The Hastings Center

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Hastings Center
THC logo horiz PMS color.jpg
Woodlawn, Garrison, NY wide view.jpg
Woodlawn, the center's headquarters
Formation1969
TypeBioethics research institute
Location
President
Mildred Z. Solomon[1]
Revenue (2017)
$3,681,288[2]
Expenses (2017)$3,501,119[2]
Websitewww.thehastingscenter.org [3]

The Hastings Center is an independent, nonprofit, nonpartisan bioethics research institute based in Garrison, New York.[4] It was instrumental in establishing the field of bioethics.[5][6][7]

Its mission is to address ethical issues in health care, science, and technology.[8] Through its projects and publications, The Hastings Center shapes ideas that influence key opinion leaders, including health policy-makers, regulators, health care professionals, lawyers, journalists, and students. [9]

The Center is funded by grants, private donations and journal subscriptions.[10][11]

Founding[edit]

The Hastings Center was founded in 1969 by Daniel Callahan[12] and Willard Gaylin, originally as the Institute of Society, Ethics, and the Life Sciences. It was first located in Hastings-on-Hudson, N.Y., and is now in Garrison, N.Y., on the former Woodlawn estate designed by Richard Upjohn.[13]

In the early years, the Center identified four core issues as its domain: population control, including respect for procreative freedom; behavior control, which responded to early discoveries about the brain-behavior link and efforts to find ways to modify behaviors and prompted reassessment of what is "normal"; death and dying, including the ongoing controversy over defining death; and ethical issues in human genetics. [14] The Hastings Center continues to work on these issues and has expanded to other areas, including the human impact on nature, governance of emerging technologies such as Crispr gene editing, and wise and compassionate health care.

Publications[edit]

The Hastings Center publishes two journals, the Hastings Center Report,[15][16] and Ethics & Human Research (formerly IRB: Ethics & Human Research). [17][18] Each journal is published six times per year. Hastings Center Report, founded in 1970, features scholarship and commentary in bioethics. It also periodically features special reports, published as supplements, many of which grow out of the Center's research projects. Ethics & Human Research aims to foster critical analysis of issues in science and health care that have implications for human biomedical and behavioral research.

Hastings Bioethics Forum blog publishes individual perspectives on current issues in bioethics.[19]

Bioethics Briefings [20] is a free online Hastings Center resource for students, journalists, and policymakers on bioethics issues of high public interest, such as abortion, brain injury, organ transplantation, physician-assisted death, and stem cell research. The chapters are written by leading ethicists and are nonpartisan, describing topics from a range of perspectives that are grounded in scientific facts.

Research[edit]

The Hastings Center's projects, many of which are carried out by interdisciplinary research teams, focus on five program areas: health and health care; children and families; aging, chronic conditions and end of life; science and the self; humans and nature.[21]

Research projects consist of seminar-style meetings that bring together people with diverse views and expertise to address issues that pose dilemmas and challenges to society. Recent projects include Goals and Practices for Next-Generation Prenatal Genetic Testing; The Last Stage of Life, a planning process to determine how best to meet the new and complex needs of our aging society; Public Deliberation on Gene Editing in the Wild; Actionable Ethics Oversight of Human-Animal Chimera Research; and ongoing work on immigrant health.[22] Hastings Center research strives to frame and explore issues that inform professional practice, public conversation, and policy.

The Robert S. Morison Library, located at the center's offices in Garrison, N.Y., serves as a resource for Hastings' scholars, fellows and visitors.[23]

Influence[edit]

The Hastings Center is recognized as having established bioethics as a field of study.[24]

The Hastings Center's 1987 "Guidelines on the Termination of Life-Sustaining Treatment and the Care of the Dying" was foundational in setting the ethical and legal framework for U.S. medical decision-making. [25][26] It was cited in the 1990 Supreme Court ruling in Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health, which established patients' constitutional right to refuse life-sustaining treatment and affirmed that surrogates could make decisions for patients lacking that capacity. An updated, expanded edition, The Hastings Center Guidelines for Decisions on Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care Near the End of Life, was published in 2013.[27]

