The Five Obstructions
|The Five Obstructions|
|Directed by||Lars von Trier
|Produced by||Peter Aalbæk Jensen
|Written by||Lars von Trier
|Starring||Lars von Trier
Daniel Hernandez Rodriguez
|Distributed by||Zentropa Real ApS
The Five Obstructions is a 2003 Danish documentary film directed by Lars von Trier and Jørgen Leth. The film is conceived as a documentary, but incorporates lengthy sections of experimental films produced by the filmmakers. The premise is that von Trier has created a challenge for his friend and mentor, Jørgen Leth, another renowned filmmaker. von Trier's favorite film is Leth's The Perfect Human (1967), and von Trier gives Leth the task of remaking The Perfect Human five times, each time with a different "obstruction" (or obstacle) imposed by von Trier.
It has been said that "[b]oth this film and Dogville show a more mature von Trier, one who is more aware of and accountable to the full implications of the torture, suffering and victimization he has employed in his films, especially in exploring how easily those who victimize others in the name of righteousness become victims [of] their own self-righteousness."
- Leth must remake the film in Cuba, with no set, and with no shot lasting longer than twelve frames, and he must answer the questions posed in the original film; Leth successfully completes this task.
- Leth must remake the film in the worst place in the world but not show that place onscreen; additionally, Leth must himself play the role of "the man." The meal must be included, but the woman is not to be included. Leth remakes the film in the red light district of Mumbai, only partially hiding it behind a translucent screen.
- Because Leth failed to complete the second task perfectly, von Trier punishes him, telling him to either remake the film in any way he chooses, or else to repeat it again with the second obstruction in Mumbai. Leth chooses the first option and remakes the film in Brussels, using split-screen effects.
- Leth must remake the film as a cartoon. He does so with the aid of Bob Sabiston, a specialist in rotoscoping, who creates animated versions of shots from the previous films. As such the final product is technically an animation but not a cartoon. Nevertheless, von Trier considers the task to be completed successfully.
- The fifth obstruction is that von Trier has already made the fifth version, but it must be credited as Leth's, and Leth must read a voice-over narration, ostensibly from his own perspective but in fact one written by von Trier.
Collaboration with Martin Scorsese
In 2010 Variety reported rumors that, Lars von Trier, Martin Scorsese, and Robert De Niro planned to work on a remake of Scorsese's film Taxi Driver with the film made with same restrictions as were used in The Five Obstructions. In 2014 Paul Schrader, the screenwriter for Taxi Driver said that it was not being made. He said, "It was a terrible idea" and "in Marty's mind, it never was something that should be done."
- A. O. Scott (26 May 2004). "The Five Obstructions (2003) | Movie Review; A Cinematic Duel of Wits For Two Danish Directors". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- "Screening Log – 5/31–6/06, 2004". Also Like Life. 6 June 2004. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Steve Barton (16 February 2010). "Lars von Trier, Robert De Niro, and Martin Scorsese Collaborating on New Taxi Driver". Dread Central. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- Dan Selcke (19 February 2014). "Taxi Driver will not be remade by Lars Von Trier, if anyone was worried". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- Hjort, Mette. The Five Obstructions. In Livingston, Paisley Nathan; Plantinga, Carl Rendit, eds. (3 December 2008). The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Film. Routledge Philosophy Companions. London: Routledge, pp. 631–640. ISBN 978-0-415-77166-5. Retrieved 11 October 2010.