The Goodbye Girl
|The Goodbye Girl|
|Directed by||Herbert Ross|
|Written by||Neil Simon|
|Produced by||Ray Stark|
|Cinematography||David M. Walsh|
|Edited by||John F. Burnett|
|Music by||Dave Grusin|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Box office||$102 million|
The Goodbye Girl is a 1977 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Herbert Ross, written by Neil Simon and starring Richard Dreyfuss, Marsha Mason, Quinn Cummings and Paul Benedict. The film, produced by Ray Stark, centers on an odd trio of characters: a struggling actor who has sublet a Manhattan apartment from a friend, the current occupant (his friend's ex-girlfriend, who has just been abandoned), and her precocious young daughter.
Richard Dreyfuss won the 1977 Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance as Elliot Garfield. At the time, he became the youngest man (at age 30) to win an Oscar for Best Actor. Both Mason and Cummings were nominated for Oscars.
The film became the first romantic comedy to earn $100 million in box-office grosses.
Dancer and divorcee Paula McFadden (Marsha Mason) and her ten-year-old daughter Lucy (Quinn Cummings) live in a Manhattan apartment with her married boyfriend, Tony DeForrest. Coming home from shopping, Paula finds Tony gone as he had suddenly deserted her to travel to Italy for a film role. Prior to his departure (and unbeknownst to Paula), Tony sublet the apartment to Elliot Garfield (Richard Dreyfuss), a neurotic but sweet aspiring actor from Chicago, who shows up in the middle of the night expecting to move in. Paula, who is demanding, cynical, and neurotic, makes it clear from the start that she does not like Elliot, but reluctantly lets him move in. They argue about boundaries, with Elliot agreeing to allow Paula and Lucy to stay.
Paula is struggling to get back into shape so she can resume her career as a dancer. Meanwhile, Elliot has landed the title role in an off-off-Broadway production of Richard III, but the director, Mark (Paul Benedict), wants him to play the character as an exaggerated homosexual stereotype—in Mark's words, "the queen who wanted to be king." Reluctantly, Elliot agrees to the non-traditional portrayal, despite knowing that it may mean the end of his acting career. Theater critics from numerous New York City television stations and newspapers attend opening night and savage the show, paying special attention to trashing Elliot's performance. The play quickly closes, much to his relief.
Despite their frequent clashes and Paula's lack of gratitude for Elliot's help, the two fall in love and sleep together. Lucy, despite liking Elliot, grows cautious and sees the affair as a repeat of what happened with Tony. Elliot convinces Paula that he will not be a repeat of their experience with Tony; later he picks up Lucy from school and takes her on a carriage ride, during which the youngster admits she likes Elliot. In response, Elliot explains how much he cares for Lucy and Paula and that he would not do anything to hurt them.
Elliot lands a job at an improvisational theatre, and is soon seen by a well-known film director. He is offered an opportunity for a film role that he cannot turn down, but the job is in Seattle and Elliot will be gone for four weeks. Paula is scared that Elliot is leaving her, never to return, like all the other men in her life. Later, Elliot calls Paula from the phone booth across the street to say his flight was delayed, and at the last minute, he invites Paula to go with him while he is filming, suggesting Lucy stay with Paula's friend Donna until they return. Paula declines but is encouraged by Elliot's invitation. Before hanging up, Elliot asks Paula to restring his prized guitar (which he deliberately left at the apartment), and she realizes this proves he really does love her and will indeed return.
- Richard Dreyfuss as Elliot Garfield
- Marsha Mason as Paula McFadden
- Quinn Cummings as Lucy McFadden
- Paul Benedict as Mark Bodine
- Barbara Rhoades as Donna Douglas
- Theresa Merritt as Mrs. Crosby
- Michael Shawn as Ronnie Burns
- Patricia Pearcy as Rhonda Fontana
- Nicol Williamson as Oliver Fry (uncredited)
The film began as a screenplay called Bogart Slept Here (essentially the story of what happened to Dustin Hoffman after he became a star) that was to star Robert De Niro and Mason for Warner Bros. It would have been the film De Niro made immediately after Taxi Driver. Mike Nichols was hired to direct.
