The Elf on the Shelf

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The Elf on the Shelf
The Elf on the Shelf (book).jpg
AuthorCarol Aebersold
Chanda Bell
IllustratorCoë Steinwart
CountryUnited States
Publication date

The Elf on the Shelf: A Christmas Tradition is a 2005 American picture book for children, written by Carol Aebersold and her daughter Chanda Bell, and illustrated by Coë Steinwart. The book tells a Christmas-themed story, written in rhyme, that explains how Santa Claus knows who is naughty and nice. It describes elves visiting children from Thanksgiving to Christmas Eve, after which they return to the North Pole until the next holiday season. The Elf on the Shelf comes in a keepsake box that features a hardbound picture book and a small scout elf. The authors say the story is from a family tradition started by Carol Aebersold for her twin daughters, Chanda Bell and Christa Pitts, in Georgia.[1]


The elf on the shelf is Santa's—known as St. Nick's—best friend. This story describes how Santa's "scout elves" hide in people's homes to watch over events. Once everyone goes to bed, the scout elf flies back to the North Pole to report to Santa the activities, good and bad, that have taken place throughout the day. Before the family wakes up each morning, the scout elf flies back from the North Pole and hides. By hiding in a new spot around the house each morning, the scout elf plays an ongoing game of hide and seek with the family. The Elf on the Shelf explains that scout elves get their magic by being named and loved by a child. In the back of each book, families have an opportunity to write their elf's name and the date that they adopted it. Once the elf is named, the scout elf receives its special Christmas magic, which allows it to fly to and from the North Pole.

The book tells how the magic might disappear if the scout elf is touched, so the rule in the book states, "There's only one rule that you have to follow, so I will come back and be here tomorrow: Please do not touch me. My magic might go, and Santa won't hear all I've seen or I know." Although families are told not to touch their scout elf, they can speak to it and tell it all their Christmas wishes, so that it can report back to Santa accurately.

The story ends on Christmas Day, with the elf leaving to stay with Santa for the rest of the year, until the following Christmas season.


An Elf on the Shelf doll, pictured in 2013

The Elf on the Shelf was written in 2004 by Carol Aebersold and her daughter Chanda Bell. Bell suggested they write a book about an old tradition of an elf sent from Santa who came to watch over children at Christmas time.[citation needed] Aebersold's other daughter, Christa Pitts, was recruited by the family to share her expertise in sales and marketing. Together, the trio devoted the next three years to promoting their self-published book and attending book signings and trade shows.

The Elf on the Shelf won the Best Toy Award by Learning Express, a Book of the Year Award from Creative Child Awards, and a National Best Books Award sponsored by USA Book News in 2008.

On November 26, 2011, a thirty-minute animated special, titled An Elf's Story: The Elf on the Shelf, aired on CBS, directed by Chad Eikhoff.[2][3] The Washington Post criticized the quality of the animation and dismissed it as "just a half-hour advertisement for a book and a toy", which it felt would not join "the canon of prime-time animated Christmas specials that actually move the spirit".[3] Common Sense Media disagreed, calling the special "a great addition to families' holiday TV traditions".[4] However, they also warned parents about the consumer-driven nature of the story, and made note of its lack of educational value.

In 2012, The Elf on the Shelf made its first appearance in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, alongside fellow parade newcomers Hello Kitty and Papa Smurf. In 2013, the book hit the No. 1 spot on the USA Today bestsellers list.[5] In October 2013, The Elf on the Shelf: A Birthday Tradition was released. Written and illustrated by the same team that created the first book, it offers instructions for inviting a scout elf to visit for a child's birthday party and describes how the elf decorates a chair for the child.[citation needed] In April 2014, two supplemental birthday products were released: The Elf on the Shelf Birthday Countdown Game and The Elf on the Shelf Birthday Chair Decoration Kit.[citation needed]

The Elf on the Shelf was parodied as "The Gnome in the Home" in "The Nightmare After Krustmas", a 2016 episode of The Simpsons.

Mensch on a Bench[edit]

A Jewish counterpart to Elf on the Shelf has also been designed: Mensch on a Bench, a stuffed toy that looks a bit like a rabbi or a Hasidic Jew.[6][7][8] Jewish father Neal Hoffman, a former Hasbro Toys toy marketing executive, raised more than $22,000 using the crowdfunding website Kickstarter to fund the creation of the toy in 2011.[7][9][10] "Mensch", in Yiddish, means a person of integrity or honor.[6][11][12]

Cody Decker, the starting left fielder for Team Israel at the 2017 World Baseball Classic, brought the team's mascot, a five-foot version of Mensch on a Bench, with him to Asia from the United States for the World Baseball Classic.[6][13][14] Decker said he "tried getting him a first-class ticket. But that didn't fly, so he was put in a duffel bag and checked."[15] The mascot proved to be a big hit.[6][13] He gets his own locker, sits on Team Israel's bench in the dugout during every game, and sat alongside Decker at a press conference in South Korea.[11][15][16] Decker said:

