The Harvest Wagon
|Medium||Oil on canvas|
|Location||Barber Institute of Fine Arts, Birmingham, England|
|Medium||Oil on canvas|
|Dimensions||121.9 cm × 149.9 cm (48.0 in × 59.0 in)|
|Location||Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto|
The Harvest Wagon is the name of two paintings by the English artist Thomas Gainsborough. The first was done around 1767 and is today owned by the Barber Institute of Fine Arts, in Birmingham, England. The later painting was done around 1784 and is part of the collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario. The later painting is the better known of the two. It was donated to the Art Gallery of Ontario by Frank P Wood. It is one of the most prominent pieces in the collection of the AGO.
Both paintings depict a group of peasants riding inside a simple wagon through a rural landscape with a collection of nearby animals. A young boy leads the wagon, while a man helps lift a young woman aboard. The painting is set in the area around Gainsborough's adopted city of Bath, where he lived for 14 years of his life. In 1995 the two museums collaborated on a joint show that displayed the two versions side by side, first on display in England and then in Canada.
The two paintings of a similar subject done some seventeen years apart show the evolution of Gainsborough as an artist. The later painting is more sedate, the figures more composed and less excited. The Gainsborough scholar Hugh Besley sees landscape, people, and animals as more unified in the later work. He also sees more influence of Reubens on Gainsborough's style and technique, particularly of Reubens's The Descent from the Cross. The woman ascending to the wagon shows a motion opposite to Christ's. Christina Payne has commented on some of the symbolism in the 1784 work, noting that the broken pitcher placed in front of the pregnant passenger may be a symbol of virginity. The earlier painting is also far more intimate to the artist as the women in the wagon are portraits of Gainsborough's own daughters, Mary and Margaret.
The first work could not find a buyer, perhaps being too ribald for the art market of the time. It was given to Gainsborough's friend Wiltshire, a mover who transported Gainsborough's paintings from Bath to exhibitions in London. Wiltshire's horses had also served as the model of the animals in the picture. The painting remained in Wiltshire's family until his grandson sold it in 1867.
The second painting, done at the height of Gainsborough's fame, was sold to the Prince of Wales, later to become King George IV. It later became part of the collection of American steel magnate Elbert Henry Gary. Upon Gary's death in 1927 his collection was auctioned off, and The Harvest Wagon was one of the most sought-after works. After a competitive auction it was purchased by art dealer Joseph Duveen for $360,000, then the highest price ever paid at auction for a painting in the United States. Duveen later sold it to Canadian art collector Frank P. Wood for $450,000, and Wood then donated it to the Art Gallery of Ontario. In 1959 the painting was somewhat damaged during an attempted robbery when the thieves tried to cut the painting out of its frame.
- John Bentley Mays. "Back to the land with Turner and Gainsborough." The Globe and Mail. Toronto, Ont.: Jul 29, 1995. pg. C.16
- Hugh Besley. "Gainsborough's Harvest Wagons: Toronto and Birmingham." The Burlington Magazine Vol. 137, No. 1109 (Aug., 1995), pp. 574-575.
- Meryle Secrest. Duveen: A Life in Art. University of Chicago Press, 2004 pg. 297
- Brian Short The English Rural Community: Image and Analysis. CUP Archive, 1992
- "Art: Gary's Gainsborough" Time Apr. 30, 1928
- Hugh McLeave Rogues in the Gallery: The Modern Plague of Art Thefts C&M Online Media, Inc.