1919–20 Football League

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The Football League
Season 1919–20
Champions West Bromwich Albion
Relegated Lincoln City

The 19191920 season was the 28th season of The Football League.

In 1919, the First Division was extended from 20 to 22 clubs. During previous expansions, the relegated clubs from the previous season were re-elected, while the top Second Division sides were promoted as usual.

Therefore, Derby and Preston, the two top Second Division sides in 1915 (there had been a break for the war) did move on up. Chelsea, who had finished 19th that season, were, as expected, re-elected.

But the reason for Chelsea's escape were somewhat arbitrary. In 1915, Manchester United had, to avoid relegation, fixed their last game against Liverpool. They won 2–0 and sent Chelsea into the relegation places instead, but the new league president and former Liverpool chairman John McKenna must have felt some guilt, because at the League's AGM in 1919 he gave a speech insisting on the continued presence in the top flight of the Stamford Bridge club.

More controversially though, Tottenham Hotspur - who came 20th in 1915 - were not re-elected and arch-rivals Arsenal, who had finished fifth in the Second Division had their promotion engineered by Sir Henry Norris. It has been alleged that Norris bribed or in some way unduly influenced the voting members of the Football League, in particular McKenna at the League's AGM.[1][2] McKenna made a speech recommending Arsenal's promotion ahead of Spurs thanks to the former's longer spell in the League (Arsenal joined in 1893, Spurs in 1908), although Preston North End & Wolves, who both finished ahead of Arsenal, had been members of the league longer than Arsenal; Wolves since its inception in 1888.[1] Arsenal have never been relegated from the top flight of the English game since.

In Second Division, Port Vale took over from Leeds City after 4 October 1919, when Leeds were disbanded by F.A. order following alleged irregular practices. Port Vale then inherited Leeds’ record up to that date.[3]

After the season, Grimsby Town were relegated to the newly formed Third Division. Lincoln City was not re-elected to Second Division and Leeds United was elected to replace it. Cardiff City were elected to take the second available place in Second Division.

Final league tables[edit]

The tables and results below are reproduced here in the exact form that they can be found at The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation website[4] and in Rothmans Book of Football League Records 1888–89 to 1978–79,[3] with home and away statistics separated.

Beginning with the season 1894–95, clubs finishing level on points were separated according to goal average (goals scored divided by goals conceded), or more properly put, goal ratio. In case one or more teams had the same goal difference, this system favoured those teams who had scored fewer goals. The goal average system was eventually scrapped beginning with the 1976–77 season.

Since the goal average was used for this purpose for such a long time, it is presented in the tables below even for the seasons prior to 1894–95, and since the goal difference is a more informative piece of information for a modern reader than the goal average, the goal difference is added in this presentation after the goal average.

During the first five seasons of the league, that is, until the season 1893–94, re-election process concerned the clubs which finished in the bottom four of the league. From the 1894–95 season and until the 1920–21 season the re-election process was required of the clubs which finished in the bottom three of the league.

First Division[edit]

