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The Evolution of Melanism: a study of recurring necessity; with special reference to industrial melanism in the Lepidoptera is a 1973 science book by the lepidopterist Bernard Kettlewell.
The book includes Kettlewell's original papers in the journal Heredity on his classic predation experiments on the peppered moth. It also covers Kettlewell's experiments in the Hebrides.
- The Evolution of Melanism: A study of recurring necessity; with special reference to industrial melanism in the Lepidoptera. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1973. ISBN 0-19-857370-7