The Delfonics

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The Delfonics
The Delfonics at The Rhythm & Blues Foundation in 2006 (L to R) Randy Cain, William Hart and Wilbert Hart
The Delfonics at The Rhythm & Blues Foundation in 2006 (L to R) Randy Cain, William Hart and Wilbert Hart
Background information
OriginPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
GenresR&B, Philadelphia soul, Soul
Years active1965–present
LabelsPhilly Groove Records
La La Records
Poogie Records
Associated actsThe Stylistics, The Chi-Lites, Blue Magic, The Dramatics, Black Ivory
WebsiteWebsite
MembersOriginal Members
William "Poogie" Hart
Wilbert "Wil" Hart
Past membersRandy Cain* (Deceased)
Major Harris (Deceased)
(*) Original member

The Delfonics are an American R&B/soul vocal group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The Delfonics were most popular in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Their most notable hits include "La-La (Means I Love You)", "Didn't I (Blow Your Mind This Time)", "Break Your Promise", "I'm Sorry", and "Ready or Not Here I Come (Can't Hide from Love)".[1] Their hit songs were primarily written/composed and produced by lead vocalist and founding member William "Poogie" Hart and the musical instrumentation was arranged/conducted by songwriter and producer Thom Bell.

Their songs have been used in film soundtracks, including Quentin Tarantino's 1997 movie Jackie Brown, in which "La-La (Means I Love You)" and "Didn't I (Blow Your Mind This Time)" underscore the pivotal relationship between the characters played by Pam Grier and Robert Forster. Their songs "Ready or Not Here I Come (Can't Hide from Love)" and "Funny Feeling" were used in the video game Grand Theft Auto V on the fictional radio station The Lowdown 91.1.

Career[edit]

Early days[edit]

Prior to forming the Delfonics, William "Poogie" Hart sang in a variety of groups including Little Hart and The Everglows, the Veltones, the Four Guys, and the Four Gents. Members of some of these early groups included brothers William and Wilbert Hart, Ritchie Daniels, Randy Cain, Stan Lathan, and Donald Cannon, friends who met at Overbrook High School in the 1960s.[2]

Circa 1964, William "Poogie" Hart and his brother, Wilbert Hart, formed a group called The Orphonics, consisting of themselves plus Randy Cain and Richie Daniels. After Daniels joined the armed services, they used Ricky Johnson. Randy Cain later rejoined, and the original trio of William Hart, Wilbert Hart, and Randy Cain became The Orphonics. The name came from a stereophonic machine the Harts had in their basement.

In 1965, William Hart was working in a barbershop in Philadelphia. A man named Stan Watson[3] came into the barbershop one day, where William Hart, who had written quite a few songs by this point, would sing while playing his guitar. Watson told William Hart that he knew a young arranger/producer for Cameo-Parkway Records named Thom Bell, who was at the time working with Chubby Checker. Watson thereafter introduced the group to Bell. William Hart recalls that the first song he presented to Bell was an original composition of his entitled "He Don't Really Love You".[4] Bell immediately produced the music arrangement to that song and it was released on Moon Shot which later became Cameo-Parkway Records.

Hit years[edit]

The Orphonics were soon renamed "The Delfonics," and their first recording, "He Don't Really Love You" b/w "Without You", which had been arranged and produced by Thom Bell, was released on the small Moon Shot Records in around August 1966. (The artist on first pressings of the 45 RPM record was actually listed as "The Del Fonics" and Thom Bell was credited as "Tommy Bell." Following the increased popularity of the group, the Moon Shot record was reissued in April 1968, and on this later release it was distributed by Calla Records.) The second Delfonics' recording, "You've Been Untrue" b/w "I Was There," once again arranged/produced by Bell (now credited as "Thom Bell") was released in April 1967 on Cameo Records.

By the end of 1967, Cameo-Parkway Records announced that it would soon no longer exist as a record company. In December of that year, Thom Bell took the Delfonics into Cameo-Parkway's recording studio to record a William Hart composition, entitled "La-La (Means I Love You)", which featured Hart on falsetto lead. With Cameo-Parkway about to be defunct, Stan Watson started up his own label entitled Philly Groove Records, and in December 1967 "La-La (Means I Love You)" was first released to the local Philadelphia music market. After gaining national distribution/promotion with New York's Amy-Mala-Bell, the single became a hit in 1968, selling over one million copies. It reached #4 on the pop charts,[5] and was awarded a gold disc.