Football League
First Division
Season 1919–20
Champions West Bromwich Albion (1st English title)
Relegated Notts County,
The Wednesday
Matches played 462
Goals scored 1,332 (2.88 per match)
Top goalscorer Fred Morris (West Bromwich Albion), 37 [5]
Biggest home win West BromNotts County 8–0 (25 Oct 1919)
Biggest away win BurnleyBradford Park Avenue 2–6 (22 Nov 1919)
Preston North EndBradford City 1–5 (1 Sep 1919)
Bradford Park AvenueWest Brom 0–4 (3 Apr 1920)
Derby CountyWest Brom 0–4 (20 Dec 1919)
Highest scoring Manchester CityBlackburn 8–2 (8 Nov 1919)
Pos Team Pld W D L F A W D L F A F A GA GD Pts
1 West Bromwich Albion 42 17 1 3 65 21 11 3 7 39 26 104 47 2.213 +57 60
2 Burnley 42 13 5 3 43 27 8 4 9 22 32 65 59 1.102 +16 51
3 Chelsea 42 15 3 3 33 10 7 2 12 23 41 56 51 1.098 +5 49
4 Liverpool 42 12 5 4 35 18 7 5 9 24 26 59 44 1.341 +15 48
5 Sunderland 42 17 2 2 45 16 5 2 14 27 43 72 59 1.220 +13 48
6 Bolton Wanderers 42 11 3 7 35 29 8 6 7 37 36 72 65 1.108 +7 47
7 Manchester City 42 14 5 2 52 27 4 4 13 19 35 71 62 1.145 +9 45
8 Newcastle United 42 11 5 5 31 13 6 4 11 13 26 44 39 1.128 +5 43
9 Aston Villa 42 11 3 7 49 36 7 3 11 26 37 75 73 1.027 +2 42
10 Arsenal 42 11 5 5 32 21 4 7 10 24 37 56 58 0.966 –2 42
11 Bradford Park Avenue 42 8 6 7 31 26 7 6 8 29 37 60 63 0.952 –3 42
12 Manchester United 42 6 8 7 20 17 7 6 8 34 33 54 50 1.080 +4 40
13 Middlesbrough 42 10 5 6 35 23 5 5 11 26 42 61 65 0.938 –4 40
14 Sheffield United 42 14 5 2 43 20 2 3 16 16 49 59 69 0.855 –10 40
15 Bradford City 42 10 6 5 36 25 4 5 12 18 38 54 63 0.857 –9 39
16 Everton 42 8 6 7 42 29 4 8 9 27 39 69 68 1.015 +1 38
17 Oldham Athletic 42 12 4 5 33 19 3 4 14 16 33 49 52 0.942 –3 38
18 Derby County 42 12 5 4 36 18 1 7 13 11 39 47 57 0.825 –10 38
19 Preston North End 42 9 6 6 35 27 5 4 12 22 46 57 73 0.781 –16 38
20 Blackburn Rovers 42 11 4 6 48 30 2 7 12 16 47 64 77 0.831 –13 37
21 Notts County 42 9 8 4 39 25 3 4 14 17 49 56 74 0.757 –18 36
22 The Wednesday 42 6 4 11 14 23 1 5 15 14 41 28 64 0.438 –36 23

Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against;
GA = Goal average; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points

Key
League Champions
FA Cup Winners
Relegated

Results[edit]

