Wattie Buchan performing with the Exploited in 2006
|Origin||Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom|
Matt Pigeonboi Justice
|Past members||Robbie Steedo Davidson|
The Exploited are a Scottish hardcore punk band from Edinburgh, Scotland, formed in 1979 by Stevie Ross and Terry Buchan and later joined by his brother Wattie Buchan. They signed to Secret Records in March 1981, and their debut EP Army Life and debut album Punks Not Dead were both released that year. The band maintained a large cult following in the 1980s among a hardcore working class punk and skinhead audience. Although The Exploited continue to perform live to this day, they have not released any studio material since their last album Fuck the System in 2002. Their songs have been covered by Slayer and Ice-T, and despite many lineup changes, Wattie has remained as the Exploited's singer and leader.
- 1 Career
- 2 Legacy
- 3 Musical style and influences
- 4 Lyrical themes and gigs
- 5 Timeline
- 6 Discography
- 7 References
- 8 Notes and sources
- 9 External links
Formation and early days (1979–1980)
The original line-up consisted of: Terry Buchan (vocals), Stevie Ross (guitar), Colin Erskine (bass) and Andy McNiven (drums). Formed in the West Granton area of Edinburgh, a large grey council estate on the north side of the city. The band's politics was reflected in its name, coined by drummer and songwriter McNiven, whose father was a Korean War veteran and a Communist. While in the early stages as a band, with little equipment, the band were invited to play their first gig at Craigmuir School. The band seemed to be a victim of their own publicity here. They had spray-painted their band name locally and had stolen Sunday papers, milk, and rolls in the early hours of Sunday morning and redistributed them outside peoples' front door, with a note saying, "a gift from the exploited". Their first gig was on Friday 15 December 1978. The date was recalled by McNiven as it coincided with a performance by the Doomed (the Damned by another name) at Clouds in Edinburgh to which they went after performing their own gig. The gig was attended by Terry's older brother Wattie, who had recently left the army and was a punk in London. Wattie soon replaced Terry, and Andy McNiven and Colin Erskine were dropped from the line-up as well. Jim Park became the drummer in January 1979, first playing on February 3 1979 at the YMCA in Edinburgh, (the day after Sid Vicious died in New York City). After a few gigs in and around Edinburgh, Stevey Hay left after an appearance in Aberdeen supporting the UK Subs. A few months later, he and Terry Buchan formed The Exposed. The Exposed split in 1980 after a gig supporting The Exploited. Terry left for London. Stevey was prominent in the Edinburgh band scene during the 1980s. Stevey died 14th July 2013 after a successful career as a blues musician. https://www.scotsman.com/arts-and-culture/music/obituary-stevey-hay-musician-1-2996306
Early releases and Punk's Not Dead (1980–1981)
Influenced by 1970s punk rock music such as music by the Sex Pistols, the quartet created a simple, no-frills sound characterised by speed and aggression. In 1980, the group founded its own independent record label, Exploited Records, and released their debut EP Army Life, which was #6 in the Indie/Independent charts for eight weeks, then was in the Top 20 for eighteen months. The B-side was called Fuck the Mods / Crashed Out and the record's back cover stated "To all the Edinburgh punks and skins - keep on mod-bashing!!".
They then released another single, "Barmy Army", which jumped into the independent charts and remained there for 53 weeks, peaking at #4. Their single "Dead Cities" peaked at #31 on the UK Charts. Their single "Exploited Barmy Army" peaked at #4 on the Independent/Indie chart.
In March 1981, the band signed to Secret Records, and spent a month recording their debut album, Punks Not Dead. The Exploited released the single "Dogs of War", which peaked at #2 in the Independent charts and #63 on the UK Charts. Also in 1981, the band released their first live album, On Stage, recorded during a concert in Edinburgh. Thereafter, the band performed, along with Discharge, Anti-Nowhere League, Anti-Pasti and Chron Gen on a tour called Apocalypse Now, which was recorded and released as a live album. Their album Punks Not Dead, released in April 1981, went to #20 in May, then number 1 on the Independent Charts. During this time, The Exploited appeared on the popular mainstream TV programme, Top of the Pops. A lot of fans of The Exploited were unhappy with the band's decision to appear on the show. The hardcore punk band Conflict wrote the song Exploitation about this appearance, which began a long-standing rivalry between Conflict and The Exploited that divided the punk fan base.