The group's debut album La La Means I Love You, released on Philly Groove Records in 1968, featured the hit original compositions "La-La (Means I Love You)", "Break Your Promise", "I'm Sorry", and "Can You Remember"; along with covers of the Hal David/Burt Bacharach compositions "Alfie" and "The Look of Love".

Four more Bell-produced albums appeared in the next few years: The Sound of Sexy Soul, The Delfonics Super Hits, The Delfonics and Tell Me This Is a Dream. Among the Delfonics' popular hits were the Grammy Award-winning "Didn't I (Blow Your Mind This Time)", "(For The Love) I Gave To You", "Ready or Not Here I Come (Can't Hide from Love)", and "Hey Love". The Delfonics and Bell had to work with a basic budget on the first creation as Thom explained "When I took them into the studio we didn't have any money to pay for string players and an orchestra so I played most of the instruments myself!"—a far cry from the full classical productions from 1968 to the beginning of the seventies.[6] "Didn't I (Blow Your Mind This Time)" also sold a million copies and by March 1970 received a gold disc from the R.I.A.A.

By 1972, The Delfonics racked up twelve top-20 hits on Billboards R&B/Soul Single Chart.[7]

Randy Cain left the group in 1971 after completing their fourth album, and in 1973 had a hand in forming Blue Magic. Cain was replaced by Major Harris; by then, however, Thom Bell had moved on to produce The Stylistics and later, The Spinners. The Delfonics swiftly produced another album, Alive & Kicking (1974), produced by Stan Watson. However, in the absence of Thom Bell, the Delfonics' career declined sharply, and with the exception of the aforementioned "Hey Love" and the minor hits "When You Get Right Down to It", "I Don't Want To Make You Wait" and "I Told You So", success eluded them after 1975. ("(For The Love) I Gave To You", although popular, was never released as a single.) Most of their songs at this point were written by lead singer William Hart.

1974–1980s[edit]

Late 1974, Major Harris started his solo career by signing with Atlantic Records and releasing his 1975 #1 R&B hit single, "Love Won't Let Me Wait",[8] which peaked at #5 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart[9] and was awarded a gold disc by the R.I.A.A. on June 25, 1975.

The group split around 1975; one group featured Major Harris and Wilbert Hart, with new member Frank Washington, formerly of the Futures. The other group featured William Hart with new members. Lineups would become confusing as members shifted between groups and multiple groups toured.[10] Major Harris moved to Hart's group around 1980, with their third member being the returning Randy Cain. Frank Washington also switched from Wilbert Hart's group, joining in 1985. While the main recording lineup of the group was William Hart, Major Harris, and Frank Washington, they would tour as two separate trios with additional members added. One group featured William Hart, Randy Cain, and Garfield Fleming, and the other consisted of Frank Washington, Major Harris, and Freddy Ingleton. William Hart also toured with another lineup consisting of himself, Johnny ("JJ") Johnson and Pat Palmer,[11] and toured in Japan at least one time with Ingleton and Dr. Salaam Love.[12] In 1989, Wilbert Hart, Major Harris and Frank Washington appeared on The Arsenio Hall Show.[13]

1990–2000[edit]

Through the 1990s, the Delfonics groups continued to perform. The William Hart's with Major Harris and Frank Washington made several recordings, including backing vocals on the track "After the Smoke is Clear", on the 1996 hip hop album Ironman by Ghostface Killah.[14] The groups reorganized again in the 1990s. William Hart began touring with Johnnie Johnson and Garfield Fleming; this group recorded as the Delfonics. Major Harris toured with Frank Washington and Pat Palmer. Wilbert Hart's group included Salaam Love (formerly in William's group) and Eban Brown who formerly performed with, Ray, Goodman & Brown and a short stay with The Manhattans as lead tenor. Brown was lead tenor with Wilbert Hart's group for 5 years, from 1993 until his departure to take a two-year break from the industry in 1998. Brown and Love were replaced by first tenor Van Fields and New York native Greg Hill around 1999. After a very short stay with Wilbert Hart's group, Fields left and along with Brown, they joined The Stylistics in 2000.

