The First and Last Freedom
First US edition 1954
|Country||United Kingdom, United States|
|Pages||288 (1st edition)|
|OCLC||964457 (1st US edition)|
|LC Class||B133.K7 F5|
The First and Last Freedom is a book by 20th-century Indian philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti (1895–1986). Originally published 1954 with a comprehensive foreword by Aldous Huxley, it was instrumental in broadening Krishnamurti's audience and exposing his ideas. It was one of the first Krishnamurti titles in the world of mainstream, commercial publishing, where its success helped establish him as a viable author. The book also established a format frequently used in later Krishnamurti publications, in which he presents his ideas on various interrelated issues, followed by discussions with one or more participants. As of 2015[update] the work had had several editions in print and digital media.
Following his dismantling of the so-called World Teacher Project in 1929–30, Jiddu Krishnamurti embarked on a new international speaking career as an independent, unconventional philosopher. During World War II he remained at his residence in Ojai, California, in relative isolation. English author Aldous Huxley lived nearby; he met Krishnamurti in 1938, and the two men became close friends. Huxley encouraged Krishnamurti to write, and also introduced his work to Harper, Huxley's own publisher. This eventually led to the addition of Krishnamurti in the publisher's roster of authors;  until that time Krishnamurti works were published by small or specialist presses, or in-house by a variety of Krishnamurti-related organizations.
About the work
The thinker comes into being through thought;— Jiddu Krishnamurti, The First and Last Freedom, "Questions and Answers: 21. On Sex"
Like the great majority of Krishnamurti texts, the book consists of edited excerpts from his public talks and discussions; it includes examinations of subjects that were, or became, recurrent themes in his exposition:  the nature of the self – and of belief, investigations into fear and desire, the relationship between thinker and thought, the concept of choiceless awareness, the function of the mind, etc. Following an introductory chapter by Krishnamurti, each of twenty interrelated topics is covered in its own chapter. A second part ("Questions and Answers") consists of 38 named segments, taken from question-and-answer sessions between Krishnamurti and his audience; the segments broadly pertain to the topics covered in the book's first part. The book was edited by D. Rajagopal, Krishnamurti's then–close associate, editor, and business manager; the included extracts were taken from "Verbatim Reports" of Krishnamurti talks between 1947 and 1952.
Huxley provided a ten-page foreword as comprehensive introduction to Krishnamurti's philosophy, an essay that "no doubt contributed to [the book's] credibility and sales potential", and he may have also influenced the overall structure and style of the work. He had read a then–recent Krishnamurti book in 1941, and was favorably impressed, especially with a section consisting of dialogues and question-and-answer sessions between Krishnamurti and his listeners – a practice that normally followed his lectures. Huxley thought they enlivened Krishnamurti's philosophical subjects, and suggested a similar format for the forthcoming book, which also became a common type of presentation in later Krishnamurti publications.
A commentator summarized that in this and other books, "Krishnamurti emphasized the importance of release from entrapment in the 'network of thought' through a perceptual process of attention, observation or 'choiceless awareness' which would release the true perception of reality without mediation of any authority, or guru." Another observed that it was instrumental in making Krishnamurti and his ideas known to a wider audience, as the "first substantial statement of his philosophy to be issued by major publishing houses in Britain and the United States";  noting the work's popularity among the college-age young, others added that the book "anticipated the preoccupations of an up-and-coming youth culture, and ... perhaps helped to form it".
As in practically every work of his, Krishnamurti did not present this book as containing "a doctrine to be believed, but as an invitation to others to investigate and validate its truth for themselves": 
Our problem is how to be free from all conditioning. Either you say it is impossible, that no human mind can ever be free from conditioning, or you begin to experiment, to inquire, to discover. ... Now I say it is definitely possible for the mind to be free from all conditioning – not that you should accept my authority. If you accept it on authority, you will never discover, ... and that will have no significance. ... [I]f you are to find the truth of it for yourself, you must experiment with it and follow it swiftly.— Jiddu Krishnamurti, The First and Last Freedom, "Questions and Answers: 20. On the Conscious and Unconscious Mind"
The book was originally published May 1954 by Harper in the US and by Gollancz in the UK. In the US, it was the second Krishnamurti-authored book to be published by a mainstream commercial publisher – unlike in other markets, where this would be the first such publication. Copyright was held by Krishnamurti Writings (KWINC), the organization then responsible for promoting Krishnamurti's work worldwide;  publishing rights were transferred to new Krishnamurti-related organizations in the mid-1970s (the Krishnamurti Foundations), and in early 21st century, to Krishnamurti Publications (K Publications), an entity with overall responsibility for publishing his works worldwide.