Troops of Tomorrow, Let's Start a War, and Horror Epics (1982–1986)
The band released the albums Troops of Tomorrow in 1982, Let's Start a War in 1983 and Horror Epics in 1985. The period between these albums was marked by severe discord over the band's musical direction: guitarist Big John Duncan and bassist Gary McCormack both left to form new bands – "bands with disco beats and guitar solos, total shit", in Wattie's words – and the band went through a rapid succession of drummers, one of whom allegedly left after a "nervous breakdown". The band was driven away from the Secret label by new management who demanded unrealistic changes in style and personnel. Their next label, a tiny enterprise named Pax Records, folded after its owner fled with all its assets.
The concert album Live at the White House was recorded in Washington, D.C. in 1985 at the 9:30 Club and was released the following year in 1986. They also released the studio EP Jesus Is Dead in 1986, following up with Live and Loud, a videography of The Exploited performing around Europe and in the United States. During the tour of the USA, Wattie and Karl Morris had a fight on stage, and Karl left shortly afterwards. He was briefly replaced by Mad Mick, who then disappeared without trace. Nigel Swanson was then appointed as the new guitarist.
Death Before Dishonour, The Massacre and Beat the Bastards (1987–2001)
"Sexual Favours", a single from the album Death Before Dishonour, was released in 1987. The album only ranked in the top 200 of the Britain Alternative Music list. However, the album sold out quickly. The album's cover featured artwork from the American punk artist Pushead, who complained that he was neither paid nor credited for the work.
In 1990, The Exploited released their album The Massacre. The album is a crossover thrash album. The band went on to release a Singles Collection album in 1993. The Exploited also released the videography Live in Japan in 1993. Their album Beat the Bastards was released in April 1996.
Fuck the System and next album (2002–present)
In 2002, the band released the album Fuck the System on Dream Catcher Records, and in the following year, they toured in the UK and US. On 14 October 2003, about 500 fans started a riot in Montreal, Canada after an Exploited concert was cancelled due to the band not being allowed into the country. Rioters destroyed eight cars and set them on fire; broke eleven shop windows and caused other damage. The band were banned from playing in Mexico City due to the riot.
In a 2012 interview, Wattie Buchan claimed that a new album was being finished. In February 2014, Wattie Buchan suffered a heart attack on stage during a performance in Lisbon on the band's Taste of Chaos Tour with Hatebreed and Napalm Death. He was taken to a hospital, where he was expected to receive treatment for at least a week. The band signed a deal with Nuclear Blast Records, and was to have many of its albums reissued in March 2014. The band had also confirmed that its first album in a decade would be released during the 2010s. It is currently unknown when the album will be released.
The Exploited are one of the iconic bands of the UK 82 punk movement along with Charged GBH and Discharge. The term "UK 82" came from The Exploited's song "UK 82". AllMusic described The Exploited as "one of most riveting British punk rock units of the early 1980s".
The Exploited have influenced multiple bands such as Metallica, Slayer, Nirvana, Queens of the Stone Age, Discharge, Stormtroopers of Death, Agnostic Front, Exodus, The Virus, Napalm Death, Terrorizer, NOFX, Rancid, Dropkick Murphys, The Casualties, Pennywise, 7 Seconds, Anti-Flag, Blanks 77, Atari Teenage Riot, Death Angel, and Total Chaos.
In the 2007 documentary Punk's Not Dead, both Wattie and Wullie Buchan are interviewed. They are the only two native speakers in the documentary to be given subtitles, as many North Americans struggle to understand the Scots language used.
Musical style and influences
The Exploited has been categorised as crossover thrash, punk rock, thrash metal, speed metal, punk metal, anarchist punk, hardcore punk, street punk and oi!. Originally playing street punk and oi!, The Exploited became a crossover thrash band with their album Death Before Dishonour. The Exploited's influences include Sex Pistols, The Vibrators, The Threats, and Johnny Moped.
Lyrical themes and gigs
The Exploited have been controversial for their aggressive lyrics and rowdy gigs. They were considered "cartoon punks" by Ian Glasper. Glasper wrote: "For many, The Exploited were the quintessential second wave punk band with their senses-searing high-speed outbursts against the system, and wild-eyed frontman Walter 'Wattie' Buchan's archetypal orange mohican."
