The Hissing of Summer Lawns
|The Hissing of Summer Lawns|
|Studio album by|
|Recorded||1975 at A&M Studios, Los Angeles|
|Genre||Folk jazz, avant-pop|
|Joni Mitchell chronology|
|Christgau's Record Guide||B|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|Martin C. Strong||8/10|
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
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Mitchell went into the studio in early 1975 to record acoustic demos of some songs that she had written since the Court and Spark tour. A few months later she recorded versions of the tunes with her band. Her musical interests were now diverging from both the folk and the pop scene of the era, toward less structured, more jazz-inspired pieces, with a wider range of instruments. On "The Jungle Line", she made an early effort at sampling a recording of African musicians, something that became more commonplace among Western rock acts in the 1980s. "In France They Kiss on Main Street" continued the lush pop sounds of Court and Spark, and efforts such as the title song and "Edith and the Kingpin" chronicled the underbelly of suburban lives in Southern California.
The first track, "In France They Kiss on Main Street", is a jazz-rock song about coming of age in a small town in the 1950s rock & roll era. (The song was released as the single from the album and reached number 66 on the Billboard charts.) "The Jungle Line" uses a field recording from Africa of the Drummers of Burundi (called 'warrior drums' in the credits), onto which are dubbed guitar, Moog synthesizer and the vocal line. The lyrics pay homage to the works of the French Post-Impressionist painter Henri Rousseau. Mitchell blends details of his works with imagery of modern city life, the music industry and the underground drug culture.
"Edith and the Kingpin" marks a return to jazz in a story of a gangster's new moll arriving in his home town. "Don't Interrupt the Sorrow" is an acoustic guitar–based song with stream-of-consciousness lyrics, focused on women standing up to male dominance and proclaiming their own existence as individuals. "Shades of Scarlett Conquering" is an orchestral-based piece about a modern southern belle basing her life and self-image on the stereotypes of the Scarlett O'Hara character from Gone with the Wind.
The second side begins with the title track, "The Hissing of Summer Lawns", which is about a woman who chooses to stay in a marriage where she is treated as part of her husband's portfolio. "The Boho Dance" comments on people who feel that artists betray their artistic integrity for commercial success, with an ironic glance at those who said this of Mitchell herself and parallels Tom Wolfe's The Painted Word. "Harry's House/Centerpiece" concerns failing marriage as example of the loneliness of modern life and frames the jazz standard "Centerpiece" by Harry "Sweets" Edison and Jon Hendricks. "Sweet Bird" is a sparser acoustic track that is a slight return to Mitchell's so-called 'confessional' singer-songwriter style and addresses the loss of beauty power with ageing. Its lyrics indicate that it may also be a reference to Tennessee Williams's Sweet Bird of Youth. The final track is "Shadows and Light", consisting of many overdubs of her voice and an ARP String Machine (credited as an ARP-Farfisa on the album sleeve).
The African theme of "The Jungle Line" also features on the album sleeve, with an image of dark-skinned people carrying a large snake (both were embossed on the original vinyl album cover). Both men and snake are superimposed on the Beverly Hills suburbs, with Mitchell's own house marked in blue (green for the UK issue) on the back cover.
The album initially received harsh criticism. In Rolling Stone, Stephen Holden wrote that the album's lyrics were impressive but the music was a failure. "If The Hissing of Summer Lawns offers substantial literature, it is set to insubstantial music... Four members of Tom Scott's L.A. Express are featured on Hissing, but their uninspired jazz-rock style completely opposes Mitchell's romantic style... The Hissing of Summer Lawns is ultimately a great collection of pop poems with a distracting soundtrack. Read it first. Then play it."
However, the record's reputation has grown in stature over the years. Music writer Howard Sounes has called The Hissing of Summer Lawns Mitchell's masterpiece, "an LP to stand alongside Blood on the Tracks". Prince, a lifelong fan of Mitchell, had loved the album, praising it in interviews.
