Population milestone babies

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Estimated and projected populations of the world and its inhabited continents from 1950. The shaded regions correspond to range of projections by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs; for example, it estimates that the world population will reach 8 billion between 2022 and 2035.[1]
Estimated and projected populations of the world and its inhabited continents from 1950. The shaded regions correspond to range of projections by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs; for example, it estimates that the world population will reach 8 billion between 2022 and 2035.[1]

An arbitrarily selected baby born in a region on the date on which an official demographic authority has predicted the population of the region will pass a milestone figure of N may be symbolically recognised as the region's Nth person. At a world population level, the United Nations Population Fund designated five and six billionth babies in 1987 and 1999 respectively; no official baby was selected on the Day of Seven Billion in 2012.

World population[edit]

World population milestones were unnoticed until the 20th century, since there were no reliable data on global population dynamics.[2]

It is estimated that the population of the world reached one billion for the first time in 1804. It would be another 123 years before it reached two billion in 1927, but it took only 33 years to rise by another billion people, reaching three billion in 1960. Thereafter, the global population reached four billion in 1974, five billion in 1987, six billion in 1999 and, by some estimates, seven billion in October 2011 with other estimates being in March 2012.[3] It is projected to reach eight billion by 2024–2030. According to current projections, the world's population is likely to reach around nine billion by 2045–2050, with alternative scenarios ranging from a low of 7.4 billion to a high of more than 10.6 billion.[4] Projected figures vary depending on underlying statistical assumptions and which variables are manipulated in projection calculations, especially the fertility variable. Long-range predictions to 2150 range from a population decline to 3.2 billion in the 'low scenario', to 'high scenarios' of 24.8 billion. One scenario predicts a massive increase to 256 billion by 2150, assuming fertility remains at 1995 levels.[5]

World population milestones in billions (USCB estimates)
Population 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Year 1804 1927 1959 1974 1987 1999 2012 2026 2042
Years elapsed –– 123 32 15 13 12 13 14 16

Five billion[edit]

The Day of Five Billion, 11 July 1987, was designated by the United Nations Population Fund as the approximate day on which world population reached five billion. Matej Gašpar from Zagreb, Croatia (then SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia), was chosen as the symbolic 5-billionth person concurrently alive on Earth. The honor went to Zagreb because the 1987 Summer Universiade was taking place in the city at the time.[6][7]

Six billion[edit]

The United Nations Population Fund designated 12 October 1999 as the approximate day on which the world population reached six billion.[8] It was officially designated The Day of Six Billion. Demographers do not universally accept this date as being exact. In fact there has been subsequent research which places the day of six billion nearer to 18 June or 19 June 1999.[9] The International Programs division of the United States Census Bureau estimated that the world population reached six billion on 21 April 1999.[citation needed] United Nations Population Fund spokesman Omar Gharzeddine disputed the date of the Day of Six Billion by stating, "The U.N. marked the '6 billionth' [person] in 1999, and then a couple of years later the Population Division itself reassessed its calculations and said, actually, no, it was in 1998."[10]

On the Day of Six Billion, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan was in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina to monitor the Dayton Agreement.[11] At midnight he went to Koševo Hospital, where Adnan Mević, born at 12.01 am, was named the symbolic 6 billionth concurrently alive person on Earth.[8][11][12] He is the first son of Fatima Mević and Jasminko Helać and weighed 3.5 kg.[12]

Seven billion[edit]

Main article: Day of Seven Billion

The "Day of Seven Billion" was targeted by the United States Census Bureau to be in March 2012,[13] while the Population Division of the United Nations suggested 31 October 2011,[14] and the latter date was officially designated by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) as the approximate day on which the world's population reached seven billion people.[15] United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the United Nations building in New York City on this milestone in the size of world population, and promoted the website 7 Billion Actions.[16][17] Ban Ki-moon did not choose a symbolic seven billionth baby, but several groups proposed candidates: Nargis Kumar of Uttar Pradesh, India,[18] Danica May Camacho of Manila, Philippines[19] and Wattalage Muthumai of Colombo, Sri Lanka.[20]

