The Foreigner (play)

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The Foreigner is a two-act comedy by American playwright Larry Shue. The play has become a staple of professional and amateur theatre.[1] The Foreigner has earned two Obie Awards and two Outer Critics Circle Awards as Best New American Play and Best Off-Broadway Production.[2]


  • Charlie Baker – a meek proofreader for a science fiction magazine; he has a merrily adulterous wife whom he loves. He is witty and funny while also very smart. He is extremely shy but living at the lodge and being in contact with such wonderful people, Charlie soon comes out of his shell and eventually finds himself the center of attention as the hero.
  • S/Sgt. "Froggy" LeSueur – a cheerful British Army man who teaches the use of explosives
  • Betty Meeks – an elderly widow who owns a resort lodge and mothers her guests. She has a fun, sarcastic nature, but she is very nurturing to all who come in contact with her. She is a hard worker, and her weak body carries all of the work she has done throughout the years.
  • Rev. David Marshall Lee – engaged to Catherine and, "it would appear, a good young man to have on our side".[3] He comes in and out of the play and always seems like a charmer when the ladies are around. When it is just him alone with Charlie however, he begins to show his true colors.
  • Catherine Simms – a pretty heiress going through an emotional time. She is kind and caring towards Ellard and quickly shows Charlie the same attention.
  • Ellard Simms – Catherine's dim-witted brother, heir to half the family money if Catherine decides he is "smart enough to handle it". He is a kind, gentle hearted man but no one really gives him the time of day until Charlie comes into the picture. Charlie not only helps Ellard become more in tune with really how bright he is, but is also taught by Ellard what it means to be patient and lighthearted.
  • Owen Musser – a superstitious, dangerous racist man that lives in town.


In a resort-style fishing lodge in rural Georgia, the plot revolves around the visit of two guests, Englishmen Charlie Baker and Staff Sergeant Froggy LeSueur. Naturally shy, Charlie is also depressed because his beloved wife may be dying. He tells Froggy, "I should have stayed with Mary, at the hospital. When a man's wife is dying, he belongs with her, not – not in Georgia."[4] He begs Froggy, "Please. Try to understand. I can't—talk to anyone now."

To help his friend, Froggy tells Betty Meeks, who owns the lodge, that Charlie is the native of an exotic country who does not understand a word of English. Betty, who has never traveled, is delighted to cater for a stranger who is "as foreign as the day is long."[5] At first, Charlie is appalled by Froggy's fabrication and protests that he can't pretend.

Froggy: (Trying not to shout.) Yer don't 'ave ter do anything! Yer sit there. Yer bring a bit o' glamour to a sweet old lady's twilight years, and yer bring yerself a bit o' quiet, eh? You said yer can't talk to anyone.
Charlie. No, I—I can. I was panicking. I—
Froggy. Yer can.
Charlie. Yes.
Froggy: Well, that's all right, then. You be the one to tell 'er.
Charlie: Tell her what?
Froggy: (Putting on coat.) Why, that we've lied to 'er. That we've raised 'er 'opes, only ter dash 'em to the ground again.
Charlie: We?
Froggy: Yes, well—I'll be glad I'm gone. I won't 'ave ter see 'er disappointed little eyes fill with tears, and watch 'er hackin' at 'er little wrists with a meat-knife. (Going.) Ta-ta.

At once, though, Charlie overhears a private and emotional conversation (Catherine discovers she is pregnant), and decides he had better perpetuate the ruse.

Before long, Charlie finds himself privy to assorted secrets and scandals freely discussed in front of him by the other visitors. These include spoiled but introspective heiress and Southern belle Catherine Simms and the man to whom she is somewhat reluctantly engaged, the Reverend David Lee, a seemingly good-natured preacher with a dark side. Her younger brother, Ellard, a somewhat "slow" boy (often thought of as a young Forrest Gump[citation needed]) is a simpleton who tries to "teach" Charlie how to speak English. Owen Musser, the racist county property inspector, plans to oust Betty and convert the lodge into a meeting place for the Ku Klux Klan.

Catherine appears at first to be hysterical and sarcastic:

Catherine: Ohhh, boy. (To Charlie and Ellard.) You two be up for a game of Scrabble later? If I'm not busy makin' some excitin' cookies, or sump'm. Or readin' one of these delightful up-to-date magazines. (Picking up a ragged magazine and reading.) "Princess Diana has given birth to a baby boy, her first. The child is as yet unnamed." When will she find a name for that baby? (She drops the magazine and wanders to a window.) Yeah. Shoot. When is that gal—gonna find a name for that— ? (She has surprised herself with a sudden rush of emotion, which she quietly allays.)
Ellard: Buddy might be good.
Catherine. What?
Ellard: Buddy?
Catherine. For what?
Ellard: That little boy's name?
Catherine: (Dripping with sarcasm.) Yeah. Prince Buddy. Prince Buddy of England. Be fine. Well. That's settled. I don't know what we're gonna do now. We named the prince. Go back to bed, I guess.
Ellard: That's my favorite name. If I ever catch me that chipmunk, that's what he's gonna be—Buddy the chipmunk.
Catherine: Ellard, you couldn't catch a chipmunk if all its legs were broken and it was glued to the palm of your hand.[6]

Later, Catherine proves to be brave and loving.

