The GTOs

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The GTOs
GTO Straight photo 1969.jpg
The GTOs in 1969.
Left to right: Miss Christine, Miss Cynderella, Miss Sandra, Miss Mercy, and Miss Pamela.
Background information
OriginLos Angeles, California, United States
GenresExperimental rock, psychedelic rock, comedy rock
Years active1968–1970
(one off reunion: 1974)
Associated acts
GTOs 1969 logo.svg

The GTOs (Girls Together Outrageously) were an all-girl group from the Los Angeles area, specifically the Sunset Strip scene. Active for only two and a half years (1968–1970) with a single reunion in 1974,[1] their only album, Permanent Damage, produced by Frank Zappa, was released in 1969.


  • Miss Pamela, born Pamela Ann Miller (later Pamela Des Barres) on September 9, 1948, in Reseda, California, is the most commercially successful of the GTOs.
  • Miss Cynderella (also spelled Miss Cinderella) was born Cynthia Sue Wells (later Cynthia Cale-Binion) on January 26, 1952, in Los Angeles, California. Wells married John Cale of The Velvet Underground in 1971, but the marriage was rocky, and they divorced in 1975. Cale's song "Guts" opens with the line "The bugger in the short sleeves fucked my wife" (referring to Kevin Ayers' sleeping with Wells in 1974).[2]
  • Miss Lucy was born Luz Selenia Offerrall[5] in Puerto Rico. After moving to Los Angeles, she met two of her future bandmates, Miss Pamela Des Barres and Miss Sparky, at the house of a mutual friend (Vito Pauleukas). Miss Lucy was not an original member of The GTOs; she joined the group after the recording of Permanent Damage.[6] [7] She later left the group, claiming they were becoming too commercial. She was married to the late Gordon McLaren (bassist for a New York City band the Groupies) from 1975 to 1981. As an actress, Miss Lucy appeared in 200 Motels (1971), Video from Hell (1985), and Uncle Meat (1987). She died in 1991 of complications from AIDS. [8][9]
  • Miss Sandra was born Sandra Lynn Rowe (later Sandra Leano and Sandra Lynn Harris) on January 18, 1949, in San Pedro, Los Angeles. She was in the group only a short while before becoming pregnant by Cal Schenkel, Frank Zappa's official artist-in-residence. In publicity photos for the band, she is shown late in her pregnancy, with a big star painted on her stomach. She moved back to San Pedro with her infant daughter, Raven, and after the GTOs broke up, she married Bradley Harris. They had three children together. Sandra died of cancer in Albion, California, on April 23, 1991, at age 42.
  • Miss Sparky was born Linda Sue Parker[10] in 1948 and was renowned for driving a Hudson Hornet in the late 1960s on the Sunset Strip.[11] She recorded a vocal track (credited under the pseudonym Sharkie Barke) on the song "Disco Boy" on Frank Zappa's album Zoot Allures (1976) and was once employed by Universal Studios.


Pamela Miller and Linda Parker met around 1966 while attending Cleveland High School in Los Angeles. Christine Frka traveled to Los Angeles from San Pedro with Sandra Rowe, and both lived in the basement of Frank Zappa's Log Cabin at 2401 Laurel Canyon Boulevard in the Hollywood Hills[12] in 1968. Frka was the live-in nanny for Zappa's eldest child Moon Unit before Miller took over the following year. Judith Peters had emigrated from the Haight Ashbury to LA due to "boredom", alleging she "couldn't be a hippie forever." Cynthia Wells was brought into the group by Peters after the nucleus of the group had been formed. This accounts for Miss Cynderella's presence in some, but not all, of the GTOs' publicity shots. Lucy Offerall also was not an original member but joined after the recording of Permanent Damage.

