The Delta Rhythm Boys
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|The Delta Rhythm Boys|
The quartet with pianist Rene DeKnight. Top l to r: Lee Gaines, DeKnight. Center: Carl Jones. Bottom l to r: Traverse Crawford, Kelsey Pharr.
|Genres||R&B, Jazz, Black gospel|
|Years active||1934– 1987|
The group was first formed at Langston University in Langston, Oklahoma, in 1934 by Elmaurice Miller, Traverse Crawford, Essie Joseph Adkins, and Otho Lee Gaines. In 1936, they moved to Dillard University in New Orleans, Louisiana, where they worked under Frederick Hall and took the name Frederick Hall Quartet. Clinton Holland (soon replaced by Carl Jones) and Kelsey Pharr replaced Miller and Adkins. Rene DeKnight became their pianist.
The group appeared often in the 1940s on radio programs such as Amos and Andy and The Joan Davis Show, and performed on Broadway in the shows, Sing Out the News and Hot Mikado. They also appeared extensively in film—15 of them, including in You'll Never Get Rich with Fred Astaire and Rita Hayworth. Aside from their own recordings, they served as background vocalists for Charlie Barnet, Mildred Bailey, Ella Fitzgerald, and Ruth Brown.
One of their most successful releases was a vocal version of the Glenn Miller instrumental hit "I Dreamt I Dwelt in Harlem" from 1941 with lyrics by Buddy Feyne and music by Glenn Miller Orchestra arranger and composer Jerry Gray, Ben Smith, and Leonard Ware.
In the 1950s, they began to amass a large fan base in Europe, particularly in the Nordic countries where they recorded Swedish, Danish and Finnish songs mixing English and the local languages. Meanwhile, their fame was diminishing in America, so in 1956, the group relocated to Europe and performed there for a few more decades. Billy Moore toured with them as an accompanist in the 1960s.
In 1960, Kelsey Pharr died in Hawaii and Carl Jones left for personal reasons. They were replaced by Hugh Bryant and Herb Coleman. Coleman and Crawford died in the 1970s and were replaced by Walter Tremmel and Ray Beatty.
The Delta Rhythm Boys were later inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame.
- 1934-1987: Lee Gaines
- 1934-194?: Elmaurice Miller
- 194?-1944: Clinton Holland
- 1944-1960: Carl Jones
- 196?-1974: Herb Coleman
- 197?-1987: Walter Trammel
- 1934-1975: Traverse Crawford
- 197?-1987: Ray Beatty
- 1934-194?: Essie Adkins
- 194?-1943: Harry Lewis
- 1943-1960: Kelsey Pharr
- Early 1950s: Cliff Holland (Temporary replacement for Pharr)
- 196?-1987: Hugh Bryant
- Warner, Jay (2006). American Singing Groups: A History from 1940s to Today. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 9780634099786. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
- https://www.discogs.com/Delta-Rhythm-Boys-Dry-Bones/master/750212 Discogs: The Delta Rhythm Boys – Dry Bones,
- Obituaries: Lee Gaines, 73, a Jazz Singer New York Times, July 21, 1987.
- Obituaries: Hugh Bryant Dies as He Sings Tribute at Lee Gaines Funeral New York Times, July 24, 1987.
- Jay Warner. American Singing Groups: A History from 1940s to Today. Hal Leonard Corp. 2006. ISBN 0634099787. pp. 23–26.
- The Delta Rhythm Boys at Allmusic
- The Delta Rhythm Boys at the Vocal Group Hall of Fame website
- The Delta Rhythm Boys at Doo Wop Nation
- Jason Gross. Carl Jones Interview. Furious.com. January 2001.