The Grace Commission
The Private Sector Survey on Cost Control (PSSCC), commonly referred to as The Grace Commission, was an investigation requested by United States President Ronald Reagan, authorized in Executive Order 12369 on June 30, 1982. In doing so President Reagan used the now famous phrase, "Drain the swamp". The focus was waste and inefficiency in the US Federal government. Its head, businessman J. Peter Grace, asked the members of that commission to "Be bold and work like tireless bloodhounds, don't leave any stone unturned in your search to root out inefficiency."
The Grace Commission Report was presented to Congress in January 1984. The report was in depth and showed that if its recommendations were followed, $424 billion could be saved in three years, rising to $1.9 trillion per year by the year 2000. It estimated that the national debt, without these reforms, would rise to $13 trillion by the year 2000, while with the reforms they projected it would rise to only $2.5 trillion. The report's recommendations that intruded into policy were ignored by Congress, but many other efficiency recommendations were considered and some were implemented.
The US national debt reached $5.6 trillion in the year 2000 and reached 13 trillion in 2010 after the subprime mortgage-collateralized debt obligation crisis in 2008.
The report said that one-third of all income taxes are consumed by waste and inefficiency in the federal government, and another one-third escapes collection owing to the underground economy. "With two thirds of everyone's personal income taxes wasted or not collected, 100 percent of what is collected is absorbed solely by interest on the federal debt and by federal government contributions to transfer payments. In other words, all individual income tax revenues are gone before one nickel is spent on the services that taxpayers expect from their government."
Other similar commissions
- Brownlow Committee 1937
- Hoover Commission two commissions, in 1947–1949 and 1953–1955.
- National Partnership for Reinventing Government 1993–1998
- Harrington, Rebecca (November 11, 2016). "Here's what Trump means when he says 'drain the swamp' — even though it's not an accurate metaphor". Business Insider. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
- Gilpin, Kenneth N. (April 21, 1995). "J. Peter Grace, Ex-Company Chief, Dies at 81". The New York Times.
- http://www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1982/31082d.htm Ronald Reagan, "Remarks at a White House Luncheon With the Chairman and Executive Committee of the Private Sector Survey on Cost Control" (March 10, 1982)
- The Grace Report from Defense Technical Information Center
- Hershey, Jr., Robert D. (May 7, 1984). "Hold the Dust, Hold the Jeers". The New York Times.
- "U.S. National Debt Clock FAQ".
- "Debt to the Penny (Daily History Search Application)".
- Goodsell, Charles (May–Jun 1984). "The Grace Commission: Seeking Efficiency for the Whole People?". Public Administration Review. 44 (3): 196–204. doi:10.2307/975482. JSTOR 975482.
- Hildreth, W. Bartley; Hildreth, Rodger (Spring 1989). "The Business of Public Management". Public Productivity Review. 12 (3): 303–321. doi:10.2307/3380120. JSTOR 3380120.