The Dark Knight Rises
|The Dark Knight Rises|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Christopher Nolan|
|Based on||Characters appearing in comic books published
by DC Comics
|Music by||Hans Zimmer|
|Edited by||Lee Smith|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros. Pictures|
|Box office||$1.085 billion|
The Dark Knight Rises is a 2012 superhero film directed by Christopher Nolan, who co-wrote the screenplay with his brother Jonathan Nolan, and the story with David S. Goyer. Featuring the DC Comics character Batman, the film is the final installment in Nolan's Batman film trilogy, and the sequel to The Dark Knight (2008). Christian Bale reprises the lead role of Bruce Wayne/Batman, with a returning cast of allies: Michael Caine as Alfred Pennyworth, Gary Oldman as James Gordon, and Morgan Freeman as Lucius Fox. The film introduces Selina Kyle (Anne Hathaway), and Bane (Tom Hardy). Eight years after the events of The Dark Knight, merciless revolutionary Bane forces an older Bruce Wayne to resume his role as Batman and save Gotham City from nuclear destruction.
Christopher Nolan was hesitant about returning to the series for a second time, but agreed after developing a story with his brother and Goyer that he felt would conclude the series on a satisfactory note. Nolan drew inspiration from Bane's comic book debut in the 1993 "Knightfall" storyline, the 1986 series The Dark Knight Returns, and the 1999 storyline "No Man's Land". Filming took place in locations including Jodhpur, London, Nottingham, Glasgow, Los Angeles, New York City, Newark, and Pittsburgh. Nolan used IMAX 70 mm film cameras for much of the filming, including the first six minutes of the film, to optimize the quality of the picture. A vehicle variation of the Batplane and Batcopter termed the "Bat", an underground prison set, and a new Batcave set were created specifically for the film. As with The Dark Knight, viral marketing campaigns began early during production. When filming concluded, Warner Bros. refocused its campaign: developing promotional websites, releasing the first six minutes of the film, screening theatrical trailers, and sending out information regarding the film's plot.
The Dark Knight Rises premiered in New York City on July 16, 2012. The film was released in the United States and the United Kingdom on July 20, 2012. It received positive reviews from critics, many of whom named it one of the best films of 2012. Like its predecessor, the film grossed over $1 billion worldwide at the box office, making it the second film in the Batman film series to earn $1 billion. It is the 19th-highest-grossing film of all time, the third-highest-grossing film of 2012, and the fifth-highest-grossing superhero film of all time.
Eight years after the death of District Attorney Harvey Dent, Batman has disappeared and organized crime has been eradicated in Gotham City thanks to the Dent Act, which gives the Gotham City Police Department expanded powers. Police Commissioner James Gordon has kept secret Dent's murderous rampage as "Two-Face" and allowed blame for Dent's crimes to fall on Batman, but feels guilty about lying to the public. He writes a resignation speech revealing the truth, but decides that the city is not ready to hear it.
Bruce Wayne has become a recluse, broken by the death of his childhood sweetheart Rachel Dawes, and Wayne Enterprises is losing profits after Wayne discontinued his fusion reactor project when he learned that it could be weaponized. Cat burglar Selina Kyle obtains Wayne's fingerprints from his home and kidnaps Congressman Byron Gilley. She sells the fingerprints to Wayne's corporate rival John Daggett. As payment, she requests a "clean slate": a computer program that can wipe all traces of a person's criminal record. Kyle is double-crossed at the exchange, but she uses Gilley's phone to alert the police. Gordon and the police arrive to find the congressman, and then pursue Daggett's henchmen into the sewers while Selina flees. The men capture Gordon and take him to Bane, a masked terrorist and former member of the League of Shadows, who has set up his base of operations in the sewers. Gordon escapes and is found by rookie officer John Blake. Blake, a fellow orphan, confronts Bruce and convinces him to return as Batman.
Bane attacks the Gotham Stock Exchange, using Bruce's fingerprints in a transaction that leaves Wayne bankrupt. He then kills Daggett. Wayne's butler, Alfred Pennyworth, reveals that Rachel Dawes had intended to marry Dent before she died, and then resigns in an attempt to convince Bruce to move on with his life. Wayne finds comfort in Wayne Enterprises CEO Miranda Tate, who becomes his lover.
Kyle agrees to take Batman to Bane but instead leads him into Bane's trap. Bane reveals that he intends to fulfill Ra's al Ghul's mission to destroy Gotham, and then steals Batman's technology from Wayne Enterprises armorer Lucius Fox. Bane fights Batman and delivers a crippling blow to his back, before taking him abroad to an underground prison. There, the inmates tell Wayne the story of Ra's al Ghul's child, who was born and raised in the prison before finally escaping — the only prisoner to have ever done so.
Bane lures Gotham's police underground and uses explosives to trap them and destroy the bridges surrounding the city. He kills Mayor Anthony Garcia and forces Dr. Leonid Pavel, a Russian nuclear physicist he kidnapped from Uzbekistan, to convert the reactor core into an atomic bomb before killing him as well. Bane then uses the bomb to hold the city hostage and isolate Gotham from the world. Using Gordon's stolen speech, Bane reveals the cover-up of Dent's crimes to the public, and releases the prisoners of Blackgate Penitentiary, initiating anarchy. The wealthy and powerful are then taken captive and given show trials presided over by Jonathan Crane, where all are sentenced to death.
Months later, a recovered Wayne escapes from the prison. He returns to Gotham and enlists Gordon and Fox to help stop the bomb's detonation, while tasking Blake and Kyle with helping to evacuate the city, giving the Batpod to Kyle so she can create an escape route. Batman frees the trapped police and they clash with Bane's army in the streets; during the battle, Batman overpowers Bane. Tate intervenes and stabs Batman, revealing herself to be Talia al Ghul, Ra's al Ghul's daughter; Bane was her protector, who aided her escape from the prison, and she had been plotting to avenge her father and destroy Gotham as he intended. She uses the detonator, but Gordon blocks her signal, preventing remote detonation. Talia leaves to find the bomb while Bane prepares to kill Batman, but Kyle arrives and kills Bane with the Batpod's cannons. Batman and Kyle pursue Talia, hoping to bring the bomb back to the reactor chamber where it can be stabilized. Talia's truck crashes, but she remotely floods and destroys the reactor chamber before dying. With no way to stop the detonation, Batman uses the Bat to haul the bomb over the bay. Gordon asks Batman one last time to reveal his identity, saying that the city should know the name of their savior. Batman responds by recounting a memory from his childhood in which Gordon comforted a young Bruce Wayne after the loss of his parents. The Bat flies off and carries the bomb over the bay where it finally explodes.
In the aftermath, Batman is presumed dead and is honored as a hero. With Wayne presumed killed in the riots, Wayne Manor becomes an orphanage, and his remaining estate is left to Alfred. Fox discovers that Wayne had fixed the Bat's autopilot and Gordon finds the Bat-Signal refurbished. While visiting Florence, Alfred discovers that Wayne is alive, and in a relationship with Selina Kyle. Blake resigns from the police force and, in accordance to Wayne's will, inherits the Batcave.
- A billionaire socialite who dedicates himself to protecting Gotham City from its criminal underworld. Nolan has stated that, due to the eight-year gap between The Dark Knight and The Dark Knight Rises, "he's an older Bruce Wayne; he's not in a great state." Bale employed a martial arts discipline called the Keysi Fighting Method, now modified for Bruce's current state and Bane's style. Bale has stated that The Dark Knight Rises will be his final Batman film. Bale acknowledged that Batman is "not a healthy individual, this is somebody that is doing good, but he's right on the verge of doing bad". Bale clarifies that "He doesn't want to forget [his parents' deaths]. He wants to maintain that anger he felt at that injustice". Bale felt bittersweet about leaving the franchise, saying that it was like "saying goodbye to an old friend."
- Bruce's trusted butler and confidant, who acts as a father figure to Bruce but is unable to accept Bruce's desire to revive his Batman persona, even resigning from his position to impress the seriousness of his position upon him. Christopher Nolan emphasized the emotional bond between Alfred and Bruce, stressing its importance in the previous films and predicting that the relationship will be strained as it never has before.
- The Commissioner of the Gotham City Police Department, and one of the city's few honest police officers. Oldman described the character's work in cleaning up Gotham City as having left him world-weary and slightly bored, likening Gordon to a soldier who leaps at the chance to be on the front lines. His life has taken a turn for the worse since The Dark Knight; his wife has left him and taken their children, and the mayor is planning to dismiss him from his job. Gordon feels guilty over his role in covering up Harvey Dent's crimes and is prepared to resign from his position as Commissioner over it, but then senses that Gotham is about to come under threat.
- A professional cat burglar, grifter, and femme fatale who establishes a playful, teasing relationship with Bruce that "takes some of the somberness away from his character", and pursues a "clean slate" (a computer program rumored to be able to erase a person's criminal history) when she crosses paths with both Bruce and Batman. Hathaway auditioned not knowing what role she was being considered for. Hathaway described the role as being the most physically demanding she had ever played, and confessed that while she thought of herself as being fit she had to redouble her efforts in the gym to keep up with the demands of the role. Hathaway trained extensively in martial arts for the role, and looked to Hedy Lamarr—who was the inspiration for Catwoman's character—in developing her performance.
- A mysterious and physically imposing revolutionary who was excommunicated from the League of Shadows and portrays himself as a "liberator of pain". He is desperate to continue Ra's al Ghul's legacy by destroying Gotham. The character was chosen by Christopher Nolan because of his desire to see Batman tested on both a physical and mental level. According to costume designer Lindy Hemming, the character wears a mask that supplies him with an analgesic gas to relieve pain he suffers from an injury sustained "early in his story". Hardy intended to portray the character as "more menacing" than Robert Swenson's version of the character in Joel Schumacher's Batman & Robin and that in order to do so, his portrayal entailed creating a contradiction between his voice and body. Hardy gained 30 pounds (14 kg) for the role, increasing his weight to 200 pounds (90 kg). Hardy based Bane's voice on several influences, which include Bartley Gorman as well as a desire to honor the character's intellect and Caribbean heritage. Bane claims that his revolution's enemies are the rich and the corrupt, who he contends are oppressing "the people". Political theorist and cultural critic Slavoj Žižek sees Bane as fighting "structural injustice", while likening him to a modern day Che Guevara who is counter-intuitively driven to violence out of a sense of love.
