The Daily Alta California
|Type||Weekly newspaper until 1849, then daily|
|Owner(s)||Samuel Brannan until 1849, then Robert B. Semple|
|Editor||Dr. E.B. Jones; Albert S. Evans|
|Founded||January 9, 1847|
|Ceased publication||June 2, 1891|
|Headquarters||San Francisco, California|
The Alta California or Daily Alta California (often miswritten Alta Californian or Daily Alta Californian) was a 19th-century San Francisco newspaper. It is principally famous for its relation to Mark Twain.
The Daily Alta California descended from the first newspaper published in the city, Samuel Brannan's California Star, which debuted on January 9, 1847. Brannan, who had earlier assisted in publishing several Mormon newspapers in New York, had brought a small press with him when he immigrated to California as part of a group of Mormon settlers in 1846 aboard The Brooklyn.
With Dr. E. B. Jones as editor, the California Star was the city's only newspaper until an older publication, The Californian, moved to Yerba Buena (as San Francisco was then called) from Monterey in mid-1847. The city was about to undergo rapid changes as the California gold rush got underway. The California Star appeared weekly until June 14, 1848, when it was forced to shut down because its entire staff had departed for the gold fields. Its rival newspaper had suspended publication for the same reason on May 29.
Merger and name change
Later that year, Sam Brannan sold his interest in the moribund California Star to Edward Cleveland Kemble, who also acquired The Californian. Kemble resumed publication of the combined papers under the name Star and Californian on November 18, 1848. On December 23, 1848, the California Star and Californian ran an article indicating this would be the last issue. In a business arrangement with the firm of Gilbert, Kemble and Hubbard, a new paper, entitled ALTA CALIFORNIA, would be published at San Francisco, Upper California, the first issue of which would appear on Thursday, January 4, 1849.
By 1849, the paper had come under the control of Robert B. Semple, who changed its name to the Alta California. On January 22, the paper began daily publication, becoming the first daily newspaper in California. On July 4, 1849, Semple began printing the Daily Alta California on a new steam press, the first such press in the west. In 1863, Albert S. Evans became editor at the paper and continued in that capacity for several years. The newspaper continued publication until June 2, 1891.
The Daily Alta California was also published as weekly, tri-weekly, and steamer editions. The Weekly Alta California was published every Saturday and the Steamer Alta California was published on the departure of the Steamers of the 1st and 15th of the month.
- "San Francisco Genealogy-The Brooklyn". Retrieved November 9, 2017.
- "California Star December 23, 1848". Retrieved November 26, 2012.
- "About this Newspaper: Daily Alta California. - Chronicling America - The Library of Congress". Retrieved November 6, 2009.
- "Albert S. Evans". Fort Whipple, Arizona: Arizona Miner. 4 May 1867. p. 2. Retrieved 18 April 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Alta California". Retrieved November 9, 2017.
- "Steamer Alta California September 1, 1850". Retrieved November 9, 2017.
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