The Gulf Between

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The Gulf Between
A surviving frame of the film from a subtractive printing test, approximating the appearance of the original additive two-color projection
Directed byWray Physioc
Written byAnthony Paul Kelly
J. Parker Read Jr.
StarringGrace Darmond
Niles Welch
CinematographyCarl Gregory
Distributed byTechnicolor Motion Picture Corporation[1]
Release date
  • September 13, 1917 (1917-09-13)
Running time
≤ 58 minutes at 32 frame/sec. (seven reels[1])[2]
CountryUnited States
LanguageSilent (English intertitles)

The Gulf Between is a 1917 American comedy drama film that was the first motion picture made in Technicolor, the fourth feature-length color film,[3] and the first feature-length color film produced in the United States. The film was destroyed in a fire on 25 March 1961. Today, the film is considered a lost film, with only very short fragments known to survive. These fragments are in the collections of the Margaret Herrick Library, George Eastman House Motion Picture Collection, and the Smithsonian National Museum of American History Photographic History Collection.[4]

The Gulf Between, which runs for about 58 minutes,[5] was directed by Wray Physioc. The lead roles were played by Grace Darmond and Niles Welch.


As described in a film magazine,[6] little Marie Farrell (Axzelle), through the carelessness of her nurse, is lost and believed drowned. She has wandered upon the ship of the smuggler Captain Flagg (Brandt), who finds her and brings her up as his own. Her parents adopt a boy to help them forget their grief.

The girl grows up with no memory of her former life. The adopted boy moves in the smart set in Mayport, and his parents try to make a match between him and a society girl. Marie (Darmond) is brought to her adopted father's sister, as the old captain believes she should have the care of a loving woman. She meets young Richard Farrell (Welch) and the two come to love each other. The Farrells do everything they can to break up the couple, but with the help of the captain a marriage is accomplished. There is a stormy meeting between the bridal pair and the parents, during which the captain sees a portrait of Marie as a baby and, realizing the truth, tells the story of her life. The family is reunited and Mary and Richard spend their honeymoon on the captain's ship.



The Gulf Between was filmed on location in Jacksonville, Florida in 1917 by the Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation, using its two-color "System 1", in which, by means of a prism beam splitter, two consecutive frames of a single strip of black-and-white film were photographed simultaneously, one behind a red filter and the other behind a green filter.


After private trade showings in Boston on September 13, 1917,[7] and at Aeolian Hall in New York City on September 21, 1917,[8] it was released on February 25, 1918 to play one-week engagements on a tour of a few major Eastern cities, accompanied by the special two-aperture, two-lens, two-filter projector required to exhibit it. Because of the technical problems in keeping the red and green images aligned by prism during projection, it was the only motion picture made in Technicolor's System 1. Technicolor abandoned the additive color process of System 1, and began work on subtractive color processes that did not require a special projector.

Critical reception[edit]

Photoplay magazine complained that all colors were reduced into terms of reds and greens, and that "the story is dull, trite, and drawn out interminably."[9]


  1. ^ a b "The Gulf Between - 1918". Buffalo International Film Festival. Archived from the original on January 26, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  2. ^ System 1 was photographed and projected at 32 frames per second, twice the normal speed. Thus, seven reels of a Technicolor film were equal to 3.5 reels of a normal film.
  3. ^ The first three color features were With Our King and Queen Through India (also known as The Durbar at Delhi, 1912) and the dramas The World, the Flesh and the Devil (1914), and Little Lord Fauntleroy (1914), all filmed in the Kinemacolor process.
  4. ^ "The Gulf Between". Deutsche Kinemathek. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  5. ^ "The first Technicolor film was a total disaster a century ago". CNET. 2017-09-09. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
  6. ^ "Reviews: The Gulf Between". Exhibitors Herald. New York: Exhibitors Herald Company. 5 (15): 27. October 6, 1917.
  7. ^ "Photoplay in Colors of Nature Exhibited", Christian Science Monitor, September 14, 1917, p. 4.
  8. ^ Progressive Silent Film List: The Gulf Between at
  9. ^ "The Shadow Stage", Photoplay, December 1917, p. 118.

External links[edit]