The Face of Another (film)

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The Face of Another
The Face of Another poster.jpg
Japanese theatrical release poster
Japanese他人の顔
HepburnTanin no kao
Directed byHiroshi Teshigahara
Screenplay byKōbō Abe
Based onTanin no kao
by Kōbō Abe
Produced byHiroshi Teshigahara
Starring
CinematographyHiroshi Segawa
Edited byFusako Shuzui
Music byToru Takemitsu
Production
companies
  • Teshigahara Production
  • Tokyo Eiga Co.
Distributed byToho
Release date
  • 15 July 1966 (1966-07-15) (Japan)
[1]
Running time
121 minutes[1]
CountryJapan
LanguageJapanese

The Face of Another (Japanese: 他人の顔, Hepburn: Tanin no Kao) is a 1966 Japanese New Wave film directed by Hiroshi Teshigahara and based on the 1964 novel of the same name written by Kōbō Abe.[2][3] The story follows engineer Okuyama, who suffered severe facial burns in a work-related accident and is given a new face in the form of a lifelike mask.

Plot[edit]

Engineer Okuyama's face was disfigured by an explosion in an industrial accident, and wears bandages to cover the burns. Feeling isolated and being physically rejected by his wife, he consults Dr. Hira, a psychiatrist who is able to fashion a mask for Okuyama to wear, which is indistinguishable from the face on which it is modeled.

Hira and Okuyama pay a man 10,000 yen to serve as the model for the mask, and the mask is built and fitted onto Okuyama. Hira demands that Okuyama regularly reports his sensations and thoughts to him, and cautions Okuyama that the mask may change his behavior and personality so much that he will cease to be the same person that he was. Okuyama tells no one that he has received the mask, and simply lives as a new man, telling his wife that he is traveling on business while he rents an apartment nearby. He tests the mask's effectiveness on a secretary of his company, who doesn't recognise him, and a mentally retarded neighbourhood girl, who does. During a meeting between Hira and Okuyama, the psychiatrist realises that his patient has already changed, and imagines a world where the mask goes into mass production, subsequently eliminating all sense of morality.

Okuyama decides to seduce his wife using his new identity. When he obtains this too easily, full of rage, he reveals himself to her, who in turn says she had known about his true identity from the first moment. He tries to persuade her to give their relation another chance, but she rejects. Later, Okuyama attempts to rape a woman on the street, claiming to be nobody when arrested. He is freed thanks to Hira whose business card the police found in Okuyama's pocket, testifying that Okuyama is his patient and that he is not violent. While walking the nightly streets together, Hira sees his prophecy become reality with everyone around him wearing a mask. At first he asks Okuyama for the mask back, then lets him keep it as he is a free man. While shaking hands to say goodbye, Okuyama stabs him.

Interleaved throughout the film is a separate tale (present in Abe's original novel in the form of a movie the protagonist watches at a cinema and then recounts) of a young woman whose otherwise beautiful face suffered a severe disfigurement on the right cheek and right side of the neck. She works in a psychiatric ward, whose inmates include many World War II veterans, and lives with her brother. The imagery of these sequences, her repeated worry about the coming of another war, and her asking her brother if he still remembers the sea at Nagasaki (presumably from their childhood there), all suggest that her scars came as a result of the atomic bombing of that city.[4] Like Okuyama, she feels isolated because of her disfigurement.

Cast[edit]

Themes[edit]

The film uses several doublings of shots, both by repeating shots verbatim and by placing the main character in nearly identical shots twice. The most obvious example is in Okuyama's two separate rentals of apartments, once masked, and once with his new face. These doublings highlight Okuyama's double existence.[4]

Production[edit]

One recurring image is the large and small severed ears which appear in the scenery in several scenes. These ears were designed and sculpted by Japanese sculptor Tomio Miki.[4]

Hira's office, a strange blank space with glass partitions, was designed by architect Arata Isozaki, a friend of Teshigahara's.[4] The glass walls are painted with Langer's lines and the Vitruvian Man.

Release[edit]

The Face of Another had a roadshow on July 15, 1966 in Japan, where it was distributed by Toho. The film received general release in Japan on September 23, 1967.[1]

In the United States, the film received a theatrical release on June 9, 1967. It was re-issued in the US in May 1975 by Rising Sun and Toho.[1]

Reception[edit]

The Face of Another was not well received upon its initial release, with audiences and critics largely feeling that it did not live up to Teshigahara's earlier film The Woman in the Dunes. Although it was successful in Japan, the film was a critical and financial failure internationally.[4]

Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote in 1974, "As fiction it's too fanciful to be seriously compelling and too glib to be especially thought-provoking."[5] Still in 2008, film scholar Alexander Jacoby called it "a flawed fantasy" whose interesting theme suffers from the protagonist's "bland characterization".[6] Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader defended the film in his 2005 review, calling it "more palatable" than Teshigahara's previous works, the theme "brilliantly and imaginatively explored", and the acting "potent".[7]

Awards[edit]

The Face of Another received two Mainichi Film Awards for Best Art Direction and Best Film Score.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Galbraith IV, Stuart (2008). The Toho Studios Story: A History and Complete Filmography. Scarecrow Press. pp. 231–232. ISBN 978-1461673743.
  2. ^ "他人の顔 (The Face of Another)" (in Japanese). Kinenote. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  3. ^ "他人の顔 (The Face of Another)" (in Japanese). kotobank. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e James Quandt (2007). Video essay included on Three Films by Hiroshi Teshigahara DVD Box (DVD). Criterion Collection.
  5. ^ Canby, Vincent (8 May 1974). "The Screen:'Face of Another' Joins Japanese Festival - The New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  6. ^ Jacoby, Alexander (2008). Critical Handbook of Japanese Film Directors: From the Silent Era to the Present Day. Berkeley: Stone Bridge Press. p. 312. ISBN 978-1-933330-53-2.
  7. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan (2005). "The Face of Another". The Chicago Reader. Retrieved 2 July 2021.

External links[edit]