Simon recalled the original idea for the film:
The basic idea of the story was that Marsha, an ex-dancer, was married to a very promising but struggling off-Broadway actor who gets discovered in a small play and is whisked out to Hollywood, where he reluctantly moves with his family. He feels very out of place there...and they have trouble adjusting, especially after his first film makes him an international star...and it creates chaos in their marriage. The story was coming out a little darker than I had imagined, but I envisioned the character of the wife as a very good role for Marsha.
Filming began on Bogart Slept Here but it became apparent that De Niro was not right for the role. Simon recalled: "...it was clear that any of the humor I had written was going to get lost. It's not that De Niro is not funny, but his humor comes mostly from his nuances, a bemused expression on his face or the way he would look at a character, smile and then look up at the ceiling." Nichols insisted on recasting De Niro. Soon after, Nichols left the project.
Dreyfuss was brought in to audition with Mason. At the end of the reading, Simon decided the chemistry was there, but the script needed work. He rewrote the screenplay in six weeks.
[The screenplay] had to be funnier, more romantic, the way Marsha and I first imagined the picture would be. What I wanted to do was a prequel. In other words, instead of an off-Broadway actor, married with a child, why don't I start from the beginning? I'd start when they first meet. Not liking each other at first and then falling in love.
The film's exteriors were filmed in New York City and the interiors were shot on sets in Los Angeles. Warner Bros. was less than enthused about Simon's script and considered selling the project to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, but the studio ultimately decided to partner with MGM on the film instead. With the 1996 acquisition of Turner Entertainment Company, which owned the pre-May 1986 MGM film library by Time Warner, Warner Bros. now owns the rights and distribution of the film.
The title song, "Goodbye Girl", was written and performed by David Gates in 1977, and was a top 20 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1977/78, peaking at #15.
Roger Ebert gave the film a mostly favorable review, awarding three stars out of four. He was unimpressed with Mason's performance and the character as written, calling it "hardly ever sympathetic." However, he praised Dreyfuss and cited his Richard III scenes as "the funniest in a movie since Mel Brooks staged Springtime for Hitler." Ebert criticized the beginning as "awkward at times and never quite involving," but "enjoyed its conclusion so much that we almost forgot our earlier reservations." Gene Siskel awarded an identical three-star grade and said, "Make no mistake about it, the very best thing about 'The Goodbye Girl' is the character of Elliot Garfield as played by Dreyfuss, a character that comes very close to Dreyfuss' own self-and-profession centered lifestyle. But like Dreyfuss himself, Elliott Garfield, who initially comes off as [a] pushy, prickly type, ultimately wins you over." Vincent Canby of The New York Times found the film to be "exhausting without being much fun" and "relentlessly wisecracked." Charles Champlin of The Los Angeles Times lauded it as "the best and most blissfully satisfying romantic comedy of the year and then some." Arthur D. Murphy of Variety called the film "another feather in Herbert Ross' directorial cap," with Dreyfuss giving "his best screen performance to date." Gary Arnold of The Washington Post wrote that the film "evolves into the most satisfying comedy Simon has written directly for the movies. One tolerates the plot mechanics for the sake of the genuinely amusing aspects of his script, the bright remarks and the distinctive or appealing character traits that provide good performers with live ammunition." Pauline Kael of The New Yorker was negative, commenting, "It's not Neil Simon's one-liners that get you down in The Goodbye Girl, it's his two-liners. The snappiness of the exchanges is so forced it's almost macabre." David Ansen of Newsweek wrote, "It's pure formula, and Simon plays it straight, all cards on the table, with the conservative professionalism of a gambler used to winning. As directed by the ubiquitous Herbert Ross, The Goodbye Girl is a modest, bittersweet comedy that will delight Simon fans and leave his critics staunchly unconverted."
On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, 79% of 24 critics' reviews are positive, with an average rating of 6.7/10.
Awards and nominations
Richard Dreyfuss was 30 when he won the Academy Award for Best Actor, making him the youngest actor to ever to win the category. This record stood for 25 years until 2002 when Adrien Brody—just one month shy of his 30th birthday—won for The Pianist.
