The Garden of Earthly Delights (1981 film)
|The Garden of Earthly Delights|
A screenshot from The Garden of Earthly Delights, showing montane zone vegetation
|Directed by||Stan Brakhage|
The Garden of Earthly Delights, like Brakhage's earlier Mothlight, is considered a "collage film." It was created without the use of a camera, by pasting montane zone vegetation, such as petals, grasses and leaves, onto strips of clear film leader. Brakhage intended the film as "an homage to (but also argument with) Hieronymous Bosch."
At the time I made The Garden [of Earthly Delights], I was very annoyed with Hieronymus Bosch’s painting of the same name, which envisions nature as puffy and sweet, while the humans are suffering these torments. After all, nature suffers as well. As a plant winds itself around, in its desperate reach for sunlight, it undergoes its own torments. We are not the only ones in the world.
The Garden of Earthly Delights was produced on 16mm film, and is intended to be screened at 18 frames per second; however, this is not possible for many 16mm projectors. The film runs for a total of 2,496 frames. Like Bosch's triptych, Brakhage's film is divided into three sections using alternating black and white leader backgrounds.
The Garden of Earthly Delights is often viewed as a companion piece to Mothlight. Karli Lukas, writing for Senses of Cinema, described the film as "a brilliant illustration of Brakhage’s philosophies regarding the persistence and particularities (or peculiarities) of vision." Adrian Ivakhiv considers the film "a flickering kaleidoscope of visual intensity by which viewers are drawn in to the very act of seeing the light of projected “nature."" Film scholar Scott MacDonald was admiring of the film, remarking that the viewing experience "evokes a complex, multileveled set of implied comparisons between Brakhage's filmmaking and gardening."
- The Garden of Earthly Delights Canyon Cinema: Film, Accessed 19 February 2011
- Elder, R. Bruce (1998) The films of Stan Brakhage in the American tradition of Ezra Pound, Gertrude Stein, and Charles Olson, Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press, p389
- A critical cinema: interviews with independent filmmakers, University of California Press, p94 (interview dated 15 October 1998)
- MacDonald, Scott (2001) The garden in the machine: a field guide to independent films about place, University of California Press, p69, 398
- "Putting the Garden Into the Machine: On Brakhage’s "The Garden of Earthly Delights" by Karli Lukas Senses of Cinema, CTEQ Annotations, 26 July 2004 - accessed February 19, 2011
- Adrian Ivakhiv (2007) "Green Film Criticism and Its Futures," Foreign Literature Studies, 29, p46-65