The book was "an immediate success" and was in its 6th impression by the end of 1954;  a 2015 reprint of a 1975 paperback edition was the edition's 51st print run. Opening to good reviews, it proved to be a "compelling entry" into publishing, helping to establish Krishnamurti as a viable author in the commercial publishing arena. Unlike the editions of the 1950s and 60s, later editions of the work (such as one listed below), included a variety of Krishnamurti photographs on the front cover. A digital edition in several e-book formats was first published by HarperCollins e-Books in 2010 .
About a third of the work was included in The Penguin Krishnamurti Reader, a 1970 compilation edited by Krishnamurti biographer Mary Lutyens, that was also a commercial and critical success. In addition, Penguin Books through its Ebury Publishing division published a new edition of The First and Last Freedom in 2013, with an edition-specific Preface. This was marketed as a mass market paperback by the division's Rider imprint , and as an e-book by its digital media imprint.
As of 2014[update], according to one source, there had been over 140 editions in several formats by a variety of publishers, published in ten different languages and dialects. Several years prior, the work had also been made available as a freely readable electronic document through J. Krishnamurti Online (JKO), the official Jiddu Krishnamurti online repository.
- Jiddu, Krishnamurti (May 1954). The first and last freedom (hardcover). Foreword by Huxley, Aldous (1st UK ed.). London: Gollancz. 288 pp. OCLC 59002436.
- —— (26 March 1975). The first and last freedom (trade paperback). Foreword by Huxley, Aldous (reprint ed.). New York: HarperOne. 288 pp. ISBN 978-0-06-064831-2 – reprints of this edition may have different covers and author photographs.
- —— (5 October 2010). The first and last freedom (e-book). Foreword by Huxley, Aldous (1st digital ed.). HarperCollins e-Books. 459 kB (EPUB). ISBN 978-0-06-204529-4. Retrieved 2016-07-16 – via OverDrive.
- —— (1 August 2013). The first and last freedom (mass market paperback). Preface by Skitt, David; Foreword by Huxley, Aldous (new ed.). London: Rider. 352 pp. ISBN 978-18-46043-75-8.
A Krishnamurti biographer wrote that Huxley's foreword "set the mood to take the work very seriously", and another noted that by the end of May 1954 the book was responsible for attracting larger audiences to Krishnamurti's talks. Jean Burden, in a sympathetic 1959 article in the Prairie Schooner, partly attributed the increased interest in Krishnamurti to the book, while stating that as it was compiled from his "famous talks", it "suffered, as most compilations do, from repetitiveness and lack of structure." Yet Anne Morrow Lindbergh reputedly found "'the sheer simplicity of what he [Krishnamurti] has to say ... breathtaking'."
Kirkus Reviews described it as a "clear and intriguing presentation of a point of view which will appeal to many who are finding the more traditional approaches to truth to be blind alleys." A review at The Atlanta Journal and the Atlanta Constitution contended that Krishnamurti's thinking "has the practical ring. It is so clear, so straightforward that the reader feels a challenge in every page". In contrast, The Times of India, while finding the work's basic message unoriginal, maintained that Krishnamurti's utterances have "a fluid ambiguity and an almost insidious plausibility", before concluding that the work is "all theoria without praxis, and in the present context appears to be mere escapism."
The Times Literary Supplement stated that for those who regard conflict "as an unchangeable condition of human life and truth, Krishnamurti's teaching will seem to offer a delusive short-cut to a vaguely beatific freedom. But there is nothing vague about it. It is precise and penetrating." The reviewer thinks that Krishnamurti presents "a reinterpretation of the wisdom of his race ... though he has rediscovered it for himself." Nevertheless, J. M. Cohen reviewing the book for The Observer (London) wrote, "Krishnamurti is an entirely independent master" adding, "[f]or those who wish to listen, this book will have a value beyond words."
The book's publication brought Krishnamurti and his ideas to the attention of practicing and theoretical psychotherapists, setting the stage for later dialogue between Krishnamurti and professionals in this field. It was also responsible for Krishnamurti's long and fruitful relationship with theoretical physicist David Bohm, whose unorthodox approach to problems of physics and of consciousness often correlated with Krishnamurti's philosophical views.
