The Forsyte Saga (1967 series)
|The Forsyte Saga|
|Created by||John Galsworthy|
|Theme music composer||Eric Coates|
|Opening theme||'Halcyon Days' from The Three Elizabeths|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of episodes||26|
|Picture format||4:3, Black and white|
|Original release||7 January – 1 July 1967|
The Forsyte Saga is a 1967 BBC television adaptation of John Galsworthy's series of The Forsyte Saga novels, and its sequel trilogy A Modern Comedy. The series follows the fortunes of the upper middle class Forsyte family, and stars Eric Porter as Soames, Kenneth More as Young Jolyon and Nyree Dawn Porter as Irene.
It was adapted for television and produced by Donald Wilson and was originally shown in twenty-six episodes on Saturday evenings between 7 January and 1 July 1967 on BBC2, at a time when only a small proportion of the population had television sets able to receive this channel. It was therefore the Sunday night repeat run on BBC1, starting on 8 September 1968, that secured the programme's success with 18 million tuning in for the final episode in 1969.
Donald Wilson initially intended to produce the series as a 15-part serial adapted by Constance Cox in 1959. However, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer held the rights to the novels, having adapted the first novel A Man of Property into That Forsyte Woman in 1949. After a distribution arrangement with MGM was reached in 1965, the series developed into a groundbreaking 26-part serial, depicting the fortunes of the Forsyte family between 1879 and 1926.
The Forsyte Saga was the last major British drama serial to be made in black and white, even though the BBC was beginning to equip for full-time colour transmission. In an interview for the DVD release, Wilson admits he would have loved to have shot the programme in colour, but delaying recording would have meant re-casting and he felt he had the perfect cast for this adaptation. The series was a gamble for the BBC, with a budget of £10,000 per episode.
Although never credited, the music that opens and closes each episode is the first movement, "Halcyon Days", from the suite The Three Elizabeths written in the early 1940s by Eric Coates.
The series was adapted from the three novels and two interludes of John Galsworthy's Forsyte Saga: The Man of Property (1906), Indian Summer of a Forsyte (1918), In Chancery (1920), Awakening (1920) and To Let (1921); and Galsworthy's later trilogy A Modern Comedy.
The production featured a cast of well-known character actors, of whom the film star Kenneth More was the most famous name.
- Terence Alexander as Montague 'Monty' Dartie
- John Barcroft as George Forsyte
- June Barry as June Forsyte
- John Bennett as Philip Bosinney
- Jonathan Burn as Val Dartie
- Fay Compton as 'Aunt Ann' Forsyte
- Karin Fernald as Anne Forsyte née Wilmot
- Susan Hampshire as Fleur Mont née Forsyte
- Ursula Howells as Frances Forsyte
- Martin Jarvis as Jolyon 'Jon' Forsyte
- Maggie Jones as Smither
- Cyril Luckham as Sir Lawrence Mont
- Kenneth More as 'Young Jolyon' Forsyte
- Lana Morris as Helene Hillmer
- Suzanne Neve as Holly Dartie née Forsyte
- Nora Nicholson as Aunt Juley Small
- Joseph O'Conor as 'Old Jolyon' Forsyte
- Dalia Penn as Annette Forsyte née Lamotte
- Nicholas Pennell as Michael Mont
- Robin Phillips as Wilfrid Desert
- Eric Porter as Soames Forsyte
- Nyree Dawn Porter as Irene Forsyte née Heron
- Kynaston Reeves as Nicholas Forsyte
- Fanny Rowe as Emily Forsyte
- Nora Swinburne as 'Aunt Hester' Forsyte
- Margaret Tyzack as Winifred Dartie
- John Welsh as James Forsyte
- Julia White as Coaker
- Michael York as Jolyon 'Jolly' Forsyte
Broadcast and reception
The series was originally shown over twenty-six episodes on Saturday evenings between 7 January and 1 July 1967 on BBC2, with each episode repeated the following Tuesday evening. This was originally intended to encourage viewers to switch over to BBC2, which had launched in 1964. However, only a small proportion of the viewing public could receive the channel as it was broadcast on the then-new 625-line broadcasting system, which required a new TV set to receive, compared to the old 405-line system that BBC1 (and ITV) were broadcast on. It was when the series was later repeated on Sunday evenings on BBC1, starting on 8 September 1968, that the programme's success was secured with 18 million tuning in for the final episode in 1969. It is often quoted that both publicans and clergymen in the United Kingdom complained that the Sunday night repeats were driving away customers and worshippers, respectively, and there are tales of Sunday Evensong services being moved to prevent a clash with the broadcast. A retrospective on the series by PBS Masterpiece Theatre notes that:
Viewers remember the way the nation shut down each Sunday night for the event. Pubs closed early and the streets were deserted. The Church even rescheduled its evening worship services so that the immense audience could be ready for the start of the show at 7:25pm.
Following its success in Britain, the series was shown in the United States on public television and broadcast all over the world, and became the first BBC television programme to be sold to the Soviet Union. The worldwide audience was estimated as something in the region of 160 million. The series won a Royal Television Society Silver Medal and a BAFTA for Best Drama Series or Serial. Following its transmission in 1967 by RTÉ, the Republic of Ireland's national broadcast service, the BBC production won a Jacob's Award at the annual presentation ceremony in Dublin.
Writing after a new adaptation was produced by Granada Television in 2002, Sarah Crompton noted that even Galsworthy's novels paled in comparison to the television series, noting that the adaptation set a lasting precedent for television dramas:
Poor old Galsworthy may in his day have won the Nobel prize for literature, but now he is just a footnote in televisual history – the begetter of the most popular classic serial of all time. This is no exaggeration. One hundred million people in 26 countries ended up seeing Donald Wilson's version of the saga. It was not the first literary adaptation on TV, but it was longer and more ambitious than anything screened before, and it has come to represent every value and standard to which British TV has aspired ever since.
Because of its black and white picture, the series has had limited repeats on British television since the introduction of colour with one run taking place on BBC1 from 9 January to 1 July 1970 and the final repeat being transmitted on twice-weekly weekday afternoons from 25 September 1974 to 19 December 1974. Episode 13 was repeated on BBC2 on 2 November 1986 as part of a series of programmes shown to mark the fiftieth anniversary of BBC Television.
In 1992 the series was released in the UK on an 8-volume set of videos, and on Region 2 DVD in 2004.
- The Forsyte Saga at PBS Masterpiece Theatre, URL accessed 12 October 2009
- The Forsyte Saga at televisionheaven.co.uk, URL accessed 12 October 2009
- The Forsyte Saga at BFI screenonline, URL accessed 12 October 2009
- Credits at the Internet Movie Database, URL accessed 12 October 2009
- David Pickering, The Forsyte Saga at the Museum of Broadcast Communication], URL accessed 12 October 2009
- The Irish Times, "RTÉ advised to fight defeatism", 7 December 1967
- Sarah Crompton, "Granada's grand undertaking", The Telegraph, 27 March 2002