The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert

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Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert
Goodman carnegie f2.jpg
Live album by
Released1950
November 2, 1999 (Reissue)
RecordedJanuary 16, 1938
GenreJazz
LengthDisc One 48:59
Disc Two 53:05
(Original release)
LabelColumbia
Legacy Recordings
ProducerGeorge Avakian (1950)[a][1][b][2]
Phil Schaap (reissue)[3]
Benny Goodman chronology
Benny Goodman Sextet
(1950)
Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert
(1950)
BG in Hi-Fi
(1954)

The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert by Benny Goodman, Columbia Records catalogue item SL-160, is a two-disc LP of swing and jazz music recorded at Carnegie Hall in New York City on January 16, 1938. First issued in 1950, the landmark recording captured the premiere performance given by a big band in the famed concert venue. The event has been described as "the single most important jazz or popular music concert in history: jazz's "coming out" party to the world of "respectable" music."[4] Both critical and public reception of the performances was outstanding.

The title, mastered from preserved acetates,[c] was among jazz's first double albums,[2] first live recordings,[2] and first to sell over a million copies.[2] One of the earliest records of Benny Goodman music issued on the new long-playing format, the concert recording was also sold in a set of nine 45 rpm records in 1950 by Columbia. The subsequent discovery of the aluminum studio masters made from the original recording resulted in several high-quality CD reissues beginning in 1998.[d]

Background[edit]

In late 1937, Goodman's publicist, Wynn Nathanson, suggested that Goodman and his band should play Carnegie Hall in New York City. If such a concert were to take place, then Goodman would be the first jazz bandleader to perform at Carnegie Hall. "Benny Goodman was initially hesitant about the concert, fearing for the worst; however, when his film Hollywood Hotel opened to rave reviews and giant lines, he threw himself into the work. He gave up several dates and insisted on holding rehearsals inside Carnegie Hall to familiarize the band with the lively acoustics."[6]

The concert was held on the evening of January 16, 1938. It sold out weeks in advance, with the capacity 2,760 seats going for a top price of US$2.75 a seat (equivalent to $49 in 2018).[7][6]

Concert[edit]

The concert began with three contemporary numbers from the Goodman band—"Don't Be That Way", "Sometimes I'm Happy", and "One O'Clock Jump". They then played a history of jazz, starting with a Dixieland quartet performing "Sensation Rag", originally recorded by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band in 1918. Once again, the initial reaction of the audience, though polite, was tepid. Then came a jam session on "Honeysuckle Rose" featuring members of the Count Basie and Duke Ellington bands as guests. (The surprise of the session: Goodman handing a solo to Basie's guitarist Freddie Green, who was never a featured soloist but earned his reputation as the best rhythm guitarist in the genre—he responded with a striking round of chord improvisations.) As the concert went on, things livened up. The Goodman band and quartet took over the stage and performed the numbers that had made them famous. Some later trio and quartet numbers were well received, and the vocal by Martha Tilton on "Loch Lomond" provoked five curtain calls and cries for an encore. The encore forced Goodman to make his only audience announcement for the night, stating that they had no encore prepared but that Martha would return shortly with another number.[8]

By the time the band reached the climactic piece "Sing, Sing, Sing (With a Swing)", success was assured. This performance featured playing by the tenor saxophonist Babe Russin, the trumpeter Harry James, and Goodman, backed by the drummer Gene Krupa. When Goodman finished his solo, he unexpectedly gave a solo to the pianist, Jess Stacy. "At the Carnegie Hall concert, after the usual theatrics, Jess Stacy was allowed to solo and, given the venue, what followed was appropriate," wrote David Rickert. "Used to just playing rhythm on the tune, he was unprepared for a turn in the spotlight, but what came out of his fingers was a graceful, impressionistic marvel with classical flourishes, yet still managed to swing. It was the best thing he ever did, and it's ironic that such a layered, nuanced performance came at the end of such a chaotic, bombastic tune."[9]

Original recording(s)[edit]

There is much confusion about how the live concert was recorded for posterity. At least three studios were involved in making a synchronized pair of acetates (at two, working together) and a set of aluminum masters (at the third). The acetates became the basis for the seminal 1950 double album release. The higher quality metal masters were used for subsequent CD remasters.

CD reissues based on the metal masters were released in 1998, 2002 and 2006. [5]

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic5/5 stars[4]
Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings4/4 stars[3]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide5/5 stars[10]

The reception to the original 1950 long-playing double-album was exceptional. As technology improved the material was re-released in digital format, with new versions produced both in the 1980s and 1990s.