The work was mentioned in education-related dissertations as early as August 1954;  it continued to be cited by educational researchers in the following decades. It has also interested researchers in psycholinguistics, drawing favorable remarks about Krishnamurti's views regarding the "separation ... between the thinker and the thought";  and has featured in discussion of the relationship between general semantics and other viewpoints.
Among other fields, the book has been cited by occupational therapy papers, articles on medical ethics, and in original research of contemporary spirituality. But also in essays "on the social implications of the 'death of utopia'", in addresses to professional geography conferences, and it has been commended as an aid to successful investment strategies. Meanwhile, more than half a century after original publication, articles in general-interest media – for example, articles on meditation and mindfulness, favorably featured or mentioned the book.
The book has inspired artistic endeavors: it has been suggested that it influenced Huxley's writing of the 1962 novel Island, and a painting exhibition staged in London in 2014 was "derived from two alternative perspectives: the introduction by Aldous Huxley in the book of his long-term colleague and friend, Jiddu Krishnamurti and Krishnamurti's second major opus, The First and Last Freedom". Additionally, the book has prompted comparisons between Krishnamurti's philosophy and Emily Dickinson's poetry, and has informed the way art therapy professionals approach their work.
- Vernon 2001, ch. "10: Farewell to Things Past" pp. 187–212.
- Vernon 2001, p. 209.
- Lutyens 2003, pp. 45–46.
- Lutyens 2003, pp. 46, 47–48; Williams 2004, pp. 260–261.
- Lutyens 2003, p. 59.
- Rajagopal Sloss 2011, . Retrieved 2016-03-25 – via Google Books (limited preview). Radha Rajagopal Sloss, daughter of D. Rajagopal, Krishnamurti's business manager at the time, states that Huxley introduced her father to the publisher. She adds that Krishnamurti had little interest in his manuscripts or other records of his work, an assertion also present in Lutyens 2003, pp. 87–88.
- Vernon 2001, pp. 199, 224–225.
- Weeraperuma 1974, pp. 3–53, 1998, pp. 1–30. [In both titles the pages comprise "Part One: Works by Krishnamurti"].
- Fausset 1954; Weeraperuma 1998, pp. vii–viii.
- FoBP c. 2013, ¶¶ 2, 5, 7 [not numbered]. Extracts from "Verbatim Reports" of talks in Bombay (Mumbai), Ojai, California, Madras (Chennai), New York City, Banaras (Varanasi), Bangalore, London, Rajahmundry, New Delhi, Poona (Pune) and Paris.
- Vernon 2001, p. 207. In the Foreword, Huxley, who previously disagreed with Krishnamurti's views on the worth of the intellect, "appears now to endorse [them]".
- Huxley 1954.
- Williams 2004, pp. 260–261. According to a detailed Krishnamurti bibliography, almost all known texts of his from that period were full or partial transcripts of his talks and discussions, published in a variety of print media.
- Lutyens 2003, p. 48; Williams 2004, pp. 260–261.
- Williams 2004, p. 316. Krishnamurti and D. Rajagopal agreed with Huxley that "the immediacy of specific questions and answers about conduct in particular circumstances was a successful way to convey philosophical truths."
- Vas 2004, p. 4.
- Holroyd 1991, p. 28.
- Vernon 2001, p. 234.
- Vernon 2001, pp. 215, 231, 248.
- Rodrigues 1996, pp. 46, 54 [in "Notes": no. 20].
- New York Times 1954; Lutyens 2003, p. 86.
- In the US, Harper had published Education and the Significance of Life by Krishnamurti in 1953 (OCLC 177139); however, this title was published after The First and Last Freedom in the UK and elsewhere (Lutyens 2003, p. 86; Williams 2004, p. 308).
- Williams 2004, p. 266. Elsewhere, Williams states that according to Krishnamurti associate Ingram Smith, D. Rajagopal, as the head of KWINC, had offered to buy back from Gollancz any unsold inventory of the book's first edition.
- Williams 2004, pp. 366–367; KFA n.d.
- Lutyens 2003, p. 87; The Christian Century 1954. The book was advertised in a wide selection of media.
- J. Krishnamurti 1975, edition notice, printer's key line (2015 reprint).
- Williams 2004, p. 316.
