The Heidi Chronicles
|The Heidi Chronicles|
|Written by||Wendy Wasserstein|
|Date premiered||November 18, 1988|
|Place premiered||Playwrights Horizons
New York City, New York
|Setting||New York, Chicago, Manchester, New Hampshire, Ann Arbor, 1965-1989|
The play premiered Off-Broadway at Playwrights Horizons on November 18, 1988 and closed on February 19, 1989 after 99 performances. It then transferred to Broadway at the Plymouth Theatre, opening on March 9, 1989 and closing on September 1, 1990, after 622 performances. Both productions were directed by Sullivan. The set design was by Thomas Lynch, costume design by Jennifer von Mayrhauser and lighting design by Pat Collins. The cast starred Joan Allen as Heidi, Boyd Gaines as Peter, and Peter Friedman as Scoop. Sarah Jessica Parker was featured in three small roles off-Broadway; those roles were played by Cynthia Nixon for the Broadway run.
On September 30, 2011, produced by The English Theatre of Rome and directed by Gaby Ford, the play premiered in Italy, at Rome's Teatro dell'Arciliuto near Piazza Navona, to wide acclaim.
A revival opened on Broadway on February 23, 2015 in previews, at the Music Box Theatre. The cast featured Elisabeth Moss in the title role, Bryce Pinkham as Peter Patrone and Jason Biggs as Scoop Rosenbaum, directed by Pam MacKinnon. The play opened officially on March 19. The production was originally scheduled to play through August 9, 2015 but closed on May 3 due to low ticket sales.
The plot follows Heidi Holland from high school in the 1960s to her career as a successful art historian more than twenty years later. The play's main themes deal with the changing role of women during this time period, describing both Heidi's ardent feminism during the 1970s and her eventual sense of betrayal during the 1980s. Though most of the characters are women, there are two important male characters; Peter Patrone, a gay pediatrician who is arguably Heidi's best friend, and Scoop Rosenbaum, a magazine editor who marries and has many affairs, and with whom Heidi has a tense friendship. Heidi meets Scoop at a Eugene McCarthy rally where he tries to woo her with knowledge and wit. She seems unenthused and lies about her name to Scoop but is soon convinced as she realizes Scoop is a very intelligent, attractive man despite his egotistical ways. The scene in which they first meet ends with a passionate kiss and night together. It is ambiguously implied that Heidi may have been a virgin at the time. Although they don't work out romantically, the chemistry between Scoop and Heidi is insatiable and they go on to be lifelong friends. Heidi realizes that not marrying does not mean she cannot be a mother and takes matters into her own hands. She chooses to adopt a child on her own.
Critical responses and cultural impact
The New York Times critic Mel Gussow wrote of the Playwrights Horizon production: "Ms. Wasserstein has always been a clever writer of comedy. This time she has been exceedingly watchful about not settling for easy laughter, and the result is a more penetrating play. This is not to suggest, however, that The Heidi Chronicles is ever lacking in humor."
The new Jerry Seinfeld sitcom pilot that premiered on NBC in July 1989 was entitled The Seinfeld Chronicles as an homage to (or spoof of) Wasserstein's zeitgeist-dominating play. The show's title was quickly shortened to Seinfeld.
Awards and nominations
Original 1989 Broadway Production
|1989||Pulitzer Prize for Drama||Won|
|Tony Award||Best Play||Won|
|Best Actress in a Play||Joan Allen||Nominated|
|Best Featured Actor in a Play||Boyd Gaines||Won|
|Best Featured Actress in a Play||Joanne Camp||Nominated|
|Best Scenic Design of a Play||Thomas Lynch||Nominated|
|Best Direction of a Play||Daniel J. Sullivan||Nominated|
|Drama Desk Award||Outstanding New Play||Won|
|Outstanding Actor in a Play||Peter Friedman||Won|
|Outstanding Actress in a Play||Joan Allen||Nominated|
|Outstanding Featured Actress in a Play||Joanne Camp||Nominated|
|Outstanding Director of a Play||Daniel J. Sullivan||Nominated|
|Outstanding Set Design||Thomas Lynch||Nominated|
|New York Drama Critics' Circle||Best Play||Won|
2015 Broadway Revival
|2015||Tony Award||Best Actress in a Play||Elisabeth Moss||Nominated|
- Wasserstein, Wendy (1989). The Heidi Chronicles: A Play. New York: Dramatists Play Service. ISBN 0-8222-0510-6. Retrieved 2006-06-26.
- Egan, Timothy. "THEATER; He'll Take Seattle (The Rain's Good For Business)" New York Times, January 15, 1989
- Salamon, Julie. The Heidi Chronicles, Wendy and the Lost Boys: The Uncommon Life of Wendy Wasserstein, Penguin, 2011, SBN 110151776X, Chapter 15 (no page number)
- Simonson, Robert. Kate Jennings Grant Stars in Wasserstein's The Heidi Chronicles at Berkshire Fest, Aug. 15-Sept. 2" playbill.com, August 15, 2006
- "Wendy Wasserstein" Internet Broadway Database
- Gioia, Michael. "Elisabeth Moss, Bryce Pinkham, Jason Biggs Set for Broadway Revival of Wendy Wasserstein's 'Heidi Chronicles'" playbill.com, September 11, 2014
- Purcell, Carey."'The Heidi Chronicles', With 'Mad Men' Star Elisabeth Moss, Begins on Broadway Tonight" playbill.com, February 23, 2015
- Blank, Matthew. "Photo Call: The Heidi Chronicles, With Elisabeth Moss, Jason Biggs and Bryce Pinkham, Opens on Broadway; Red Carpet Arrivals" playbill.com, March 19, 2015
- BWW News."THE HEIDI CHRONICLES, Starring Elisabeth Moss, to Close Early on Broadway" broadwayworld.com, April 21, 2015
- Purcell, Carey."The Heidi Chronicles, With "Mad Men" Star Elisabeth Moss, to Close On Broadway" playbill.com, April 22, 2015
- Gussow, Mel."Review/Theater; A Modern-Day Heffalump in Search of Herself",The New York Times, December 18, 1988
- " The Heidi Chronicles Listing" playbillvault.com, accessed September 11, 2014