National and regional population[edit]

National or subnational governments have sometimes made similar designations based on the date estimated by a demographic agency. Some national milestones relate to citizens rather than residents. Commentators in countries with high immigration have pointed out that a population milestone may be reached by an immigrant rather than natural increase.[21][22]

Country Population Born Name Notes Refs
United States 200m Nov 20 1967 Robert Ken Woo Jr Named by Time magazine, not the government. None named for 300m. [23]
Australia 15m January 29, 1982 Sally Hodgson Awarded by Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs Ian Macphee [24]
Indonesia 200m Feb. 4, 1997 Wahyu Nusantara Aji Complains that government promises of support were not kept [25]
India 1b May 11, 2000 Aastha Arora speculation re Independence Day 1999 till Registrar demurred. Complains that government promises of support were not kept. [26][27][28]
Kyrgyzstan 5m 27 August 2002 Tynchtykbek Kuramayev [29]
Australia 21m June 29, 2007 Mia Ruby Templeton Awarded by Treasurer Peter Costello [30]
Taiwan 23m July 17, 2008 Wu Cheng-en certificate from Premier of the Republic of China Liu Chao-shiuan [31]
Auckland Region, New Zealand 1.5m Feb 1, 2012 Ramonah Patience Toomalatai Welcomed by Len Brown the Mayor of Auckland [32]
Kazakhstan 17m May 17, 2013 Altynbek Eskaraev Алтынбек Ескараев [33][34]
Vietnam 90m 1 Nov 2013 Nguyễn Thị Thùy Dung randomly chosen by the General Office of Population and Family Planning from among two dozen babies born that day [35][36]
Philippines 100m Jul 27, 2014 Chonalyn Sentino [37]
Wake County, North Carolina 1m Aug 22, 2014 Anderson Grace Hughes Offered full scholarship by Wake Technical Community College [38]
Mongolia 3m January 24, 2015 Mongoljin Khatanbold [39][40]
Silicon Valley 3m May 5, 2015 Max Danner [41]
Utah 3m Oct 24, 2015 Sadie Christensen By governor Gary Herbert [42]
Kyrgyzstan 6m November 27, 2015 Aylin Kojosheva [43][44]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Population Prospects, the 2010 Revision
  2. ^ Vaclav Smil, "Global Population: Milestones, Hopes, and Concerns", Medicine & Global Survival, October 1998; Vol. 5, No. 2, 105–108
  3. ^ "Population seven billion: UN sets out challenges". BBC. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Key Findings". Long-Range Population Projections (PDF). Proceedings of the United Nations Technical Working Group on Long-Range Population Projections (New York: United Nations: Department of Economic and Social Affairs). 2003. Retrieved 3 July 2010. 
  6. ^ Ankica Barbir-Mladinović (19 July 2011). "Petomilijarditi "Zemljanin": Ne slušati stereotipe" (in Croatian). Radio Free Europe. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  7. ^ "And Baby Makes Five billion: U.N. Hails a Yugoslav Infant". New York Times. 12 July 1987. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  8. ^ a b Edith M. Lederer (12 October 1999). "World Population Hits 6 billion". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 October 2010. 
  9. ^ "Population Clock". 
  10. ^ Alan Boyle, Science Editor, NBC News (2011-10-28). "Cosmic Log – 7 billion people? How do they know?". Cosmiclog.msnbc.msn.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  11. ^ a b "The Secretary-General, in two-day stopover in Sarajevo, confers with local leaders, United Nations Representative". United Nations. 14 October 1999. pp. SG/T/2204. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  12. ^ a b World UN chief welcomes six billionth baby
  13. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau – World POPClock Projection". Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  14. ^ World Population Prospects, the 2008 Revision Frequently Asked Questions Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, updated 10 November 2010. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
  15. ^ World Population Prospects, the 2008 Revision Frequently Asked Questions Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat updated 10 November 2010. Retrieved 26 January 2011
  16. ^ "Day of 7 Billion". UNFPA. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  17. ^ "About 7 Billion Actions". 7 Billion Actions. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  18. ^ "India welcomes 'world's seven billionth baby'". BBC News. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2011. 