- A recently promoted member of the Wayne Enterprises executive board who encourages a still-grieving Bruce to rejoin with society and continue his father's philanthropic works, but is later revealed to be the daughter of Ra's al Ghul and the mastermind behind Bane's actions. Joey King portrays the younger version of Talia.
- A young police officer whose instincts lead him to believe that there is trouble on the horizon and is promoted to detective by Gordon when the elder cop saw something of himself within the younger. Blake represents the idealism that Gordon and Bruce Wayne once held, but soon lost in their battle against crime in the city. The film reveals his legal name to be Robin John Blake, a homage to Batman's sidekick in the comics, Robin.
- The CEO and later Executive President of Wayne Enterprises, who runs the company on Bruce's behalf and serves as his armorer for the Batsuit, providing him with high-tech equipment and discreetly developing cutting-edge technology and weaponry, even as Wayne Enterprises starts losing money.
Matthew Modine appears as Peter Foley, Gordon's second-in-command that disdains Batman. Ben Mendelsohn portrays John Daggett, a rival billionaire socialite who employs Bane in his plan to take control of Wayne Enterprises, and Burn Gorman appears as Daggett's assistant and Executive Vice President Philip Stryver. Alon Abutbul portrays Leonid Pavel, a Russian nuclear physicist who is kidnapped from Uzbekistan by Bane and forced to convert the new Wayne Enterprises reactor core into a bomb. Juno Temple plays Jen, Kyle's friend and accomplice, and Daniel Sunjata portrays Mark Jones, a U.S. Special Ops officer who leads a task force into Gotham to assist Gordon and the GCPD in freeing the city from Bane's rule. Chris Ellis appears as Father Reilly, a priest at the orphanage that Blake grew up in. Brett Cullen portrays Byron Gilley, a U.S. congressman who is kidnapped on Harvey Dent Day by Kyle.
Cillian Murphy reprises his role as Jonathan Crane / Scarecrow from previous films, as does Liam Neeson as Ra's al Ghul, who appears to Bruce in a hallucination. Josh Pence portrays Ra's al Ghul in scenes set thirty years before the events of Batman Begins. Nestor Carbonell also returns as Anthony Garcia, Gotham's mayor. Other cast members include Aidan Gillen as CIA agent Bill Wilson (referred to solely as "CIA" in the film's dialogue; the character's name is revealed in the film's novelization); Rob Brown and Desmond Harrington as police officers; Josh Stewart as Bane's right-hand man Barsad, Christopher Judge as one of Bane's henchmen, Noel Gugliemi as Bane's exile compeller, and Tom Conti as a prisoner. William Devane portrays the President of the United States. Aaron Eckhart expressed enthusiasm in returning for a sequel if asked, although he later stated Nolan verified that his character, Harvey Dent / Two-Face, is dead, and only archive footage of Eckhart from The Dark Knight appears in the film.
Several members of the Pittsburgh Steelers have cameo appearances as members of the fictional Gotham Rogues football team in the film, including Ben Roethlisberger, Hines Ward, Troy Polamalu, Willie Colon, Maurkice Pouncey, Mike Wallace, Heath Miller, Aaron Smith, Ryan Clark, James Farrior, LaMarr Woodley, and Casey Hampton, and former Steelers head coach Bill Cowher as the head coach of the Rogues. Pittsburgh mayor Luke Ravenstahl, a kicker in college, appears as the kicker for the Rogues' opponents, the Rapid City Monuments. In 2008, the Rooney family sold a minority stake in the team to Thomas Tull, the CEO and president of Legendary Pictures, which produced The Dark Knight Rises. United States Senator Patrick Leahy, who had made a cameo appearance in The Dark Knight, returned in The Dark Knight Rises, as a Wayne Enterprises board member. Thomas Lennon, who had appeared as a doctor in Memento, once again plays a doctor. India Wadsworth plays the wife of Ra's al Ghul and the mother of Talia.
Warner Bros. president of production Jeff Robinov had hoped a third film would be released in 2011 or 2012. Nolan wanted the story for the third installment to keep him emotionally invested. "On a more superficial level, I have to ask the question," he reasoned, "how many good third movies in a franchise can people name?" Nolan said that he never even thought a third film was possible in the foreword for his book The Art and Making of the Dark Knight Trilogy. Nolan only agreed to a third film on the basis of finding a worthwhile story, fearing that he would become bored halfway through production if he discovered the film to be unnecessary. By December 2008, Nolan completed a rough story outline, before he committed himself to Inception. Later in December, Alan F. Horn confirmed that while discussions with Nolan about a third film were ongoing, no casting had been done, and Horn denied all such rumors. Before Nolan confirmed his involvement, Gary Oldman had said he was confident Nolan would return.
Following the success of the Joker in The Dark Knight, studio executives wished for the Riddler to be included as the primary villain as he was considered a similar character and encouraged the casting of Leonardo DiCaprio. However, Nolan wanted the antagonist to be vastly different from the previous incarnations and committed to using Bane instead, citing the need for a character with a physical presence within the film. He was initially unfamiliar with the character's back-story, but pointed out the appeal of an archetype, labelling it as "the extreme of some type of villainy". When comparing the choice of Bane with the Joker, Nolan highlighted the Joker as an example of "diabolical, chaotic anarchy and has a devilish sense of humor", juxtaposing him against Bane, whom he likened to "a classic movie monster [...] with a terrific brain." Nolan has said that his draft of the script was inspired by Charles Dickens' 1859 novel A Tale of Two Cities, which centers around the French Revolution. This homage to Dickens was briefly illustrated by having Bane inconspicuously finger knit paracord in the film, symbolizing his literary character Madame Defarge, and more overtly by Commissioner Gordon's eulogy for Bruce Wayne at the end of the film, which is taken directly from the classic book.
It was not until February 9, 2010, that it was announced that Nolan had "cracked" the story of a sequel to The Dark Knight and was committed to return to the project. Shortly afterward, it was announced David S. Goyer and Jonathan Nolan were working on a screenplay. Goyer would leave the project during pre-production to begin work on Man of Steel; Jonathan continued writing the script based on the story by his brother Chris and Goyer. Chris Nolan said that his brother's original draft was about 400 pages. The film's storyline has been compared with the Batman comic book series' story arc "Knightfall" (1993), which showcased Bane; the mini-series The Dark Knight Returns (1986), in which Batman returns to Gotham City after a ten-year absence; and the story arc "No Man's Land" (1999), which depicts a Gotham cut off from the rest of the world and overrun by gangs. The nickname "the Dark Knight" was first applied to Batman in Batman #1 (1940), in a story written by Bill Finger. Nolan confirmed the Joker would not return in the third film, and dismissed rumors that he considered using unused footage of Heath Ledger from The Dark Knight. The Dark Knight Rises reunited Nolan with many of his past collaborators, including cinematographer Wally Pfister, production designer Nathan Crowley, editor Lee Smith, costume designer Lindy Hemming, special effects supervisors Paul Franklin and Chris Corbould, and composer Hans Zimmer.
During location scouting in December 2010, Nolan began searching for locations such as India, Romania, and Michigan. According to the Romania Insider, Nolan was interested in Bucharest's historical centers, Edgar Quinet Street, the Palace of the Parliament, and the Turda salt mine. The film had an estimated budget of $250–300 million, coming down to about $230 million after tax credits. Nolan elected not to film in 3-D, but instead stated that he intended to focus on improving image quality and scale using the IMAX format. The Dark Knight Rises featured over an hour of footage shot in IMAX (by comparison, The Dark Knight contained 28 minutes). Nolan had several meetings with IMAX Vice-President David Keighley to work on the logistics of projecting films in digital IMAX venues. Wally Pfister had expressed interest in shooting the film entirely in IMAX, but because of the considerable noise made by IMAX cameras, 35mm and 70mm cameras had to be used for shooting the film's dialogue scenes, as dialogue had to be dubbed when shot with IMAX cameras. Chairman and president of the IMAX Corporation Greg Foster stated that IMAX planned to run the film in its theatres for two months, despite only being contractually committed to run the film for two weeks. Nolan also bypassed the use of a digital intermediate for the film, resulting in less manipulation of the filmed image and higher film resolution.
Filming was scheduled to start in May and conclude in November 2011. Principal photography commenced on May 6, 2011, in Jodhpur, India at the Mehrangarh Fort before moving to Pittsburgh, where it operated under the working title Magnus Rex to reduce the visibility of the production. Shooting locations within the city included Heinz Field, the site of an American football game, with members of the Pittsburgh Steelers playing the Gotham Rogues football team. More than 11,000 extras were used to depict the shot sequence. Filming in Pittsburgh also took place at the Mellon Institute and Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University. A letter sent out to residents and business owners detailing road closures revealed that the streets of the city would be featured "as the start of [the] film". 9-1-1 operators were told to expect an increase in calls related to gunshots and explosions in the film's production. The Pittsburgh leg of production wrapped after three weeks on August 21, 2011. The next portion of the filming began in Los Angeles in late August and finished up on October 23 after nine weeks of filming. New York and New Jersey were the next places of filming. The Trump Tower replaced the Richard J. Daley Center as the location for the headquarters of Wayne Enterprises. In November 2011, shooting shifted to Newark, New Jersey. Newark City Hall and Military Park were among the locations used for filming. Other shooting locations include London and Glasgow, the latter of which was used for "additional exterior filming". Principal photography concluded on November 14, 2011. The external waterfall scene at the end of the film was shot at Sgwd Henrhyd falls, on the edge of the Brecon Beacons National Park in Wales.
Production photos from filming in Pittsburgh showed a second Tumbler chassis after the first was destroyed, indicating that a new Batmobile would be in the film, following the destruction of the first in The Dark Knight. Further set photos revealed a "new vehicle" being transported to Wabash Tunnel, prompting speculation as to its nature. In June 2011, Autoblog confirmed the presence of the new Lamborghini Aventador on the film set.
Several accidents occurred during the production of the film. While filming at Wollaton Hall, Nottingham, a tractor-trailer crashed into the main entrance, though no one was injured. A stuntman parachutist later crashed through the roof of a home in Cairngorm Gliding Club, Feshiebridge in Scotland, and became wedged there after a failed landing during a skydiving stunt; he was not seriously injured. While filming scenes in Pittsburgh, Hathaway's stunt double crashed into an IMAX camera while filming a sequence that required her to ride a Batpod down a flight of stairs during a riot. There were no injuries, but the camera was destroyed. A second accident took place in Pittsburgh when the truck carrying the then-unidentified vehicle later termed "the Bat" went off-course and crashed into a lighting array, damaging the model of the aircraft. Production was delayed while the model was repaired.