- The Penguin Krishnamurti Reader (1970, vol. 1, 1st ed., ISBN 978-01-4003071-6, OCLC 120824); Lutyens 2003, p. 162; Williams 2004, p. 386.
- ISBN 978-1-44-817547-5). Retrieved 2016-04-03. . (Ebury digital ed.,
- Worldcat Identities n.d. One licensee was the publishing arm of the Theosophical Society in America, whose parent organization had sponsored the World Teacher Project. See The First and Last Freedom at Google Books (1968 Theosophical Publishing ed., OCLC 218764). Despite Krishnamurti's disassociation from Theosophy more than eight decades earlier, Theosophical organizations scheduled events based on the book as of 2015[update] (Adelaide Theosophical Society n.d.).
- Wayback Machine n.d. Snapshots of the JKO document's pages were archived March 2011. However, as of June 2018, the work was not available at the contemporary version of the official repository.[update]
- Williams 2004, p. 316; Lutyens 2003, p. 87. Referring in this instance to contemporary talks by Krishnamurti in New York City.
- Burden 1959, p. 271.
- Lutyens 2003, p. 87. Lindbergh quote regarding the book's 1st US ed.
- Kirkus Reviews n.d. Positive review of an early edition.
- Le Bey 1954. Positive review of the 1st US ed.
- The Times of India 1954. Negative review of the 1st UK ed. Huxley's endorsement of Krishnamurti's ideas is also criticized in this review.
- Fausset 1954. Positive review of the 1st UK ed.
- Cohen 1954. Positive review of the 1st UK ed.
- Kelman 1956, p. 68. Paper read at a 1955 meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis. Partly based on the book (1st US ed.), it quotes extensively from it; Lutyens 2003, pp. 208, 217.
- Lutyens 2003, p. 188. After reading the book, Bohm attended Krishnamurti talks at Wimbledon, London in 1961, and met him in person; Hiley 1997, p. 124.
- Ely 1954, p. 228. [In "Bibliography: § Recommended Background Reading"].
- Heshusius 1994, pp. 15, 18, 21. "The writings of Judi [sic] Krishnamurti (e.g., 1954, 1976) are particularly lucid ..." [In "§ Notes": no. 4]; Khattar 2010, p. 61.
- Middelman 1988, p. 274. "The understanding of this situation is more clearly expressed by Krishnamurti."
- Gorman 1978, pp. 164, 165–166.
- Kang 2003, p. 98.
- Pijnenburg & Leget 2007, p. 586.
- Schreiber 2012, §§ "The deconstruction of historicised ego", "The affirmative phenomenology of meta-consciousness, false-self and true-self".
- Bharucha 2000.
- Kennedy 2001, p. 14.
- Plummer 2010, p. 392. "[In notes for 'Chapter 25: The psychology of success':] 10. One of the clearest analyses of the beneficial effects of self-observation".
- Maheshwari 2005; Berry 2015.
- Meckier 2011, pp. 327–329.
- MOT 2014; Art Monthly 2014.
- Mahajan 2007.
- Lavery 1994, "§ Conclusion".
- KFT n.d.
- "§ Most widely held works by J. Krishnamurti". Worldcat Identities. Dublin, Ohio: OCLC. n.d. Krishnamurti, J. (Jiddu) 1895–1986. Archived from the original on 2016-04-03. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
- Berry, William (2 February 2015). "You Might Be Better Off Not Reading This". Blog. Psychology Today (online ed.). New York: Sussex Publishers. ISSN 0033-3107. Archived from the original on 2016-02-10. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
- Bharucha, Rustom (25 March 2000). "Enigmas of Time". Special Articles. Economic and Political Weekly. Mumbai: Sameeksha Trust. 35 (13): 1094–1100. ISSN 0012-9976.
- Burden, Jean (Fall 1959). "Krishnamurti and the pathless land". Reviews. Prairie Schooner. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. 33 (3): 271–281. ISSN 0032-6682. JSTOR 40625541. (JSTOR access may require registration).
- Cohen, J. M. (John Michael) (16 May 1954). "The Simple Question" (pdf). Book Reviews. The Observer. London: Waldorf Astor. p. 11. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved 2016-04-10 – via ProQuest Historical Newspapers.