  19. ^ Coleman, Jasmine (2011-10-31). "World's 'seven billionth baby' is born". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-10-31. 
  20. ^ "Seven billionth child born in SL | Caption Story". Dailymirror.lk. 2011-10-31. Retrieved 2012-10-05. 
  21. ^ "Australia's population hits 24 million people, ABS clock shows". ABC Online (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 2016-02-16. Retrieved 6 April 2016. The ABS said it was unclear whether the 24 millionth Australian was a newborn or a migrant 
  22. ^ "Baby Reed is one in 23 million as Australia's population hits a milestone". The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, Australia). Retrieved 6 April 2016. He said the 23rd millionth person could be a newborn but could equally be a person coming to work in Australia or a returning backpacker who had been away for more than a year. 
  23. ^ "US population reaches 300 million". BBC Online. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  24. ^ "28 Apr 1982 - Meet Sally Hodgson, millionth Australian - Trove". Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  25. ^ "Wahyu Nusantara Aji: The forgotten 200 millionth citizen". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  26. ^ "Aastha, India’s billionth baby". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  27. ^ Drèze, Jean; Sen, Amartya (2002). India: Development and Participation. Oxford University Press. p. 189. ISBN 9780199257485. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  28. ^ "Billionth Indian due tomorrow". The Independent. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  29. ^ "13 Yo 5 Millionth Citizen of Kyrgyzstan to Partake in Celebrations in Honor 6 Millionth Citizen - November 11, 2015 - Central Asian News Services - Books and Journals - VLEX 586835174". Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  30. ^ "Costello hands 21-millionth baby mantle to Mia". Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  31. ^ "Taiwan Premier Liu Chao-shiuan , gives a citizen certificate to the... Pictures". Getty Images. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  32. ^ "Auckland Welcomes Its 1.5 Millionth Citizen". The Devonport Speculator. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  33. ^ Zagidullin, Rashit; Zagidullina, Aliya. "Shifting Paradigms: Language Learning in Kazakhstan" (PDF). The European Conference on Language Learning 2013. Official Conference Proceedings 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  34. ^ "17-миллионному казахстанцу подарили скакуна - Новости Общества - Новости Mail.Ru". Mail.Ru (in Russian). Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  35. ^ "Population hits 90 mln but can Vietnam take care of its children?". Thanh Nien Daily. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  36. ^ "Nguyễn Thị Thùy Dung - công dân thứ 90 triệu của Việt Nam". Thanh Niên (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  37. ^ "Les Philippines comptent désormais cent millions d'habitants - Asie-Pacifique - RFI". Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  38. ^ Hoyle, Amanda (Aug 22, 2014). "Full scholarship awarded to Wake County baby named 1 millionth resident". Triangle Business Journal (American City Business Journals). Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  39. ^ "MONGOLIA WELCOMED HER 3-MILLIONTH CITIZEN". president.mn. 2015-01-28. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  40. ^ "A NAME “MONGOLJIN” WAS GIVEN TO THE 3-MILLIONTH CITIZEN OF MONGOLIA". PRESIDENT.MN. 2015-01-28. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  41. ^ "Newborn Max Danner is Silicon Valley's three millionth resident". abc7news.com. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  42. ^ "Utah celebrates 3 million residents". The Daily Universe (Brigham Young University). 24 October 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  43. ^ "Kyrgyzstan Goes Bananas for Citizen No. 6 Million". EurasiaNet.org. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  44. ^ "Kyrgyzstan welcomes six millionth citizen: “It’s a girl!” - Ferghana Information agency, Moscow". Retrieved 6 April 2016.