The Garden Party (short story)

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"The Garden Party" is a 1922 short story by Katherine Mansfield. It was first published (as "The Garden-Party") in three parts in the Saturday Westminster Gazette on 4 and 11 February 1922, and the Weekly Westminster Gazette on 18 February 1922.[1] It later appeared in The Garden Party and Other Stories.[2] Its luxurious setting is based on Mansfield's childhood home at 133 Tinakori Road (originally numbered 75), the second of three houses in Thorndon, Wellington that her family lived in.

Summary[edit]

The wealthy Sheridan family prepares to host a garden party. Laura is charged with instructing the workers on the placement of the marquee. Her haughty air quickly disintegrates into an intimidating admiration for the workingmen, with whom she feels a personal connection. Laura's mother, Mrs Sheridan, has ordered masses of lilies, to both their delight. Laura's sisters Meg and Jose, and their servant Hans, move furniture around to accommodate the piano. Jose tests the piano, and then sings a song in case she is asked to do so again later. After surveying the food in the kitchen, Laura and Jose learn that their working-class neighbour Mr Scott has died just outside their gate. While Laura believes the party should be called off, neither Jose nor their mother agrees. After catching herself in the mirror wearing a new hat, Laura eases her conscience by deciding to forget the matter until the party is over. When the evening comes, and the family is sitting underneath the marquee, Mrs Sheridan tells Laura to bring a basket full of leftovers to the Scotts' house. Laura is led into the poor neighbours' house by Mrs Scott's sister, sees the pitiable figure of the widow, and is led to the late husband's corpse. Here, Laura is intrigued by the sublimity of the corpse's face, and she finds his face in death just as beautiful as life as she knows it. Having fled the house, Laura meets her brother Laurie at the corner of the lane. She finds herself overtaken by emotion, saying "Isn't life--" but unable to complete the sentence. Laurie responds, "Isn't it, darling?"

Characters in "The Garden Party"[edit]

  • Laura Sheridan, Mrs. Sheridan's daughter (and the story's protagonist)
  • Mrs. Sheridan, Mr. Sheridan's wife and mother of Laura, Laurie, Meg, and Jose. She is in charge of the household and relinquishes charge of the garden party to Laura.
  • Laurie Sheridan, Laura's brother
  • The workers, who put up a marquee in the garden
  • Mr. Sheridan, Mrs. Sheridan's husband and father of Laura, Laurie, Meg, and Jose. On the day of the party, he goes to work, but joins the party later that evening.
  • Meg Sheridan, a second daughter
  • Jose Sheridan, a third daughter
  • Kitty Maitland, a friend of Laura and a party guest
  • Sadie, a female house servant
  • Hans, a male house servant
  • The florist, who delivers lilies ordered by Mrs. Sheridan
  • Cook, a cook
  • Godber's man, the delivery-man who brings in the cream puffs
  • Mr. Scott, a lower-class neighbor who has just died
  • Em Scott, the deceased's widow
  • Em's sister

Major themes[edit]

Class consciousness. Laura feels a certain sense of kindship with the workers and again with the Scotts. An omniscient narrator also explains that, as children, Laura, Jose, Meg, and Laurie were not allowed to go near the poor neighbours' dwellings, which spoil their vista.

Illusion versus reality. Laura is stuck in a world of high-class housing, food, family, and garden parties. She then discovers her neighbour from a lower class has died and she clicks back to reality upon discovering death.

Sensitivity and insensitivity. The Sheridans hold their garden party, as planned, complete with a band playing music. Laura questions whether this will be appropriate, discovering the death of their neighbour only a few hours earlier.

Death and life. The writer handles the theme of death and life in the short story. The realization of Laura that life is simply marvellous shows death of human beings in a positive light. Death and life co-exist and death seems to Laura merely a sound sleep far away from troubles in human life.

References to other works[edit]

Literary significance[edit]

The text is written in the modernist mode, without a set structure, and with many shifts in the narrative. Mansfield was seen one of the prime innovators of the short story form.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson, Janet; Reid, Susan; Kimber, Gerri (2011). Katherine Mansfield and Literary Modernism. London and New York: Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-441-111302.
  2. ^ Katherine Mansfield, Selected Stories, Oxford World's Classics, explanatory notes
  3. ^ Katherine Mansfield, Selected Stories, Oxford World's Classics, explanatory notes
  4. ^ Foster, Thomas C. (2003), How to Read Literature Like a Professor, New York: Harper-Collins Publishers Inc., ISBN 978-0-06-000942-7.

External links[edit]

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