The Family Murders
The Family was the name given to a close-knit group of men believed to be involved in the kidnapping, drugging, sexual abuse and, at times, torture of young men and teenaged boys in Adelaide, the capital city of the state of South Australia, and surrounding areas throughout the 1970s and into the mid-1980s.
The existence of the group came to the attention of the public following the murder of five teenagers between 1979 and 1983. The high-profile occupations of some of the suspects led to claims of an alleged high-society conspiracy. The name of the group stems from an interview a police detective gave on 60 Minutes, claiming the police were taking action "to break up the happy family".
Four of the five murders remain unsolved. Only one suspect has been charged and convicted for crimes: Bevan Spencer von Einem was sentenced in 1984 to a minimum of 24 years (later extended to a minimum 36-year term) for the murder of 15-year-old Richard Kelvin.
- Alan Arthur Barnes, aged 16, murdered in 1979. Last seen being picked up by a white Holden sedan with three or four people in it while hitchhiking, his body had been severely mutilated and dumped in the South Para Reservoir, northeast of Adelaide. A post-mortem examination revealed that Barnes had died of massive blood loss from an anal injury, likely caused by the insertion of a large blunt object. His body also showed signs of beatings and torture. He had died several days after he went missing and Noctec was found in his blood suggesting he had been drugged.
- Neil Fredrick Muir, aged 25, murdered two months after Alan Barnes in 1979. His remains had been dissected and neatly cut into many pieces, placed in a garbage bag and thrown into the Port River at Port Adelaide. Skin bearing tattoos had been removed and most of the body parts were placed in another garbage bag before being placed within the abdominal cavity. The head was tied to the torso with rope passed through the mouth and out through the neck. A post-mortem examination revealed that Muir had died of massive blood loss from an anal injury, likely caused by the insertion of a large blunt object and Noctec was found in his blood.
- Peter Stogneff, aged 14, murdered in 1981. His skeletal remains were found ten months later by a local farmer at Middle Beach, 50 km north of Adelaide. Stogneff's body had been cut into three pieces in a similar fashion to Neil Muir. Little more could be determined as the remains had been accidentally burnt by the farmer while clearing his property of scrub.
- Mark Andrew Langley, aged 18, murdered in 1982. His mutilated body was found in scrub in the Adelaide foothills nine days after his disappearance. Among the mutilations was a wound that appeared to have been cut with a surgical instrument that went from his navel to the pubic region and part of his small bowel was missing. The hair around the area had been shaved as it would have been in an operation in a hospital. The post-mortem revealed that Langley had died from a massive loss of blood from gross injuries to his anus, similar to Alan Barnes. The sedative-hypnotic drug Mandrax, also known as a "Quaalude" and popular in the 1970s disco scene, was found in Langley's blood.
- Richard Kelvin, aged 15, murdered in 1983. The son of popular Adelaide Channel 9 News presenter Rob Kelvin, he was abducted a short distance from his North Adelaide home. His body was found by an amateur geologist in the Mount Crawford Forest. Kelvin was held captive for over five weeks and a post-mortem examination revealed that he had died of massive blood loss from an anal injury, likely caused by the insertion of a large blunt object. Analysis of Kelvin's bloodstream revealed traces of four hypnotic drugs, including Mandrax and Noctec. Trace evidence, including hair and fibres from Bevan Spencer von Einem's home, was found on Kelvin's body and clothing.
Police believe that up to 12 people, several of them high-profile Australians, were involved in the kidnappings. The suspects and their associates were linked mainly by their shared habits of "actively [having] sought out young males for sex," sometimes drugging and raping their victims.
Bevan Spencer von Einem was convicted in 1984 of the murder of Richard Kelvin and sentenced to life imprisonment. In 1989, von Einem was charged with the murders of Alan Barnes and Mark Langley, but the prosecution entered a nolle prosequi (voluntarily discontinue criminal charges) during the trial when crucial similar fact evidence was deemed inadmissible by the presiding judge. Von Einem was also one of the last people seen with Neil Muir following his abduction.
