The Deep (unfinished film)
|Directed by||Orson Welles|
|Produced by||Orson Welles|
|Written by||Orson Welles|
The Deep is an unfinished film directed by Orson Welles and based on the novel Dead Calm by Charles Williams, which would later be adapted into the film of the same title. Welles produced and wrote the film, and also played the role of Russ Brewer opposite Jeanne Moreau and Laurence Harvey.
Welles worked on the film from 1966 to 1969. The film is incomplete; several major scenes were never shot, and portions of the soundtrack remain unrecorded. The original negative has been lost and the film exists in two work prints, one in black and white and the other in color (the way the film was intended to be shown).
Welles intended the film as a less personal, more commercially viable project, saying of The Deep: "My hope is that it won’t be an art-house movie. I hope it’s the kind of movie I enjoy seeing myself. I felt it was high time to show that we could make some money." Nonetheless, Peter O'Toole recalls that he was approached by Welles to play the lead in the film, and remembers The Deep as "a script that I thought was beautiful."
The film was shot off the coast of Yugoslavia between 1966 and 1969. It was photographed in color by Belgian cinematographer Willy Kurant, who also shot The Immortal Story for Welles. The production was plagued by financial and technical problems. As work on the film became more sporadic and difficult, Welles became more withdrawn. Amongst the unshot scenes was an explosion that would have formed the climax of the film.
Though the production was deeply troubled, many of the people involved have spoken highly of the film, including lead Jeanne Moreau, who in 2000 looked back on the film as "a fantastic experience" and noting that "the only disastrous thing was that later on, the film disappeared." Welles struggled to finish the film after production effectively halted in 1969. He edited trailers and short scenes to help secure financing and at one point contacted Charlton Heston about recording voice-over narration.
In 1973, lead Laurence Harvey died, effectively ending any hope for Welles of finishing the picture.
Because the original negative has been lost, the only versions of the film that exist are two work prints, one in color and the other in black and white. The Munich Film Museum later created a version using these elements.
Because production had never finished, the film never entered post-production, and therefore the surviving versions of the film feature no music and use rough audio which Welles planned on re-dubbing later. Welles even dubbed in some actor's lines himself while editing the film, and this can be heard in the current version. There are plans to "complete" the film using subtitles or intertitles to replace or explain the missing scenes.
- French, Lawrence. "Notes on Orson Welles’ THE DEEP," Wellesnet (Jan. 27, 2007). Accessed Nov. 10, 2011.
- Orson Welles the Unknown - Harvard Film Archive
- Joseph McBride, What Ever Happened to Orson Welles? A portrait of an independent career (University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, 2006) p.166