The Fox (1967 film)
|Directed by||Mark Rydell|
|Screenplay by||Lewis John Carlino|
|Based on||The Fox|
1922 story in The Dial
by D. H. Lawrence
|Produced by||Raymond Stross|
|Cinematography||William A. Fraker|
|Edited by||Thomas Stanford|
|Music by||Lalo Schifrin|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.-Seven Arts|
|December 13, 1967(Canada) |
February 7, 1968 (United States)
|Box office||$19.1 million|
The Fox is a 1967 Canadian drama film directed by Mark Rydell. The screenplay by Lewis John Carlino and Howard Koch is loosely based on the 1923 novella of the same title by D. H. Lawrence. The film marked Rydell's feature film directorial debut.
Jill Banford and Ellen March struggle to support themselves by raising chickens on an isolated farm in rural Canada. Dependent Jill tends to household chores and finances while the self-sufficient Ellen deals with heavier work, such as chopping wood, repairing fences, and stalking the fox that keeps raiding their coops, although she is hesitant about killing it. Jill seems content with their secluded existence, but the frustrated Ellen is less enchanted by the solitude.
In the dead of winter, merchant seaman Paul Grenfel arrives in search of his grandfather, the former owner of the farm who died one year earlier. With nowhere else to go while on leave, he persuades the women to allow him to stay with them for a few weeks in exchange for helping with the work. Tension among the three slowly escalates when his attention to Ellen arouses Jill's resentment and jealousy. When he proposes marriage to Ellen, Jill is first outraged, then hysterically fearful, even trying to bribe Paul to leave.
Eventually Paul tracks and kills the fox. Just before his departure, he makes love to Ellen and asks her to elope with him, but she confesses she would feel guilty if she abandoned Jill. After Paul returns to his ship, Jill confesses her feelings for Ellen, and the two women make love. Ellen writes to Paul, explaining that her place is with Jill and that she cannot marry him.
Several weeks later, Paul returns unexpectedly as the two women are chopping down a dying oak. He offers to complete the job and warns Jill to move away from the tree's potential path. In a standoff of wills, Jill refuses to move as Paul continues to chop at the tree. The falling tree crushes Jill, and she dies.
As spring begins, Ellen sells the farm, and she and Paul set off to start a new life together. Knowing that she is silently mourning the loss of Jill, Paul assures Ellen that she will be happy in her new life. She replies, "Will I?"
- Sandy Dennis as Jill Banford
- Anne Heywood as Ellen March
- Keir Dullea as Paul Grenfel
In adapting Lawrence's novella for the screen, Lewis John Carlino and Howard Koch opted to change the setting from 1918 England to contemporary Canada in an effort to make the plot more relevant for late-1960s audiences.
The film was shot on location on a farm in Laskay, Ontario and at Cinespace Film Studios in Kleinburg, Ontario.
The song "That Night," with music by Lalo Schifrin and lyrics by Norman Gimbel, is performed by Sally Stevens.
The film was released soon after the dissolution of the Motion Picture Association of America Production Code and includes scenes of nudity, masturbation, sexual activity involving Paul and Ellen, and physical relations between two women. Rated R at the time of its original release, it was re-edited and rated PG in 1973.
Renata Adler of The New York Times called the film "a good and interesting movie" and continued, "The pace and the quality of the color, muted and unnatural, with many scenes photographed in shadows of various kinds, convey a brooding sense of something not quite right with everyone, rather like the tone of Reflections in a Golden Eye."
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times called the film "a quiet, powerful masterpiece" and added, "Do not go to see The Fox because of its subject matter, and do not stay away for that reason. The scenes which disturbed Chicago's reactionary censors are filmed with quiet taste and an intuitive knowledge of human nature. And they are only a small part of a wholly natural film. Indeed, it is the natural ease of the film that is so appealing . . . The delicately constructed atmosphere of cold and snow, of early sunsets and chill lingering in the corners, establishes the tone . . . Miss Dennis has a difficult role [that] . . . could have become ridiculous, but [she] manages it well. Dullea is also stronger than he has been in other recent performances. Since David and Lisa, he has been trapped into playing a series of insecure, weak characters; this time, as the dominant personality, he is altogether successful. And he meets his match in Miss Heywood."
TV Guide called it "an uneven adaptation of D.H. Lawrence's novella" and rated it three out of five stars.