While Act I establishes the various characters, from Charlie's sweetness and apparent naivety to David Lee's duplicity, Act II swings into action and suspense.

When Charlie overhears David and Owen plotting the takeover by declaring the lodge buildings condemned, he spends the weekend pretending to learn a great deal of English very rapidly under the tutelage of Ellard. (He also pretends to speak his "native" language, with much repetition of the phrase "blasny, blasny" and other words that sound vaguely Russian.) Owen finds Charlie alone and threatens him, saying that when the Ku Klux Klan is in power, they will kill all the foreigners. Charlie cheerfully babbles some words, then sets out to frighten Owen:

Charlie: (Same voice.) Hello! Good-bye! One-two-three. (Owen snorts, looks away. Pause. Different tone.) I look tru your bones. (Owen looks at him, startled by this. Charlie looks back with ancient eyes and the ghost of a smile.)
Owen: (Finally.) You say what?
Charlie: Yes. Me see. Moon get beeg. You sleep—sleep out, out. All you skin—bye-bye. I come. I look tru your bones.
Owen: What you talkin' about, mister?
Charlie: (His eyes close.) Round an' round, and in de town— . (His eyes open slightly, still looking at Owen.) Gonna look into your bones, when de bees come down.

Panicked, Owen yells for the others. He exclaims that Charlie was speaking "weird zombie-talk" and that "rays" were coming from his eyes. David tries to calm him and to ask Charlie some questions about his land and language, but Charlie, using broken English and pretending only friendliness, taunts them. Owen furiously exits, promising to bring the Klan to deal with them all. David follows him, ordering Catherine not to call the police. Instead, Catherine calls Froggy's office and leaves a message, begging him for help; then the electricity is cut, and night falls. Through the window they see headlights and torches as some Klan members approach. Charlie devises a plan, but Ellard is almost paralyzed with fear. Charlie encourages him by saying that Ellard looks like the king of his country – "King Buddy."

Charlie sends Catherine and Ellard upstairs, and he and Betty face five men wearing sheets over their heads. Owen says that they will kill Charlie and destroy the house with the munitions in the van outside, and that Betty, Catherine and Ellard will disappear. Charlie, recalling the science fiction he has read, alarms Owen with more "Hoodoo talk":

"You—dare—to—affront—me? I, who have lain in wait, lo, these many centuries for such a night as this! ... I, child of Hrothgar and of Moloch! I, whom the Old Ones have given suck, to rise now from the forest mold and smite thee! Klatu! Barada! Nikto! ... You dare to sneer at me! You—puny earthling!"[7]

With the help of the trap-door to the cellar, Charlie appears to disintegrate a Klansman, and the rest run away in terror. David is unmasked, confesses all to Catherine (he was marrying her for her money), but exclaims that he can start again from scratch as long as he has the weapons in the van. Froggy appears in the doorway, arms his detonator and blows up the van. With the threat vanquished, the protagonists celebrate. Froggy takes Charlie aside to give him a telegram, saying that perhaps Charlie can remain at the lodge a little longer. Betty expects that he has received news of his wife's death. Froggy explains, "No. It was from 'is wife. No. She recovered completely. Ran off with a proctologist." Catherine urges Charlie to stay with them, and he agrees.

Performance history[edit]

Following its premiere at Milwaukee Repertory Theater, the play opened off-broadway on November 1, 1984 at New York City's Astor Place Theatre where it ran for 686 performances. It was directed by Jerry Zaks. The opening night cast included Shue (as Froggy), Anthony Heald (Charlie), Patricia Kalember (Catherine), Robert Schenkkan (David), and Sudie Bond (Betty). The play eventually won two Obie Awards and two Outer Critics Circle Awards, including Best New American Play and Best Off-Broadway Production. Larry Shue died in a plane crash the following year, not living to see the continued popularity of The Foreigner.

The play has been revived a great many times, from the high school to the professional level.

On November 7, 2004, a Roundabout Theatre Company revival opened for a ten-week run at the off-Broadway Laura Pels Theatre. It was directed by Scott Schwartz and starred Matthew Broderick as Charlie, Frances Sternhagen as Betty, Mary Catherine Garrison as Catherine, and Neal Huff as Reverend David Marshall Lee.

In August, 2012, the American Stage Theatre Company, in Saint Petersburg, Florida, had a weeks-long run with a cast including Chris Crawford as Charlie, Natalie Symons as Catherine, Elizabeth Dimon as Betty, Gavin Hawk as the Reverend, Greyson Lewis as Ellard, and Dan Matisa as Owen. Matt Chirioni directed the production with Tom Hansen as set designer.

From September 20 – October 12 in 2013, it was shown in Vancouver at the Pacific Theatre.