Bruce Eder, writing for AllMusic, generally praises the 1999 double-CD release, noting the compromise between clear reproduction of sonic detail and retaining surface noise from the source material.[4]

The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings includes the 1999 release in its "Core Collection," in addition to giving it a four-star rating (of a possible four).[3] Penguin authors Richard Cook and Brian Morton describe the release as "a model effort, masterminded by Phil Schaap, whose indomitable detective work finally tracked down the original acetates and gave us the music in the best sound we'll ever get; with powerful, even thrilling, ambience."[3]

1950 Track listing[edit]

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Don't Be That Way"Edgar Sampson, Benny Goodman, Mitchell Parish4:23
2."One O'Clock Jump"Count Basie6:38
3."Sensation Rag"Edwin "Eddie" Edwards1:19
4."I'm Coming Virginia"Will Marion Cook, Donald Heywood2:07
5."When My Baby Smiles at Me"Bill Munro, Andrew Sterling, Ted Lewis, Harry Von Tilzer0:50
6."Shine"Cecil Mack, Ford Dabney, Lew Brown1:03
7."Blue Reverie"Duke Ellington, Harry Carney3:18
8."Life Goes to a Party"Harry James, Benny Goodman4:15
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Honeysuckle Rose"Thomas "Fats" Waller, Andy Razaf13:55
2."Body and Soul"Johnny Green, Edward Heyman, Robert Sour, Frank Eyton3:23
3."Avalon"Vincent Rose, B.G. DeSylva, Al Jolson4:16
4."The Man I Love"George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin3:26
Total length:48:59
Side three
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."I Got Rhythm"George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin5:09
2."Blue Skies"Irving Berlin3:18
3."Loch Lomond"Traditional2:58
4."Blue Room"Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart2:42
5."Swingtime in the Rockies"Jimmy Mundy, Benny Goodman2:30
6."Bei Mir Bist du Schoen"Scholom Secunda (music), Jacob Jacobs (lyrics)
adapted by Sammy Cahn, Saul Chaplin
4:00
7."China Boy"Dick Winfree, Phil Boutelje4:53
Side four
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Stompin' at the Savoy"Edgar Sampson, Benny Goodman, Chick Webb5:51
2."Dizzy Spells"Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Teddy Wilson5:44
3."Sing Sing Sing (with a Swing)"Louis Prima12:08
4."Big John's Special"Horace Henderson3:48
Total length:53:05

1999 Compact disc reissue track listing[edit]

Disc one[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Benny Goodman 1950 Introduction" (recorded 1950) 0:22
2."Don't Be That Way"Edgar Sampson, Benny Goodman, Mitchell Parish4:12
3."Sometimes I'm Happy"Vincent Youmans, Irving Caesar, Clifford Grey4:13
4."One O'Clock Jump"Eddie Durham, Buster Smith6:47
5."Applause; transition to Twenty Years of Jazz" 0:41
6."Sensation Rag"Edwin "Eddie" Edwards1:12
7."I'm Coming Virginia"Will Marion Cook, Donald Heywood2:15
8."When My Baby Smiles at Me"Bill Munro, Andres Sterling, Ted Lewis, Harry Von Tilzer0:52
9."Shine"Cecil Mack, Ford Dabney, Lew Brown0:55
10."Blue Reverie"Duke Ellington, Harry Carney3:32
11."Applause; transition back to Goodman Orchestra" 0:22
12."Life Goes to a Party"Harry James, Benny Goodman4:05
13."Setting up for Jam Session" 0:40
14."Honeysuckle Rose" (solos: Lester Young, Count Basie, Buck Clayton, Johnny Hodges, rhythm section (Basie, Freddie Green, Walter Page, Gene Krupa), Carney, Goodman, Green, James, Young, Clayton)Thomas "Fats" Waller, Andy Razaf16:42
15."Applause; setting-up & tuning-up for BG Small Groups" 1:00
16."Body and Soul"Johnny Green, Edward Heyman, Robert Sour, Frank Eyton3:10
17."Applause as Lionel Hampton enters" 0:27
18."Avalon"Vincent Rose, B.G. DeSylva, Al Jolson4:04
19."The Man I Love"George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin3:35
20."I Got Rhythm"George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin4:51
21."pause track" 0:06

Disc two[edit]

Tracks 20-28 are edited tracks from the 1938 concerts, pressed onto a 12" 78 rpm record in 1950 and sent to radio stations to help promote the original double-album release.[11]