The group initially called themselves the Cherry Sisters but soon changed to the Laurel Canyon Ballet Company. Frank Zappa later changed their name to the GTOs, which he described as "an acronym which, as Stanley Booth wrote, could mean Girls Together Outrageously, Orally, or anything else starting with O."[13] On their album's inner sleeve, the acronym is also defined as "Girls Together Occasionally", "Girls Together Often", and "Girls Together Only".[14][15] Miss Lucy stated in an interview that the latter name is what it stood for, though it is understood by most that the name on the album, Girls Together Outrageously, is the name of the group.[citation needed]

The members were connected by their association with Zappa, who encouraged their artistic endeavors despite their limited vocal skills. The group performed live "only 4 or 5 times",[11] although they created a strong impression at their December 1968 performance at the Shrine Auditorium opening for The Mothers of Invention, Alice Cooper and Wild Man Fischer. A mix of theatrics, singing, dancing, wild costumes, and unusual lyrical content were staples of their act. Their only album, Permanent Damage (Straight Records), was produced in 1969 by Zappa with the assistance of Lowell George and Russ Titelman on tracks 7 and 11. The latter track also features Titelman's brother-in-law, guitarist Ry Cooder, and both appear on Captain Beefheart's Safe as Milk album. Track 5 "The Captain's Fat Theresa Shoes" is a GTO comment on Beefheart's taste in footwear (his cousin Victor Hayden had introduced him to Pamela Des Barres). The songs are mixed with conversations among the members of the group, friends, and others, including Cynthia Plaster Caster and Rodney Bingenheimer. The album features songwriting contributions from Lowell George, Jeff Beck, and Davy Jones. A young Rod Stewart is featured on track 14. Permanent Damage was re-issued on CD in 1989 by Enigma Retro.


Permanent Damage
Studio album by
The GTOs
GenreExperimental rock, spoken word
ProducerFrank Zappa, Russ Titelman, Lowell George
Professional ratings
Review scores
Allmusic4.5/5 stars[16]
Permanent Damage (1969)
1."The Eureka Springs Garbage Lady" (lead vocal: Miss Christine)Miss CinderellaMiss Cinderella, Craig Doerge and Nicky St. Nicholas3:47
2."Miss Pamela and Miss Sparky discuss stuffed bras and some of their early gym class experiences"  2:10
3."Who's Jim Sox?" (Spoken: A B.T.O. is the opposite of a G.T.O. only they get in there more - sexually, than we do. It means, Boys Together Often, Only, Occasionally, Organically, Outrageously. All those O’s.)Miss Christine, Miss Sandra, and Miss Cinderella 0:18
4."Kansas and the BTO's"  1:12
5."The Captain's Fat Theresa Shoes" (This is a song about a pair of crazed shoes Captain Beefheart wears.)Miss Pamela, Miss Sparky, Miss Christine, Miss Sandra, and Miss CinderellaDavy Jones1:56
6."Wouldn't It Be Sad if There Were No Cones?" (Miss Pamela and Miss Sparky discuss the manner in which local Hollywood soul brothers make sexual advances in front of the Whisky a Go Go.)Miss Pamela and Miss Sparky 1:11
7."Do Me in Once and I'll Be Sad, Do Me in Twice and I'll Know Better (Circular Circulation)" (This is a reasonably abstruse love song with a gentle bum in it.)Miss SandraLowell George2:19
8."The Moche Monster Review" (Miss Pamela gives us an insight into the behavior of “the other breed” who drive “soft cars”… the sexual advances they make toward girls while they’re hitchhiking.)Miss Pamela and Miss Sparky 1:46
9."TV Lives" (A brief word about television. This song is nearly as absurd as the medium it describes.)Miss ChristineDon Preston1:03
10."Rodney" (Rodney Bingenheimer is one of the more unique figures of contemporary social history. The GTOs have put together an unusual piece which includes the voice of Mr. Bingenheimer as he comments on the lyrics which have been written about his peculiar exploits. This "song" might give you a broad view of the scene in Hollywood as it relates to the Sunset Strip’s foremost male groupie.)Miss Christine, Miss Sandra, Miss Sparky, Miss Pamela, Miss Cinderella, and Miss Lucy 3:42
11."I Have a Paintbrush in My Hand to Color a Triangle (Mercy’s Tune)" (This is a song about a lovers’ triangle which involves Brian Jones, Bernardo BTO and Mercy.)Miss MercyLowell George2:11
12."Miss Christine's First Conversation With the Plaster Casters of Chicago" (In this episode we find our exotic Yugoslavian maiden explaining her moral viewpoint after reading a short segment of Cynthia Plaster Caster’s diary.)  0:57
13."The Original GTOs" (Miss Lucy and Miss Johna were the originators of GTOism two years ago. In this sequence, we find them inside a piano kissing each other and having a cosmic-level discussion.)  1:05
14."The Ghost Chained to the Past, Present, and Future (Shock Treatment)" (Miss Mercy explains her personal philosophy. Lead vocals: Miss Mercy and R.S. (Rod Stewart).)Miss MercyMiss Mercy and Miss Cinderella1:45
15."Love on an Eleven Year Old Level" (For some reason, the GTOs are preoccupied by the memory of Brian Jones. In this song, they discuss their mutual admiration for an 11-year-old boy who happens to look like Brian and also has a couple of other things going for him.)Miss Sparky, Miss Pamela, Miss Christine, Miss Sandra, and Miss Cinderella 1:18
16."Miss Pamela's First Conversation With the Plaster Casters of Chicago" (Cynthia and Miss Pamela find that they have a “fave rave” in common, and proceed to compare notes on their relationship with him. Some semantic difficulties toward the end of the conversation provide a convenient transition to the next piece of material.)  1:31
17."I'm in Love with the Ooo-Ooo Man" (In real life, the OOO OOO Man is Nick St. Nicholas from Steppenwolf. Miss Pamela sings the lead vocal on this very special song of love. I have no idea what the rubber chicken suit with the beak is.)Miss PamelaDavy Jones3:27


