The Friendly Giant
|The Friendly Giant|
|Genre||Children's television series|
|Created by||Bob Homme|
|Opening theme||"Early One Morning"|
|Ending theme||"Early One Morning"|
|Country of origin|
|No. of episodes||3,000+|
|Running time||15 minutes|
|Original release||September 30, 1958 –|
March 1985 (Canada)
The Friendly Giant was a popular Canadian children's television program that aired on CBC Television from September 30, 1958 through to March 1985. It featured three main characters: a giant named Friendly (played by Bob Homme), who lived in a huge castle, along with his puppet animal friends Rusty (a rooster who played a harp, guitar, and accordion and lived in a book bag hung by the castle window) and Jerome (a giraffe who's tawny with purple spots and pokes his head in the window). The two principal puppets were manipulated and voiced by Rod Coneybeare. Originally in Wisconsin, they were manipulated and voiced by Ken Ohst
The program started in 1953 on Madison, Wisconsin radio station WHA-AM, a station owned by the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Shortly thereafter, the show was moved to its sister television station, WHA-TV. Kinescopes of these shows were distributed to a few other non-commercial stations, and some of them made it to the CBC headquarters in Toronto. At the invitation of Fred Rainsberry, the head of Children's Television at the CBC, in 1958 Bob Homme moved the show to Canada, where it became a staple show for several generations of young viewers. In the United States, National Educational Television carried both WHA and CBC versions from 1953 until 1970, when NET ceded the network to the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS).
The short, 15-minute show was perhaps most famous for its opening sequence. Each episode would begin with the camera panning to the left over a detailed model of part of a village, farm, harbor, city, etc as Friendly could be heard narrating and observing the goings on in the town below. The pan would continue until it stops at the Giant's great big boot on the right coming into view at the edge of the village and Friendly would ask the viewers to "Look up … waaaaay up!" and the Giant would thus invite everyone to come visit his castle, telling them that he’ll meet them there after letting the drawbridge down and opening the front doors. The traditional tune "Early One Morning" would then be heard being played on harp and recorder, while the camera slowly zoomed into a model of the Giant's castle, the drawbridge slowly dropped down, and the medieval doors that says "Friendly Giant" opened wide in welcome as promised. Once inside, the Friendly Giant would put out miniature furniture for his viewers beside his feet (with only his feet and hands visible), saying, "Here we are inside, and here's one little chair for one of you, and a bigger chair for two more to curl up in, and for someone who likes to rock, a rocking chair in the middle." Then the camera would pan up, as the Giant gave his iconic invitation to "Look up, waaaaaay up, and I’ll call Rusty..." to which he would then summon his friend, Rusty the Rooster. Typically, Jerome the Giraffe would visit, poking his head in through a high window after being whistled for by Friendly. Rusty the Rooster, who lived in a book bag hanging on the wall by the window, would emerge and produce, from the bag, books to be read and other props, some seemingly larger than could fit in the bag.
The rest of the show focused on gentle, humorous chat between Friendly, Rusty and Jerome, followed by a story or a musical performance. When extra instrumentation was needed, a pair of otherwise silent puppet cats and racoons and a rooster — Angie and Fiddle, the Jazz Cats and Patty and Polly, the Raccoons with recorder and bassoon and Buster, a Rooster with electric bass guitar — joined in (puppeteered by Gustáv Hársfai (Sr) and Linda Keogh (Jr). Music for the show was composed by the show's harpist, John Duncan. 
At the conclusion of a typical show, Friendly plays "Early One Morning" on his recorder, says goodbye to his friends and his viewers as he puts his miniature furniture away: "It's late. This little chair will be waiting for one of you, and a rocking chair for another who likes to rock, and a big armchair for two more to curl up in when you come again to our castle. I'll close the big front doors and pull up the drawbridge after you're gone. Goodbye. Goodbye." His hand waves goodbye as the camera zooms out and the castle's medieval doors are closed and the drawbridge is raised. As a silvery moon with a smiling face rises into the sky, a cow jumps over it as in the nursery rhyme "Hey Diddle Diddle". Originally, other things besides the cow would appear in the sky such as a bird, Wynkin Blynkin And Nod, Pegasus, etc. On occasion, often for episodes devoted to musical performances, episodes would take place completely at night.