Shortly before Christmas of 2011, Christopher Nolan invited several prominent directors, including Edgar Wright, Michael Bay, Bryan Singer, Jon Favreau, Eli Roth, Duncan Jones and Stephen Daldry, to Universal CityWalk's IMAX theatre for a private screening of the first six minutes of The Dark Knight Rises, which had been shot on IMAX film and edited from the original camera negative. Nolan, feeling that the use of film stock in cinema is currently being phased out due to the introduction of digital cinematography and projection, used this screening to make a case for the continued use of film, which he asserts still offers superior image quality to any digital format, and warned the filmmakers that unless they continued to assert their choice to use film in their productions, they may eventually lose it as an option. Nolan explained; "I wanted to give them a chance to see the potential, because I think IMAX is the best film format that was ever invented. It's the gold standard and what any other technology has to match up to, but none have, in my opinion. The message I wanted to put out there was that no one is taking anyone's digital cameras away. But if we want film to continue as an option, and someone is working on a big studio movie with the resources and the power to insist [on] film, they should say so. I felt as if I didn't say anything, and then we started to lose that option, it would be a shame. When I look at a digitally acquired and projected image, it looks inferior against an original negative anamorphic print or an IMAX one."
Costume designer Lindy Hemming explained that Bane uses a mask to inhale an analgesic gas, which, in director Christopher Nolan's words, "keeps his pain just below the threshold so he can function." In designing Bane's costume, Hemming needed it to look "like an amalgam of all sorts of bits and pieces he cobbled together, as he passed through some very remote places. We made parts of his vest, for example, from fragments of an old military tent. His clothes are militaristic, but are not in any way a uniform." Hemming also designed Bane's mask to look "animalistic". Costume effects supervisor Graham Churchyard created a three-dimensional model of actor Tom Hardy's face and skull to design the mask, allowing the mask to perfectly conform to the contours of Hardy's face. Hemming personally designed Bane's coat, which she admitted took two years to complete. Taking inspiration from a Swedish army jacket and a frock coat from the French Revolution, it was designed to make Bane look like equal parts dictatorial and revolutionary. The design was difficult as Hemming struggled to find a tailor in Los Angeles who could work with shearling.
The Batsuit consisted of 110 separate pieces, each of which had to be replicated dozens of times over the course of the production. The base layer was made of a polyester mesh that is utilized by the military and high-tech sports manufacturers because of its breathability and moisture-wicking properties. Molded pieces of flexible urethane were then attached to the mesh, to form the overall body armor plating. Carbon fiber panels were placed inside the sections on the legs, chest and abdomen. The cowl was sculpted from a cast of Bale's face and head to become a perfect fit for Christian Bale. The suit remained unchanged for the film since The Dark Knight.
In creating Selina Kyle's catsuit, two layers of material were used, with the outer layer being polyurethane coated spandex, embossed with a hexagonal pattern. The catsuit also consisted of elbow-length gloves, a utility belt, and thigh-high boots with spike heels.
Concept artist Tully Summers commented on Nolan's style of cinematography when asked about the difference between his designs for this film and fantasy-based designs for Men in Black 3: "The difference for me was Christopher Nolan's visual style. One of the things that makes his Batman movies so compelling is their tone of plausibility. He will often prefer a raw, grittier design over one that is very sleek and product design pretty. It's sort of a practical military aesthetic. This stuff is made to work, not impress shoppers. The Dark Knight Rises is a war film." Producer Emma Thomas stated this Batman film has a different visual aesthetic from the first two Nolan-directed features, explaining that "it's meant to be winter in Gotham, so that right there is going to lend a whole different look to the film."
The film introduces a vehicle that has been compared with the Batplane and the Batcopter, dubbed "the Bat". In designing the Bat, Nathan Crowley approached it as if it were an actual military project, emphasising the need for it to "fit into the same family" as the Tumbler and the Batpod. The final version of the Bat takes its design cues from the Harrier Jump Jet, Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey and the Boeing AH-64 Apache. Chris Corbould described the Bat's size and shape as presenting a major challenge for filming given Christopher Nolan's emphasis on practical effects over computer-generated imagery. In order to make the Bat "fly", it was variously supported by wires, suspended from cranes and helicopters, and mounted on a purpose-built vehicle with hydraulic controls to simulate movement.
When designing the Batcave set, Crowley and fellow production designer Kevin Kavanaugh hit upon the idea of flooding the Batcave and having Batman's equipment, the Batsuit and a supercomputer rise from the water. Another set was designed at Cardington as an "underground prison", a rough-hewn labyrinth of stone cells in a vast abyss with a 120 foot (37 m) vertical shaft leading to the surface. Exteriors above the prison were filmed in Jodhpur, India, chosen because the "forbidding landscape added to the desolation".
In an interview in October 2010, composer Hans Zimmer confirmed that he would be returning to score The Dark Knight Rises. James Newton Howard was offered to return and write the score with Zimmer as he did for Batman Begins and The Dark Knight, but he chose not to because he noted that the chemistry established between Zimmer and Nolan during the making of Inception would make him seem like a "third wheel". Zimmer included several cues from the earlier scores, but explains that he wanted to go in a "completely different direction" for Bane's theme. While the theme accompanying Selina Kyle is deliberately ambiguous, the musical thread spanning throughout the trilogy was composed exclusively for Bruce Wayne.
The film features a prevalent Moroccan chant of the phrase deshi basara (proper transliteration: Tījī basara’ah) (Arabic: تيجي بسرعة), which translates to "rise up" (literally: "come quickly"). In November 2011, Zimmer crowdsourced online audio recordings of the chant to be used in the film's score. When asked about the chant for clarification, Zimmer said, "The chant became a very complicated thing because I wanted hundreds of thousands of voices, and it's not so easy to get hundreds of thousands of voices. So, we tweeted and we posted on the internet, for people who wanted to be part of it. It seemed like an interesting thing. We've created this world, over these last two movies, and somehow I think the audience and the fans have been part of this world. We do keep them in mind."
The official website launched in May 2011, introducing a viral marketing campaign similar to the one used to promote The Dark Knight. The website streamed an encrypted audio file described by users as chanting. Users decrypted the audio to the Twitter hashtag, "#TheFireRises". Warner Bros. removed a pixel from the webpage for every tweet using the hashtag. The website revealed the first official image of Bane.
In July 2011, a teaser trailer leaked online before its official release with Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2. The studio released the teaser three days after the leak. The trailer received mixed responses; Stephen Spencer Davis of Slate wrote it successfully built hype, while Kofi Outlaw of ScreenRant showed disappointment, claiming it was more of an "announcement trailer" than an actual teaser trailer. Outlaw criticized the quality, writing that a scene depicting Commissioner Gordon in a hospital bed was overly dramatic, had "hammy" dialogue, and was difficult to understand due to Gordon's labored breathing. Outlaw wrote that the sweeping shot of Gotham City had poor CGI and was too reminiscent of the Inception trailer. The theatrical trailer leaked online, like the teaser trailer, before being released the following week attached to theatrical prints of Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows. Critics noted political undertones with dialogue foreshadowing the theme of income inequality and an "Occupy Gotham" campaign within the world of the story. Receiving more than 12.5 million views in the first 24 hours after its release, the trailer set the record for most combined downloads from iTunes, beating the previous record held by The Avengers. However, the second trailer for The Avengers again set the record with 13.7 million downloads. Warner Bros. attached a second theatrical trailer for The Dark Knight Rises to theatrical prints of The Avengers. An "unnamed" Warner Brothers executive clarified that "We see this placement as a good strategic decision. We always want our trailers to be seen with films that people want to see—and a lot of people will be going to The Avengers!" The executive also commented that the trailer will "provide the best potential exposure for TDKR." Warner Bros. released the trailer online on April 30, 2012, approximately four days before they attached it to theatrical prints of The Avengers.
Continuing a method used with The Dark Knight whereby the opening sequence of the film was attached to IMAX prints of I Am Legend seven months before release, a six-minute prologue of The Dark Knight Rises was attached to 70mm IMAX prints of Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol, again approximately seven months before release. Critical reaction to the prologue was positive, with one critic commenting that "no one gets to make a film on this kind of scale anymore. Except for Christopher Nolan," though a round-up of reviews highlighted the way many critics found Tom Hardy's dialogue very difficult to hear. Addressing the issue in an interview with Entertainment Weekly, Nolan said "I think when people see the film, things will come into focus. Bane is very complex and very interesting and when people see the finished film people will be very entertained by him."
Viral marketing campaigns for the film continued as magazine companies Empire and Wired received "CIA documents" concerning a "Dr. Leonid Pavel", with its mugshot connected to actor Alon Abutbul. According to the first document, Pavel is a missing Russian nuclear physicist, while the second document appears to be an edited transcript of a conversation discussing the handover of Dr. Pavel to the CIA by Georgian separatists, but with most of the conversation redacted. These were later shown to be plot elements of the six-minute prologue. The official Twitter account later linked to another censored document, this time, referencing "Operation Early Bird". A website of the same name was discovered, revealing a countdown timer. When the countdown finished, the site presented a map showing all available theaters that would be screening the film's prologue earlier than its release. Various websites received a package that included a cylinder map of "strike zones", and a "fire rises" T-shirt. In April 2012, the film's official website was updated with a "dossier" on a suspect named "John Doe" also known as "the Batman" for an arrest, with a list of several accusations. The premise of the campaign starts when the mayor of Gotham City "redoubles" the effort to capture Batman and anyone supporting his return in preparation for the upcoming "Harvey Dent Day". The site also includes an extensive list of real-world locations where "graffiti related to movement in support of the vigilante's return" is located. For each tweet of a specific location marked on the list, a frame of the second theatrical trailer for the film was released on a separate website.
In January 2012, six months prior to the film's release, tickets for midnight IMAX showings in New York, San Francisco, and Los Angeles went on sale and sold out immediately. Purchased tickets surfaced for sale online for over $100, compared with their original price of $17.50.
At the American International Toy Fair, Mattel unveiled figures for Batman, Bane, and Catwoman, and Batman's flying vehicle, the Bat. The Mattel figures were also released in the "Movie Masters" line, featuring more highly detailed and articulated presentation, and Quiktek versions that feature interchangeable accessories. Lego released building sets and mini-figures based on the film and incorporating other DC Comic characters. Additionally, Funko released a series of plush toys, Mezco Toyz released vinyl figures, and Hornby released the Batman Tumbler car. Other partners include Jakks Pacific, who created novelty and large-scale figures and plush toys, and PPW Toys, who created a Batman themed Mr. Potato Head. Various clothing items including shoes, T-shirts, hats and wallets were also produced.