To fill the void in the group, Hill brought Joe Branch to a rehearsal and Wilbert Hart hired him as new lead vocalist. The William Hart's group with Johnson and Fleming were featured in concert on the DVDs "The Big Show" and "'70s Soul Jam", whereas Wilbert Hart's group is featured on the DVD "Old School Soul Party Live!", which was part of the PBS My Music series. Harris is also featured on the re-released DVD Blue Magic/Margie Joseph/Major Harris Live!, which was recorded in 1975. Wilbert Hart released a CD in 2005 entitled "Fonic Zone",[15] which he wrote and produced. Rick Ross was featured on the single entitled "Here For U". After 6 years with Wilbert Hart's group Hill departed in 2005 and was replaced by Dr. Salaam Love.

2005–2019[edit]

William "Poogie" Hart continued touring with his group, Johnson and Fleming while Wilbert Hart continued touring with his group, Branch and Salaam. Original Member Randy Cain reunited with the brothers at the Rhythm and Blues Foundation Awards in Philadelphia to perform for the first time together in years and were honored with the Pioneer Award.[16] Soon after, Randy joined William Hart on his tour and stayed with that unit until his death in 2009. William Hart, along with Russell Thompkins Jr., the original lead singer of The Stylistics and Ted Mills the original lead singer of Blue Magic came together to record a CD entitled, "The Three Tenors of Soul",[17] which was produced by songwriter and producer, Bobby Eli and released in 2007.

Randy Cain died on April 9, 2009.[18]

Major Harris died on November 9, 2012.[19]

As of 2020, William Hart and Wilbert Hart are celebrating their 55th anniversary in the music industry. They both continues to tour with their separate groups.

Television/film[edit]

In April 1970, William and Wilbert Hart and Randy Cain appeared on the television show, Soul!, and they performed, "Didn't I Blow Your Mind This Time".[20]

On January 2, 1971, William and Wilbert Hart and Randy Cain appeared on season 14, episode 18 of the television show, American Bandstand. They performed "Didn't I Blow Your Mind This Time".[21]

On July 1, 1971, William and Wilbert Hart and Major Harris appeared on season 8, episode 26 on the television show Top of the Pops and performed, "La La (Means I Love You)".[22] [23]

On December 11, 1971, William and Wilbert Hart and Major Harris appeared on season 1, episode 11 of the television show Soul Train. They performed, "Didn't I Blow Your Mind This Time" and "Hey Love".[24] [25]

On March 2, 1974, William and Wilbert Hart and Major Harris appeared on season 3, episode 24 of the television show Soul Train. They performed "I Told You So" and "I Don't Want To Make You Wait".[26] <

In January 2009, William Hart, Randy Cain and Garfield Fleming performed on the television special, "Love Train: The Sound of Philadelphia". They performed, "Didn't I Blow Your Mind This Time" and "La-La Means I Love You".[27]

On November 20, 2013 William and Wilbert Hart were featured on season 6 episode 14 of TV ONE's Unsung, "The story of The Delfonics".[28]

On September 30, 2016, William "Poogie" Hart and The Delfonics are featured actors and performers in Harlem's Paradise in episode nine, entitled "DWYCK", premiered on the Netflix original series Luke Cage.

In 2018, William Hart, Wilbert Hart, Randy Cain and Major Harris, earlier performances from the television series Soul! are featured in the 2018 award-winning documentary film, Mr. Soul!,[29][30][31] a film based on the host and executive producer of Soul!, Ellis Haizlip, the first "black Tonight Show". In 1968, Soul! was launched as a local, New York broadcast. In 1969 the series rolled out nationwide on PBS, on WNET Channel 13. Haizlip had produced over 130 hour-long shows featuring of A-list guests. Actor Blair Underwood is the executive director and narrator of the film.[32]

Legacy[edit]

The Delfonics songs are covered and sampled by multiple artists and they are used in TV shows and in films. Below are a list of some.
"La-La (Means I Love You)"
Booker T. & the M.G.'s in 1968 on their album Soul Limbo, The Jackson 5 on their 1970 album, ABC, Todd Rundgren covered the song in his 1973 album, A Wizard, a True Star. Samantha Sang covered the song on her 1978 LP, Emotion. The Jets covered this song in 1985 on their self-titled debut album. The group Swing Out Sister covered the song on their 1994 album The Living Return. The Manhattan Transfer cover was on their 1995 album Tonin' and Prince covered the song in 1996 on his album Emancipation, retitling the song "La, La, La Means 👁 Love U". In 2004, rapper Ghostface Killah sampled "La-La" on his song "Holla" from his album The Pretty Toney Album.

