The Hiker (Newman)

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For the statue of the same name by Theo Alice Ruggles Kitson, see The Hiker (Kitson).

The Hiker is a statue made by Allen George Newman. Like Theo Alice Ruggles Kitson's statue of the same name, it was created to honor the American soldiers who took "long hikes in steaming jungles"[1] during the Boxer Rebellion, the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War. Originally designed to be displayed in the New York building at the 1907 Jamestown Exposition, the statue was chosen by several camps of the United Spanish War Veterans to be erected as war memorials.[2]

The statue, quoted as ”The best bronze soldier in America”[3] by sculptor and critic Lorado Taft, proved to be very popular, copies of it being located in numerous cities. The Jno. Williams, Inc. foundry in New York City was “given exclusive rights for casting the statue ‘in real bronze’ “ adding that the sculptor Newman would “with great pleasure give his advice gratis as to the proper form for the pedestal according to its environment.”[4]

Locations[edit]

Chart[edit]

Location City/State Coordinates Image Installed Notes/References
New-York Historical Society New York, New York 1904 Reduced size (28.25 x 10.75 x 10 inches)[5]
Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute Utica, New York 1904 Reduced size (28 inches)[6]
Washington Park Staten Island, New York 1912
Bayonne Park Bayonne, New Jersey 40°40′46″N 74°06′48″W / 40.67942°N 74.11325°W / 40.67942; -74.11325 1912
Hiker Park Newark, New Jersey 40°43′19″N 74°11′36″W / 40.72185°N 74.1933°W / 40.72185; -74.1933 1914 Statue and plaques were stolen in January 1980. The torso was later recovered, but the statue deemed beyond repair. The base remains.[7]
Intersection of Memorial Parkway and Oneida Street Utica, New York 43°05′11″N 75°15′01″W / 43.08649°N 75.25025°W / 43.08649; -75.25025 Hiker in Utica NY.jpg 1915
In front of the Post Office Monongahela, Pennsylvania 40°12′09″N 79°55′36″W / 40.20239°N 79.92659°W / 40.20239; -79.92659 1915
North Burial Ground Providence, Rhode Island 41°50′43″N 71°24′31″W / 41.845286°N 71.408567°W / 41.845286; -71.408567 Hiker at North Burial Ground in Providence RI.JPG 1915 Coordinates and year installed are estimated.
Tompkinsville Park Staten Island 40°38′16″N 74°04′35″W / 40.63766°N 74.0765°W / 40.63766; -74.0765 Hiker at Tompkinsville Park in Staten, NY.jpg 1916 relocated 1925
Theodore Roosevelt Plaza Buffalo, New York 42°53′19″N 78°52′24″W / 42.88852°N 78.8733°W / 42.88852; -78.8733 Buffalo newman.jpg 1920
Grove Street Park Pawtucket, Rhode Island 41°52′45″N 71°22′39″W / 41.87912°N 71.37763°W / 41.87912; -71.37763 Hiker in Pawtucket RI.jpg 1922
Greenridge Cemetery Saratoga Springs, New York 43°04′17″N 73°47′10″W / 43.07144°N 73.78603°W / 43.07144; -73.78603 Hiker at Greenridge Cemetery in Saratoga NY.jpg 1923
Intersection of Hook and Hamilton Streets Southbridge, Massachusetts 42°04′37″N 72°02′03″W / 42.07705°N 72.03407°W / 42.07705; -72.03407 Hiker in Southbridge MA.jpg 1923
Wilcox Park Westerly, Rhode Island 41°22′40″N 71°49′39″W / 41.3778°N 71.82751°W / 41.3778; -71.82751 Hiker in Westerly RI.jpg 1924
Woodland Park Zoo Seattle, Washington 47°39′57″N 122°21′11″W / 47.66581°N 122.35309°W / 47.66581; -122.35309 (Approximate) 1924 [8]
Schenley Drive at the Frick Fine Arts Building Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 40°26′31″N 79°57′02″W / 40.44185°N 79.95051°W / 40.44185; -79.95051 Hiker Pittsburgh.jpg 1925 [4]
Court Square Woonsocket, Rhode Island 42°00′08″N 71°30′38″W / 42.00218°N 71.51064°W / 42.00218; -71.51064 Hiker in Woonsocket RI.jpg 1925
Central Riverside Park Wichita, Kansas 37°41′51″N 97°20′57″W / 37.69741°N 97.34929°W / 37.69741; -97.34929 1926
Niagara Falls Memorial Medical Center Niagara Falls, New York 43°05′41″N 79°02′55″W / 43.09471°N 79.04867°W / 43.09471; -79.04867 1926
Rockwell Park

Memorial Boulevard Park

Bristol, Connecticut 41°40′21″N 72°57′40″W / 41.6726°N 72.961°W / 41.6726; -72.961