Recommendations from The Hastings Center's Undocumented Patients project in partnership with the New York Immigration Coalition [28] informed New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio's announcement in January 2019 that New York City would guarantee comprehensive health care for all New Yorkers, regardless of immigration status. [29]

Hastings Center research scholars are frequently called upon for policy advice by committees and agencies at both the federal and state levels. [24] Recent examples include The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Gene Drives on the Horizon report, which was produced by a committee that included Hastings Center research scholar Gregory Kaebnick,[30] and the National Academies Physician-Assisted Death workshop, whose planning committee included Hastings research scholar Nancy Berlinger.[31]

Awards[edit]

Henry Knowles Beecher Award

Since 1976, The Hastings Center's Henry Knowles Beecher Award [32] has recognized people who have made a lifetime contribution to ethics and life sciences. A committee of Hastings Center Fellows convenes to nominate candidates for the award, which is named for its inaugural recipient Henry K. Beecher.

The Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards

The Hastings Center and the Cunniff-Dixon Foundation established The Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards, which recognize doctors who give exemplary care to patients nearing the end of life.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mildred Z. Solomon". The Hastings Center. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "The Hastings Center Inc" (PDF). Foundation Center. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  3. ^ "Bioethics Research Institute". The Hastings Center. July 30, 2019.
  4. ^ "Charity Navigator Report". Charity Navigator.
  5. ^ "Pew Forum". Pew Research Center.
  6. ^ Levin BW, Fleischman AR (2002). "Public Health and Bioethics: The Benefits of Collaboration". Am J Public Health. US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. 92: 165–7. doi:10.2105/ajph.92.2.165. PMC 1447034. PMID 11818283.
  7. ^ "Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy".
  8. ^ "Our Mission - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved March 17, 2017.
  9. ^ "Hastings Scholars - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved March 17, 2017.
  10. ^ "Hastings Center, Inc. - GuideStar Profile". www.guidestar.org. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  11. ^ "Hastings Center Inc in Garrison, New York (NY) - NonProfitFacts.com". www.faqs.org. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  12. ^ Gustavus Adolphus College
  13. ^ "The Hastings Center Releases Second Edition of Guidelines". July 2, 2013. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  14. ^ "at Forty: A Look at Its Founding Four Issues". The Hastings Center.
  15. ^ "Medical Xpress - medical research advances and health news". medicalxpress.com. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  16. ^ "Report". The Hastings Center. Retrieved September 7, 2012.
  17. ^ https://www.thehastingscenter.org/publications-resources/ethics-human-research/
  18. ^ "IRB: Ethics & Human Research". The Hastings Center. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
  19. ^ "Hastings Bioethics Forum Blog - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved March 17, 2017.
  20. ^ "Hastings Center Bioethics Briefings". The Hastings Center.
  21. ^ "Current Projects - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved March 17, 2017.
  22. ^ "Current Projects". The Hastings Center.
  23. ^ "Library Detail: The Hastings Center, Robert S. Morison Library - The NYSCA Literary Map of New York State and The NYSCA Literary Tree". www.nyslittree.org. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  24. ^ a b "Two Decades as 'Honest Brokers' for Medicine's Moral Issues". The New York Times. December 17, 1989.
  25. ^ Laurie Barclay, MD (May 12, 2013). "End-of-Life Care Guidelines Updated". Medscape.com. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  26. ^ "The Hastings Center Guidelines for Decisions on Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care Near the End of Life". Global.oup.com. May 24, 2013.
  27. ^ "Thomson Reuters FindLaw".
  28. ^ http://undocumentedpatients.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Undocumented-Immigrants-and-Access-to-Health-Care-NYC-Report-April-2015.pdf
  29. ^ "Mayor de Blasio Announces Plan to Guarantee Health Care for all New Yorkers". nyc.gov. January 8, 2019.
  30. ^ "Gene Drives on the Horizon: Advancing Science, Navigating Uncertainty, and Aligning Research with Public Values". Nap.edu. June 8, 2016. doi:10.17226/23405. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  31. ^ "Physician-Assisted Death: Scanning the Landscape and Potential Approaches". Nationalacademies.org.
  32. ^ "Henry Knowles Beecher Award". The Hastings Center.
  33. ^ "Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards". The Hastings Center. Retrieved October 15, 2019.

External links[edit]