World population milestones
Human population milestones, such as reaching particular population counts, have been unnoticed until the twentieth century, since there were no reliable data on global human population dynamics.
It is estimated that the human population reached one billion for the first time in 1804. It would be another 123 years before it reached two billion in 1927, but it took only thirty-three years to rise by another billion, reaching three billion in 1960. Thereafter, the human population reached four billion in 1974, five billion in 1987, six billion in 1999 and, by some estimates, seven billion in October 2011 with other estimates being in March 2012. It is projected to reach eight billion by 2024–2030. According to current projections, the human population is likely to reach nine billion by 2045–2050, with alternative scenarios ranging from a low of 7.4 billion to a high of more than 10.6 billion. Projected figures vary depending on underlying statistical assumptions and which variables are manipulated in projection calculations, especially the fertility variable. Long-range predictions to 2150 range from a population decline to 3.2 billion in the 'low scenario', to 'high scenarios' of 24.8 billion. One scenario predicts a massive increase to 256 billion by 2150, assuming fertility remains at 1995 levels.
Billionth milestone days
There is no estimation for the exact day or month the human population surpassed each of the one and two billion marks. The days of three and four billion were not officially noted, but the International Database of the United States Census Bureau places them in July 1959 and April 1974.
The Day of Five Billion
The Day of Five Billion, July eleventh, 1987, was designated by the United Nations Population Fund as the approximate day on which the human population reached five billion. Matej Gašpar from Zagreb, Croatia (then SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia), was chosen as the symbolic five-billionth person concurrently alive on Earth. The honor went to Zagreb because the 1987 Summer Universiade was taking place in the city at the time.
The Day of Six Billion
The United Nations Population Fund designated October twelfth, 1999 as the approximate day on which the human population reached six billion. It was officially designated The Day of Six Billion. Demographers do not universally accept this date as being exact. In fact there has been subsequent research which places the day of six billion nearer to June 18th or 19th, 1999. The International Programs division of the United States Census Bureau estimated that the human population reached six billion on April 21st, 1999. United Nations Population Fund spokesman Omar Gharzeddine disputed the date of the Day of Six Billion by stating, "The U.N. marked the '6 billionth' [person] in 1999, and then a couple of years later the Population Division itself reassessed its calculations and said, actually, no, it was in 1998."
On the Day of Six Billion, U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan was in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina to monitor the Dayton Agreement. At midnight he went to Koševo Hospital, where Adnan Mević, born at 12:01 A.M., was named the symbolic six billionth concurrently living (and born) person on Earth. He is the first son of Fatima Mević and Jasminko Helać and weighed 3.5 kilograms.
The Day of Seven Billion
The "Day of Seven Billion" was targeted by the United States Census Bureau to be in March 2012, while the Population Division of the United Nations suggested October 31st, 2011, and the latter date was officially designated by the United Nations Population Fund (U.N.F.P.A.) as the approximate day on which the human population reached seven billion. United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the United Nations building in New York City on this milestone, and promoted the web-site 7 Billion Actions. Ban Ki-moon did not choose a symbolic seven billionth baby, but several groups proposed candidates: Nargis Kumar of Uttar Pradesh, India, Danica May Camacho of Manila, Philippines and Wattalage Muthumai of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The Day of Eight Billion
Estimated to be in 2026 (see table)
The Day of Nine Billion
Estimated to be in 2042 (see table)
- World Population Prospects, the 2010 Revision
- Vaclav Smil, "Global Population: Milestones, Hopes, and Concerns", Medicine & Global Survival, October 1998; Vol. 5, No. 2, 105–108
- "Population seven billion: UN sets out challenges". BBC. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-27.
- "Ch. 5: Population Size and Composition". World Population Prospects, the 2000 Revision (PDF). Vol.III. United Nations Population Division. p. 171. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
- "Executive Summary". World Population Prospects: The 2002 Revision Volume III: Analytical Report (PDF). 2002. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
- "World Population to 2300" (PDF). New York: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division. 2004. pp. 3, 14. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
- "World Population: 1950–2050". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. June 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
- "2009 World Population Data Sheet" (PDF). Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau. 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
- "Key Findings". Long-Range Population Projections (PDF). Proceedings of the United Nations Technical Working Group on Long-Range Population Projections (New York: United Nations: Department of Economic and Social Affairs). 2003. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
- Ankica Barbir-Mladinović (19 July 2011). "Petomilijarditi "Zemljanin": Ne slušati stereotipe" (in Croatian). Radio Free Europe. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "And Baby Makes Five billion: U.N. Hails a Yugoslav Infant". New York Times. 12 July 1987. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- Edith M. Lederer (12 October 1999). "World Population Hits 6 billion". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "Population Clock".
- Alan Boyle, Science Editor, NBC News (2011-10-28). "Cosmic Log – 7 billion people? How do they know?". Cosmiclog.msnbc.msn.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
- "The Secretary-General, in two-day stopover in Sarajevo, confers with local leaders, United Nations Representative". United Nations. 14 October 1999. pp. SG/T/2204. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
- World UN chief welcomes six billionth baby
- "U.S. Census Bureau – World POPClock Projection". Retrieved 2011-10-27.
- World Population Prospects, the 2008 Revision Frequently Asked Questions Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, updated 10 November 2010. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- World Population Prospects, the 2008 Revision Frequently Asked Questions Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat updated 10 November 2010. Retrieved 26 January 2011
- "Day of 7 Billion". UNFPA. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
- "About 7 Billion Actions". 7 Billion Actions. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
- "India welcomes 'world's seven billionth baby'". BBC News. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- Coleman, Jasmine (2011-10-31). "World's 'seven billionth baby' is born". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-10-31.
- "Seven billionth child born in SL | Caption Story". Dailymirror.lk. 2011-10-31. Retrieved 2012-10-05.