American Film Institute
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies – Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs – Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions – #81
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs:
- The Goodbye Girl – Nominated
- AFI's 10 Top 10 – Nominated Romantic Comedy
Musical and remake
There were three failed attempts to turn The Goodbye Girl into a half-hour, television sitcom, according to Lee Goldberg's book Unsold Television Pilots. The first pilot, aired on NBC in May 1982 and titled Goodbye Doesn't Mean Forever, starred Karen Valentine and Michael Lembeck, and was directed by James Burrows from a script by Allan Katz. The second, unaired pilot was produced a year later starring JoBeth Williams and was directed by Charlotte Brown from a script by Brown and Pat Nardo. The third pilot, which never aired, again starred Valentine and was directed by Jay Sandrich.
The Goodbye Girl was developed into a 1993 Broadway musical of the same name starring Martin Short and Bernadette Peters.
A 2004 remake with Jeff Daniels and Patricia Heaton keeps the screenplay from the original version.
The VHS format has been released several times over the years. MGM/UA Home Video released the 1993 and 1996 versions, while Warner Home Video released the 2000 version in addition to releasing the DVD version. A manufacture-on-demand Blu-ray format was released through Warner Archive Collection on November 8, 2016.
In popular culture
Footage from the film appears in the episode "Kin" on The Last of Us (TV series).
- ^ Tied with Ridley Scott for The Duellists.
- ^ Tied with Diane Keaton for Annie Hall.
- ^ "The Goodbye Girl (1977)". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved August 7, 2022.
A 19 May 1976 Var news item, which stated that the film's "tentative title" was Goodbye Girl, noted that the film marked the first collaboration between Warner Bros. and M-G-M; however, neither Melnick nor M-G-M is credited onscreen as a producer.
- ^ Box Office Information for The Goodbye Girl. Worldwide Box Office. September 13, 2013.
- ^ Sarah Heiman. "Spotlight - The Goodbye Girl". tcm.com. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- ^ a b c d e "Articles on The Goodbye Girl". tcm.com.
- ^ a b c Roger Ebert (January 1, 1977). "The Goodbye Girl". rogerebert.com. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- ^ Siskel, Gene (December 21, 1977). "Dreyfuss saves the day in Simon-ized 'Goodbye'". Chicago Tribune. Section 5, p. 3.
- ^ a b Vincent Canby (December 1, 1977). "'Goodbye Girl' Full of Wisecracks". The New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- ^ Champlin, Charles (December 4, 1977). "'Goodbye Girl': Welcoming a Romantic Comedy". Los Angeles Times. Calendar, p. 1.
- ^ Murphy, Arthur D. (November 16, 1977). "Film Reviews: The Goodbye Girl". Variety. 20.
- ^ Arnold, Gary (December 21, 1977). "A Fine Romance". The Washington Post. D6.
- ^ Kael, Pauline (January 16, 1978). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker. 83.
- ^ Ansen, David (December 5, 1977). "Another Odd Couple". Newsweek. 109.
- ^ "The Goodbye Girl". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
- ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- ^ Institute, American Film. "AFI.com Error" (PDF). Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- ^ IMDb. "Goodbye Doesn't Mean Forever (1982)".
- ^ IMDb. "The Goodbye Girl (2004)".
- ^ IMDb Trivia. "The Goodbye Girl (2004)".
- ^ "The Goodbye Girl (1977) (Blu-ray) Available for Preorder". Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- 1977 films
- 1977 comedy films
- 1977 drama films
- 1970s romantic comedy-drama films
- 1970s English-language films
- 1970s American films
- American romantic comedy-drama films
- Best Musical or Comedy Picture Golden Globe winners
- Films about actors
- Films directed by Herbert Ross
- Films featuring a Best Actor Academy Award-winning performance
- Films featuring a Best Musical or Comedy Actor Golden Globe winning performance
- Films featuring a Best Musical or Comedy Actress Golden Globe winning performance
- Films scored by Dave Grusin
- Films set in apartment buildings
- Films set in New York City
- Films shot in New York City
- Films with screenplays by Neil Simon
- Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer films
- Warner Bros. films