The Damned (1963 film)
This article is missing information about the film's theatrical/home media releases, and reception.(July 2018)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Joseph Losey|
|Produced by||Michael Carreras|
Anthony Nelson Keys
|Written by||Evan Jones (adaptation)|
|Based on||The Children of Light|
by H.L. Lawrence
Shirley Anne Field
|Music by||James Bernard|
|Edited by||Reginald Mills|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|94 minutes  (cut on release in the US to 77 minutes)|
The Damned (released as These Are the Damned in the USA) is a 1963 British science fiction film directed by Joseph Losey and starring Macdonald Carey, Shirley Anne Field, Viveca Lindfors and Oliver Reed. Based on H.L. Lawrence's novel The Children of Light, it was a Hammer Film production.
Simon Wells, a middle-aged American tourist, is on a boating holiday off the south coast of England. He has recently divorced and left his career as an insurance executive. In Weymouth, he meets 20-year-old Joan, who lures him into a brutal mugging at the hands of King, her brother and his motorbike gang. The next day Joan defies her overprotective brother and joins Simon on his boat.
Simon is willing to forgive and forget; Joan implies that the beating was inevitable after Simon attempted to pick up Joan in a bar. She describes the abuse she suffers from King whenever men show interest in her. Simon urges her to run away with him but she insists upon returning to shore. Their time on the water is observed by a member of King's gang.
That night, Joan and Simon meet at a cliff-top house where they have sex. The house is surrounded by King's gang but the couple escape and reach the relative safety of a nearby military base. They are taken to meet the base commander, a scientist named Bernard. He refuses to discuss his work and deflects their questions with vague threats but Joan and Simon are free to leave.
The couple descend the cliff to the beach, pursued by King. They find a network of caves leading to an underground bunker attached to the military base. Within the caves live nine children, all aged 11, whose skin is cold to the touch. They appear healthy, well-dressed and intelligent but know little about the outside world. Their home is under continuous video surveillance and they are educated via closed circuit television by Bernard, who deflects questions about their purpose and their isolation with promises that they will learn the answers someday. The children are regularly visited by men in radiation protection suits.
Although Bernard is forced to keep the children under watch, he allows them one chamber in the caves without cameras. The children are unaware that their "secret hideout" is known to their captors and they keep there mementos of people that they believe are their parents. The children host Joan, Simon and King in this "secret" room and smuggle food to them. Joan and Simon plan to rescue the children and they pressure King into helping them; the visitors soon feel unwell.
Bernard urges the children to give up their new friends, and reveals his knowledge of their secret place. The children refuse and destroy the surveillance cameras. Bernard sends men in radiation suits but King and Simon overpower them. Simon uses one of their Geiger counters and discovers that the children are radioactive. The intruders lead the children out of the caves but they are ambushed by more men in radiation suits and most of the children are taken back to the bunker.
King grabs one of the boys and escapes in a stolen car. He is overcome by radiation sickness and orders the boy out of the car. The boy is immediately recaptured. King is pursued by a helicopter, loses control of the car and is killed. Joan and Simon escape by boat, but they are also overcome by sickness. A helicopter hovers above as their boat drifts off course; the pilot has orders to destroy it once the occupants are confirmed dead.
Bernard confides in his mistress Freya that he regrets the children now know they are prisoners. They were born radioactive, the result of a nuclear accident. This enables them to be resistant to nuclear fallout and so they will survive the "inevitable" nuclear war to come, according to Bernard. When Freya rejects him and his plan, he kills her. The final scene depicts holiday-goers enjoying the beach, unable to hear the desperate cries of the imprisoned children nearby.
- Macdonald Carey .... Simon Wells
- Shirley Anne Field .... Joan
- Viveca Lindfors .... Freya Neilson
- Alexander Knox .... Bernard
- Oliver Reed .... King
- Walter Gotell .... Major Holland
- James Villiers .... Captain Gregory
- Tom Kempinski .... Ted
- Kenneth Cope .... Sid
- Brian Oulton .... Mr. Dingle
- Barbara Everest .... Miss Lamont
- James Maxwell .... Mr. Talbot
- Nicholas Clay .... Richard
- Kit Williams .... Henry
- Rachel Clay .... Victoria
- Caroline Sheldon .... Elizabeth
- David Palmer .... George
- John Thompson .... Charles
- Christopher Witty .... William
- Rebecca Dignam .... Anne
- Siobhan Taylor .... Mary
American director Joseph Losey had moved to Britain after being blacklisted by Hollywood. The film was produced by Hammer, which had enjoyed great success with such science fiction/horror films as The Quatermass Xperiment and The Curse of Frankenstein. A script was originally written by Ben Barzman which was reasonably faithful to the original novel. Losey then had this rewritten by Evan Jones two weeks prior to filming. Losey originally wanted Neilson the sculptor to be killed by one of the helicopters but the studio insisted that Bernard kill her. The studio also wished to tone down the incestuous references between King and Joan.
The sculptures featured were all by British artist Elisabeth Frink. Frink not only lent these but also was on location for their shooting and coached Lindfors on performing the sculptor’s method of building up plaster, which was then ferociously worked and carved.
The film went over budget by £25,000.
The film was shot in May–June 1961, and was reviewed by the British censors on 20 December 1961, who gave it an X certificate without any cuts. However, it wasn't released in the UK until 20 May 1963, when it was shown at the London Pavilion as the second half of a double bill of X-rated horror films. In spite of the very discreet release, it was noticed by The Times' film critic, who gave it a very positive review, stating that "Joseph Losey is one of the most intelligent, ambitious and constantly exciting film-makers now working in this country, if not indeed in the world -- "The Damned" is very much a film to be seen, for at its best it hits with a certainty of aim which is as exciting as it is devastating, and hits perhaps in a place where it is important we should be hurt."
When it was released in the United States in 1963, as These Are the Damned, it had been cut to 77 minutes. A complete print was released in US art house cinemas in 2007.
On 15 January 2010, it was released on DVD as part of the Icons of Suspense Collection from Hammer Films. The Damned was called "the highpoint of the first wave of the British postwar Science Fiction films".
- The Damned (scope) classified 20/12/1961, BBFC Retrieved 2018-10-10
- Bruce G. Hallenbeck, British Cult Cinema: Hammer Fantasy and Sci-Fi, Hemlock Books 2011 p. 115
- British Cinema and the Cold War by Tony Shaw, p.185, 2006 I.B. Tauris Publishers
- "Sight and Sound". British Film Institute. 27 October 1961 – via Google Books.
- Marcus Hearn & Alan Barnes, The Hammer Story: The Authorised History of Hammer Films, Titan Books, 2007 p 67
- The Times, classified Advertising, page 2, 20 May 1963: Picture Theatres, London Pavilion, "Maniac" (X) and "The Damned" (X) Retrieved 2018-10-10
- "An Exciting Director: Joseph Losey's Latest Film." The Times, page 6, 20 May 1963 Retrieved 2018-10-10
- Fantastic Cinema by Peter Nicholls
- "Hammer Films Icons of Suspense Coming to DVD".
- Phil Hardy (editor). The Aurum Film Encyclopedia: Science Fiction, Aurum Press, 1984. Reprinted as The Overlook Film Encyclopedia: Science Fiction, Overlook Press, 1995, ISBN 0-87951-626-7