Apart from von Einem, three other core members are thought to be directly involved in the murders, although while DNA testing re-commenced in 2008 no further charges have been laid. Suspect 1, an eastern suburbs businessman, is believed to have been with von Einem when Kelvin was abducted. Suspect 2, a prominent Adelaide doctor, Dr Peter Leslie Millhouse was initially charged with Muir's murder but found not guilty at trial in 1980. Dr Millhouse died in a nursing home at Cessnock in NSW on 30 June 2015, aged 80. Suspect 3 was a former male prostitute and a close friend of von Einem and Suspect 1. The remaining known associates were involved to a lesser degree; they were either indirectly involved or had knowledge of the murders but continued to interact with the group. Another Adelaide doctor, Dr Stephen George Woodards was also alleged to have links to the 'family' and recently (2011) stood for child sexual abuse charges. The statutory suppression order on his identity lapsed during the course of his trial and an application for a new order was denied. Other suspects include several members of the legal community, the brother of an Olympian and members of the business community. Two men who were living with suspects 1 and 2 respectively at the time of the murders were also "persons of interest". Although many had previously been named, with the exception of Suspect 2, their identities have since been suppressed by the courts.
A cold case was opened in March 2008 with a $1,000,000 reward available for anyone who provides information leading to a conviction. The reward carried an offer of immunity to accomplices dependent on their level of involvement. Due to changes in the Forensic Procedures Act which now allow DNA samples to be taken from suspects in major indictable offences, all the suspects voluntarily submitted to DNA testing. The ongoing investigation featured in an episode of Crime Stoppers which went to air on 2 March 2009. The cold case review was completed in November 2010 with no charges being laid against any of the three key suspects.
Some authorities do not recognise the term "The Family", stating that, "They should not be given any title that infers legitimacy. These people have no such bond, only an association that with time probably no longer exists". Some who have examined the cases, however, argue that there were many more victims: criminologist Alan Perry of the University of Adelaide has argued that the murders were part of widespread series of kidnappings and sexual assaults of boys that might number several hundred victims in South Australia from about 1973 to 1983.
- Hunt, Nigel (1 April 2008). "Shadowy clique preyed on the young". The Advertiser. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- The "Family" Murders TruTV
- Ellis, Mark (14 August 2002). "Lock up your sons in the world's murder capital". The Age. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Von Einem: Lawyers in new bid to re-open Kelvin case 27 October 1996
- Hunt, Nigel (26 October 2008). "$5m reward bid to solve Family murders". News.com.au. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- "Alan Arthur Barnes". Crime Stoppers. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- "The Butchered Boys". Crime Investigation Australia. Series 1. Episode 16. Crime & Investigation Network.
- Brown, Malcolm (25 May 1999). "A deadly serious State". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- "Sex murder 'could have been prevented'". The Sydney Morning Herald. 25 March 1988. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- "Neil Fredrick Muir". Crime Stoppers. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- "Body in bag: jury acquits doctor in Adelaide". The Sydney Morning Herald. 10 October 1980. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Dowdell, Andrew (18 July 2015). "Doctor found not guilty of 'Family' murder of Neil Muir dies in NSW". The Advertiser. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- Hunt, Nigel (8 February 2014). "Lost diary gives South Australia police new lead into Alan Barnes murder by The Family". The Advertiser. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Malkin, Bonnie (28 October 2008). "Australian police reopen notorious 1970s Family murders case". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- O'Brien, Bob (1 September 2014). Young Blood: The Story of the Family Murders. HarperCollins. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-4607-0370-0. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- "Mark Andrew Langley". Crime Stoppers. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- "Murderer quizzed on death of youth". The Sydney Morning Herald. 15 July 1987. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "Fresh look at teenage sex murders". The Sydney Morning Herald. 13 July 1987. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- "Richard Kelvin". Crime Stoppers. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- Hunt, Nigel (29 March 2008). "DNA tests for Family murder suspects". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Dowdell, Andrew (18 July 2015). "Doctor found not guilty of 'Family' murder of Neil Muir dies in NSW". The Advertiser. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
- Fewster, Sean (15 June 2011). "Doctor with alleged links to The Family identified as Stephen George Woodards". The Advertiser. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
- "Focus on three key suspects". The Advertiser. 5 December 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
- Family Murders – Adelaide Crime Stoppers 2 March 2009
- Hunt, Nigel (5 December 2010). "Family murder truth may never be known". The Advertiser. Retrieved 15 March 2012.