Home ╲ Away ARS AST BLB BOL BRA BPA BUR CHE DER EVE LIV MCI MUN MID NEW NTC OLD PNE SHU SUN WED WBA
Arsenal 0–1 0–1 2–2 1–2 3–0 2–0 1–1 1–0 1–1 1–0 2–2 0–3 2–1 0–1 3–1 3–2 0–0 3–0 3–2 3–1 1–0
Aston Villa 2–1 1–2 3–6 3–1 1–0 2–2 5–2 2–2 2–2 0–1 0–1 2–0 5–3 4–0 3–1 3–0 2–4 4–0 0–3 3–1 2–4
Blackburn Rovers 2–2 5–1 2–2 4–1 3–3 2–3 3–1 2–0 3–2 0–2 1–4 5–0 0–2 2–0 1–1 0–1 4–0 4–0 3–0 1–0 1–5
Bolton Wanderers 2–2 2–1 2–1 1–1 1–2 1–1 1–2 3–0 0–2 0–3 6–2 3–5 2–1 0–3 1–0 1–0 4–1 1–0 1–0 2–0 1–2
Bradford City 1–1 3–1 3–1 0–1 0–0 2–1 3–1 3–1 3–3 1–3 1–0 2–1 0–1 1–0 3–4 1–1 2–2 1–2 2–0 1–1 3–0
Bradford Park Avenue 0–0 6–1 5–2 2–0 0–0 0–1 1–0 1–1 0–2 1–2 2–1 1–4 1–1 0–1 0–1 2–0 3–3 1–0 2–2 3–0 0–4
Burnley 2–1 0–0 3–1 2–1 1–1 2–6 2–3 2–0 5–0 1–2 2–0 2–1 5–3 1–0 2–1 2–1 1–1 2–2 2–1 2–0 2–2
Chelsea 3–1 2–1 2–1 2–3 1–0 4–0 0–1 0–0 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 3–1 0–0 2–0 1–0 4–0 1–0 2–0 1–1 2–0
Derby County 2–1 1–0 0–0 1–2 3–0 0–0 0–2 5–0 2–1 3–0 0–0 1–1 1–2 1–0 3–1 1–1 2–0 5–1 3–1 2–1 0–4
Everton 2–3 1–1 3–0 3–3 4–1 2–0 2–2 2–3 4–0 0–0 2–0 0–0 5–2 4–0 1–2 0–2 0–1 3–0 1–3 1–1 2–5
Liverpool 2–3 2–1 3–0 2–0 2–1 3–3 0–1 0–1 3–0 3–1 1–0 0–0 1–0 1–1 3–0 2–2 1–2 2–0 3–2 1–0 0–0
Manchester City 4–1 2–2 8–2 1–4 1–0 4–1 3–1 1–0 3–1 1–1 2–1 3–3 1–0 0–0 4–1 3–1 1–0 3–3 1–0 4–2 2–3
Manchester United 0–1 1–2 1–1 1–1 0–0 0–1 0–1 0–2 0–2 1–0 0–0 1–0 1–1 2–1 0–0 1–1 5–1 3–0 2–0 0–0 1–2
Middlesbrough 1–0 1–4 2–2 1–3 4–0 1–2 4–0 0–0 2–0 1–1 3–2 0–2 1–1 0–1 5–2 1–0 4–1 1–0 0–2 3–0 0–0
Newcastle United 3–1 2–0 0–0 0–1 0–1 4–0 0–0 3–0 0–0 3–0 3–0 3–0 2–1 0–0 2–1 0–1 1–0 2–1 2–3 1–1 0–2
Notts County 2–2 2–1 5–0 2–2 5–2 0–2 2–0 0–1 2–2 1–1 1–0 4–1 0–2 1–1 0–0 2–1 1–2 2–2 2–2 3–1 2–0
Oldham Athletic 3–0 0–3 0–0 2–0 0–1 2–2 1–0 1–0 3–0 4–1 1–1 1–3 0–3 1–2 1–0 0–0 4–1 4–0 2–1 1–0 2–1
Preston North End 1–1 3–0 0–0 1–1 1–5 0–3 0–1 3–1 1–1 1–1 2–1 1–1 2–3 3–1 2–3 2–0 2–1 2–0 5–2 3–0 0–1
Sheffield United 2–0 1–2 2–0 3–2 0–0 2–2 1–3 3–1 0–0 1–1 3–2 3–1 2–2 5–1 2–1 3–0 1–0 2–1 3–1 3–0 1–0
Sunderland 1–1 2–1 2–0 2–0 2–0 2–0 3–0 3–2 2–1 2–3 0–1 2–1 3–0 1–1 2–0 3–1 3–0 1–0 3–2 2–1 4–1
The Wednesday 1–2 0–1 0–0 0–2 1–0 0–1 3–1 0–2 2–0 1–0 2–2 0–0 1–3 0–1 0–1 0–0 1–0 0–1 2–1 0–2 0–3
West Bromwich Albion 1–0 1–2 5–2 4–1 4–1 3–1 4–1 4–0 3–0 4–3 1–1 2–0 2–1 4–1 3–0 8–0 3–1 4–1 0–2 4–0 1–3

Source: [1]
^ The home team is listed in the left-hand column.
Colours: Blue = home team win; Yellow = draw; Red = away team win.

Maps[edit]

Locations of the Football League First Division London teams

Second Division[edit]