- Ely, Jewel Mary (August 1954). The needs, interests, and problems of elementary age children (pdf) (Master of Science in Education thesis). Los Angeles, California: University of Southern California. Dissertation no. EP47862. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- "Exhibitions". Listings. Art Monthly. No. 379. London: Britannia Art Publications. September 2014. p. 43. ISSN 0142-6702. Retrieved 2016-04-09 – via Exact Editions.
- Fausset, Hugh l'Anson (14 May 1954). "Bond and Free". Book Reviews. The Times Literary Supplement. London: TLS Education. p. 317. ISSN 0040-7895. Retrieved 2016-03-25 – via Gale.
- Gorman, Michael E. (June 1978). "A. J. Korzybski, J. Krishnamurti, and Carlos Castaneda: A Modest Comparison". ETC: A Review of General Semantics. Vol. 35 no. 2. New York: Institute of General Semantics. pp. 162–174. ISSN 0014-164X. JSTOR 42576038. (JSTOR access may require registration).
- Heshusius, Lous (April 1994). "Freeing Ourselves from Objectivity: Managing Subjectivity or Turning toward a Participatory Mode of Consciousness?". Educational Researcher. Washington, D.C.: American Educational Research Association. 23 (3): 15–22. doi:10.3102/0013189X023003015. eISSN 1935-102X – via SAGE journals.
- Hiley, Basil J. (November 1997). "David Joseph Bohm. 20 December 1917–27 October 1992". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. London: Royal Society. 43: 106–131. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1997.0007. eISSN 1748-8494. JSTOR 770328. (JSTOR access may require registration).
- Holroyd, Stuart (1991). Krishnamurti: the man, the mystery & the message (paperback) (1st ed.). Shaftesbury, Dorset & Rockport, Massachusetts: Element Books. ISBN 978-1-852302-0-09.
- "http://www.jkrishnamurti.org/krishnamurti-teachings/view-text.php?tid=30&chid=385". Wayback Machine (archive). San Francisco: Internet Archive. n.d. Retrieved 2016-04-04. (Calendar view of webpage's archive).
- Huxley, Aldous (19 May 1954). Foreword. The first and last freedom. By Jiddu, Krishnamurti (hardcover) (1st US ed.). New York: Harper & Brothers. pp. 9–18. LCCN 54-6040. OCLC 964457. JKO legacy document no. 306. Archived from the original on 2016-06-25. Retrieved 2019-05-14 – via J. Krishnamurti Online ["legacy" website].
- "K Publications". KFA. Ojai, California: Krishnamurti Foundation of America. n.d. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
- Kang, Chris (June 2003). "A psychospiritual integration frame of reference for occupational therapy. Part 1: Conceptual foundations". Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. 50 (2): 92–103. doi:10.1046/j.1440-1630.2003.00358.x. eISSN 1440-1630 – via Wiley Online Library.
- Kelman, Harold (January 1956). "Life history as therapy: Part II; On being aware". The American Journal of Psychoanalysis. New York: Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis. 16 (1): 68–78. doi:10.1007/bf01873714. ISSN 0002-9548 – via Springer Link.
- Kennedy, Tina (2001). "'I Too of the Wild Hills': Experience, Meaning, and Place". Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. 63: 9–24. doi:10.1353/pcg.2001.0019. ISSN 0066-9628 – via Project Muse.
Presidential Address delivered to the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers, 63rd Annual Meeting, Areata, California, September 16, 2000.
- Khattar, Randa (2010). "Brought-Forth Possibilities for Attentiveness in the Mathematics Classroom". Complicity. Alberta: University of Alberta. 7 (1): 57–62. ISSN 1710-5668. Retrieved 2017-08-27.
- "Krishnamurti". The Christian Century (advertisement). Vol. 71 no. 25. Chicago, Illinois: Christian Century Foundation. 23 June 1954. p. 771. ISSN 0009-5281. Retrieved 2016-04-11 – via ATLASerials [in news article archive "Methodist women pledge $7 million", archive issued 2016-01-19].
- "Krishnamurti's The First and Last Freedom: A History and Context". Friends of Brockwood Park. Bramdean: Krishnamurti Foundation Trust. c. 2013. Archived from the original on 2016-04-03. Retrieved 2016-04-02.
- Lavery, Terry P. (August 1994). "Culture shock: adventuring into the inner city through post-session imagery". American Journal of Art Therapy. Alexandria, Virginia: American Art Therapy Association. pp. 14–20. ISSN 0007-4764. Retrieved 2016-04-09 – via EBSCOhost.
