The Golden Stairs
|The Golden Stairs|
|Medium||Oil on panel|
|Dimensions||269.2 cm × 116.8 cm (106.0 in × 46.0 in)|
|Location||Tate Britain, London|
Unlike many of Burne-Jones's works, The Golden Stairs is not based on a literary source. It has been called Symbolist, as it has no recognisable narrative, but rather sets a mood. It is a harmony of color in the tradition of the Aesthetic works of the 1860s and 1870s, as a group of young women carrying musical instruments descend a spiraling staircase, dressed in classically inspired robes in tones of white, shading to gold and silver. Critic F. G. Stephens wrote in The Athenaeum that the musicians "troop past like spirits in an enchanted dream ... whither they go, who they are, there is nothing to tell".
The Golden Stairs was one of many paintings Burne-Jones sketched out in 1872 following a trip to Italy. He began work on the canvas in 1876 and finished it in great haste in April 1880, just days before the Grosvenor Gallery exhibition was to open. Stephens found in the painting echoes of the work of Piero della Francesca, whose frescoes Burne-Jones had seen and copied in 1871. The figures of the musicians were drawn from professional models, but the heads are young women of Burne-Jones's circle. Some identifications have been made as follows.
His daughter Margaret is fourth from top, holding a trumpet. Edith Gellibrand, known by the stage name Edith Chester, is seventh from top, seen stooping. May Morris, daughter of William Morris, is ninth from top, holding a violin. Frances Graham, later known as Lady Horner, daughter of William Graham, is bottom left, holding cymbals. Standing behind her on the stairs is Mary Gladstone, daughter of William Gladstone. Others include Laura Tennant, later known as Laura Lyttelton, and Mary Stuart-Wortley, later Lady Lovelace.
|Smarthistory - The Golden Stairs|
- Wildman and Christian (1998), pp. 246–249
- Wood (1997), pp. 88–89
- Wood (1997), p. 88
- "The Golden Stairs". Smarthistory at Khan Academy. Retrieved 31 December 2012.
- Wildman and Christian (1998), p. 247
- Quoted in Wood (1997), p. 88
- MacCarthy (2011), p. 102 (caption to colour plate VI)
- Marcus (1975), p. 54.
- MacCarthy (2011), p. 277
- MacCarthy, Fiona (2011). The Last Pre-Raphaelite: Edward Burne-Jones and the Victorian Imagination. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-22861-4.
- Marcus, Penelope, ed. (1975). Burne-Jones: The paintings, graphic and decorative work of Sir Edward Burne-Jones 1833–98. London: Arts Council of Great Britain. ISBN 0-7287-0073-5.
- Wood, Christopher (1997). Burne-Jones. Phoenix Illustrated. ISBN 9780753807279.
- Wildman, Stephen; Christian, John (1998). Edward Burne-Jones: Victorian Artist-Dreamer. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 0-87099-859-5.