Critical response[edit]

Frank Rich saw the opening night performance at the Astor in New York. He praised the performance of Anthony Heald as Charlie and wrote that the play "desperately wants to provide some silly fun," but judged that "its convoluted shenanigans hardly seem worth the effort."[8]

Reviewing the Roundabout Theatre Company performance for The Hartford Courant, Malcolm Johnson wrote,

"Watching Matthew Broderick, initially almost wordless in the title role of Larry Shue's "The Foreigner," provides a delightful lesson in the art of listening. But Broderick also excels in wacky mime, in nutty acrobatics, in nonsense storytelling and in modest charm as his Charlie Baker undergoes a growing self-realization. ... Being the deadpan witness to secrets drives Shue's unlikely but often very funny play, which opened off-Broadway in 1984, only a year before the playwright's death in the crash of a small plane. Broderick takes full advantage of every absurd turn of events in Charlie's strange interlude... Carried away by his own whimsical imagination, Charlie performs an intricate and extended act of imitative ritual with Kevin Cahoon's goofy, gangly Ellard, recalling the mirror game played out between Groucho and Harpo in Duck Soup. Here, with a juice cup atop his head, Broderick follows Cahoon through an increasingly ridiculous series of silent poses and silly dances, warming to the liberating fun of finding a soul mate. ... At its silly, romantic heart, The Foreigner traces the opening up of a repressed sad sack, who even manages to find true love in Mary Catherine Garrison's bitter, regretful Catherine."[9]

Ben Brantley, reviewing the same performance for The New York Times, described it as a "deliberately doltish comedy of improbabilities." Brantley praised the star: "Mr. Broderick floats toward that rarefied ether where slapstick and ballet blur. This actor's delight in cutting loose infectiously mirrors his character's liberation from his stodgy self." However, he thought the pacing too slow and the script "as patronizing to its Southern characters as they initially are to Charlie."[10]

Philip Brandes reviewed a 1993 production of the play, starring Steve Vinovich, Julianna McCarthy, Matthew Walker and Scott Jaeck, for the Los Angeles Times.

"One reason Larry Shue's "The Foreigner" is so frequently performed is because it's one of the few modern comedies that remains true to human nature despite its absurd excesses. Another reason is that it's outrageously funny. If those aren't grounds enough to enjoy an evening at the theater, toss in the incentive of Tom Alderman's handsomely staged Pasadena Playhouse production at the Lobero Theatre as a first-rate cast guides us sure-footedly through Shue's exploration of the comic possibilities suggested by an initial false impression."[11]

Marty Clear, writing for the Tampa Bay Times about a 2012 production, said,

"Playwrights seldom create farce these days, and theater companies seldom produce it. One reason, no doubt, is the high risk-reward ratio. Farce is frothy entertainment, but by definition it's dense and complicated. If the writing isn't scrupulously clever the plots can become muddled, and if the performances aren't precise the humor can cross the line from joyful silliness into abject stupidity. Fortunately, though, everything's right with Larry Shue's The Foreigner and its hilarious staging at American Stage."[12]

Chicago Theater Beat called the play "a charming comedy about the magic of kindness",[13] and DC Theater Scene described a performance by the Bay Theatre in Annapolis, Maryland, as "a hit! ... culminating in a hilarious climax and heart-warming ending."[14]



  1. ^ Bryer, Jackson R. & Hartig, Mary C., eds. (2nd ed. 2010). The Facts on File Companion to American Drama, p. 490. Facts on File, Inc.
  2. ^ "The Foreigner". Dramatists Play Service, Inc. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  3. ^ Shue, Larry (1983). "The Foreigner" (PDF). Valley Center Stage. p. 15. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  4. ^ Shue, Larry (1983). "The Foreigner" (PDF). Valley Center Stage. p. 4. Retrieved August 16, 2012. 
  5. ^ Shue, Larry (1983). "The Foreigner" (PDF). Valley Center Stage. p. 12. Retrieved August 16, 2012. 
  6. ^ Shue, Larry (1983). "The Foreigner" (PDF). Valley Center Stage. p. 29. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  7. ^ Shue, Larry (1983). "The Foreigner" (PDF). Valley Center Stage. pp. 67–68. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  8. ^ Rich, Frank (November 2, 1984). "STAGE: ANTHONY HEALD IN 'FOREIGNER'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  9. ^ Johnson, Malcolm (November 12, 2004). "Broderick Fine In Funny Farce: Strong Supporting Cast Of 'The Foreigner' Abets Star's Display Of His Diverse Talents". The Hartford Courant. Retrieved August 16, 2012. 
  10. ^ Brantley, Ben (November 8, 2004). "An Uneasily Proper Briton Among the Rustics". The New York Times. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  11. ^ Brandes, Philip (December 2, 1993). "THEATER REVIEW: 'The Foreigner' Offers Evening of Light Laughs : A first-rate cast adds good-natured humor to a play about a shy Englishman who is vacationing under false impressions". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  12. ^ Clear, Marty (August 4, 2012). "Review: 'The Foreigner' feels right at home at American Stage". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved August 16, 2012. 
  13. ^ Walsh, Katy (February 12, 2012). "Review: The Foreigner (Provision Theater)". Chicago Theater Beat. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  14. ^ Ying, Ted (December 17, 2010). "The Foreigner". DC Theater Scene. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]