- Le Bey, Dave (30 May 1954). "Indian challenge to dark thinking" (pdf). The Atlanta Journal and the Atlanta Constitution. Cox Enterprises. p. 5F. ISSN 1539-7459. Retrieved 2017-10-31 – via ProQuest Historical Newspapers.
- "List Of The Books Published Today" (pdf). Books. The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 19 May 1954. p. 29. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-10 – via ProQuest Historical Newspapers.
- Lutyens, Mary (2003) [originally published 1983. London: John Murray]. Krishnamurti: the years of fulfillment (paperback) (1st KFT ed.). Bramdean: Krishnamurti Foundation Trust. ISBN 978-09-0050620-8. Retrieved 2019-04-25 – via Google Books.
- Mahajan, P. M. (July 2007). "Search For Self in Emily Dickinson's Poetry through J. Krishnamurti's Philosophy". PoetCrit. Maranda, India: Kanta Sahitya Prakashan. 20 (2): 16–20. ISSN 0970-2830. Retrieved 2016-04-14 – via EBSCOhost.
- Maheshwari, Suresh C. (6 December 2005). "Meditation as a Complete Emptying of Mind" (pdf). The Speaking Tree. The Times of India. Mumbai: Bennett, Coleman & Co. p. 30. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved 2016-04-14 – via ProQuest Historical Newspapers.
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KFT Online Shop ©2002–2015 Krishnamurti Foundation Trust.
- Pijnenburg, Martien A. M. & Leget, Carlo (October 2007). "Who Wants to Live Forever? Three Arguments against Extending the Human Lifespan". Journal of Medical Ethics. London: BMJ Group. 33 (10): 585–587. doi:10.1136/jme.2006.017822. eISSN 1473-4257. PMC 2652797.
- Plummer, Tony (2010) [originally published 1989]. Forecasting financial markets: the psychology of successful investing (e-book) (6th ed.). London & Philadelphia: Kogan Page. ISBN 978-07-494-5872-0. Retrieved 2019-04-25 – via Google Books.
- Rajagopal Sloss, Radha (2011) [originally published 1991. London: Bloomsbury Publishing]. Lives in the shadow with J. Krishnamurti (e-book). Lincoln, Nebraska: iUniverse. ISBN 978-14-6203131-3.
- Rodrigues, Hillary (January 1996). "J. Krishnamurti's 'religious mind'". Religious Studies and Theology. Sheffield, UK: Equinox Publishing. 15 (1): 40–55. ISSN 0829-2922. Retrieved 2016-04-12 – via ATLASerials.
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- "The First and Last Freedom". Book Reviews Archive. Kirkus Reviews. New York: Kirkus Media. n.d. Archived from the original on 2016-03-22. Retrieved 2016-03-25.
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- "The First and Last Freedom by Krishnamurthi". Book Reviews. The Times of India. Mumbai: Bennett, Coleman & Co. 22 August 1954. p. 6. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved 2016-03-25 – via ProQuest Historical Newspapers.
[Variant spelling:] Krishnamurthi.
- "Upcoming Events The First and Last Freedom". Events. Adelaide Theosophical Society. n.d. "§ Details". Archived from the original on 2016-03-22. Retrieved 2016-04-13.
Date: October 2, 2015.
- Vas, Luis S. R. (2004). J. Krishnamurti: great liberator or failed messiah? (paperback) (1st Indian ed.). Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-81-208-2051-7. Retrieved 2019-04-25 – via Google Books.
- Vernon, Roland (2001). Star in the east: Krishnamurti: the invention of a messiah (hardcover). New York: Palgrave. ISBN 978-0-312-23825-4.
- Weeraperuma, Susunaga (1974). A bibliography of the life and teachings of Jiddu Krishnamurti (hardcover) (1st ed.). Leiden: E. J. Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-04007-6. Retrieved 2019-04-25 – via Google Books.
- —— (1998) [originally published 1982 as Supplement to a bibliography of the life and teachings of Jiddu Krishnamurti. Bombay]. Jiddu Krishnamurti: a bibliographical guide (hardcover) (reprint of 2nd rev. ed.). Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-81-208-1426-4. Retrieved 2019-04-25 – via Google Books.
- Williams, Christine V. (2004). Jiddu Krishnamurti: world philosopher (1895–1986): his life and thoughts (hardcover) (1st ed.). Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-81-208-2032-6. Retrieved 2019-04-25 – via Google Books.