In 1977, at the 19th Grammy Awards, Mitchell was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for the album.
All tracks are written by Joni Mitchell, except where noted.
|1.||"In France They Kiss on Main Street"||3:19|
|2.||"The Jungle Line"||4:25|
|3.||"Edith and the Kingpin"||3:38|
|4.||"Don't Interrupt the Sorrow"||4:05|
|5.||"Shades of Scarlett Conquering"||4:59|
|1.||"The Hissing of Summer Lawns"||Joni Mitchell, John Guerin||3:01|
|2.||"The Boho Dance"||3:48|
|3.||"Harry's House; Centerpiece"||Joni Mitchell; Jon Hendricks, Harry Edison||6:48|
|5.||"Shadows and Light"||4:19|
Track numbering refers to CD and digital releases of the album.
- Joni Mitchell – vocals, acoustic guitar (tracks 1–4, 9), Moog (2), piano (5, 9), keyboards (7), ARP and Farfisa (10)
- Victor Feldman – electric piano (1, 5), congas (4), vibes (5), keyboards and percussion (6)
- Joe Sample – electric piano (3), keyboards (8)
- Larry Carlton – electric guitar (3–5, 09)
- Robben Ford – electric guitar (1), Dobro (4), guitar (8)
- Jeff Baxter – electric guitar (1)
- James Taylor – background vocals (1), guitar (6)
- David Crosby and Graham Nash – background vocals (1)
- Max Bennett – bass (1, 5–8)
- Wilton Felder – bass (3, 4)
- John Guerin – drums (except 2), Moog and arrangement (6)
- The Warrior Drums of Burundi (2)
- Chuck Findley – horn (3), trumpet (6, 8), flugelhorn (7)
- Bud Shank – saxophone and flute (3, 6), bass flute (7)
- Dale Oehler – string arrangement (5)
- Joni Mitchell – producer, cover design, illustration
- Henry Lewy – engineer, mix with Mitchell
- Ellis Sorkin – assistant engineer
- Bernie Grundman – mastering
- Norman Seeff – photography
Covers of three songs from the album were included on the 2007 tribute album A Tribute to Joni Mitchell. Björk covered "The Boho Dance", Brad Mehldau covered "Don't Interrupt the Sorrow" and Elvis Costello covered "Edith and the Kingpin".
- Grimstad, Paul. "What is Avant-Pop?". Brooklyn Rail. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- Ankeny, Jason (2011). "The Hissing of Summer Lawns – Joni Mitchell | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
- "Joni Mitchell: The Studio Albums 1968–1979 | Album Reviews". Pitchfork. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: M". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved March 8, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
- Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 769. ISBN 1-57859-061-2.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Holden, Stephen (2011). "Joni Mitchell: The Hissing Of Summer Lawns : Music Reviews : Rolling Stone". web.archive.org. Archived from the original on January 24, 2009. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
- Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian, eds. (2004). "Joni Mitchell". The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. London: Fireside. pp. 547–48. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. Retrieved 8 September 2009. Portions posted at "Joni Mitchell > Album Guide". rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on July 31, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
- "Joni Mitchell The Hissing of Summer Lawns". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- Larkin, Colin (2007). Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0857125958.
- Mitchell, Joni. "Boho Dance - lyrics". Joni Mitchell. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
- Sounes, Howard (2006). Seventies: The Sights, Sounds and Ideas of a Brilliant Decade. New York: Simon & Schuster Ltd. p. 244. ISBN 0743268598.
- Errett, Joshua (22 April 2016). "Prince loved Toronto and these 5 Toronto women". CBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- Colin Larkin, ed. (2006). All Time Top 1000 Albums (3rd ed.). Virgin Books. p. 105. ISBN 0-7535-0493-6.
- Dimery, Robert (Editor) (2013). 1001: Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. London: Cassell Publishing. p. 323. ISBN 1844037355.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)