The Five Dravidians

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The Five Dravidians
CountryAnuradhapura Kingdom
FounderPulahatta
TitlesKing of Anuradhapura

The Five Dravidian were five Tamil Chiefs apparently from the Pandyan Dynasty who ruled the Anuradhapura Kingdom for 14 years from 103 BC to 88 BC.[1][2][3]

Background[edit]

Before the Five Dravidians invaded the island, the Anuradhapura Kingdom was ruled by Valagamba (104–103 BC, 89–76 BC) also known as Vatthagamani Abhaya. In 103 BC Valagamba was overthrown by these five conquerors from South India, who ruled until 89 BC when they were defeated by Valagamba, who was then able to rule is kingdom once more.

Rulers[edit]

Pulahatta[edit]

Pulahatta
King of Anuradhapura
Reign103 BC – 100 BC
PredecessorValagamba
SuccessorBahiya
Died100 BC

Pulahatta was the first of the Five Dravidians. He was a Tamil chief from the Pandyan Dynasty, in South India, who defeated the reigning monarch Valagamba, who had only come to the throne five months before.[3] He appointed Bahiya as his Chief Minister and reigned for three years until he was murdered in 100 BC by Bahiya.[4]

Bahiya[edit]

Bahiya
King of Anuradhapura
Reign100 BC – 98 BC
PredecessorPulahatta
SuccessorPanya Mara
Died98 BC

Bahiya was the second of the Five Dravidians, he ruled from 100 BC to 98 BC. Chief Minister of Pulahatha, during Pulahatha's reign, he murdered him and ruled as king. Bahiya's reign came to an end when his Prime Minister, Panya Mara, killed him after only two years on the throne.[4]

Panya Mara[edit]

Panya Mara
King of Anuradhapura
Reign98 BC – 91 BC
PredecessorBahiya
SuccessorPilaya Mara
Died91 BC

Panya Mara, the third of the Five Dravidians reigned from 98 BC to 91 BC, the longest of any of the Five Dravidians. Before ascending the throne he held the office of Prime Minister under Bahiya, whom Panya Mara then killed taking the throne while appointing Pilaya Mara as his Chief Minister.[4]

Pilaya Mara[edit]

Pilaya Mara
King of Anuradhapura
Reign91 BC – 90 BC
PredecessorPanya Mara
SuccessorDathika
Died90 BC

Pilaya Mara was King of Anuradhapura from 91 BC to 90 BC. Assuming the throne like his predecessors, by murdering Panya Mara, while he was his Chief Minister. Pilaya Mara had the shortest of all the reigns of the Five Dravidians only lasting seven months, being killed by his own Chief Minister, Dathika.[4]

Dathika[edit]

Dathika
King of Anuradhapura
Reign90 BC – 88 BC
PredecessorPilaya Mara
SuccessorValagamba
Died88 BC

Dathika was the last of the Five Dravidians, who ruled for two years from 90 BC to 88 BC. Dathika came to the throne after murdering his king Pilaya Mara, for whom he was Chief Minister. In 88 BC he was killed, losing the throne, by Valagamba restoring his reign and the dynasty of the House of Vijaya who had reigned since the start of the monarchy. Valagamba went on to rule the Anuradhapura Kingdom for the next 12 years.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CHAPTER II DUTTHA GAMANI TO KASSAPA OF SIGIRIYA THIRD CENTURY B.C.- SIXTH CENTURY A.D." Retrieved 12 December 2011.
  2. ^ "King Vattagamini: Walagambahu (104 BC – 104 BC)". Mahavamsa.org. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
  3. ^ a b "c.33: The Ten Kings". Mahavamsa.org. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Sri Lanka Sinhala Royal Family Genealogy". Rootsweb. Retrieved 12 December 2011.

External links[edit]