41°40′11″N 72°55′56″W / 41.66966°N 72.9322°W / 41.66966; -72.9322

1929

1983

Bristol boasts two statues, the 1929 original and a 1983 copy.[9]
Buchanan Park Lancaster, Pennsylvania 40°02′39″N 76°19′20″W / 40.04407°N 76.32212°W / 40.04407; -76.32212 1931 This is an example of Newman's other Hiker statue
Belle Isle Detroit, Michigan 42°20′15″N 82°59′33″W / 42.3376°N 82.99254°W / 42.3376; -82.99254 1932
Intersection of Parkard, Washtenaw Avenue and Forest Street Ypsilanti, Michigan 42°14′45″N 83°37′38″W / 42.2458°N 83.62728°W / 42.2458; -83.62728 Spanish American War Memorial Ypsilanti Michigan.JPG 1940 [10]

Reliefs[edit]

Bronze relief Spanish–American War memorial in Bowling Green, Kentucky

A number of Spanish–American War memorials include a bronze relief showing Newman's Hiker in front of the battleship Maine. Just under the statue's feet is engraved, "Hiker of '98." Included on the relief is President McKinley's quote, "You triumphed over obstacles which would have overcome men less brave and determined."

Some of these relief memorials also carry the statement, "Every Man a Volunteer," and may also include the number 458,151. The Spanish–American War stands out as the only time the United States raised an army in which every man was a volunteer. The total number of U.S. service personnel engaged in the war with Spain (proper), the Philippine–American War and the Boxer Rebellion numbered 458,151.[25][26]

These bronze plaques were made by the Lamb Seal and Stencil Company,[12] which was founded in 1900 by Richard L. Lamb (1871-1960). Lamb was a British immigrant who had fought in the Siege of Santiago in Cuba during the Spanish–American War.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rubenstein, Charlotte Streifer, American Women Sculptors: A History of Women Working in Three Dimensions, G. K. Hall and Co. Boston, 1990. p. 104
  2. ^ "Spanish War Memorial". Norwich Bulletin. Norwich, Connecticut. March 17, 1915. p. 7. Retrieved 23 November 2016. 
  3. ^ Taft, Lorado (1925). The History of American Sculpture. New York: Macmillan. p. 570. 
  4. ^ a b Evert, Marlyn and Vernon Gay, photographs, Discovering Pittsburgh's Sculpture, University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA, 1983 pp. 181-182
  5. ^ "The Hiker, (sculpture)". Art Inventories Catalog. Library of Congress. Retrieved November 23, 2016. 
  6. ^ "The Hiker, (sculpture)". Art Inventories Catalog. Library of Congress. Retrieved November 23, 2016. 
  7. ^ "The Hiker, (sculpture)". Art Inventories Catalog. Library of Congress. Retrieved 23 November 2016. 
  8. ^ "Chronological History of Woodland Park Zoo". About Us. Woodland Park Zoo. Retrieved 28 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "The Hiker". The Historical Marker database. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  10. ^ Kvaran, Einar Einarsson, An Annotated Inventory of Outdoor Sculpture in Washtenaw County, Independent Study, Eastern Michigan University, 1989
  11. ^ "Michigan City Spanish War Veterans Memorial". The Historical Marker database. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "Hiker of '98, (sculpture)". Save Outdoor Sculpture, Georgia survey, 1994. Library of Congress. Retrieved November 22, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Hiker of '98, (sculpture)". Save Outdoor Sculpture, Georgia survey, 1994. Library of Congress. Retrieved November 22, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Dedicated to the Veterans of 1898 - 1902". The Historical Marker database. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Spanish-American War Monument - Salem, Oregon". Waymarking. Retrieved December 15, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Spanish War Marker". The Historical Marker database. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Dedicated to the Veterans of 1898 - 1902". The Historical Marker database. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Hiker of '98, (sculpture)". Save Outdoor Sculpture, Georgia survey, 1994. Library of Congress. Retrieved November 22, 2016. 
  19. ^ "Spanish American War Monument". The Historical Marker database. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  20. ^ "The Veterans of 1898-1902". The Historical Marker database. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  21. ^ "Dedicated to the Veterans of 1898 -1902". The Historical Marker database. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  22. ^ "Rough Riders". The Historical Marker database. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  23. ^ "Dedicated to the Veterans of 1898 to 1902". The Historical Marker database. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  24. ^ "Long Beach Spanish-American War Memorial". The National War Memorial Registry. The Memorial Day Foundation. Retrieved November 22, 2016. 
  25. ^ Wilson, Theophilus L. (1940). "Clarion County in the Spanish-American War". Clarion Republican. p. 74. Retrieved November 22, 2016. 
  26. ^ The Pension Roll as Affected by the War with Spain in 1898. Washington, DC: U.S. Army War College. 1915. p. 7. Retrieved November 22, 2016. 
  27. ^ Kelly, John (August 27, 2016). "Ever wondered about the big plaque of Alexander Hamilton near Dupont Circle?". Washington Post. Retrieved December 15, 2016.