In 1994, The song was featured in Spike Lee's film, Crooklyn.

Nicolas Cage sang this song to Téa Leoni in the 2000 film The Family Man.[33]

On April 23, 2006, the song was featured on season 6 episode "Luxury Lounge" of the television series The Sopranos.[34]

On February 15, 2017, The Roots performed the song live on season 2017, episode 27 of "The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon".[35]

"Didn't I (Blow Your Mind This Time)"
Covered by, Aretha Franklin (from Young, Gifted and Black in 1971), In 1973 Jackie Jackson covered the song on his self-titled debut album from Jackie Jackson. Maxine Nightingale covered it on her 1977 album "Night Life". In 1980, Millie Jackson cover peaked at #49 in the Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.[36] New Kids on the Block covered it on their 1986, self-titled debut album. Regina Belle covered the song in 1995 on her album, Reachin' Back, Lisa Fischer covered it in 2000 and Patti LaBelle covered the song on her 2005 album, "Classic Moments".

In 1997, the song was featured in the motion picture Jackie Brown and was included on the soundtrack.

On March 15, 2011, Daryl Hall and Todd Rundgren covered this song in episode 40 of Live from Daryl's House.

The song was featured on the episode "Heads Will Roll", of the television series Ballers[37][38] and in the television series, Euphoria in season 1.

"Ready or Not Here I Come (Can't Hide from Love)"
The Jackson 5 covered the song on their 1970 album Third Album. In 1996, the Fugees sampled the song on their single "Ready or Not". The song was also sampled by Missy Elliott in 1997 for her song "Sock It 2 Me". The song was sampled on "Who Run It" by Three 6 Mafia in 2000 on their album When the Smoke Clears: Sixty 6, Sixty 1. In 2008, the song was sampled by Bliss n Eso in their song "The Sea is Rising". In 2014, the song was sampled by Lil' Kim in the chorus of her song "Whenever You See Me" from her mixtape Hardcore 2K14. In 2016, the song was covered by Laura Mvula.

"Hey! Love"
The Notorious B.I.G. sampled "Hey! Love" for his song, "Playa Hater" on his 1997 album "Life After Death", and in the 2012 film End of Watch,[39] and on the season 2 episode, "Alligator Man", of the television series Atlanta.[40]

Awards[edit]

Grammy Award
In 1970, William Hart, Wilbert Hart and Randy Cain won a Grammy Award for best R&B performance for their song, "Didn't I (Blow Your Mind This Time)",[41] at the 13th Annual GRAMMY Awards.

RIAA Gold Record
On March 18, 1970, The Delfonics were awarded a Gold Record for sales of one million units.[42]

Philadelphia Music Alliance Walk of Fame
1995, William Hart, Wilbert Hart, Randy Cain and Major Harris were inducted as The Delfonics into the Philadelphia Music Alliance Walk of Fame.[43]

The Rhythm and Blues Foundation
2006, William Hart, Wilbert Hart and Randy Cain received the Rhythm and Blues Pioneer Award.[44]

The National Rhythm and Blues Music Society
2013, William & Wil Hart were honored with, Lifetime Achievement Awards and Major Harris and Randy Cain received Posthumous Awards at Resorts Casino in Atlantic City, NJ, for their contribution to the music industry as The Delfonics.[45] [46]

Original members[edit]

Formed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1965 and originally known as the Four Gents, the Delfonics classic lineup featured:

