The Dick Tracy Show
|The Dick Tracy Show|
|Also known as||The Adventures of Dick Tracy|
|Genre||Animation / Crime / Adventure / Comedy|
|Created by||Chester Gould|
|Theme music composer||Carl Brandt|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||1|
|No. of episodes||130|
|Running time||5 minutes|
|Original network||First-run syndication|
|Picture format||Color (Technicolor)|
|Original release||January 1, 1961– January 1, 1962|
|Related shows||The Famous Adventures of Mr. Magoo|
Tracy employed a series of cartoony subordinate flatfoots to fight crime each week, contacting them on his two-way wristwatch radio. Everett Sloane voiced Tracy, while Mel Blanc and Paul Frees voiced many of the other characters, including:
- Joe Jitsu, a parody of Charlie Chan and Mr. Moto (featuring many movie images of Chinese and Japanese culture). He is an intelligent detective who fights with martial arts (repeatedly slamming his victim to the ground while saying "So sorry!... Excuse prease!... Begging your pardon!"). He is named after the Japanese martial art of jujitsu. Benny Rubin provided his voice throughout the series.
- Hemlock Holmes, a Cockney police bulldog (named in honor of Sherlock Holmes and with a voice patterned after Cary Grant) voiced by Jerry Hausner. He is backed up by his own police squad, The Retouchables (named after The Untouchables, but behaving more like the Keystone Kops).
- Heap O'Calorie, a parody of Andy Devine, Voice by "Uncle" Johnny Coons. Cop with a serious weight problem and a penchant for stealing apples from an outdoor fruit stand. Before setting out on an assignment, Heap would invariably get the "word on the street" from a bongo-pounding beatnik (named "Nick") who communicated solely by beating coded messages on his drums.
- Manuel Tijuana Guadalajara Tampico "Go-Go" Gomez, Jr., essentially a human version of Speedy Gonzales, another Blanc character, though Frees did his voice for most of the series.
A running gag had a gangster's bullet fired point-blank at one of the detectives, who would yell, "Hold everything!" The bullet would obediently screech to a halt and "wait", while the detective called headquarters for further instructions. Action would resume only after the sign-off catchphrase, "Six-two and even, over and out" was spoken at the end of the call. A couple of running gags involved Hemlock. His topper would be popped and he would inflate it back by blowing on his thumb in his mouth, and when the Retouchables would get their assignment from Hemlock, they would hurry out the garage in the squad car, leaving Hemlock to chase after them and begging them to stop, which they do; sending hemlock crashing through two windows of glass and onto the car's hood.
Villains included Pruneface who was paired up with Itchy, Mumbles partnered with Stooge Viller, Flattop paired up with B.B. Eyes, The Brow paired with Oodles, The Mole and Sketch Paree. Some times there was an episode where a villain went solo. Each pair of villains had at least one member who smoked either a cigar or a cigarette on an extender. A crook was created for the cartoon (who was never a comic strip villain) named Cheater Gunsmoke (ironically has the same initials as Dick Tracy creator Chester Gould) appeared in two episodes. Gunsmoke was a Texas-sounding cigar smoker with a literal cloud of smoke surrounding his head. Out of all the villains in the cartoon, Stooge (1933) was the first to appear in the comic strip and Oodles appeared last (1955), 6 years before the show was aired.
Most of the villains were given voices that parody famous actors. Flattop sounded like Peter Lorre, Pruneface like Boris Karloff, B.B.Eyes like Edward G. Robinson, and The Brow like James Cagney.
The cartoons seldom involved the title character. Tracy would always open each film in his office with the dialog, "Okay, Chief! I'll get on it right away. Dick Tracy calling..." He would then hand the case over to one of his comic law-enforcement assistants, who played slapstick games of back-and-forth with the crooks, which compared to their comic strip counterparts were penny ante and not as bright. Tracy showed up at the very end, usually by car or helicopter, to congratulate the assistant on a job well done and take the crooks into custody. It could be argued that Tracy was too stalward and heroic for the comedic roles that the funny subordinates played, or was Chief of Detectives like in the comic and devoted his time and energy catching bigger fish like Big Boy and the Apparatus (conjecture only). Chief Patton and Sam Catchem appeared as "woodwork" characters who had few speaking lines and you only saw a silhouette or the back of their heads. Sam would drive Tracy's squad car (#25 and #502).