A video game of the same name was released on the same day as the release of the film for the iOS and Android devices for promoting the movie. The game features an open world with primary focus on stealth and combat. The combat system of the game is inspired from Arkham Asylum and Arkham City. It takes place in Gotham City, with a somewhat similar but still significantly different plot from that of the movie. IGN gave it a mediocre score of 5.5/10.
Warner Bros. partnered with Mountain Dew to do a cross-promotion that included a special paint scheme on the number 88 Chevrolet Impala owned by Hendrick Motorsports and driven by Dale Earnhardt, Jr. in the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series. On June 17, 2012, the car won the 2012 Quicken Loans 400 at Michigan International Speedway. On July 4, 2012, the studio signed a deal with Formula One team Lotus F1 to have the film's logos appear on the Lotus E20s driven by Kimi Räikkönen and Romain Grosjean at the 2012 British Grand Prix. Räikkönen and Grosjean went on to finish the race in fifth and sixth place respectively. Warner Bros. had previously followed a similar promotion at the 2008 British Grand Prix, when the now-defunct Toyota F1 carried a livery to promote The Dark Knight.
Two digital comic books entitled Batman Origins and The Dark Knight: Prologue were released exclusively for Nokia Lumia devices. A special movie application has also been released, featuring trailers, wallpapers, movie schedules and Batman trivias. Limited editions of the Lumia 710, Lumia 800 and Lumia 900 were also released featuring a laser-etched Batman logo.
Shooting in Aurora, Colorado
On July 20, 2012, during a midnight showing of The Dark Knight Rises at the Century 16 cinema in Aurora, Colorado, a gunman wearing a gas mask opened fire inside the theater, killing 12 people and injuring 58 others. Police responding to the shooting apprehended a suspect later identified as 24-year-old James Eagan Holmes shortly after arriving on the scene. Initial reports stated that Holmes identified himself as "the Joker" at the time of his arrest.
Warner Bros. cancelled the Paris, Mexico, and Japan premieres of The Dark Knight Rises, and suspended the film's marketing campaign in Finland. Several broadcast networks also suspended television ads for the film in the United States. The trailer for Gangster Squad, another Warner Bros. movie included in the screening of The Dark Knight Rises, was removed as it contains a scene which shows gangsters shooting submachine guns at moviegoers through the screen, similar to the shooting in Aurora.
Director Christopher Nolan released a public statement calling the shooting "unbearably savage". Other stars of the film released statements expressing their condolences, with star Christian Bale paying a personal visit to the survivors and the memorial in Aurora.
On July 6, 2012, Warner Bros. held a special IMAX screening of The Dark Knight Rises for more than one hundred reporters and critics. However, technical issues with the computer device synchronizing the sound and picture forced the studio to postpone the screening by a day. The film later premiered on July 16 at the AMC Lincoln Square Theater in New York City, New York, followed by a European premiere on July 18 at Leicester Square in London, England. The film was released in Australia and New Zealand on July 19, and was later released in North America and the United Kingdom on July 20.
The Dark Knight Rises received positive reviews from critics. Film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gave The Dark Knight Rises a score of 87% based on 335 reviews and a rating average of 8/10. The site's consensus reads, "The Dark Knight Rises is an ambitious, thoughtful, and potent action film that concludes Christopher Nolan's franchise in spectacular fashion." Metacritic, another review aggregator, assigned the film a weighted score of 78 out of 100, based on 45 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". CinemaScore reported that audiences gave the film an A grade.
The Telegraph granted the film a maximum score of five stars, stating that it is "a superhero film without a superhero," comparing it with The Godfather Part II and praising Hardy's performance as well as the film's intricate plot and narrative. Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times thought the film was "potent, persuasive and hypnotic" and that it was "more than an exceptional superhero movie, it is masterful filmmaking by any standard." The Playlists Todd Gilchrist wrote "A cinematic, cultural and personal triumph, The Dark Knight Rises is emotionally inspiring, aesthetically significant and critically important for America itself – as a mirror of both sober reflection and resilient hope." IGN gave it a 9 out of 10, noting similarities in tone and theme to Batman Begins over the trilogy's second installment The Dark Knight, but also describing Bane as "that bit less interesting to watch" than Ledger's Joker, despite praising his "menacing voice" and "body language-driven performance". The Guardian scored the film four out of five stars, calling it a film of "granite, monolithic intensity", yet also calling it a "hammy, portentous affair". Andrew O'Hehir of Salon writes "if The Dark Knight Rises is a fascist film, it's a great fascist film, and arguably the biggest, darkest, most thrilling and disturbing and utterly balls-out spectacle ever created for the screen". Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three out of four stars, stating "the film begins slowly with a murky plot and too many new characters, but builds to a sensational climax." Film critic Richard Roeper gave the film an "A", calling it "a majestic, gorgeous, brutal and richly satisfying epic", and citing the final scenes of the picture as "the best five minutes of any film this year." The London Film Review gave the film a B and said "Nolan's film is a reminder that superheroes aren't merely a frivolous distraction, but an embodiment of our best selves." The film was crowned by Forbes as the best modern comic book superhero adaption on screen, outranking both its main summer blockbuster competitor, Marvel's The Avengers, and the trilogy's previous installment The Dark Knight. In 2014, Empire ranked The Dark Knight Rises the 72nd greatest film ever made on their list of "The 301 Greatest Movies Of All Time" as voted by the magazine's readers.
The Daily Mail's Chris Tookey said that the film was bloated and overly long, and criticized the sombre tone and lack of humor, despite praising the film's visually-impressive set pieces. CNN's Tom Charity said the film was a "disappointingly clunky and bombastic conclusion to a superior series" and called it Nolan's worst film. Anthony Lane of The New Yorker says that the "story is dense, overlong, and studded with references that will make sense only to those intimate with Nolan's previous excursions into Batmanhood".
In reaction to fan backlash to some of the negative reviews, Rotten Tomatoes chose to disable user commentary for the film leading up to its release. Some fans had threatened violence against critics while others threatened to take down the websites of movie critics who had given the film a negative review.
In 2014, Aidan Gillen's character in the film, CIA agent Bill Wilson, became the subject of an Internet meme popular among 4chan users known as "Baneposting", which references the dialogue between Wilson and Bane in the film's opening plane scene.
Writing in Salon, David Sirota, a progressive political commentator compared The Dark Knight Rises and the game Call of Duty to 1980s popular culture reflecting the political period of the time, accusing them of perpetuating a conservative agenda: "Just as so many 1980s pop culture products reflected the spirit of the Reagan Revolution's conservative backlash, we are now seeing two blockbuster, genre-shaping products not-so-subtly reflect the Tea Party's rhetorical backlash to the powerful Occupy Wall Street zeitgeist." An article in Variety reported Chuck Dixon, the co-creator of the Bane character, as saying that Bane is "far more akin to an Occupy Wall Street type if you're looking to cast him politically." Catherine Shoard of the center-left British publication The Guardian claimed the film "is a quite audaciously capitalist vision, radically conservative, radically vigilante, that advances a serious, stirring proposal that the wish-fulfilment of the wealthy is to be championed if they say they want to do good." In contrast, liberal commentator Jonathan Chait opined in New York that "What passes for a right-wing movie these days is The Dark Knight Rises, which submits the rather modest premise that, irritating though the rich may be, actually killing them and taking all their stuff might be excessive." Writing in USA Today, Bryan Alexander called Bane "the ultimate occupier" and reported that Christian Bale was amazed that the script had "foreseen" the Occupy movement.
Nolan has denied the film criticizes the Occupy movement and insists that none of his Batman films are intended to be political: "I've had as many conversations with people who have seen the film the other way round. We throw a lot of things against the wall to see if it sticks. We put a lot of interesting questions in the air, but that's simply a backdrop for the story. What we're really trying to do is show the cracks of society, show the conflicts that somebody would try to wedge open. We're going to get wildly different interpretations of what the film is supporting and not supporting, but it's not doing any of those things. It's just telling a story. If you're saying, 'Have you made a film that's supposed to be criticizing the Occupy Wall Street movement?' – well, obviously, that's not true."
Alternatively, politically-conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh alleged that the film was biased against 2012 Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney due to Bane's name being a homophone for Bain Capital, the financial service company Romney used to head, despite the fact that the character has existed as a major Batman foe since 1993. In response, Nolan said that the comments were "bizarre", while Dixon and Freeman said that the comments were "ridiculous". Democratic adviser Christopher Lehane has noted the similarities between the narratives of the film and the presidential campaign.
On January 20, 2017, multiple media outlets noted that a small but key part of U.S. president Donald Trump's inaugural address "had an uncanny echo" of Bane's speech after he takes control of Gotham in The Dark Knight Rises. Trump had given the film a positive review in 2012.
