Cover of the French edition
|Original title||Le Différend|
|Translator||Georges Van Den Abbeele|
Lyotard reflects on how to make political and aesthetic judgments when there is no rule of judgment to which one can appeal, draws on Immanuel Kant's Critique of Judgment (1790) and Ludwig Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations (1953), and further develops his own previous discussion of language games in The Postmodern Condition (1979) and Just Gaming (1979). The différend of his title is a dispute between two or more parties, which work within language games so different from each other that no consensus can be reached on principles that could govern how the dispute might be settled: for example, conflicting claims to land rights between aboriginal peoples and current residents. Différends defy resolution, but the just approach is to respect each side's competing claims. The Holocaust, modernity, ethics, history and politics are discussed by Lyotard in relation to the différend.