The shows were largely ad libbed, typically based around a one-page plot summary for each episode. This gave the show an added spontaneity uncommon to most children's shows, though the series was marked by a go-slow, gentle nature. The simple repetition of its main elements from show to show put it fundamentally at odds with the bolder, ever-changing nature of such shows as Sesame Street.
Throughout the 1970s and into the 1980s, The Friendly Giant launched a block of children's programming aired by the CBC each weekday morning; it was followed in the block by Mr. Dressup and the Canadian version of Sesame Street.
In 1984, the Canadian federal government made deep cuts into the CBC budget, and The Friendly Giant was cancelled soon afterwards, though CBC executives insisted that the show's passing was unrelated to the cuts. It was commonly thought at the time that the move was intended to create enough public outrage that the government funding cuts to the CBC would be reversed. While there was strong public sentiment to keep the show on the air, the funding cuts were not reversed, and no new shows were made. It aired regularly for years afterwards as repeats.[when?]
By the time The Friendly Giant ended, more than 3,000 episodes of the show had been produced.
Approximately 850 episodes of the show are currently held in the CBC's archive, including kinescopes of the earliest episodes.
The Friendly Giant was honoured as a Masterwork by the Audio-Visual Preservation Trust of Canada in 2005.
The authorized biography of Robert Homme called Look Up — Way Up is based on interviews conducted with Bob after he retired. Links to memorable audio clips were also included.
Props, costumes and puppets from the show were on display at the CBC Museum in Toronto as part of an exhibit called Growing Up with CBC. However, Friendly Giant paraphernalia was removed from the CBC Museum, after the puppets Rusty and Jerome appeared in a sketch during the 2007 Gemini Awards without permission from the Homme family. Homme's daughter said that the clip was in poor taste and disrespected the memory of her father. Only the castle wall and window on which Friendly would lean and talk to Rusty and Jerome remain in the museum. The train set of the railway yard used in the show's intro is on display at the Pump House Steam Museum in Kingston, Ontario.
- Fairley, Grant D. (February 13, 2010). Look Up - Way Up! The Friendly Giant - The Biography of Robert Homme. Palantir Publishing (now d.b.a. Silverwoods Publishing). p. 96. ISBN 0978027507.
- Chrysdale, Joseph (April 2005). "Homme, Robert | History of Canadian Broadcasting". History of Canadian Broadcasting. Canadian Communications Foundation. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
- "Friendly Giant producer Daniel McCarthy dies, Former head of CBC children's programming also developed Mr. Dressup". CBC News. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2013-02-02.
- Desjardins, Carolyn Whitley. "Duncan, John". Encyclopedia of Music in Canada. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
- "Life & Times: Growing Up Canadian". CBC.
- Fairley, Grant D. (February 13, 2010). Look Up - Way Up! The Friendly Giant - The Biography of Robert Homme. Palantir Publishing (now d.b.a. Silverwoods Publishing). ISBN 0978027507.
- "Retired Puppets Retired From CBC Museum". Torontoist. 2007-11-28. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- MacDonald, Gayle (2007-11-28). "CBC says sorry after toying with Rusty and Jerome". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2015-01-05.
- "Museum exhibit with train on display". Pump House Steam Museum. 2010-06-20. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
- The Friendly Giant on IMDb
- The Friendly Giant - Canadian Communication Foundation
- Authorized biography of Robert Homme called Look Up - Way Up based on interviews done with Bob after he retired.
- AVTrust.ca - The Friendly Giant (containing a video clip of the show). Retrieved October 22, 2005
- Friendly Giant - CBC Classics - CBC Days to Remember - CBC Archives. Retrieved October 22, 2005
- Friendly Giant dies after lengthy illness. Retrieved October 26, 2008
- TV Acres - The Friendly Giant. Retrieved October 22, 2005
- Obituary of Bob Homme and The Friendly Giant on TV Party.com. Retrieved October 22, 2005