Football League
Second Division
Season 1919–20
Champions Tottenham Hotspur (1st title)
Relegated Grimsby Town
Failed re-election Lincoln City
Matches played 462
Goals scored 1,285 (2.78 per match)
Top goalscorer Sammy Taylor (Huddersfield Town), 35 [5]
Biggest home win BirminghamNottingham Forest 8–0 (10 Mar 1920)
Biggest away win BarnsleyBirmingham 0–5 (14 Feb 1920)
Leicester CityBury 0–5 (10 Apr 1920)
Highest scoring HullWolverhampton 10–3 (27 Dec 1919)
Pos Team Pld W D L F A W D L F A F A GA GD Pts
1 Tottenham Hotspur 42 19 2 0 60 11 13 4 4 42 21 102 32 3.188 +70 70
2 Huddersfield Town 42 16 4 1 58 13 12 4 5 39 25 97 38 2.553 +59 64
3 Birmingham 42 14 3 4 54 16 10 5 6 31 18 85 34 2.500 +51 56
4 Blackpool 42 13 4 4 40 18 8 6 7 25 29 65 47 1.383 +18 52
5 Bury 42 14 4 3 35 15 6 4 11 25 29 60 44 1.364 +16 48
6 Fulham 42 11 6 4 36 18 8 3 10 25 32 61 50 1.220 +11 47
7 West Ham United 42 14 3 4 34 14 5 6 10 13 26 47 40 1.175 +7 47
8 Bristol City 42 9 9 3 30 18 4 8 9 16 25 46 43 1.070 +3 43
9 South Shields 42 13 5 3 47 18 2 7 12 11 30 58 48 1.208 +10 42
10 Stoke 42 13 3 5 37 15 5 3 13 23 39 60 54 1.111 +6 42
11 Hull City 42 13 4 4 53 23 5 2 14 25 49 78 72 1.083 +6 42
12 Barnsley 42 9 5 7 41 28 6 5 10 20 27 61 55 1.109 +6 40
13 Port Vale[6] 42 11 3 7 35 27 5 5 11 24 35 59 62 0.952 –3 40
14 Leicester City 42 8 6 7 26 29 7 4 10 15 32 41 61 0.672 –20 40
15 Clapton Orient 42 14 3 4 34 17 2 3 16 17 42 51 59 0.864 –8 38
16 Stockport County 42 11 4 6 34 24 3 5 13 18 37 52 61 0.852 –9 37
17 Rotherham County 42 10 4 7 32 27 3 4 14 19 56 51 83 0.614 –32 34
18 Nottingham Forest 42 9 4 8 23 22 2 5 14 20 51 43 73 0.589 –30 31
19 Wolverhampton Wanderers 42 8 4 9 41 32 2 6 13 14 48 55 80 0.688 –25 30
20 Coventry City 42 7 7 7 20 26 2 4 15 15 47 35 73 0.479 –38 29
21 Lincoln City[7] 42 8 6 7 27 30 1 3 17 17 71 44 101 0.436 –57 27
22 Grimsby Town[8] 42 8 4 9 23 24 2 1 18 11 51 34 75 0.453 –41 25
  1. ^ a b Spurling (2004). Rebels for the Cause. p. 40. 
  2. ^ Soar, Phil; Tyler, Martin (2005). The Official Illustrated History of Arsenal. Hamlyn. p. 40. ISBN 0-600-61344-5. 
  3. ^ a b Ian Laschke: Rothmans Book of Football League Records 1888–89 to 1978–79. Macdonald and Jane’s, London & Sydney, 1980.
  4. ^ "England 1919-20". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-24. 
  5. ^ a b "English League Leading Goalscorers". RSSSF. Retrieved 2010-10-31. 
  6. ^ Leeds City were expelled from the league after 8 games; Port Vale, formerly Burslem Port Vale, took their place and inherited their record.
  7. ^ Lincoln City were not re-elected, but they returned to the league later, for the season 1921–22, surfacing this time in 3rd Division North, after
    having been absent only for one season.
  8. ^ Grimsby Town participated in the Football League Third Division during the following season.

Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against;
GA = Goal average; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points

Key
Division Champions, promoted
Promoted
New club in the league (see also Coventry City)
Re-elected
Relegated
Failed re-election

Results[edit]

Note: Port Vale takes over from Leeds City and then inherits the latter’s record up to that date.