The Exploited are known for their lyrics about anarchy, politics and anti-authority. In a 1983 interview, The Exploited said that they were not a political band, but their lyrics became political in the late 1980s and Wattie Buchan said in the documentary Punk's Not Dead that punk is defined by its politics. As a band with lyrics that have anarchist themes, The Exploited's vocalist Wattie Buchan describes himself as an anarchist and openly hates politics. The Exploited have made songs about former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and have expressed a disdainful view towards Thatcher. The Exploited's song "Maggie", a song from the band's album "Horror Epics", is about Thatcher. The Exploited's third studio album, "Let's Start a War... (Said Maggie One Day)", focuses on Margaret Thatcher and the Falklands War. Other topics of the album are police-driven riots, war, unemployment and hopelessness. Many songs from the mid-80s focus on the threat of nuclear war.
The fans of The Exploited were nicknamed the Barmy Army. During the rivalry between The Exploited and Conflict, there were occasional clashes with fans of Conflict, known as "the Conflict Crew". In addition to the anti-social behaviour of the band and some of their fans, The Exploited would often pull out of gigs at short notice in the 1980s, which led many venues to refuse to work with them. After the 1981 Southall riot, Oi! bands in general became associated with racism, and The Exploited were sometimes believed to be a racist band because of Wattie's swastika tattoo, an incident in the early '80s where Wattie fought with a group of Asians in a cafe and in 1985 when "Deptford John" joined from the skinhead band Combat 84. The band has denied all accusations of racism.
As of August 2017, the band's website contains a history of the band that mentions some of the problems that have accompanied their gigs, such as a riot after a gig at the Rainbow in Finsbury Park, London when The Jam were playing nearby and Wattie incited the fans to attack the Mods, and having declared onstage in Argentina that the Falkland Islands are British forever. George Same has written about the fighting after the Finsbury Park gig in his book on modern music, Backward Moddy Boy. In a documentary about the band, former manager Gem Howard said that he would often sneak the band out of hotels late, as they would often vandalise the hotel and steal everything that they could from the rooms.
- Punks Not Dead (1981)
- Troops of Tomorrow (1982)
- Let's Start a War... (Said Maggie One Day) (1983)
- Horror Epics (1985)
- Death Before Dishonour (1987)
- The Massacre (1990)
- Beat the Bastards (1996)
- Fuck the System (2003)
- On Stage (1981)
- Live at the Whitehouse (1986)
- Live in Japan (1991)
- Live Leeds '83 (2007) (LP-only release)
- Totally Exploited (1984)
- Twenty Five Years of Anarchy and Chaos (2004)
- Don't Let 'Em Grind You Down (with Anti-Pasti) (1981)
- "Army Life" (1980)
- "Barmy Army" (1980)
- "Dead Cities" (1981)
- "Rival Leaders" (1983)
- "Jesus Is Dead" (1986)
- "War Now" (1988)
- "Army Life" (1980)
- "Exploited Barmy Army" (1980)
- "Dogs of War" (1981)
- "Dead Cities" (1981)
- "Attack/Alternative" (1982)
- "Computers Don't Blunder" (1982)
- Alive at Leeds (1983)
- Sexual Favours (1987)
- Live in Japan (1993)
- Rock and Roll Outlaws (1995)
- Beat 'Em All (2004)
- "Troops of Tomorrow" (1982)
- "U.S.A." (1982)
- "Sexual Favours" (1987)
- "Beat the Bastards" (1996)
- "Never Sell Out" (2003)
- "Chaos is My Life" (2003)
- "You're a Fucking Bastard" (2003)
- Huey, Steve. "The Exploited - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- The Exploited +++ Real Punk Rock Since 1980. The-Exploited.net. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- "RED magazine". Red-mag.com. 18 September 2003. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "KFTH - The Exploited Page". Files.nyu.edu. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "Cherry RedRecords - Exploited, Punk's Not Dead / On Stage, Anagram". Cherryred.co.uk. Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "Exploited Singles Collection Page". Reocities.com. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "Cherry Red Records - Exploited, Punk's Not Dead / On Stage, Anagram". Cherryred.co.uk. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Buckley, Peter. The Rough Guide to Rock. London: Rough Guides Ltd, 2003. pg 350. ISBN 1-84353-105-4.
- Glasper, Ian. Burning Britain: The History of UK Punk 1980–1984. ISBN 9781901447248.