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions Record label
US[49] US
R&B
[50]
1968 La La Means I Love You 100 15 Philly Groove
1969 Sound of Sexy Soul 155 8
1970 The Delfonics 61 4
1972 Tell Me This Is a Dream 123 15
1974 Alive & Kicking 205 34
1981 Return Poogie
1999 Forever New Volt
2005 "Fonic Zone" - - Universal
2013 Adrian Younge Presents the Delfonics 72 Wax Poetics
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Compilation albums[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions Record label
US[49] US
R&B
[51]
1969 Super Hits 111 7 Philly Groove
1990 Golden Classics Collectables
1997 La-La Means I Love You: The Definitive Collection Arista
2002 The Very Best of the Delfonics Audiophile
2003 Platinum & Gold Collection Arista
2005 Love Songs Legacy
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Singles[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions
US[5] US
R&B
[52]
AUS
[53]
UK
[54]
1966 "He Don't Really Love You"
1967 "You've Been Untrue"
1968 "La-La (Means I Love You)" 4 2 19
"I'm Sorry" 42 15
"He Don't Really Love You" (re-release) 92 33
"Break Your Promise" 35 12
"Ready or Not Here I Come (Can't Hide from Love)" (A-side) 35 14 41
1969 "Somebody Loves You" (B-side) 72 41
"Funny Feeling" 94 48
"You Got Yours and I'll Get Mine" 40 6
1970 "Didn't I (Blow Your Mind This Time)" 10 3 81 22
"Trying to Make a Fool of Me" 40 8
"When You Get Right Down to It" 53 12
1971 "Hey! Love" (A-side) 52 17
"Over and Over" (B-side) 58 9
"Walk Right Up to the Sun" 81 13
1972 "Tell Me This Is a Dream" 86 15
1973 "Think It Over" 101 47
"I Don't Want to Make You Wait" 91 22
"Alfie" 88
1974 "I Told You So" 101 26
"Lying to Myself" 60
1981 "The Way Things Are"
2005 "Here For You" Rick Ross - - - -
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Introduction to the delfonics". mental itch. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Stan Watson Discogs". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Music of The Delfonics". Philly Tribute.
  5. ^ a b https://www.billboard.com/music/the-delfonics/chart-history
  6. ^ [1] Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "The Delfonics Soul/R&B Single Chart History Billboard". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Billboard Soul/R&B Chart Major Harris Jr". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  9. ^ "Billboard Major Harris Jr". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Group Split The Delfonics History". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  11. ^ "Soulful Detroit: The Delfonics". Faac.us. Archived from the original on 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  12. ^ "【La】The Delfonics デルフォニクス【La】". Music8.2ch.net. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  13. ^ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2550424
  14. ^ "All Music Ironman Album Review". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  15. ^ "All Music Fonic Zone". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
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  17. ^ "NPR The Three Tenors of Soul". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
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  19. ^ "Major Harris Jr. Dies Huffpost". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  20. ^ "The Delfonics Soul! PBS". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  21. ^ American Bandstand, retrieved 2020-06-23
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  27. ^ "The Sound of Philadelphia GPB.org". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
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  29. ^ "Mr. SOUL!". Urbanworld. Retrieved 2020-06-23.
  30. ^ Haizlip, Melissa. "Mr. SOUL! The Movie - Presented by Shoes In The Bed Productions, LLC". Mr. SOUL! The Movie. Retrieved 2020-06-23.
  31. ^ "Mr. Soul! Tribeca Film Festival". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
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  34. ^ "The Sopranos Season 6". IMBD. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  35. ^ "Jimmy Fallon season 2017". Tunefind. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  36. ^ "Millie Jackson - Chart history". Archived from the original on July 28, 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-28.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link). Billboard.com.
  37. ^ https://www.imdb.com/name/nm2166418
  38. ^ https://www.tunefind.com/show/ballers-2015/season-1/23750
  39. ^ "End of Watch 2012 Film Soundtrack". IMBD. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  40. ^ "Atlanta TV Show". Tune Find. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  41. ^ "The Delfonics Grammys". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  42. ^ "RIAA Gold The Delfonics". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  43. ^ "The Delfonics Philadelphia Music Alliance". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  44. ^ "R&B Foundation Pioneer Award BMI". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  45. ^ "R&B Music Society Award Ceremony Press of Atlantic City". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  46. ^ "National R&B Music Society Past Honorees". Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  47. ^ Gross, Dan (April 11, 2009). "Delfonics singer Randy Cain Dies at 63". Philadelphia Daily News. p. 1. Archived from the original on April 15, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  48. ^ Doc Rock. "The Dead Rock Stars Club 2009 January to June". Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  49. ^ a b https://www.billboard.com/music/the-delfonics/chart-history/TLP
  50. ^ https://www.billboard.com/music/the-delfonics/chart-history/BLP
  51. ^ https://www.billboard.com/music/the-delfonics/chart-history/BLP/song/828511
  52. ^ https://www.billboard.com/music/the-delfonics/chart-history/BSI/2
  53. ^ David Kent (1993). Australian Charts Book 1970—1992. Australian Chart Book Pty Ltd, Turramurra, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
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External links[edit]