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Blue Skies"Irving Berlin3:14
2."Loch Lomond"Traditional3:04
3."Applause; Benny Goodman's 'No Encore' announcement" 1:14
4."Blue Room"Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart2:36
5."Swingtime in the Rockies"Jimmy Mundy, Benny Goodman2:38
6."Applause; Martha Tilton returns to stage" 0:21
7."Bei Mir Bist du Schoen"Scholom Secunda (music), Jacob Jacobs (lyrics)
adapted by Sammy Cahn, Saul Chaplin
3:54
8."Applause; setting-up for BG small groups" 0:32
9."China Boy"Dick Winfree, Phil Boutelje4:45
10."Stompin' at the Savoy"Edgar Sampson, Benny Goodman, Chick Webb5:55
11."Applause; BG Quartet continues but changes program" 0:24
12."Dizzy Spells"Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Teddy Wilson5:37
13."Applause; transition back to Goodman orchestra for finale" 0:41
14."Sing Sing Sing (with a Swing)"Louis Prima12:02
15."Applause until encores" 1:03
16."If Dreams Come True"Edgar Sampson, Benny Goodman, Irving Mills2:34
17."Applause for second encore" 0:21
18."Big John's Special"Horace Henderson3:41
19."pause track" 0:06
Benny Goodman 1950 Tune-By-Tune Introductions
No.TitleLength
20."Introduction"0:26
21."Don't Be That Way"0:18
22."Twenty Years of Jazz"0:15
23."Blue Reverie"0:24
24."Life Goes to a Party"0:27
25."Body and Soul"0:45
26."Avalon"0:23
27."Swingtime in the Rockies"0:17
28."Conclusion"0:15

Personnel[edit]

The Benny Goodman Orchestra[edit]

Additional performers[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • James Lincoln Collier: Benny Goodman and the Swing Era. ISBN 0-19-505278-1
  • Jon Hancock: " Benny Goodman - 'The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert' ". ISBN 0-95-624040-2, Prancing Fish Publishing (May 2009)
  • Irving Kolodin: Liner Notes (Benny Goodman – Carnegie Hall Concert)
  • Catherine Tackley: 'Benny Goodman's Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert', Oxford: Oxford University Press 2013 ISBN 978-0-19-539831-1

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Following military service during World War II, Avakian became the head of Columbia’s Popular Music division, which at the time included jazz. When the long-playing record format was introduced in 1948 Avakian seized the initiative, creating a reissue series that put the first 100 pop recordings onto a series of the new 12-inch, 33 1/3-rpm discs. In 1950, Avakian produced a record of Benny Goodman’s 1938 Carnegie Hall concert—the first time a jazz orchestra played the hallowed venue—beginning a new trend of recorded live performances on which Columbia led the industry."[1]
  2. ^ "In the 1950s, Avakian supervised two historic live recordings: Benny Goodman Live at Carnegie Hall 1938 and Ellington at Newport. The Goodman concert, released in 1950, was among jazz’s first double albums, first live albums and first to sell a million copies."[2]
  3. ^ "The album made from the recovered acetates became one of the first 33 1/3 LPs to sell over a million copies."[5]
  4. ^ "The eventual discovery of the aluminum studio master recordings led to high-quality CD reissues in 1998, 2002 and 2006 of the legendary Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert." [5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b George Avakian Dies at 98, Jazz Times
  2. ^ a b c d e George Avakian, jazz producer of Miles Davis and more, dies at 98, The Guardian
  3. ^ a b c d Cook, Richard; Brian Morton (2008) [1992]. The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings. The Penguin Guide to Jazz (9th ed.). New York: Penguin. pp. 574–575. ISBN 978-0-14-103401-0.
  4. ^ a b c Eder, Bruce. The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert at AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-06-15.
  5. ^ a b c "Benny Goodman brings jazz to Carnegie Hall", History.com
  6. ^ a b Joyce, Mike. "Benny Goodman's 1938 Carnegie Hall Concert". jitterbuzz.com. Retrieved March 29, 2007.
  7. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  8. ^ CD booklet. The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert. Sony reissue, 1992.
  9. ^ Rickert, David (January 31, 2005). "Benny Goodman: 'Sing, Sing, Sing'". All About Jazz. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  10. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 86. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
  11. ^ Liner notes from 1999 reissue.
  12. ^ Sohmer, Jack (1938-01-16). "Jazz Reviews: Benny Goodman at Carnegie Hall-1938: CompleteBenny Goodman — By Jack Sohmer — Jazz Articles". Jazztimes.com. Retrieved 2012-01-06.