The Fifth Queen
This article contains too many or overly lengthy quotations for an encyclopedic entry. (January 2015)
Cover of The Fifth Queen
|Author||Ford Madox Ford|
|Original title||The Fifth Queen: And How She Came To Court (Book One of a Trilogy)|
|Publisher||Alston Rivers, Nash, Vintage Classics|
Published in English
|October 4, 2011|
|Media type||Print (hardback, original no longer in print), print (paperback, republished)|
The Fifth Queen trilogy is a series of connected historical novels by English novelist Ford Madox Ford. It consists of three novels, The Fifth Queen; And How She Came to Court (1906), Privy Seal (1907) and The Fifth Queen Crowned (1908), which present a highly fictionalised account of Katharine Howard's arrival at the Court of Henry VIII, her eventual marriage to the king, and her death.
The Fifth Queen trilogy has an omniscient narrator. Katharine Howard is introduced in the first book as a devout Roman Catholic, impoverished, young noblewoman escorted by her fiery cousin Thomas Culpeper. By accident, she comes to the attention of the king, in a minor way at first, is helped to a position as a lady in waiting for the then bastard Lady Mary, Henry's eldest daughter, by her old Latin tutor Nicholas Udal. Udal is a spy for Thomas Cromwell, the Lord Privy Seal.
As Katharine becomes involved with the many calculating, competing, and spying members of Henry VIII's Court, she gradually rises, almost against her will, in Court. She is brought more to the attention of the King, becomes involved with him, is used by Cromwell, Bishop Gardiner and Thomas Cranmer as well as the less powerful though more personally attached Nicholas Throckmorton. Her connection to the latter puts her in some peril, as in January 1554 he is suspected of complicity in Wyatt's Rebellion and arrested, during which time Katherine is also briefly implicated.
Katharine's forthrightness, devotion to the Old Faith and learning are what make her attractive to the King, along with her youth and physical beauty. This is in direct contradiction to the way historians view the historical personage herself; that is, as a flighty and flirtatious young woman with few other redeeming qualities.
Historical accuracy and as a work of historical fiction
William Gass said the following in the afterword to the 1986 edition:
History, that great fictitioner, surely did not create the honest, stubborn, beautiful, and saintly Katharine Howard, so richly realized she might have had some other life outside imagination, yet so near perfection we could not wish for her a lesser world to drag a dress in.
Further, Gass says of Ford that he takes great liberties with historical evidence, even into the improbable, inventing much of the dialogue and settings. He concludes that the writing is more to "entertain, rather than instruct, his readers."
The main strengths of this trilogy are considered by many writer admirers and critics — notably Graham Greene, Alan Judd and William Gass — to be its impressionistic qualities, its creation of a believable approximation of Tudor English and its successful creation of atmosphere.
One critic stated that it was clearly a work of literary fiction, inescapable, and should be avoided by any reader who prefers a more opaque style. 
Graham Greene has written that "in The Fifth Queen Ford tries out the impressionist method." He likens the King to a "shadow" with the story focusing on the struggle between Katharine and Cromwell. Begging the question of whether the King's lighting is more like a stage production than novel, again alluding to a fictionalization rather than truly historical style. 
Alan Judd, in his 1991 biography of the author, states that this version does not "hinder the sense of reality" in its effective style portraying a contrivance of Tudor English. He likens the author's dialogue to "sometimes compressed poetic speech." 
In book's 1986 edition afterword, William Gass writes that it is "like Eisenstein's Ivan: slow, intense, pictorial, and operatic." He also associates the writing with art. 
In his biography of the author, Alan Judd also compares it to a film in how it creates "static scenes" that suggest "power, fear, sex, longing, guile and fate."
Critical assessment of achievement
For biographer, Judd, he comments that as the author's first novel, he feels confident that it might have a chance of remaining in print if Ford had written nothing else. Judd even maintains that it could be a "masterpiece" of its genre (historical fiction). 
On the back cover, Greene concludes that this may be one of "three great novels" (The Fifth Queen trilogy, The Good Soldier, and Parade's End), that may stand the test of time "compared with most of the work of his successors." 
- The Bodley Head Ford Madox Ford: Vol. 2: The Fifth Queen; Privy Seal; The Fifth Queen Crowned (1962) eds. Graham Greene and Michael Killgrew, London: Bodley Head.
- The Fifth Queen (1963) With an Introduction by Graham Greene, New York: The Vanguard Press.
- The Fifth Queen (1986) With an Afterword by William Gass, New York: The Ecco Press.
- The Fifth Queen (1999) With an Introduction by A.S. Byatt, London: Penguin.
- Ford, Ford Madox; Afterword by William Gass (1986). The Fifth Queen. New York: The Ecco Press. pp. 600–601.
- Ford, Ford Madox; Afterword by William Gass (1986). The Fifth Queen. New York: The Ecco Press. p. 597.
- Ford, Ford Madox; Introduction by Graham Greene (1963). The Fifth Queen. New York: The Vanguard Press. p. 4.
- Judd, Alan (1991). Ford Madox Ford. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp. 160–161.
- Ford, Ford Madox; Afterword by William Gass (1986). The Fifth Queen. New York: The Ecco Press. p. 598.
- Judd, Alan (1991). Ford Madox Ford. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 162.
- Judd, Alan (1991). Ford Madox Ford. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp. 162–163.
- Ford, Ford Madox; Afterword by William Gass (1986). The Fifth Queen. New York: The Ecco Press. p. back cover.