The Heroes of Telemark
|The Heroes of Telemark|
|Directed by||Anthony Mann|
|Produced by||Benjamin Fisz|
|Written by||Ben Barzman
|Based on||Skis Against the Atom
by Knut Haukelid
But for These Men
1962 novel by John Drummond
|Music by||Malcolm Arnold|
|Edited by||Bert Bates|
|Language||English, German, Norwegian|
|Box office||$1,650,000 (est. US/ Canada rentals)|
The Heroes of Telemark is a British 1965 Eastman Color war film directed by Anthony Mann based on the true story of the Norwegian heavy water sabotage during World War II. It was filmed on location in Norway.
The Norwegian resistance sabotage the Vemork Norsk Hydro plant in the town of Rjukan in the county of Telemark, Norway, which the Nazis are using to produce heavy water, which could be used in the manufacture of an Atomic bomb.
Kirk Douglas plays Rolf Pedersen, a Norwegian physics professor, who, though originally content to wait out the war, is soon pulled into the struggle by local resistance leader Knut Straud (based on Knut Haukelid, portrayed by Richard Harris).
They are both smuggled to England to have microfilmed plans of the hydroelectric plant examined, and then return to Norway to plan a commando raid. When a force of Royal Engineers, who were to carry it out, are all killed, Pedersen and Straud lead a small force of saboteurs into the plant. The raid is successful, but the Germans quickly repair the equipment.
Besides this sequence, the raids (Operations Grouse, Freshman and Gunnerside) and the final attack are depicted in location filming, in which snowy Norwegian locations serve as a backdrop for the plot.
- Kirk Douglas as Dr Rolf Pedersen
- Richard Harris as Knut Straud
- Ulla Jacobsson as Anna Pedersen
- Michael Redgrave as Uncle
- David Weston as Arne
- Sebastian Breaks as Gunnar
- John Golightly as Freddy
- Alan Howard as Oli
- Patrick Jordan as Henrik
- William Marlowe as Claus
- Brook Williams as Einar
- Roy Dotrice as Jensen
- Anton Diffring as Maj. Frick
- Ralph Michael as Nilssen
- Eric Porter as Josef Terboven
- Wolf Frees as Sturmbannführer Knippelberg
- Karel Stepanek as Professor Hartmüller
- Gerard Heinz as Professor Erhardt
- Victor Beaumont as German Sergeant
- George Murcell as SS Oberscharführer
- Mervyn Johns as Col. Wilkinson
- Barry Jones as Prof. Roderick Logan
- Geoffrey Keen as Gen. Bolt
- Robert Ayres as Gen. Courts
- Jennifer Hilary as Sigrid
- Maurice Denham as Doctor
The film was amongst the 15 most popular movies at the British box office in 1966.
Ray Mears made a documentary called The Real Heroes of Telemark. Despite mainly sticking to the factual evidence, some scenes in the documentary, like the film, were partly dramatised, focusing more on the survival skills involved in the operation.
The same story was also covered in the 1948 Franco-Norwegian film Kampen om tungtvannet (La bataille de l'eau lourde — "The battle for heavy water"). Quite faithful to the real events, it even had many of the original Norwegian commandos starring as themselves.
- "Big Rental Pictures of 1966", Variety, 4 January 1967 p 8
- "Most popular star for third time." Times [London, England] 31 Dec. 1966: 5. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 11 July 2012.
- The Heroes of Telemark at the Internet Movie Database
- The Heroes of Telemark at AllMovie
- The Heroes of Telemark at the TCM Movie Database
- The Heroes of Telemark at the American Film Institute Catalog
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