- The Exploited at Kill From the Heart
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aJj6x0neC7E Documentary on the history of the band The Exploited
- J. Scott McClintock. "Let's Start a War...Said Maggie One Day – The Exploited : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "Horror Epics – The Exploited : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Kowalewski, Al (September 1984). "The Exploited Interview". Flipside. Kill From The Heart (43). Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- "Matt McGuire Bio | Matt McGuire Career". MTV. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- Torreano, Bradley (23 April 1996). "Beat the Bastards - The Exploited : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "THE EXPLOITED Return To Action With 'Fuck The System'". Blabbermouth.Net. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "THE EXPLOITED Announce U.K. Dates". Blabbermouth.Net. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "THE EXPLOITED Announce First U.S. Tour In Over A Decade". Blabbermouth.Net. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Alex. "Montreal Also Hearts Riots". VICE. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "Cars Overturned, Set On Fire After THE EXPLOITED Cancel Concert In Montreal". Blabbermouth.Net. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Kaufman, Gil (15 October 2003). "Fans Riot In Montreal Due To Canceled Exploited Show - Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV.com. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "THE EXPLOITED Banned From Mexico City". Blabbermouth.Net. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "Interview with Wattie Buchan of The Exploited 2012". YouTube. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- "The Exploited Forced to Cancel Remainder of Tour After Singer Wattie Suffers Heart Attack". Blabbermouth. 14 February 2014.
- "The Exploited's Wattie Buchan suffers heart attack on stage". Scott Rowley. 14 February 2014.
- Glasper 2004, p. 44
- Matt Diehl, "The Young Crazed Peeling", My So-Called Punk: Green Day, Fall Out Boy, The Distillers, Bad Religion—How Neo-Punk Stage-Dived Into the Mainstream, New York: Macmillan, 2007, ISBN 0-312-33781-7, ISBN 978-0-312-33781-0 p. 107.
- UK82 Access date: August 11, 2015]
- On Stage - The Exploited - AllMusic
- "THE EXPLOITED +++ REAL PUNKROCK SINCE 1980 +++". the-exploited.net. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
- "Exclusive Interview: The Exploited – Punk Rock Bowling 2016". tattoo.com. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
- Bradley Torreano. "Troops of Tomorrow - The Exploited | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- "Gary Holt of Exodus". thezephyr.com. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
- First Virus Interview
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- "The Casualties Biography". Artistopia.com.
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- Anti-Flag's Biography at Allmusic
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- "Punk Legends The Exploited Coming to Croatia". Croatia Week. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
- Anarchist Punk - Allmusic
- "Exploited Singer Wattie Buchan Has Heart Attack On Stage". Ultimate Classic Rock.
- Don't Forget the Chaos - The Exploited by Allmusic - Retrieved August 11, 2015
- "MUSIC Exclusive: The Casualties List The Most Influential Punk and Hardcore Bands". Craveonline.com.
- "The Exploited – Punks Not Dead (1981) [CBR 320 + FLAC]". PunkWarez. 23 October 2011. Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "Red Magazine". Red-Mag.com. 18 September 2003. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- Glasper 2004
- Bregman, Adam. "Oi! The Album - Various Artists : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- Huey, Steve. "Lords of Oi! [Box] - Various Artists : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- Lamey and Robbins (1991), p. 230.
- "The Exploited - Punk's Not Dead". Punknews.org.
- "Wattie Buchan (The Exploited) Q&A". Ten-Midnight.com. 26 January 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Glasper 2004, p. 360
- "Top 5 Songs Hating On Margaret Thatcher". Radio.com.
- The Exploited biography at AllMusic
- The Exploited 1983 Interview (Wattie Buchan Karl Morris), Punk Lives Youtube Channel
- "Amnesia Rockfest Interview With Wattie Buchan of The Exploited". Nadia Blostein.
- "Race riot strikes London". Associated Press. 5 July 1981. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- Bushell, Garry (2001). "Oi! – The Truth". Garry Bushell Uncensored. Archived from the original on 16 December 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- Baumann, Gerd (1996). Contesting culture: discourses of identity in multi-ethnic London. Volume 100 of Cambridge studies in social and cultural anthropology. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-55554-X.
- http://www.the-exploited.net/history.htm History of The Exploited, Written by Morat. January 2003. Retrieved 13 August 2017
- George Same (2009), Backward Moddy Boy, AuthorHouse, page 20
Notes and sources
- Laison, Neil, "Punk of All Colours", The Exploited (2004), pp. 51, 78
- Glasper, Ian. Burning Britain: The History of UK Punk 1980–1984. ISBN 9781901447248.
- The Exploited at Kill From the Heart
- "KFTH - The Exploited Page". Files.nyu.edu. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015.