The GTOs write all their own lyrics and no subject matter covered by these lyrics was suggested by any outside source. The choice of subjects is a reflection of the girls’ attitudes toward their environment. The GTOs hope you like their album. — Frank Zappa

Special thanks to: Jimmy Carl Black, Roy Estrada, Ian Underwood and Craig Doerge who also played on Eureka Springs Garbage Lady, Ooo Ooo Man, Shock Treatment, and Captain’s Fat Teresa Shoes. Also to: Jeff Beck who played guitar on Eureka Springs Garbage Lady, Shock Treatment, and Captain’s Fat Teresa Shoes; Nicky Hopkins who played piano on Shock Treatment; Frank Zappa who played tamborine on Ooo Ooo Man; Don Preston who played on Television Baby; [sic]

Other releases[edit]

Four tracks from Permanent Damage also were released on Warner/Reprise Loss Leaders compilation albums:

  • "Do Me in Once and I'll Be Sad, Do Me in Twice and I'll Know Better (Circular Circulation)" – on Zappéd (1969);
  • "Kansas and the BTOs"; "The Captain's Fat Theresa Shoes"; and "The Original GTOs" – on The Big Ball (1970).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pamela Des Barres, “Take Another Little Piece of My Heart” (1992), pgs. 22-3
  2. ^ What's Welsh for Zen by John Cale and Victor Bockris (1998)
  3. ^ "SickthingsUK - THE Unofficial Alice Cooper Site". Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  4. ^ "The Modern lovers Live Radcliffe 27-10-1972 – Tapecity Live Music Sharing". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2010.
  5. ^ "Girls Together Outrageously: Contract signed by the GTOs, Frank Zappa's all groupie group". 26 September 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  6. ^ Slaven, Neil (November 17, 2009). "Electric Don Quixote: The Definitive Story Of Frank Zappa". Omnibus Press – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "miss lucy".
  8. ^ "Lucy Offerall - New Songs, Playlists & Latest News - BBC Music". BBC.
  9. ^ "Lucy Offerall - Zappa Wiki Jawaka".
  10. ^ "They're With the Band". Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Perfect Sound Forever: The GTO's". Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  12. ^ "The Rock and Roll Treehouse". Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  13. ^ Booth, Stanley (1984). The True Adventures of the Rolling Stones. New York: Vintage Books. p. 65. ISBN 0-394-74110-2.
  14. ^ "SickthingsUK - THE Unofficial Alice Cooper Site". Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  15. ^ "The GTO's". Rolling Stone. 1969-02-15. Archived from the original on 2014-08-08.
  16. ^ Lindsay Planer. "Permanent Damage Review". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 May 2017.

External links[edit]