Home ╲ Away BAR BIR BLP BRI Bury CLA COV FUL GRI HUD HUL LEE LEI LIN NOT PTV ROT SSH STP STK TOT WHU WOL
Barnsley 0–5 1–1 0–0 1–3 2–1 1–0 4–1 0–1 3–3 2–3 0–1 5–3 2–2 1–0 4–0 0–1 0–0 1–2 3–0 7–0 4–1
Birmingham 0–0 4–2 1–0 0–2 2–1 4–1 2–0 4–0 4–2 4–1 0–1 7–0 8–0 3–0 2–2 4–0 1–1 2–1 0–1 0–1 2–0
Blackpool 0–2 3–0 0–0 1–0 3–0 2–0 1–1 2–0 0–3 2–1 4–2 3–0 6–0 3–2 5–1 0–3 1–0 3–1 0–1 0–0 1–1
Bristol City 3–1 1–1 0–0 1–0 1–1 1–0 0–3 3–1 2–1 2–2 0–0 6–0 0–0 1–1 2–1 3–1 1–0 1–2 1–2 0–0 1–1
Bury 2–0 1–0 1–2 0–1 3–0 2–2 2–2 1–1 2–0 2–0 1–0 3–0 1–1 2–1 4–1 2–1 0–2 1–0 2–1 1–0 2–0
Clapton Orient 2–0 2–1 3–0 1–0 2–1 2–2 0–1 3–0 0–1 2–2 3–0 1–0 1–0 2–1 1–2 4–0 2–1 2–1 0–4 1–0 0–0
Coventry City 1–0 1–3 0–0 0–0 2–1 0–0 0–1 2–0 0–2 0–1 0–4 1–2 2–0 4–2 1–1 1–1 1–1 3–2 0–5 0–0 1–0
Fulham 1–1 1–2 1–2 1–1 1–0 2–1 0–0 2–1 2–2 1–0 5–0 3–0 1–0 4–0 3–0 1–0 4–1 0–0 1–4 1–2 1–1
Grimsby Town 1–1 0–3 1–1 2–2 1–2 2–0 0–1 0–2 1–0 2–1 1–2 2–2 1–0 2–0 0–1 3–1 0–3 2–0 2–0 0–1 0–1
Huddersfield Town 4–1 0–0 1–3 1–0 5–0 2–1 5–0 3–0 3–0 2–0 0–0 4–2 2–1 4–1 7–1 2–2 5–0 3–0 1–1 2–0 2–0
Hull City 3–1 0–0 0–1 0–0 4–2 3–1 0–1 2–0 4–1 1–4 1–1 5–1 5–2 2–0 1–0 3–0 4–1 3–0 1–3 1–1 10–3
Leeds City 1–0 3–0 1–2 1–1
Leicester City 0–0 1–0 2–3 2–1 0–5 1–1 1–0 3–2 2–0 0–4 3–2 4–0 0–0 0–1 1–1 0–0 0–2 3–1 2–4 0–0 1–2
Lincoln City 0–4 2–2 0–3 0–0 2–1 2–1 4–1 0–1 2–0 1–3 2–0 0–3 1–4 0–0 0–0 1–1 2–0 2–1 1–1 1–4 4–0
Nottingham Forest 0–1 1–2 2–0 1–2 1–0 2–1 2–1 0–3 2–0 1–2 0–2 0–0 2–1 0–1 4–1 0–0 1–1 0–2 1–1 2–1 1–0
Port Vale 0–2 1–3 3–1 2–2 4–2 3–4 2–1 0–0 1–2 1–0 4–1 4–2 1–0 2–0 0–3 0–1 1–0
Rotherham County 1–0 0–3 1–2 2–2 1–2 3–1 4–3 1–1 3–1 1–3 1–2 1–0 3–0 2–0 2–2 1–0 1–0 1–3 1–1 0–1 2–0
South Shields 0–0 1–0 6–0 0–2 0–0 2–0 1–0 2–0 2–0 1–2 7–1 2–0 2–2 5–2 2–0 6–2 3–2 2–2 0–3 3–0 0–0
Stockport County 1–0 2–1 0–0 2–3 1–1 3–1 1–1 2–1 1–2 1–2 3–1 0–2 3–0 0–0 0–4 4–1 1–0 3–1 1–2 1–0 4–1
Stoke 2–0 0–1 2–0 2–0 1–1 2–0 6–1 1–0 3–0 0–1 3–1 3–0 1–3 0–2 0–0 3–0 0–0 2–1 1–3 2–1 3–0
Tottenham Hotspur 4–0 0–0 2–2 2–0 2–1 2–1 4–1 4–0 3–1 2–0 4–0 4–0 6–1 5–2 2–0 2–0 2–0 2–0 2–0 2–0 4–2
West Ham United 0–2 1–2 1–0 2–0 1–0 0–1 2–0 0–1 1–0 1–1 2–1 1–0 1–1 5–1 3–1 2–1 1–0 3–0 1–1 2–1 4–0
Wolverhampton Wanderers 2–4 0–2 0–3 3–1 0–1 1–2 2–0 2–1 6–1 2–3 4–2 2–4 1–1 4–0 4–0 0–1 0–0 2–2 4–0 1–3 1–1

Source: Ian Laschke: Rothmans Book of Football League Records 1888–89 to 1978–79. Macdonald and Jane’s, London & Sydney, 1980.
^ The home team is listed in the left-hand column.
Colours: Blue = home team win; Yellow = draw; Red = away team win.

Maps[edit]

Locations of the Football League Second Division London teams

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ian Laschke: Rothmans Book of Football League Records 1888–89 to 1978–79. Macdonald and Jane’s, London & Sydney, 1980.