The painting was originally titled Shearing at Newstead but was renamed The Golden Fleece after the Golden Fleece of Greek mythology to honour the wool industry and the nobility of the shearers. This was in keeping with Roberts' conscious idealisation of the Australian pastoral worker and landscape.
^"Photograph at Newstead, c. 1893". Artist's footsteps. Countrytowns Productions Pty Ltd. Retrieved 14 April 2010. "The woolshed of Duncan Anderson's Newstead North Station became the subject of Tom Roberts 'Shearing Shed, Newstead' and 'The Golden Fleece"