|Award||Category||Recipients and nominees||Result|
|AFI Awards 2012||Movies of the Year||Emma Thomas, Christopher Nolan and Charles Roven||Won|
|British Academy of Film and Television Arts||Special Visual Effects||Paul Franklin, Chris Corbould, Peter Bebb, Andrew Lockley||Nominated|
|Broadcast Film Critics Association||Best Visual Effects||Nominated|
|Best Action Film||Nominated|
|Best Actor in an Action Movie||Christian Bale||Nominated|
|Best Actress in an Action Movie||Anne Hathaway||Nominated|
|Golden Trailer Awards||Best in Show||"Chant"||Won|
|Summer 2012 Blockbuster Trailer||"Chant"||Won|
|Best International Poster||"UK Quad"||Won|
|Best Summer 2012 Blockbuster Poster||"Teaser One Sheet – City"||Won|
|Best Teaser Poster||"Teaser One Sheet City"||Nominated|
|Grammy Awards||Best Score Soundtrack For Visual Media||Nominated|
|Kids Choice Awards||Favorite Female Buttkicker||Anne Hathaway||Nominated|
|Los Angeles Film Critics Association||Best Supporting Actress||Anne Hathaway (also for Les Misérables)||Runner-up|
|MTV Movie Awards||Best Movie||Nominated|
|Best Hero||Christian Bale||Nominated|
|Best Hero||Anne Hathaway||Nominated|
|Best Villain||Marion Cotillard||Nominated|
|Best Villain||Tom Hardy||Nominated|
|Best Fight||Christian Bale & Tom Hardy||Nominated|
|Best Shirtless Performance||Christian Bale||Nominated|
|People's Choice Awards||Favorite Face of Heroism||Anne Hathaway||Nominated|
|Favorite Action Movie||Nominated|
|Favorite Movie Franchise||Nominated|
|Phoenix Film Critics Society||Best Film Editing||Nominated|
|Satellite Awards||Best Visual Effects||Chris Corbould, Paul Franklin||Nominated|
|Best Art Direction & Production Design||Nathan Crowley, Kevin Kavanaugh, James Hambidge, Naaman Marshall||Nominated|
|Saturn Awards||Best Action of Adventure Film||Nominated|
|Best Director||Christopher Nolan||Nominated|
|Best Actor||Christian Bale||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor||Joseph Gordon-Levitt||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Anne Hathaway||Won|
|Best Music||Hans Zimmer||Nominated|
|Screen Actors Guild Awards||Outstanding Performance by a Stunt Ensemble in a Motion Picture||Nominated|
|St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association||Best Music||Nominated|
|Teen Choice Awards||Choice Movie: Action||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Actor Action||Christian Bale||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Actress Action||Anne Hathaway||Won|
|Choice Movie: Scene Stealer||Joseph Gordon-Levitt||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Best Villain||Tom Hardy||Nominated|
|Young Artist Award||Best Performance in a Feature Film - Supporting Young Actress||Joey King||Nominated|
Hours before the midnight release, several box office analysts suggested as much as a $198 million domestic opening weekend. However, in the wake of the mass shooting during a midnight screening of the film, Warner Bros. decided to not report further box office figures for the movie until Monday, July 23, 2012. As a result, other distributors also delayed the release of their official estimates as well. The shooting is also speculated to have hurt the ticket sales as E! Online reported that a North Carolina audience member had stated that "this theater was kinda empty". Some reports released on July 21, 2012 said that rival studios estimated that the film grossed $75 million to $77 million on its opening day. Warner Brothers shortly after released a statement to ABC News stating that they delayed the release of their estimates for the opening day total of the film "out of respect for the victims and their families," and added "Warner Bros. Pictures will not be reporting box office numbers for The Dark Knight Rises throughout the weekend. Box office numbers will be released on Monday."
The Dark Knight Rises earned $448 million in North America, and $636 million in other countries, summing up to a worldwide total of $1 billion($1084 million). Worldwide, it is the sixteenth-highest-grossing film of all time and the third-highest-grossing film of 2012. It had a worldwide opening weekend of $248.9 million. The film set a worldwide IMAX opening-weekend record with $23.8 million (overtaken by Avengers: Age of Ultron) and also broke the record for the fastest movie to make over $50 million in IMAX theatres. IMAX CEO Richard L. Gelfond explained this by claiming, "Audiences are clearly seeking out and embracing the film the way it was meant to be seen – in IMAX." On the 2012 Labor Day weekend, it became the third film distributed by Warner Bros. and the thirteenth film in cinematic history to cross the $1 billion mark. The film also became the second movie (after Avatar) to reach $100 million in worldwide IMAX grosses.
- North America
The Dark Knight Rises opened on Friday, July 20, 2012. It earned an estimated $30.6 million in midnight showings, which was the second-highest midnight gross behind Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 ($43.5 million). It did, however, set an IMAX midnight-gross record with $2.3 million (overtaken by Avengers: Age of Ultron). The film made $75.8 million during its opening day, achieving, at the time, the third-highest single and opening day tally of all time. On July 23, 2012, it was announced that the film grossed $160.9 million for its debut weekend, which was the third-highest opening weekend ever, at the time, behind Marvel's The Avengers ($207.4 million) and Deathly Hallows – Part 2 ($169.2 million). However, it did set an opening-weekend record for a 2D film (previously held by The Dark Knight) and an IMAX opening-weekend record with $19.0 million (previously held by Marvel's The Avengers). The film also held the top spot at the box office for its second and third weekends. In North America, it is the thirteenth-highest-grossing film, the second-highest-grossing 2012 film, as well as the fourth-highest-grossing superhero film and film based on comics. Box Office Mojo estimates that the film sold more than 50 million tickets in the US.
- Markets outside North America
Outside North America, the film opened with $88.0 million from 7,173 theaters in just 17 markets. It was in first place at the box office outside North America for four consecutive weekends. Its three largest markets are the UK, Ireland and Malta ($90.3 million), where it is the highest-grossing superhero film, China ($52.8 million) and Australia ($44.2 million).
The Dark Knight Rises was released on November 28, 2012 in Hong Kong and New Zealand. On December 3, it was released in the United Kingdom, and on December 4, it was released in the United States. It is available on Blu-ray, DVD, and as a digital download. Coinciding with the release of this film, a box set of The Dark Knight trilogy was released. Nolan is overseeing the remastering process of The Dark Knight Rises into 4K resolution.
- "The Dark Knight Rises". British Board of Film Classification. July 18, 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- "The Dark Knight Rises (2012)". British Film Institute. Retrieved December 13, 2014.
- Fritz, Ben; Kaufman, Amy (July 17, 2012). "'The Dark Knight Rises' tracking is huge". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
- "The Dark Knight Rises (2012)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
- "Film Critic Top 10 Lists - Best of 2012". Metacritic. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
- O'Hara, Helen (November 21, 2011). "News on the Dark Knight Rises". Empire. Bauer Media Group. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- "The Dark Knight Rises Production Notes (PDF)" (PDF). Deadline.com. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- Nepales, Ruben V. (November 26, 2011). "Bale talks about his co-stars in 'Dark Knight Rises'". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
- Sacks, Ethan (January 23, 2012). "Christian Bale says goodbye to Batman". Daily News. New York. Retrieved February 25, 2012.
- "'Dark Knight Rises' Christian Bale talks Bruce Wayne plot". NME. May 28, 2012. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Goldberg, Matt (November 23, 2011). "Christian Bale Talks The Dark Knight Rises". Collider.com. Retrieved February 25, 2012.
- Boucher, Geoff (March 10, 2010). "Christopher Nolan takes flight with Superman: 'We have a fantastic story' [Updated]". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
- "'Dark Knight Rises' Commissioner Gordon 'Very World-Weary'". November 29, 2011. Retrieved January 9, 2012.
- Jensen, Jeff (January 19, 2011). "'The Dark Knight Rises' scoop: Anne Hathaway, Tom Hardy join cast". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Wigler, Josh (August 5, 2011). "'Dark Knight Rises': Anne Hathaway As Catwoman!". MTV. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- "Anne Hathaway Talks Catwoman". Empire. Bauer Media Group. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
- "Anne Hathaway's New World: The Interview". Harper's Bazaar. June 27, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- Weintraub, Steve (May 27, 2012). "Anne Hathaway Talks Fighting in Heels, Adapting to Nolan's Universe, Filming in IMAX and More on the Set of The Dark Knight Rises". Collider.com. Archived from the original on June 1, 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
- Boucher, Geoff (December 29, 2011). "'Dark Knight Rises' star Anne Hathaway: 'Gotham City is full of grace'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
- "Christopher Nolan Talks 'The Dark Knight Rises,' Bane, and IMAX Cameras". December 13, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
- Filipponi, Pietro (February 21, 2011). "Tom Hardy Wants To Gain 30 Pounds, Says No To Mask For Bane in the Dark Knight Rises". The Daily Blam!. Archived from the original on February 25, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2011.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (July 17, 2012). "Tom Hardy Explains the Inspiration for His Bane Voice". Vulture.com. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- Žižek, Slavoj (August 23, 2012). "The Politics of Batman". New Statesman.
- Jensen, Jeff (April 19, 2011). "'The Dark Knight Rises' officially adds Marion Cotillard, Joseph Gordon-Levitt to cast". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- "The Dark Knight Rises (2012): Joey King To Play Young Talia Al Ghul". Cosmic Book News.
- Ashurst, Sam (July 24, 2012). "The Dark Knight Rises: 50 Best Moments". Total Film. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
- "Matthew Modine on his 'The Dark Knight Rises' role, says Batman will kick 'The Avengers' butt (video)". Batman-news.com. May 8, 2012. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
- Sneider, Jeff (April 12, 2011). "Daniel Sunjata, 2 more for 'Dark Knight'". Variety. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- Schrader, Chris (May 13, 2011). "'The Dark Knight Rises' Updates: New Cast Member, Set Pic & Budget Info". Screen Rant. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
- Trumbore, Dave (December 7, 2011). "The Dark Knight Rises Viral Campaign Begins?". Collider.com. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
- Fischer, Russ (March 24, 2011). "Juno Temple confirmed for The Dark Knight Rises, Likely as Catwoman's Sidekick". /Film. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
- Dang, Simon (February 9, 2012). "'Rescue Me' Star Daniel Sunjata Teases More About Special Forces Op Character In 'The Dark Knight Rises'". Indiewire. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "Two More Go Into 'Dark Knight'". Variety. May 23, 2011. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
- Corliss, Richard (July 16, 2012). "'The Dark Knight Rises' Review: Best Superhero Movie Yet". Time.
- Lee, Ann (June 16, 2011). "The Dark Knight Rises: Liam Neeson spotted filming in London". Metro. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
- Chitwood, Adam (March 28, 2012). "Former Cast Member Confirmed to Return for The Dark Knight Rises". Collider.com. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
- Kit, Borys (April 8, 2011). "'Social Network' Actor Lands Role in 'Dark Knight Rises' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- Sneider, Jeff (April 15, 2011). "Mayor of Gotham returns to 'Dark Knight'". Variety. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- Vary, Adam (December 9, 2011). "Christopher Nolan on 'The Dark Knight Rises' IMAX prologue: 'You want to be thrown into a situation that takes your breath away'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
- Child, Ben (December 14, 2011). "The Dark Knight Rises teaser: translated into Bane English". The Guardian. London. Retrieved December 14, 2011.
- Cox, Greg (24 July 2012). The Dark Knight Rises: The Official Novelization. London: Titan Books. ISBN 978-1781161067.
- Robinson, Amy (July 21, 2012). "'W.Va. native villainous in The Dark Knight Rises'". Saturday Gazette Mail. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
- "The Dark Knight Rises: Judge a New Cast, Bane Speaks, Plus LA Casting Call". San Francisico IB Times. International Business Times. July 23, 2011. Archived from the original on November 1, 2011. Retrieved July 24, 2011.