Mr. Magoo crossover
UPA was also the producer of the Mr. Magoo cartoons, and a crossover was arranged between Tracy and Magoo in a 1965 episode of the TV series The Famous Adventures of Mr. Magoo. In this episode, "Dick Tracy and the Mob", Tracy persuades Magoo (a well-known actor in the context of the Famous Adventures series) to impersonate an international hit man whom he resembles, and infiltrate a gang of criminals made up of Flattop, Pruneface, Itchy, Mumbles, and others. Unlike the earlier animated Tracy shorts, this longer episode was played relatively straight, with Tracy getting much more screen time and Chief Patton was part of the episode. It's notable for pitting Tracy against a coalition of several of his foes, a conceit that would be adopted more than two decades later in the 1990 film. Howard Morris took the roles of Flattop and Oodles and Everette Sloane reprised his role as Tracy.
Original syndicated run
These 130 five-minute cartoons were designed and packaged for syndication much in the same way Associated Artists Productions packaged the Popeye and pre-August 1948 Warner Bros. shorts. Usually intended for morning and afternoon children's television series, a local host would introduce the cartoon as part of the show.
The cartoon show was a success perhaps as a child's version of The Untouchables that was popular at the time. Local hosts of the show offered "Dick Tracy Crimestopper" badges and certificates their viewers could send in for. Mattel toys manufactured a series of toy weapons with the Dick Tracy logo and the Crimestoppers could communicate with each other by toy Dick Tracy wrist radios.
The Dick Tracy Show was pulled from syndication in the mid-1970s, and mid-1980s, and was not seen for years afterward because of its perceived racist undertones and use of ethnic stereotypes and accents. The show resurfaced on television in 1990 to coincide with the release of the feature film, as well as in 2006 on pay-per-view digital cable channels and DVD.
The cartoon appeared on various independent stations across the United States in June 1990 (to coincide with the release of the live-action feature film, as previously mentioned). Asian and Hispanic groups started charging that characters Joe Jitsu (an Asian buck-toothed character) and Go Go Gomez (a sombrero-wearing Mexican) were seen to some as offensive stereotypes. Two stations in Los Angeles removed the airings and edited episodes were then sent out while one station, KCAL Channel 9, who at the time were owned by Disney, continued to broadcast The Dick Tracy Show until July 4, 1990. Henry G. Saperstein, then the chairman of UPA, stated "It's just a cartoon, for goodness sake." Others pointed out that the 'stereotypes' included two Anglos ( Hemlock and Heap), and that the Joe Jitsu character (Ju-Jitsu is a Japanese martial art) was a deliberate attempt to re-introduce a sympathetic Japanese character after the passions of the last war had died down.
The show was released on VHS in 1986 by Hi Top video. The first volume being DIck Tracy and the Oyster Caper. Then in 1989 by Paramount Home Video in thirteen volumes, each containing ten episodes and crimestopper tips by Tracy (voiced by Everette Sloane).
The show is available in its original unedited form on Netflix.
- "Ethnic stereotypes: Asian and Latino groups are outraged by two characters in the revived 'Dick Tracy' cartoon series (Even though many of the protesters were not born when The Dick Tracy Show was first broadcast in the 1960's.)". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
- "The Dick Tracy Show: The Complete Animated Crime Series". Fps magazine.
- Svetkey, Benjamin (1990-07-27). "Television News: News & Notes". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2007-12-19.
- The Dick Tracy Show at the Internet Movie Database
- The Dick Tracy Show at TV.com
- The Dick Tracy Show on Hulu.com