The Grey Zone
|The Grey Zone|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Tim Blake Nelson|
Tim Blake Nelson .
|Written by||Tim Blake Nelson|
Auschwitz: a Doctor's Eyewitness Account|
by Miklós Nyiszli and
The Grey Zone
by Tim Blake Nelson
|Music by||Jeff Danna|
|Cinematography||Russell Lee Fine|
Tim Blake Nelson
The Grey Zone is a 2001 American war film directed by Tim Blake Nelson and starring David Arquette, Steve Buscemi, Harvey Keitel, Mira Sorvino, and Daniel Benzali. It is based on the book Auschwitz: A Doctor's Eyewitness Account written by Dr. Miklós Nyiszli.
The title comes from a chapter in the book The Drowned and the Saved by Holocaust survivor Primo Levi. The film tells the story of the Jewish Sonderkommando XII in the Auschwitz death camp in October 1944. These prisoners were made to assist the camp's guards in shepherding their victims to the gas chambers and then disposing of their bodies in the ovens.
The film opens in October 1944, in the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp. A small group of Sonderkommandos, prisoners assigned to dispose of the bodies of other dead prisoners, are plotting an insurrection that, they hope, will destroy at least one of the camp's four crematoria and gas chambers. They are receiving firearms from Polish citizens in the nearby village and gunpowder from the UNIO munitions factory; the female prisoners who work in the UNIO are smuggling the powder to the men’s camp amid the bodies of their dead workers. When the women's activity is eventually discovered by the Germans they are savagely tortured, but they don't reveal the plot.
Meanwhile, a Hungarian-Jewish doctor, Miklós Nyiszli (Allan Corduner), who works for the Nazi scientist Josef Mengele in an experimental medical lab, has received permission from Mengele himself to visit his wife and daughter in the women’s labor camp. Nyiszli is concerned about the safety of his family and believes that Mengele’s orders will keep them from the gas chambers.
A new trainload of Hungarian Jewish prisoners arrives, and all are immediately sent to the gas chambers. As the group is given instructions about "delousing", a fearful, angry man in the group begins shouting questions at one of the Sonderkommandos, Hoffman (Arquette), who has been issuing the instructions. Hoffman beats him to death in an outburst of frustration, in an attempt to make the man stop talking. After the gassing of this same group, a badly shaken Hoffman finds a young girl alive beneath a pile of bodies. He removes her from the chamber, and, after informing the leader of the insurgency, Schlermer (Daniel Benzali), takes her to a storage room and summons Nyiszli, who revives her. The group decides to hide her in the children’s camp. While the prisoners hide her in a dressing room, SS-Oberscharführer Eric Muhsfeldt (Keitel) suddenly walks in. Noticing that one of the prisoners present, Abramowics (Buscemi), is there illegally, he shoots him, prompting the girl to scream and to be discovered. Nyiszli then takes Muhsfeldt outside and tells him about the uprising, but cannot tell him where or when it will begin. Muhsfeldt agrees to protect the young girl after the uprising is suppressed.
The insurrection begins, and Crematorium IV is destroyed with the smuggled explosives. All the Sonderkommandos who survive the explosions and gunfights with the SS are captured. They are held until the fire in the crematorium is extinguished, after which they are executed. Hoffmann and a fellow prisoner, Rosenthal (David Chandler), conclude that the girl will not be set free after she is forced to watch the executions. After all captives are shot, the girl is allowed to flee toward the main gate of the camp. Before she can run very far, Muhsfeldt draws his handgun and shoots her. The film closes with a voice-over recitation by the dead girl.
- David Arquette as Hoffman
- Steve Buscemi as "Hesch" Abramowics
- David Chandler as Max Rosenthal
- Allan Corduner as Dr. Miklós Nyiszli
- Daniel Benzali as Simon Schlermer
- Mira Sorvino as Dina
- Natasha Lyonne as Rosa
- Michael Stuhlbarg as Cohen
- Harvey Keitel as Eric Muhsfeldt
- Kamelia Grigorova as the Girl
- Velizar Binev as Otto Moll
- Henry Stram as Josef Mengele
- Lee Wilkof as Morris
- Jessica Hecht as Morris's Wife
- Hristo Shopov as Halivni
- Brian F. O'Byrne as SS Untersturmführer
- Valentin Ganev as Torturer
Production and release
The film was based upon Nelson's play, adapted from Nyiszli's book.
The film holds 68% 'fresh' rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 82 reviews, with the consensus "A grim and devastating tale of the Holocaust." In 2009, Roger Ebert included it in his "Great Movies" series. 
- Escape from Sobibor (1987) film about that camp's prisoners' revolt and escape
- Son of Saul (2015), a Hungarian film with a similar plot
- List of Holocaust films
- "The Grey Zone (2002)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- Nyiszli, Miklós (April 1, 2011). Auschwitz: A Doctor's Eyewitness Account (Overdrive Read epub ed.). Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9781611450118.
- Levi, Primo. The Drowned and the Saved. Einaudi (Italian 1986), Summit Books (English 1988). ISBN 0-349-10047-0.
- "Great Movies".
- "Freedom of Expression Award". Newmarket Press. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
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