- "Aaron Eckhart on Two-Face". SuperHeroHype. September 3, 2008. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- "Two-Face returning in next Batman movie?". YouTube. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Brown, Scott (August 5, 2011). "Steelers giddy about appearance in 'The Dark Knight Rises'". Trib Live. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- Bouchette, Ed (August 5, 2011). "Steelers pick up roles as Batman movie extras". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- "Heinz Field Transforms Into "Gotham Stadium"". KDKA-TV. August 6, 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- ""The Dark Knight Rises" takes over the Pittsburgh Steelers' Heinz Field". IFC. August 8, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Prisuta, Mike (September 16, 2011). "There's some history the Steelers would just as soon forget". Trib Live. Retrieved August 9, 2011.[dead link]
- "US Sen. Patrick Leahy, Batman aficionado, to appear in 'The Dark Knight Rises' with Vt. debut". The Washington Post. Associated Press. July 3, 2012. Archived from the original on July 11, 2012. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
- "Exclusive - Secret Dark Knight Actress Speaks". Yahoo! Screen. July 23, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Bettinger, Brendan (March 10, 2010). "Christopher Nolan Speaks! Updates on Dark Knight Sequel and Superman Man of Steel". Collider.com. Retrieved March 10, 2010.
- Schuker, Lauren A. E. (August 22, 2008). "Warner Bets on Fewer, Bigger Movies". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Boucher, Geoff (October 27, 2008). "Christopher Nolan on 'Dark Knight' and its box-office billion: 'It's mystifying to me'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 27, 2008.
- Eric, Steven H. (July 25, 2012). "Christopher Nolan's Farewell to Batman". Flapship.com. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- "Nolan Talks Dark Knight Blu-Ray, a 100,000 Person Screening of the Film (Featuring Live Q & A w/ Nolan), TDK Sequel, and More!!". Ain't It Cool News. December 5, 2008. Archived from the original on March 21, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Bowles, Scott (December 7, 2008). "For now, Nolan and Batman will rest in 'Dark' glory". USA Today. Retrieved December 8, 2008.
- Weintraub, Steve; Goldberg, Matt (December 18, 2008). "Exclusive—Alan Horn, The President of Warner Bros, talks 'Dark Knight', 'Green Lantern', and More". Collider.com. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
- Allsletter, Rob (June 30, 2008). "The Dark Knight's Future". Comics Continuum. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
- Jolin, Dan (May 31, 2012). "It Begins with an Ending". Empire. Bauer Media Group.
- "'Dark Knight Rises': Christopher Nolan opens up about Bane choice". Los Angeles Times. December 12, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
- One Thing You Didn't Notice About Bane In "The Dark Knight Rises" by Bill Bradley, The Huffington Post, April 11, 2015
- Bettinger, Brendan (February 9, 2010). "Christopher Nolan On Board to Direct Dark Knight Sequel and 'Godfather' the Superman Franchise". Collider.com. Retrieved February 18, 2008.
- Finke, Nikki; Fleming, Mike (February 9, 2010). "It's A Bird! It's A Plane! It's Chris Nolan! He'll Mentor Superman 3.0 And Prep 3rd Batman". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on March 21, 2011. Retrieved December 3, 2010.
- Eggertsen, Chris (July 9, 2012). "'Dark Knight Rises' director Christopher Nolan on Bane, grandiosity and secrets revealed". HitFix. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "Bat Signal Up: Here's what we know so far about The Dark Knight Rises". moviehole.net. December 12, 2011. Retrieved December 14, 2011.
- Brooker, Will (June 7, 2012). "Clues from the Comics About Batman's Fate in The Dark Knight Rises". Io9.com. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- Marc Tyler Nobleman (2012). Bill the Boy Wonder:The Secret Co-Creator of Batman. Charlesbridge Publishing, U.S. ISBN 978-1580892896
- Marc Tyler Nobleman (July 18, 2008). "Noblemania: What "The Dark Knight" is missing". Noblemania.blogspot.com. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- Kit, Borys (December 1, 2010). "Heath Ledger Will Not Appear in 'Dark Knight Rises'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- Goldberg, Matt (May 19, 2011). "Principal Photography Begins on The Dark Knight Rises; Shooting on 3 Continents; Will Utilize More IMAX Filming". Collider.com. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- "Upcoming Batman film, "The Dark Knight Rises" might be shot in Bucharest, Romania". Romania-Insider. January 20, 2011. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
- "Christopher Nolan Is Scouting Locations For 'The Dark Knight Rises' in India". Livejournal. December 15, 2012. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
- Heywoord, Todd. A (February 2, 2011). "Jones: 'I don't favor ending the Michigan Film Credit'". Michigan Messenger. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
- Boucher, Geoff (October 27, 2010). "Nolan: 'Dark Knight Rises' finds the future in IMAX, not 3-D". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Dodes, Rachel (April 19, 2012). "IMAX Strikes Back". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Weintraub, Steve (December 22, 2010). "Exclusive: David Keighley (Head of Re-Mastering IMAX) Talks THE DARK KNIGHT, THE DARK KNIGHT RISES, TRON: LEGACY, New Cameras, More". Collider. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Gilchrist, Todd (April 20, 2010). "Cinematographer Wally Pfister Talks About Shooting 'Batman 3' in 3-D". Moviefone. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- Goldberg, Matt (December 9, 2011). "THE DARK KNIGHT RISES to Feature between 40 – 50 Minutes of IMAX Footage". Collider.com. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
- "Gary Oldman Addresses Akira Rumors; Talks About Shooting with IMAX Cameras on The Dark Knight Rises". Collider.com. November 22, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- "IMAX Aims to Kill With 'Hunger Games' As Fanboy Strategy Works". The Wrap. March 18, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- Giardina, Carolyn (June 24, 2012). "ILAFF 2012: 'Dark Knight Rises' Cinematographer Wally Pfister Discusses His Directorial Debut". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- de Semlyen, Phil (November 19, 2010). "Exclusive: The Dark Knight Rises In May". Empire. Bauer Media Hroup. Retrieved December 3, 2010.
- Dasgupta, Priyanka (April 30, 2011). "Christopher Nolan to shoot in Jodhpur". The Times of India. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- Molino, Rachel (April 27, 2011). "'The Dark Knight Rises' Heads to India". MTV. Retrieved May 8, 2011.
- "Why Jodhpur locals thought the Dark Knight cast was nuts". Firstpost. July 10, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
- Vancheri, Barbara (April 5, 2011). "'The Dark Knight Rises' will film in Pittsburgh". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved April 5, 2011.
- "Juicy Plot Details Revealed as The Dark Knight Rises Moves to Pittsburgh". Reelz Channel. June 12, 2011. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
- Varley, Teresa (June 12, 2011). "Fans can be a part of The Dark Knight Rises filming". Pittsburgh Steelers. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
- "'The Dark Knight Rises' Filming Locations In Pittsburgh August 10th–20th". On Location Vacations. June 16, 2011. Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- Schutte, Lauren (August 5, 2011). "'The Dark Knight Rises': Don't Mind Our Gunfire". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- Vancheri, Barbara (August 21, 2011). "Fans glimpse final round of 'Dark Knight' filming". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- Wigler, Josh (February 15, 2012). "'Dark Knight Rises' Meets ... Donald Trump?". MTV. Retrieved February 15, 2012.
- "Gridlock in Gotham: 'Dark Knight' filming in Newark likely to cause massive traffic delays this week". The Star-Ledger. November 2, 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
- "'The Dark Knight Rises' to film in Newark". New York Post. November 3, 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
- Di Ionno, Mark (November 5, 2011). "Di Ionno: Trying to unmask Newark's secret identity as a Batman film location". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
- Dingwall, John (May 23, 2011). "Batman and Robroyston: Glasgow to be transformed into Gotham for Hollywood film". Dailyrecord.co.uk. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- "The Dark Knight Rises Wraps!". Super Hero Hype. November 14, 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
- "Wales hosts Hollywood blockbusters". 2014. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
- Tyler, Josh (July 14, 2011). "First Look at the Dark Knight Rises Batmobile". Cinema Blend. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- Sciretta, Peter (August 11, 2011). "Batman's New Vehicle Revealed in 'Dark Knight Rises' Set Photo". /Film. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- "Bruce Wayne to drive Lamborghini Aventador in Batman: The Dark Knight Rises". Autoblog. June 29, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
- Koelsch, Dan (May 26, 2011). "Minor Accident on the Set of The Dark Knight Rises' [video]". MovieViral.com. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
- "Batman stunt artist comes down to earth with a bang". The Press and Journal. July 5, 2011. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
- Derschowitz, Jessica (August 9, 2011). "Catwoman stunt double crashes into camera on "The Dark Knight Rises" set". CBS News. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- Orange, B. Alan (August 13, 2011). "Batwing Suffers Major Accident On Set of The Dark Knight Rises!". Movie Web. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
- "The Traditionalist". DGA Quarterly. Spring 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- "Movie Studios Are Forcing Hollywood to Abandon 35mm Film. But the Consequences of Going Digital Are Vast, and Troubling". LA Weekly. April 12, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- "'Dark Knight Rises' Plot Details Revealed; New Bane Cover Photo". Screenrant. November 11, 2011. Retrieved February 25, 2012.
- "New Dark Knight Rises Image/Poster Reveal Batman Wanted for Murder and the Secret to Bane's Mask [Updated]". Collider.com. May 18, 2012. Retrieved May 19, 2012.
- "The Dark Knight's style rises!". GQ. March 6, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
- Weintraub, Steve (May 27, 2012). "Producer Emma Thomas Talks Drawing from Comic Books, Bane, IMAX and Much More on the Set of THE DARK KNIGHT RISES". Collider.com. Archived from the original on May 30, 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2012.
- "'Dark Knight Rises': Batwing First Look!". MTV. August 15, 2011. Retrieved February 25, 2012.
- "New Images of the Bat in The Dark Knight Rises". Superhero Hype!. June 14, 2012. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- Newman, Nick (January 18, 2012). "James Newton Howard Passes on 'Dark Knight Rises'; Cliff Martinez Scoring Winding Refn's 'Only God Forgives'". The Film Stage. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- "Hans Zimmer Speaks On The "Deshi Basara" Chant In "The Dark Knight Rises"". July 25, 2012. Archived from the original on January 9, 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Eisenberg, Eric (November 4, 2011). "Be Part of the Dark Knight Rises Score By Recording Yourself Chanting". CinemaBlend.com. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "Hans Zimmer Wants Your Voice for the 'Dark Knight Rises' Soundtrack". hollywood.com. November 4, 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
- "UJAM—The Dark Knight Rises—Introduction". Warner Brothers. November 4, 2011. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
- Radish, Christina (December 4, 2011). "Composer Hans Zimmer Talks About Crowd Sourcing Chants for the Score of The Dark Knight Rises". Collider.com. Retrieved February 25, 2012.