"He's a mascot, he's a friend, he's a teammate, he's a borderline deity to our team... He brings a lot to the table... Every team needs their Jobu. He was ours. He had his own locker, and we even gave him offerings: Manischewitz, gelt, and gefilte fish... He is everywhere and nowhere all at once. His actual location is irrelevant because he exists in higher metaphysical planes. But he's always near."[11]

Team Israel Manager Jerry Weinstein said: "He's on the team. Everybody brings something to the team, and certainly The Mensch is a unifying factor for the ball club."[6] Pitcher Gabe Cramer said: "The Mensch on a Bench is...a symbol we can rally around as a team. We are proud to be Jewish, but we know how to make and take a joke, something Jews have a long history of doing. The Mensch is a great way to have fun in the dugout while reminding us of why we're here and who we're representing."[17]


The Atlantic columnist Kate Tuttle calls The Elf on the Shelf "a marketing juggernaut dressed up as a tradition", whose purpose is "to spy on kids". She argues that one shouldn't "bully [one's] child into thinking that good behavior equals gifts."[18] Writing for Psychology Today, David Kyle Johnston calls it a "dangerous parental crutch", with much the same reasoning as what he terms the "Santa lie".[19]

Many privacy organizations and researchers criticize the product for teaching children that involuntary, non-consensual surveillance is normal.[20] Washington Post reviewer Hank Stuever characterized the concept as "just another nannycam in a nanny state obsessed with penal codes".[3] Professor Laura Pinto suggests that it conditions kids to accept the surveillance state and that it communicates to children that "it's okay for other people to spy on you, and you're not entitled to privacy."[21] She argues that, "if you grow up thinking it's cool for the elves to watch me and report back to Santa, well, then it's cool for the NSA to watch me and report back to the government... The rule of play is that kids get to interact with a doll or video game or what have you, but not so with the Elf on the Shelf: The rule is that you don't touch the elf. Think about the message that sends."[22][23]

Using the elf in public school classrooms has been criticized for making children feel excluded if their families do not celebrate Christmas or Santa Claus.[20]


  1. ^ Kavilanz, Parija (November 21, 2017). "Elf on the Shelf phenomenon is 11 million elves strong". CNNMoney.
  2. ^ "An Elf's Story". The Elf on the Shelf. Archived from the original on November 7, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Hank Stuever (November 24, 2011). "CBS's 'Elf on the Shelf': Unwarranted Christmas surveillance techniques". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 25, 2013.[dead link]
  4. ^ "The Elf on the Shelf: An Elf's Story". November 18, 2011. Archived from the original on April 15, 2014. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
  5. ^ [1] Archived 15 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b c d e "Israel's Mensch on the Bench mascot at World Baseball Classic", Archived 11 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine Newsday.
  7. ^ a b "Meet Mensch on a Bench, Jewish Counterpart To Elf on the Shelf". Archived from the original on June 30, 2018. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  8. ^ "The Mensch on the Bench - New York Post". New York Post. Archived from the original on November 10, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
  9. ^ Silverman, Justin Rocket. "The Mensch on a Bench and Maccabee on the Mantel give Jewish kids a Chanukah answer to Elf on a Shelf - NY Daily News". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  10. ^ Brown, Celia. "The Mensch on a Bench: From Basement To Big Box...And Now Shark Tank". Forbes. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  11. ^ a b c "Israel's World Baseball Classic mascot: Mensch on a Bench", Archived 14 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine Yahoo.
  12. ^ "With Mensch on Bench, Israel ready for Classic", Archived 12 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine Major League Baseball.
  13. ^ a b "Dutch Players Take Leave From Spring Training For World Baseball Classic", Archived 1 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine NPR.
  14. ^ "Mensch on a Bench, mascot of Israel baseball team, a hoot ahead of WBC", Archived 10 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine The Times of Israel.
  15. ^ a b "The best thing about Team Israel's World Baseball Classic run is their delightful mascot", Archived 9 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine USA Today.
  16. ^ "Israel's suddenly the undefeated darling of the baseball world", Archived 1 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine The New York Post.
  17. ^ "Team Israel scores another surprise baseball win – with a Marin pitcher", Archived 12 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine J.
  18. ^ You're a Creepy One, Elf on the Shelf Archived 18 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine in The Atlantic, 6 December 2012.
  19. ^ David Kyle Johnston, Let's Bench the Elf on the Shelf. Psychology Today, 19 December 2012.
  20. ^ a b Victor, Daniel (December 23, 2021). "Beware the Elf on a Shelf, Privacy Watchdogs Warn". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 23, 2021.
  21. ^ "Who's the Boss?". Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. Archived from the original on December 7, 2017. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  22. ^ Craig Johnson, Does the Elf contribute to the surveillance state?., 1 December 2014. Archived 15 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Kyle Olsen, Prof: ‘Elf on the Shelf' conditions kids to accept surveillance state Archived 15 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Education Action Group Foundation, Inc., 15 December 2014.

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