The Free Spirits

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The Free Spirits
The Free Spirits in 1966
The Free Spirits in 1966
Background information
OriginNew York City, U.S.
GenresJazz-rock
Years active1965–1968
LabelsSunbeam, ABC
Past members

The Free Spirits was an American band credited as the first jazz-rock group.[1] The band also incorporated elements of pop[2] and garage rock.[3]

History[edit]

The band formed in New York as a jazz group. Every member except Chip Baker had a background in jazz. According to drummer Bob Moses, guitarist Larry Coryell turned the group to more rock-oriented music.[1] The band played several times in a New York club called The Scene but made little money from the shows, getting paid only ten dollars as a group per night. The band also performed with Mitch Ryder and The Rascals.[4]

By 1967, Coryell left the band to play with Gary Burton. Moses also joined Burton because he "knew that it wasn't going to be the same without Coryell".[5] Pepper, Hills, and Baker formed the band Everything is Everything with Lee Reinoehl on Hammond C-3 organ and both John Waller and Jim Zitro on drums. Vanguard released their self-titled album, which included Pepper's composition "Witchi Tai To".[6] Moses later recorded with Jack DeJohnette, Steve Swallow, Pat Metheny, Jaco Pastorius, and Coryell.[7]

Discography[edit]

  • Out of Sight and Sound (ABC, 1967)
  • Live at the Scene (Sunbeam, 2011)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Unterberger 1998, p. 329.
  2. ^ Unterberger, Richie. "The Free Spirits". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  3. ^ Spicer, Daniel (8 November 2006). "The Free Spirits: Out of Sight and Sound". PopMatters. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  4. ^ Unterberger 1998, p. 330.
  5. ^ Unterberger 1998, p. 333.
  6. ^ "Everything Is Everything". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  7. ^ Unterberger 1998, p. 334.