- Lussier, Germain (May 20, 2011). "First Look: Tom Hardy As Bane From 'The Dark Knight Rises'". /Film. Retrieved July 13, 2011.
- Davis, Stephen Spencer (July 13, 2011). "Trailer for The Dark Knight Rises Leaks Online". Slate. Retrieved July 25, 2011.
- Outlaw, Kofi (July 18, 2011). "The Official 'Dark Knight Rises' Teaser Trailer Is Finally Here!". ScreenRant. Retrieved July 25, 2011.
- Trumbore, Dave (November 20, 2011). "New The Dark Knight Rises Trailer and Possibly a Hobbit Teaser Attached to Sherlock Holmes 2". Collider.com. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- "'Dark Knight Rises' Official Trailer Leaked, Watch Here Now [VIDEO]". Etienne Uzac. December 18, 2011. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- Hughes, Sarah Anne; Chaney, Jen (December 19, 2011). "'The Dark Knight Rises' trailer released: Batten down the hatches (video)". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Dougherty, Conor (December 19, 2011). "Occupy Gotham? Dark Knight Rises Trailer Suggests Inequality Theme in Batman". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Jensen, Jeff (December 19, 2011). "'The Dark Knight Rises' trailer: Explosive. Scary. Political?". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Bawagan, Juanita (December 19, 2011). "Trailer: The Dark Knight Rises". National Post. Canada: Postmedia Network. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Boucher, Geoff (December 23, 2011). "'Dark Knight Rises' trailer smashes iTunes record". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
- Sacks, Ethan (March 2, 2012). "Avengers Trailer Sets iTunes 24 Hour Viewing Record Besting Dark Knight Rises". Daily News. New York. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
- Cavalli, Earnest (April 23, 2012). "Warner Bros. attaches third Dark Knight Rises trailer to The Avengers". Digitaltrends.com. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Rigney, Todd (April 30, 2012). "The Dark Knight Rises Trailer No. 3 Arrives Online". Webpronews.com. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- Horowitz, Josh (December 3, 2007). "'Dark Knight' Opening Scenes Reveal 'Radical' New Joker". MTV. Retrieved December 4, 2007.
- Chitwood, Adam (October 24, 2011). "The Dark Knight Rises Prologue Will Only Be Shown on 70mm IMAX Screens". Collider.com. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- Vejvoda, Jim (December 9, 2011). "We've Seen Bane's Introduction!". IGN. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
- Weintraub, Steve (December 8, 2011). "The Dark Knight Rises IMAX Prologue World Premieres in Hollywood; Video Blog Recap and 10 Things to Know (Spoiler Free)". Collider.com. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
- Lee, Chris (December 9, 2011). "Batman's New Nemesis, the Muscle-Bound Bane, Revealed". The Daily Beast. The Newsweek Daily Beast Company. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
- Holmes, Matt (December 9, 2011). "The Dark Knight Rises Prologue Reaction—What's With Bane's Voice?". Whatculture!. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
- "This Week's Cover: Our 2012 Forecast issue takes you to the set of 'The Dark Knight Rises'". Entertainment Weekly. January 11, 2012. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- Lussier, Germain (December 8, 2011). "'Dark Knight Rises' Viral Continues Friday With 'Operation Early Bird'". Slashfilm.com. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
- "Operation Early Bird Continues Dark Knight Rises Viral Campaign". Spinoff Online. December 9, 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
- Goldberg, Matt (December 15, 2011). "The Dark Knight Rises Viral Campaign Continues with Bane T-Shirt and Cylinder Map". Collider.com. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "'Dark Knight Rises' Viral Campaign To Unveil New Trailer". MTV. April 30, 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- Lund, Anthony (January 18, 2012). "Batman: Dark Knight Rises tickets sell out six months before release". Music Rooms. Retrieved February 11, 2012.
- Truitt, Brian (February 10, 2012). "The Dark Knight rises at Toy Fair with new movie figures". USA Today. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- Madler, Mark R. (February 20, 2012). "Warner Bros., JAKKS in Deal for Toy Line". San Fernando Valley Business Journal. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- Truit, Brian (February 12, 2012). "Super spuds: DC Comics heroes get Mr. Potato Head treatment". USA Today. Gannett Company, Inc. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- Weintraub, Steve (March 16, 2012). "WonderCon 2012: New Merchandise from The Dark Knight Rises Includes T-Shirts and Bane Converse All Stars". Collider.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- Davis, Justin (August 10, 2012). "The Dark Knight Rises iOS Review". IGN. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
- "Titan Books To Publish "The Dark Knight Rises" Novelization". Comic Book Resources. April 16, 2012. Archived from the original on April 17, 2012. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- Fera, Rae Ann. "Mountain Dew Delves Deep into Gotham City with Vast Dark Knight Cross-Promotion". Fast Company. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
- "The drought is over! Junior back in Victory Lane". NASCAR. June 17, 2012. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
- "Lotus to join forces with The Dark Knight Rises for the upcoming British Grand Prix". Autosport.com. July 4, 2012. Retrieved July 5, 2012.
- Beer, Matt (July 8, 2012). "Mark Webber charges to superb British Grand Prix victory". Autosport.com. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
- "Toyota brings Batman to Silversone". ITV-F1. July 1, 2008. Retrieved July 5, 2012.
- "Nokia Releases Batman Origins Comic App For Lumia Windows Phone Devices". WMPoweruser. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- polofaby (August 20, 2012). "Nokia releases The Dark Knight Rises: Prologue app for Lumia phones | Windows Phone News, Forums, and Reviews". wpcentral. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- polofaby. "The Dark Knight Rises now available for Lumia Windows Phones | Windows Phone News, Forums, and Reviews". wpcentral. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- "Nokia Lumia 800 The Dark Knight Rises limited edition debuts in India | NDTV Gadgets". Gadgets.ndtv.com. July 6, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- "The Dark Knight Rises Lumia 710 announced for T-Mobile – GSMArena.com news". Gsmarena.com. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- "Nokia | Nokia Phones". Phones 4u. March 13, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- Finn, Natalie (July 21, 2012). "Dark Knight Rises Director Christopher Nolan Breaks Silence on "Unbearably Savage" Colorado Shooting". E! News. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- "Mass shooting at Batman premiere in Colorado". Herald Sun. Australia: News Corporation. July 20, 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "Several reportedly dead, up to 20 injured after shooting at Colorado movie theater". Fox News. June 26, 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "10 dead in Aurora movie theater shooting". 9News.com. July 20, 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "Aurora 'Dark Knight' Shooting Suspect Identified: James Holmes". ABC News. July 20, 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "Gunman kills 14 at US Batman premiere". The Australian. Agence France-Presse. July 20, 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "'I'm the Joker': shooting suspect tells police". The Age. Australia: Fairfax Media. July 21, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
When Holmes was arrested outside the cinema, he told police: 'I'm the Joker.' Ray Kelly, the commissioner of New York police, who was kept updated by his colleagues in Colorado, said: 'It clearly looks like a deranged individual. He had his hair painted red, he said he was the Joker, obviously the enemy of Batman.'
- "12 killed at cinema in Colorado". News.com.au. July 21, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
In New York City, Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly said: 'It clearly looks like a deranged individual. He has his hair painted red. He said he was the Joker, obviously the enemy of Batman.'
- Leffler, Rebecca (July 20, 2012). "'Dark Knight Rises' Paris premiere scrapped following U.S. shootings". MSNBC. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- "Warner Bros. cancels 'Dark Knight Rises' premieres in Mexico and Japan". Entertainment Weekly. July 21, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- Blencowe, Annette (July 20, 2012). "Batman-elokuvan nettikampanja keskeytettiin Suomessa" [Batman movie online campaign was suspended in Finland]. Yle.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "Networks, not Warner Bros, Pulled ‘The Dark Knight Rises' TV Ads". Deadline. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- Blunt, Tom. "Warner Brothers Pulls ‘Gangster Squad' Trailer, Schedules Emergency Reshoots". Word & Film. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- Malkin, Marc. "Dark Knight Rises Shooting: Christian Bale Visits Victims in Hospital". E! News. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
- Finke, Nikke (July 6, 2012). "'The Dark Knight Rises' Doesn't For Media". Deadline| Hollywood. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
- Sacks, Ethan; Lestch, Corrine (July 16, 2012). "'Dark Knight Rises' premiere: Christian Bale, Anne Hathaway, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Marion Cotillard and Gary Oldman grace 'black carpet' of AMC Loews Lincoln Square theater". Daily News. New York. Retrieved July 17, 2012.
- "Batman finale premieres in London". BBC News. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
- "IMAX Darling Harbour sets record with The Dark Knight Rises pre-sales". Inside Film Australia. July 11, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Itzkoff, Dave (June 30, 2010). "A Man and His Dream: Christopher Nolan and 'Inception'". The New York Times. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
- McNary, Dave (May 3, 2010). "Batman sets date". Variety. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
- Doty, Meriah (July 16, 2012). "Early reviews: 'The Dark Knight Rises' and Bane get high marks". Yahoo. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
- Costanza, Justine (July 17, 2012). "The 'Dark Knight Rises' Review Round-Up: 'Bloated' Or 'Spectacular'?". International Business Times. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
- NME.COM. "'The Dark Knight Rises' receives overwhelmingly positive early reviews". NME.COM.
- "Rotten Tomatoes". Retrieved 2014-08-28.
- "The Dark Knight Rises". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved August 1, 2012.
- McClintock, Pamela (July 21, 2012). "Box Office Report: 'Dark Knight Rises' Now Headed For $165 Mil-$170 Mil Weekend". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- Collin, Robbie (July 16, 2012). "Batman: The Dark Knight Rises, first review". The Daily Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Turan, Kenneth (July 18, 2012). "Review: 'The Dark Knight Rises' more than shines, and on many levels". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- Gilchrist, Todd (July 16, 2012). "Review: Visceral 'The Dark Knight Rises' Is A Cinematic, Cultural & Personal Triumph". The Playlist. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- Vejvoda, Jim (July 15, 2012). "The Dark Knight Rises Review". IGN. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Brooks, Xan (July 16, 2012). "The Dark Knight Rises – the first review". The Guardian. London: Guardian News and Media. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- ""The Dark Knight Rises": Christopher Nolan's evil masterpiece". Salon. July 18, 2012. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- Ebert, Roger (July 17, 2012). "The Dark Knight Rises". The Chicago Sun-Times.
