "Serial Killa". The D.O.C. continued to be a ghostwriter for various songs on Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg albums.
Surgery and Voices Through Hot Vessels (2006–present)
In December 2006, The D.O.C. revealed that he was working on his fourth album, entitled Voice Through Hot Vessels, and stated that it would be released after Dr. Dre's upcoming third album Detox. In a May 2008 interview, The D.O.C. stated that he and Dre were working on the album, explaining "There is an album, and you got the title, but that's also because that's the title Dre likes. Dre and I decided to do another D.O.C. album after this Detox record. We decided to do one more together and end our story the right way."
According to a 2009 interview, Snoop Dogg assisted The D.O.C. in seeking a voice therapist. It was found that The D.O.C.'s vocal cords are not irreparably severed or crushed, and that his voice could still be surgically restored by up to 70%.
The D.O.C. dated Erykah Badu for several years. Together they have a daughter named Puma Curry, born on July 5, 2004. From a previous relationship, he has a daughter who was dedicated in the liner notes of Helter Skelter.
- The song "It's Funky Enough" has appeared on popular video games Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, True Crime: Streets of LA and Madden 2005. Also, "Whirlwind Pyramid" appeared on Tony Hawk's Underground 2 and "The Formula" appeared on True Crime: Streets of LA. And his song "Mind Blowin'" was part of the NBA Live 2005 soundtrack.
- He made a guest appearance in Shyne's music-video for the song "That's Gangsta", which samples the same beat D.O.C. uses for his first hit "It's Funky Enough", Foster Sylvers's "Misdemeanor". The song "Lend Me An Ear" was featured on Lakai skate shoe's video "Fully Flared".
- He made an appearance in the documentary "We From Dallas" (2014) - a film dedicated to telling the history of Hip Hop from the Dallas perspective.
- The D.O.C. is portrayed by actor Marlon Yates, Jr. in the 2015 N.W.A biopic Straight Outta Compton.
- Studio albums
- 2014 "We From Dallas"
- Steve Huey. "he D.O.C.: No One Can Do It Better". Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "The D.O.C. Finds His Own Voice : Pop Beat: A 1989 auto accident could have ended his career but today the rapper's back with a new sound.". latimes. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "dubcnn.com // The D.O.C. Interview (December 2006) // West Coast News Network //". dubcnn.com. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "dubcnn.com // The D.O.C. Interview (Part 1) (April 2008) // West Coast News Network //". dubcnn.com. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "dubcnn.com // The D.O.C. Interview (Part 2) (May 2008) // West Coast News Network //". dubcnn.com. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "The D.O.C.". IMDb. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Interview at HipHopDX
- Interview at HipHopDX
- The DOC The 411 on The DOC
- Interview 2008 at BallerStatus.com
- Interview Part 1 2008 at DubCNN.com
- Interview Part 2 2008 at DubCNN.com
- Interview at DubCNN.com
- The D.O.C. discography at Discogs.com
- Interview at ThaFormula.Com
- The D.O.C. at AllMusic