The Fox was the fifth most popular film in general release in Britain in 1968.
|Academy Awards||Best Original Score for a Motion Picture (Not a Musical)||Lalo Schifrin||Nominated|||
|Golden Globe Awards||Best English-Language Foreign Film||Won|||
|Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama||Anne Heywood||Nominated|
|Best Director – Motion Picture||Mark Rydell||Nominated|
|Best Screenplay – Motion Picture||Lewis John Carlino and Howard Koch||Nominated|
|Grammy Awards||Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or a Television Special||Lalo Schifrin||Nominated|||
|Laurel Awards||Top Female Dramatic Performance||Anne Heywood||5th Place|||
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2002: AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions – Nominated
|Soundtrack album by|
|Lalo Schifrin chronology|
The film score was composed, arranged and conducted by Lalo Schifrin and the soundtrack album was released on the Warner Bros. label in 1968. The main theme has since acquired notoriety in France as the music for Dim tights commercials.
All compositions by Lalo Schifrin except as indicated
- "Theme from the Fox" – 2:26
- "Frost Trees" – 2:19
- "Soft Clay" – 1:58
- "Ellen's Image" – 3:27
- "Dead Leaf" – 2:50
- "Foxhole" – 2:11
- "That Night" (Schifrin, Norman Gimbel) – 2:39
- "Foxtail" – 2:11
- "Paul's Memories" – 2:04
- "Roll It Over" (Schifrin, Gimbel) – 2:17
- "Trembling" – 2:40
- "Lonely Road" – 2:04
- "Dripping Icicles" – 3:02
- Lalo Schifrin – arranger, conductor
- Vincent DeRosa, Richard Perissi – French horn
- Sheridon Stokes, Louise Dissman – flute
- John Neufeld – clarinet
- William Criss – oboe
- William Herzberg – bassoon
- Artie Kane, Caesar Giovannini – piano
- Tommy Tedesco – guitar
- Ken Watson, Joe Porcaro, Emil Richards – percussion
- Erno Neufeld, Marvin Limonick – violin
- Myra Kestenbaum – viola
- Raphael Kramer – cello
- Dorothy Remsen – harp
- Sally Stevens (track 7), Anne Heywood (track 10) – vocals
- Lloyd Basham – orchestra manager
The film was the subject of McGrew v. City of Jackson, Mississippi, a federal case on the constitutionality of the state of Mississippi’s obscenity statute. The statute prohibited any “exhibit to public view on a screen or otherwise, any obscene, indecent, or immoral picture.” In 1968, two police officers and the city prosecuting attorney as paid guests visited a local theater in Jackson during a showing of The Fox. At the conclusion of the showing, the police officers arrested the theater owner, Irene McGrew, and seized the entire film without any warrant of arrest or seizure. The Mississippi statute, however, authorizes an officer to make an arrest at any time without a warrant for a misdemeanor committed in his presence.
McGrew appealed the conviction, claiming that the Mississippi statute violated the first and fourteenth amendments of the United States Constitution which guarantees freedom of expression. In a 2-1 vote, the judges of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi upheld the conviction, saying the statute was constitutional. The majority said, "The dominant theme of The Fox film is sex in a raw state in a product which the producers have attempted to whitewash and clean up just sufficiently to possibly escape condemnation as utter filth." The dissenting judge said, "I think that the applicable Mississippi obscenity statute fails to meet the constitutional requirements of the first and fourteenth amendments guaranteeing freedom of expression."
- ^ "The Fox, Box Office Information". The Numbers. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- ^ The Fox at Turner Classic Movies
- ^ New York Times overview
- ^ New York Times review
- ^ Chicago Sun-Times review
- ^ TV Guide review
- ^ John Wayne-money-spinner The Guardian (1959–2003) [London (UK)] 31 Dec 1968: 3.
- ^ "The 41st Academy Awards | 1969". Oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- ^ "The Fox – Golden Globes". HFPA. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
- ^ "1968 Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
- ^ "The Lion in Winter – Awards". IMDb. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
- ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-19.
- ^ Payne, D. Lalo Schifrin discography accessed March 14, 2012
- ^ "DIM | Lingerie Femme, Sous-vêtements Homme & Enfant".
- ^ McGrew v. City of Jackson, Mississippi, 307 F. Supp. 754, 760 (United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi 1969). Google Scholar
- The Fox at IMDb
- The Fox at AllMovie
- The Fox at the TCM Movie Database
- The Fox at the American Film Institute Catalog
- The Fox at Rotten Tomatoes
- Sterritt, David. "The Fox". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- 1967 films
- 1967 drama films
- 1967 LGBT-related films
- Canadian drama films
- Canadian LGBT-related films
- Bisexuality-related films
- 1967 directorial debut films
- English-language Canadian films
- Films scored by Lalo Schifrin
- Films based on short fiction
- Films based on works by D. H. Lawrence
- Films directed by Mark Rydell
- Films about farmers
- Films set in Canada
- Films set on farms
- Films shot in Ontario
- Lesbian-related films
- Films with screenplays by Lewis John Carlino
- Films with screenplays by Howard Koch (screenwriter)
- 1960s English-language films
- 1960s Canadian films