- Roeper, Richard. "Dark Knight Rises". Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- Shodipe, Abi (July 22, 2012). "Review: The Dark Knight Rises". The London Film Review. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Hughes, Mark (August 22, 2012). "The New Top 10 Best Comic Book Superhero Films Of All Time - Revised Edition". Forbes. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
- "The 301 Greatest Movies Of All Time". Empire. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
- Tookey, Chris (July 17, 2012). "The Dark Knight Rises review: Spectacular to look at but humourless and too long". Daily Mail. London.
- Charity, Tom (July 19, 2012). "Review: 'Dark Knight Rises' disappointingly clunky, bombastic". CNN.
- Tookey, Chris. "The Dark Knight Rises Review". The New Yorker. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- Eric, Steven H. (July 19, 2012). "The Dark Knight Rises and Why Batman Matters". Flapship.com. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- "Negative Dark Knight reviews spark vicious backlash". CBC News. July 18, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Broderick, Ryan (January 25, 2017). "Trump Supporters And Neo-Nazis Are Using Secret Chatrooms To Harass Shia LaBeouf". BuzzFeed. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- "Aidan Gillen has accidentally become part of a bizarre 'alt-right meme'". The Daily Edge. January 29, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- Sirota, David (June 4, 2008). "Book World: 'The Uprising'". Washington Post.
- Sirota, David (July 19, 2012). "Batman hates the 99 Percent". Salon. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Johnson, Ted (July 21, 2012). "Blockbusters can't escape politics". The Variety.
- Wells, Matt (October 16, 2004). "World writes to undecided voters". The Guardian. London.
- Shoard, Catherine (July 17, 2012). "Dark Knight Rises: fancy a capitalist caped crusader as your superhero?". The Guardian. London: Guardian News and Media. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Chait, Jonathan (August 19, 2012). "The Vast Left-Wing Conspiracy Is on Your Screen". New York. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Alexander, Bryan (August 17, 2012). "Occupy movement is alive and well on big screen". USA Today.
- "Christopher Nolan: 'Dark Knight Rises' Isn't Political". Rolling Stone. July 20, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Suddath, Claire (March 4, 2009). "Conservative Radio Host Rush Limbaugh". Time magazine.
- Finn, Natalie (July 17, 2012). "Rush Limbaugh: Dark Knight Rises' Bane Is a Dig at Mitt Romney!". E!.
- Effron, Lauren; Frost, Meredith (July 19, 2012). "Limbaugh's 'Dark Knight Rises' Comments 'Bizarre,' Says Nolan". ABC.
- Finn, Natalie (July 18, 2012). "Pick a Dark Knight Rises Controversy: Christopher Nolan, Morgan Freeman Weigh In". E!. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
- Bedard, Paul (July 16, 2012). "Romney's new foe: Batman's 'Bane'". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
- Couch, Aaron (January 20, 2017). "Donald Trump's Inauguration Speech Borrows Line from Batman Villain Bane". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- Puglise, Nicole (January 20, 2017). "Bane of our existence: Trump speech has uncanny echo of Batman villain". Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- Pearl, Mike (January 20, 2017). "Did Trump, Known 'Dark Knight Rises' Fanboy, Channel Bane in His Inauguration Speech?". Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- "Film in 2013". BAFTA. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- Nordyke, Kimberly (December 11, 2012). "'Lincoln' Leads Critics' Choice Movie Awards Nominees With Record-Setting 13 Mentions". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- "The 13th Annual Golden Trailer Awards". Goldentrailer.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
- Brooks, Brian (December 6, 2012). "'The Hunger Games' And 'The Muppets' Top Grammy Awards Movie Nominees". Movieline. PMC. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
- "KCA 2013 Nominees". nick.com. Archived from the original on May 18, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards 2012". Lafca.net. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- Warner, Denise (April 14, 2013). "2013 MTV Movie Awards winners list". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved April 15, 2013.
- Khatchatourian, Maane (November 19, 2012). "The People's Choice Awards nominees are ..". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
- Knegt, Peter (December 12, 2012). "'Les Miserables' Leads Phoenix Film Critics Nominations". IndieWire. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- Kilday, Gregg (December 3, 2012). "Satellite Awards Nominates 10 Films for Best Motion Picture". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
- Truitt, Brian (February 20, 2013). "'The Hobbit' leads Saturn Awards with nine nomination". USA Today.
- "Nominations for 39th annual Saturn Awards unveiled". Archived from the original on February 25, 2013.
- "SAG Awards 2013: The complete list of nominees". Los Angeles Times. December 11, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
- Brackett, Kevin (December 12, 2012). "St. Louis Film Critics Awards Nominees For 2012 Announced". Stlfilmcritics.org. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- "St. Louis Critics Announce 2012 Award Winners". IndieWire. December 17, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- mj santilli. "First Wave of Teen Choice Nominations Announced". mjsbigblog.
- "Breaking News - The Second Wave of Nominees Heats Up "Teen Choice 2013" Airing Sunday, August 11, Live on FOX - TheFutonCritic.com".
- 2013 Teen Choice Awards: Miley Cyrus, 'Glee,' 'Twilight' win big Entertainment Weekly, Retrieved August 12, 2013
- "34th Annual Young Artist Awards". YoungArtistAwards.org. Archived from the original on April 2, 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "'Dark Knight Rises' May Top Ledger Movie With $198 Million Debut". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. July 19, 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
- White, Michael (July 19, 2012). "'Dark Knight Rises' May Top Ledger Movie With $198 Million Debut". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Grover, Ronald; Richwine, Lisa (July 22, 2012). "'Dark Knight Rises' sales below forecasts after shooting". Entertainment on MSNBC.com. Reuters. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
- "Warner Bros. delays Batman box office reports". CBS News. July 21, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- "In Wake of Shooting, 'The Dark Knight Rises' Won't Report Early Box Office Figures". The Wall St. Journal. July 21, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- "Box office update: Studios not releasing numbers today". Entertainment Weekly. July 21, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- Ryan, Joal (July 21, 2012). "Dark Knight Rises' Opening Day: Not Business as Usual". E! Online. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- "'Dark Knight Rises' still on track for $165 million opening weekend". MSNBC. July 21, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- "'Dark Knight Rises' has estimated $75M Friday despite shootings". MSN Entertainment. July 21, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- McClintock, Pamela (July 21, 2012). "Box Office Report: 'Dark Knight Rises' Now Headed For $165 Mil-$170 Mil Weekend". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- Marikar, Sheila (July 21, 2012). "Warner Bros. Holds 'Dark Knight Rises' Box Office Numbers 'Out of Respect'". ABC. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- "All Time Worldwide Box Office Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- "2012 Yearly Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- "All Time Worldwide Opening Records at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Vlessing, Etan (July 23, 2012). "'Dark Knight Rises' Generates $19 Million Opening Weekend on Domestic Imax Screens". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- Nancy Tartaglione (May 3, 2015). "‘Ultron’ Outpacing ‘Avengers’ & ‘IM3′ With $439M; ‘F7′ Fuels Up – Intl B.O. Update". Deadline.com. (Penske Media Corporation). Retrieved May 4, 2015.
- "Warner Bros.' The Dark Knight Rises Generates Strongest-Ever Second-Weekend Results In IMAX® Theatres". PR Newswire. July 30, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- McClintock, Pamela (September 2, 2012). "Box Office Milestone: 'Dark Knight Rises' Crosses $1 Billion Worldwide". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
- Subers, Ray (September 4, 2012). "Around-the-World Roundup: 'Dark Knight Rises' Joins Billionaire Club". Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Fritz, Ben (July 20, 2012). "'Dark Knight Rises' collects $30.6 million from midnight screenings". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- Finke, Nikke (July 20, 2012). "'Dark Knight Rises' Midnight Box Office: Batman Film Earns $30 Million From Midnight Screenings". Huffington Post. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- Lang, Brent (July 20, 2012). "Box Office: 'Dark Knight Rises' Scores Second Highest Grossing Midnight Opening in History". The Wrap. Archived from the original on December 24, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (May 1, 2015). "‘Age Of Ultron’s $27.6M Thursday Outstrips First ‘Avengers’ Preview Night; Global Haul At $314.9M". Deadline.com. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
- "Top Grossing Movies in a Single Day". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "'The Dark Knight Rises' Tops Grim Weekend at Movies". The Wall Street Journal. July 23, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- McClintock, Pamela (July 23, 2012). "Box Office Report: 'Dark Knight Rises' Opens to Massive $160.9 Mil, But Shooting Takes Its Toll". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Staley, Eddie (July 24, 2012). "From Earlier: The Dark Knight Rises Generates Opening Weekend Box Office Results Of $23.8 Million In IMAX® Theatres Worldwide". benzinga. Archived from the original on August 4, 2012. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
- Smith, Grady (July 29, 2012). "Box office report: 'Dark Knight Rises' wins again with $64.1 million; nobody watches 'The Watch'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
- White, Michael (August 5, 2012). "Weekend Report: 'Dark Knight' Beats Up 'Recall' Redux". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
- "All Time Domestic Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- "2012 Yearly Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- "Superhero Movies at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- "Comic Book Adaptation Movies at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- "The Dark Knight Rises (2012)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
- Segers, Frank (July 29, 2012). "Foreign Box Office: 'Dark Knight Rises' Commands No. 1 Slot Overseas, Grossing More Than $250 Million To Date Offshore". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Subers, Ray (August 5, 2012). "Around-the-World Roundup: 'Dark Knight' Leads, 'Ted' Impresses in New Markets". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Segers, Frank (August 12, 2012). "Foreign Box Office: 'Dark Knight Rises' Repeats as No. 1 Overseas in Lethargic Session". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- Subers, Ray (August 28, 2012). "Around-the-World Roundup: 'Expendables 2' Flexes Muscles Overseas". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- "The Dark Knight Rises (2012) - International Box Office Results - Box Office Mojo".
- "'The Dark Knight Rises' out on Blu-ray, DVD on Dec. 4 – EXCLUSIVE". Entertainment Weekly. September 27, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
- "The Dark Knight Trilogy Blu-ray + UV Copy Region Free". Amazon. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
- Gilyadov, Alex (July 11, 2017). "Christopher Nolan Remastering Dark Knight Trilogy for 4K". IGN. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017.