The Emperor of Ice-Cream
"The Emperor of Ice-Cream" is a poem from Wallace Stevens's first collection of poetry, Harmonium. It was first published in 1922, and is in the public domain. Stevens' biographer, Paul Mariani, identifies the poem as one of Stevens' personal favorites from the Harmonium collection. The poem "wears a deliberately commonplace costume", he wrote in a letter, "and yet seems to me to contain something of the essential gaudiness of poetry; that is the reason why I like it".
Structure and Meaning
The simple poetic structure is of two stanzas related by an identical closing verse in each stanza. The poem is only clarified in its allusion upon completion of the reading of the second stanza which identifies a "cold" and "dumb" body as common references to a dead body. In this case a dead body is being prepared for a funeral.
According to the critic Helen Vendler, quoted by Austin Allen, the ice-cream in the poem is being prepared for serving at a funeral wake. The use of holiday sweets and heavy desserts for funerals is part of the culture of varying civilizations. In this case the reference is likely to the pre-Castro Cuba which Stevens would visit during business trips to Florida. The 'emperor' of ice cream is illustrated through imagery by Stevens as sufficiently ruddy to churn the ice cream and blend its sugar in order to make the customary funeral treat used in the country.
Thomas C. Grey in his book on Stevens sees the poem as a harsh didactic lesson studying the use of the metaphor of 'coldness' in Stevens. As Grey states: "Stevens knows the corruptions of coldness as well as its beauties. Chief among them is the heartless selfishness, represented by the sweet sinister cold of 'The Emperor of Ice-Cream.' In the kitchen a cigar-rolling man whips 'concupiscent curds' of ice cream as the wenches come and go; in the adjoining bedroom, a dead woman lies in undignified discard, 'cold ... and dumb' under a sheet, her horny feet protruding. Both rooms teach the cynical wisdom that 'The only emperor is the emperor of ice-cream': what you see is what you get; look out for Number One; enjoy the sweet cold before the bitter cold claims you".
In popular culture
- Composer Roger Reynolds wrote an avant garde, mixed-media dramatization of the poem for 8 vocal soloists, piano, percussion, and double bass in 1961–62.
- In 1985, composer Gary Kulesha published a revision of his clarinet quartet named after the poem.
- "Misha Chellam of the acoustic pop group Speechwriters LLC wrote a song entitled "The Emperor of Ice Cream" while in his high school folk-pop group Sid and Me.
- Ken Nordine, beat poet and innovator of a stylistic form known as "word jazz," recorded a rendition of Stevens's poem to the backing of eerily bubbly circus music on his 1994 album Upper Limbo.
- Alternative rock group They Might Be Giants used the phrase "finale of seem" in their 1988 song, "Pencil Rain".
- Stephen King made several allusions to this poem in his novels Salem's Lot and Insomnia and his collection of short stories Just After Sunset in the short story "Harvey's Dream", as well as his television miniseries, Kingdom Hospital.
- The poem was quoted in the film Pathology.
- Dean Koontz referenced this poem in his book The Good Guy.
- A soap made by the cosmetics company Lush is named "The Emperor of Icecream" after this poem.
- The song "The King of Cream" by The Love Kills Theory is an homage to this poem.
- The Emperor of Ice-Cream (1965) by Brian Moore is a coming-of-age novel set in Belfast.
- An Irish band called itself Emperor of Ice Cream, and released 2 EPs, Puerile and Skin Tight, in 1993.
- The hero of Tom Perotta's Joe College reflects on the poem throughout the novel, wondering what the ice cream symbolizes.
- The heroine of Laura McNeal's National Book Award-nominated novel Dark Water reads the poem for a high school class and wonders about its meaning.
- Spenser, the hero of Robert B. Parker's novel School Days quotes from the poem.
- Author Alan Moore was a member in a band named Emperors of Ice Cream which recorded two songs, "March of the Sinister Ducks" and "Old Gangsters Never Die".
- Anthony Cappella published a novel The Empress of Ice-Cream in 2010.
- The protagonist of Andrew Smith's novel Grasshopper Jungle frequently cites "The Emperor of Ice-Cream" as his favorite poem.
- Ronald Shannon Jackson quotes the poem in various Last Exit performances.
- The Empire of Ice Cream is the title of a novelette and a short-story collection of the same name by American writer Jeffrey Ford.
- The character Amelia Davenport quotes a portion of the poem in the first episode of the television series Damnation.
- See Buttel, p. 20. See also the LibriVox site on the complete public domain poems of Wallace Stevens.
- Paul Mariani (2016). Biography of Wallace Stevens. Pages 149-198.
- Stevens, Wallace. Letter to William Rose Benét. 6 January 1933.
- Allen, Austin. "Wallace Stevens: "The Emperor of Ice-Cream": The chilly heart of a whimsical poem". Resources. Poetry Foundation. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- Thomas Grey. The Wallace Stevens Case. Harvard University Press. 1991. Page 99-100.
- "Sid and Me – Misc – SWLLC Digital Archive – Speechwriters LLC Free MP3s". Fexum.com. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
- "Lyrics:Pencil Rain – TMBW: The They Might Be Giants Knowledge Base". TMBW. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
- "Publication: The Empire of Ice Cream". www.isfdb.org. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
- Morse, Samuel French. "Wallace Stevens: The Poems of Our Climate – Harold Bloom's Vast Accumulation". The Wallace Stevens Journal. Volume 1, Numbers 3 & 4 (Fall/Winter 1977)
- Stevens, Wallace. The Explicator. Vol VII (November 1948), unpaged.
- Vendler, Helen. Words Chosen Out of Desire. 1984: University of Tennessee Press.
- The Emperor of Ice Cream: Analysis and Study Guide
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- Explanations of the meaning of this poem by Helen Vendler and others